University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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S P E C I A L   C O L L E C T I O N
Trump Immigration Enforcement Order Challenges

President Trump has issued a series of Executive Orders relating to immigration and refugee policy. Two immigration orders issued in January 2017, available here and here, addressed sanctuary cities and directed much heavier use of detention for those seeking lawful status, an increase to the number of deportation officers, and the building of a border wall. Then, on September 5, 2017, the administration announced its plan to repeal an Obama administration Executive Order expanding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. The announcement is available here.

Legal challenges ensued immediately following each action. This page collects challenges to the immigration enforcement orders, including litigation related to:
(1) Sanctuary cities/states
(2) DACA
(3) Deportations under the Trump administration
(4) Border wall construction

For cases challenging the refugee/visa order, go to this page. And for Freedom of Information Act litigation against the Trump administration, including a great deal of litigation relating to immigration and border enforcement, go to this page.
The below cases represent a special subset of the full Clearinghouse collection.
Your search returned 83 results Save Search As:       
1 Vangala v. USCIS
3:20-cv-08143 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 11/19/2020 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0172
Coding Complete
On November 19, 2020, three noncitizens filed a class action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) on behalf of themselves and all individuals who had been or would be harmed by a USCIS ... [view]
2 E.A.R.R. v. Department of Homeland Security
3:20-cv-02146 (S.D. Cal.)
Filed 11/02/2020 - Case Ongoing
Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
IM-CA-0171
Coding Complete
On November 2, 2020, asylum seekers with disabilities and health conditions filed this putative class-action suit against the Department of Homeland Security and U.S. Customs and Border Protection in the Southern District of California. The suit alleged that defendants violated the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and Section 504 of the ... [view]
3 Gomez v. Trump
1:20-cv-01419 (D.D.C.)
Filed 05/28/2020 - Case Ongoing
Acting Secretary
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0090
District of Columbia County
Coding Complete
This case involves a dispute about visa processing. Following a March 20, 2020 decision by the State Department to cease most visa services, President Trump issued Presidential Proclamation 10014 on April 20, suspending the entry of all immigrants into the U.S. for two months, unless they qualified for an exception. Two months later, the entry ... [view]
4 U.T. v. Barr
1:20-cv-00116-EGS (D.D.C.)
Filed 01/15/2020 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Justice
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0068
Coding Complete
On January 15, 2020, six individual plaintiffs, along with the Tahirih Justice Center and Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, challenging the Trump Administration’s new policy of removing asylum seekers to Guatemala pursuant to an “asylum cooperative agreement” ( ... [view]
5 Make the Road New York v. Pompeo
1:19-cv-11633 (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 12/19/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0070
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
6 HIAS, Inc. v. Trump
8:19-cv-03346-PJM (D. Md.)
Filed 11/21/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MD-0013
Coding Complete
On November 21, 2019, three refugee resettlement agencies filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland, challenging the Trump Administration's recent Executive Order, "Enhancing State and Local Involvement in Refugee Resettlement." The agencies (HIAS, Inc., Church World Service, Inc., and Lutheran Immigration & ... [view]
7 Doe v. McAleenan
3:19-cv-02119-DMS-AGS (S.D. Cal.)
Filed 11/05/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0152
Coding Complete
This is a case about asylum seekers' right to counsel in refoulment interviews conducted by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services which determine whether an asylum seeker can remain in the United States during their immigration proceedings. On November 5, 2019, asylum seekers filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court of Southern District ... [view]
8 Doe v. Trump
3:19-cv-01743-SB (D. Or.)
Filed 10/30/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
Public Benefits / Government Services
IM-OR-0009
Coding Complete
On October 30, 2019, seven individual plaintiffs and Latino Network filed this putative class-action complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon, challenging President Trump’s October 4, 2019 “Presidential Proclamation on the Suspension of Entry of Immigrants Who Will Financially Burden the United States Healthcare System” ... [view]
9 Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center v. Wolf
1:19-cv-03640 (D.D.C.)
Filed 10/07/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0067
District of Columbia County
Coding Complete
On October 7, 2019, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security implemented two new asylum processes to expedite applicants’ credible fear interviews, the Prompt Asylum Claim Review program and the Humanitarian Asylum Review Process. Under these programs, asylum seekers subject to credible fear interviews would be kept in U.S. Customs and Border ... [view]
10 Mayor and City Council of Baltimore v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
8:19-cv-02851 (D. Md.)
Filed 09/27/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MD-0015
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
11 Centro Presente, Inc. v. McAleenan
1:19-cv-02840 (D.D.C.)
Filed 09/20/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0064
District of Columbia County
Coding Complete
On September 20, 2019, two nonprofit organizations, alongside nine individuals (six of whom were also representing their minor children) filed this lawsuit against the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the Director and Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border ... [view]
12 Irish International Immigrant Center, Inc. v. Cuccinelli
1:19-cv-11880-IT (D. Mass.)
Filed 09/05/2019 - Closed 2021
