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Case Name Sierra Club v. Trump PR-CA-0004
Docket / Court 4:19-cv-00892 ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Presidential/Gubernatorial Authority
Special Collection Take Care
Attorney Organization ACLU Affiliates (any)
ACLU of Northern California
Case Summary
In 2018, President Trump repeatedly requested Congress appropriate 5.7 billion dollars for the construction of a southern border wall. On February 14th, 2019, Congress denied this request and appropriated only 1.375 billion dollars for the construction of a strip of border fencing. While President ... read more >
In 2018, President Trump repeatedly requested Congress appropriate 5.7 billion dollars for the construction of a southern border wall. On February 14th, 2019, Congress denied this request and appropriated only 1.375 billion dollars for the construction of a strip of border fencing. While President Trump signed this appropriations bill the following day, he simultaneously declared a national emergency under the National Emergencies Act (NEA) and directed the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security to reallocate funds already appropriated by Congress for military operations and projects to the construction of the southern border wall. The plaintiffs sued under the National Environmental Policy Act, 42 U.S.C. § 4332; the Administrative Procedures Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 701–706; the All Writs Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1651; and the Declaratory Judgments Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201.

Sierra Club and the Southern Border Communities Coalition are nonprofit organizations who, along with their members, derive benefits from the land along the southern border. They claim the construction of a border wall will impede their enjoyment of these benefits and cause them to divert resources. In light of these harms, these organizations brought a joint lawsuit against President Trump, Acting Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan, Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen, and Secretary of Treasury Steven Mnuchin, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief.

The plaintiffs lawsuit consists of both constitutional and statutory arguments. Congress has the exclusive authority to appropriate funds. While the President has authority to reallocate funding originally appropriated for military construction under the NEA, the plaintiffs argue this is an inappropriate exercise of this authority because (1) this is not a national emergency, (2) the construction of a border wall is not a military construction project and (3) the construction of the border wall is not “necessary to support such use of the armed forces.” Therefore, the plaintiffs argue the President’s declaration and subsequent direction to DHS and DOD to reallocate funds violates constitutional and statutory law. Additionally, the plaintiffs allege that the defendants violated the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) because they failed to review the environmental impacts of the border wall construction project at the earliest possible time in the planning process and to involve the public in this decision-making process.

On March 6, 2019, this case was related to California v. Trump. All further proceedings are documented in the California v. Trump page.

