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Case Name Belle v. New York PN-NY-0051
Docket / Court 1:19-cv-02673-VEC ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Policing
Special Collection Stop-and-Frisk (NY)
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
Case Summary
This is a case about detaining people for warrant searches without reasonable suspicion. On March 25, 2019, two African-American and Latino men filed this putative class action lawsuit in the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs sued the City of New York under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 ... read more >
This is a case about detaining people for warrant searches without reasonable suspicion. On March 25, 2019, two African-American and Latino men filed this putative class action lawsuit in the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs sued the City of New York under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Represented by private counsel, the plaintiffs sought injunctive and declaratory relief, compensatory damages, and attorneys' fees. They claimed that the New York Police Department (NYPD) policy of detaining people for warrant searches without reasonable suspicion violated the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution and that the NYPD has engaged in a long-standing pattern and practice of unlawful searches and seizures. They also claimed that the NYPD officials failed to properly train or supervise police officers regarding these searches.

The case was assigned to Judge Valerie E. Caproni. On January 3, 2020, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint, which included adding five more plaintiffs and changing the class definition to use the specific term "NYPD record searches" instead of "warrant searches." On April 3, 2020, the defendants filed a motion to stay, citing difficulties with accessing documents as a result of work-from-home policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. On April 6, 2020, the court ordered for the case to be stayed for 45 days.

In late May 2020, the stay concluded the litigation resumed. The parties began discovery and as of October 18, 2020, the case is ongoing.

Lauren Yu - 10/19/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Due Process: Procedural Due Process
Due Process: Substantive Due Process
Unreasonable search and seizure
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Failure to supervise
Failure to train
Racial profiling
Search policies
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) City of New York
New York City Police Officers
Plaintiff Description All persons who were or will be detained for the purpose of running an NYPD records search in the absence of reasonable suspicion to detain such persons
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status outcome Denied
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filed 03/25/2019
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
Court Docket(s)
S.D.N.Y.
10/01/2020
1:19-cv-02673-VEC
PN-NY-0051-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
S.D.N.Y.
03/25/2019
Class Action Complaint [ECF# 1]
PN-NY-0051-0002.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
S.D.N.Y.
01/03/2020
First Amended Class Action Complaint [ECF# 35]
PN-NY-0051-0001.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Caproni, Valerie Elaine (S.D.N.Y.) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bernard, James Lawrence (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
Chang, Rebecca Pearl (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-0001 | PN-NY-0051-9000
Farah, George Fuad (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-0001 | PN-NY-0051-0002 | PN-NY-0051-9000
Griffard, Molly (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
Handley, Matthew K. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-0001 | PN-NY-0051-0002 | PN-NY-0051-9000
Joubin, Cyrus (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-0001 | PN-NY-0051-0002 | PN-NY-0051-9000
Kahne, David Jonathan (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
Stoughton, Corey (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Akina, William Keaupuni (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
Alonso, Stephanie Michelle Vilella (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000
March, Debra M (New York) show/hide docs
PN-NY-0051-9000

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