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MA-0018
Coding Complete
This case addressed the termination of an immigration program granting deferred action to seriously ill individuals. The Irish International Immigrant Center (a.k.a. the Rian Immigration Center) filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts on September 5, 2019. The plaintiff sued U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ... [view]
13 State of New York v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
1:19-cv-07777 (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 08/21/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0069
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
14 La Clinica de la Raza v. Trump
4:19-cv-04980-PJH (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/16/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0149
Washington, DC
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
15 State of California v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
19-cv-04975 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 08/16/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0157
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by States, counties, and nonprofit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
16 State of Washington v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security
4:19-cv-05210-RMP (E.D. Wash.)
Filed 08/14/2019 - Case Ongoing
United States Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-WA-0043
Coding Complete
This case is one of several brought nationwide by states, counties, and non-profit organizations challenging the Trump administration's revised, final public charge rule, which expands the types of programs that the federal government will consider in public charge determinations to now also include previously excluded health, nutrition, and ... [view]
17 Make the Road New York v. Wolf
1:19-cv-02369-KBJ (D.D.C.)
Filed 08/06/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0095
Washington D.C.
Coding Complete
This case concerns the Trump Administration’s decision to expand “expedited removal,” under which low-level Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) immigration officers were allowed to summarily deport individuals from the United States without a court hearing or opportunity for meaningful review. The plaintiffs were a number of ... [view]
18 Capital Area Immigrants' Rights (CAIR) Coalition v. Trump; I.A. v. Barr
1:19-cv-02117 (D.D.C.)
Filed 07/16/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0063
Coding Complete
This Clearinghouse entry describes two consolidated lawsuits challenging the Trump Administration's new asylum rule, which reversed longstanding asylum laws that allow individuals to seek asylum in the U.S. regardless of how they arrive in the country. The first one was filed in July 2019 by Capital Area Immigrants’ Rights Coalition (CAIR) and ... [view]
19 Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project v. Barr
1:19-cv-06443-JMF (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 07/11/2019 - Closed 2019
Attorney General of the United States
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0068
Coding Complete
On July 11, 2019, a group of organizations dedicated to helping immigrant families and children including Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project, Central American Resource Center – LA, Immigrant Defenders Law Center, and Public Counsel filed this lawsuit, pro se, in United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs, sued ... [view]
20 Kiakombua v. McAleenan
1:19-cv-01872 (D.D.C.)
Filed 06/25/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-DC-0062
Coding Complete
On June 25, 2019, five asylum seekers from Angola, Cuba, and El Salvador filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. The plaintiffs sued the Department of Homeland Security and the U.S. Attorney General under the Refugee Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1158(a); Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1231(b)(3); ... [view]
21 Ryan v. ICE
1:19-cv-11003 (D. Mass.)
Filed 04/29/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-MA-0017
Coding Complete
On April 29, 2019, the Middlesex County District Attorney, Suffolk County District Attorney, Committee for Public Counsel Services (“CPCS”), and the Chelsea Collaborative, Inc., filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The plaintiffs sued U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), U.S ... [view]
22 El Paso County v. Trump
3:19-cv-00066-DB (W.D. Tex.)
Filed 02/20/2019 - Case Ongoing
Department of Defense
Immigration and/or the Border
Presidential/Gubernatorial Authority
IM-TX-0052
Coding Complete
This case challenged President Trump's use of presidential emergency powers to allocate funds to build a wall on the U.S.-Mexico border. On February 20, 2019, El Paso County of Texas and Border Network for Human Rights, Inc. filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas. The plaintiffs sued President Trump and ... [view]
23 Innovation Law Lab v. Nielsen
3:19-cv-00807 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 02/14/2019 - Closed 2021
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0144
Washington, D.C.
Coding Complete
On February 14, 2019, a group of asylum seekers from Central America and several legal organizations filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs sued the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) ... [view]
24 P.L v. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
1:19-cv-01336-ALC (S.D.N.Y.)
Filed 02/12/2019 - Closed
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-NY-0067
Coding Complete
On February 12, 2019, seven immigrants, Brooklyn Defender Services, and Legal Aid filed this class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging they had a constitutional and statutory right to attend immigration court and removal proceedings in person, instead of by video teleconference hearings (VTC) ... [view]
25 Bhattarai v. Nielsen
3:19-cv-00731 (N.D. Cal.)
Filed 02/10/2019 - Case Ongoing
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Immigration and/or the Border
IM-CA-0145
Washington, D.C.
Coding Complete
On February 10, 2019, a group of beneficiaries of Temporary Protected Status (“TPS”) from Honduras and Nepal and their U.S.-citizen children filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU Foundation of Southern California, the National Day Laborer Organizing ... [view]
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