Mackenzie Walz - 03/11/2019
Gregory Marsh - 08/01/2020


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Immigration/Border
Border wall
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
All Writs Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1651
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Mandamus, 28 U.S.C. § 1361
Defendant(s) President of the United States
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Homeland Security
Secretary of Treasury
Plaintiff Description The Sierra Club and the Southern Border Communities Coalition, non-profit organizations who derive benefits from land along the US-Mexico border.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Affiliates (any)
ACLU of Northern California
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2019 - n/a
Filed 02/19/2019
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing PR-CA-0003 : State of California v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
PR-CA-0006 : Sierra Club v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Sierra Club and Southern Border Communities Coalition v. Trump; State of California v. Trump
theusconstitution.org
Date: Jun. 26, 2020
By: Constitutional Accountability Center
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Sierra Club v. Trump - Challenge to Trump's National Emergency Declaration to Construct a Border Wall
ACLU
Date: March 20, 2020
By: ACLU
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
N.D. Cal.
06/26/2020
4:19-cv-00892
PR-CA-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
N.D. Cal.
02/19/2019
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PR-CA-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
03/18/2019
First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 26, 26-1, 26-2]
PR-CA-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
04/15/2019
Brief of the U.S. House of Representatives as Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 47]
PR-CA-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
05/24/2019
Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 144] (379 F.Supp.3d 883)
PR-CA-0004-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
05/30/2019
Order Denying Motion to Stay Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 152] (2019 WL 2305341)
PR-CA-0004-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
06/28/2019
Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiffs' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment, Denying Defendants' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment, Certifying Judgment for Appeal, and Denying Request to Stay [ECF# 185] (2019 WL 2715422)
PR-CA-0004-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
07/03/2019
Order and Dissent [Ct. of App. ECF# 192] (929 F.3d 670)
PR-CA-0004-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Supreme Court
07/26/2019
[Opinion] [ECF# 199] (140 S.Ct. 1)
PR-CA-0004-0008.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
N.D. Cal.
10/22/2019
Brief of the United States House of Representatives as Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment [ECF# 230]
PR-CA-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
12/11/2019
Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiffs' Motions for Partial Summary Judgment and Denying Defendants' Motions for Partial Summary Judgment [ECF# 258] (407 F.Supp.3d 869)
PR-CA-0004-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/30/2019
Order [Ct. of App. ECF# 263]
PR-CA-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Cal.
02/12/2020
Joint Statement in Response to the Court's February 7, 2020 Order [ECF# 281]
PR-CA-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
06/26/2020
Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 187-1] (963 F.3d 874)
PR-CA-0004-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
06/26/2020
Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 290] (963 F.3d 874)
PR-CA-0004-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Supreme Court
07/21/2020
Applicants' Motion to Lift Stay
PR-CA-0004-0016.pdf | Detail
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Judges Alito, Samuel A. Jr. (Third Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
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Breyer, Stephen Gerald (First Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
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Clifton, Richard R. (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
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Collins, Daniel Paul (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
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Friedland, Michelle Taryn (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
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Gilliam, Haywood Stirling Jr. (N.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
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Gorsuch, Neil M. (Tenth Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
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Kavanaugh, Brett M. (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
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Roberts, John Glover Jr. (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
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Smith, Jerry Edwin (Fifth Circuit) show/hide docs
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Thomas, Clarence (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
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Thomas, Sidney Runyan (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
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Wardlaw, Kim McLane (C.D. Cal., Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
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Plaintiff's Lawyers Becerra, Xavier (California) show/hide docs
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Bilford, Brian Jeffrey (California) show/hide docs
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Byrne, Robert W. (California) show/hide docs
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Cayaban, Michael P. (California) show/hide docs
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Chuang, Christine (California) show/hide docs
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Cole, David (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Donatti, David A. (Texas) show/hide docs
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Khandeshi, Sparsh S. (California) show/hide docs
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Ladin, Dror (New York) show/hide docs
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Lee, Mollie M. (California) show/hide docs
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Narayan, Sanjay (California) show/hide docs
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Pollack, Harrison M. (California) show/hide docs
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Segura, Andre (Texas) show/hide docs
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Sherman, Lee Isaac (California) show/hide docs
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Smith, Janelle M. (California) show/hide docs
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Smith, Gloria D. (California) show/hide docs
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Sun, Christine Patricia (California) show/hide docs
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Talla, Vasudha (California) show/hide docs
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Wang, Cecillia D (California) show/hide docs
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Zafar, Noor (New York) show/hide docs
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Zahradka, James F. II (California) show/hide docs
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Defendant's Lawyers Burnham, James M (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Coppolino, Anthony J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Davis, Kathryn Celia (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Gerardi, Michael J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Grant, Eric (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Haas, Alexander K (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Morrell, David Michael (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Vigen, Leslie Cooper (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Warden, Andrew Irwin (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Westmoreland, Rachael (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Other Lawyers Adams, Matthew Gordon (California) show/hide docs
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Badat, Mohammed A (New York) show/hide docs
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Barbero, Megan (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Bernstein, Richard D. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Boyle, Joseph Andrew (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Chun, Brian H. (California) show/hide docs
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Clouse, Sarah E (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Conrad, Mark R. (California) show/hide docs
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Daughety, Samuel Franklin (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Dollan, Matthew R. (New York) show/hide docs
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Duggan, Jessica L (California) show/hide docs
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Eiswerth, Christopher A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Espiritu, Nicholas David (California) show/hide docs
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Evans, David W (California) show/hide docs
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Garfield, Howard Michael (California) show/hide docs
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Goitein, Elizabeth (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Grogg, Adam Anderson (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Guerra, Joseph R. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Hanner, Brooks Mckinly (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Hartnett, Kathleen R (California) show/hide docs
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Hussein, Shaimaa M. (New York) show/hide docs
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Joseph, Lawrence J (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Koh, Harold H. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
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Kolodin, Zachary J. F. (New York) show/hide docs
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Lafayette, Gary T (California) show/hide docs
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Letter, Douglas (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Mancino, Richard (New York) show/hide docs
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Morse, Josephine T (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Phillips, Carter G (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Shapiro, Kristin A (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Singh, David Ramraj (California) show/hide docs
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Tatelman, Todd B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Winthrop, Douglas Andrew (California) show/hide docs
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Young, Michaele Nicole Turnage (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Zalesin, Steven Alan (New York) show/hide docs
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