Lee v. Macon County Board of Education is a pivotal civil rights case that sought the integration of the all-white Tuskegee High School in Macon County. The initial 1963 lawsuit was later expanded to include all of the state's primary and secondary schools, two-year postsecondary schools, and public universities. In March 1967, a three-judge federal district court consisting of Frank M. Johnson Jr., Richard T. Rives, and Harlan H. Grooms issued a blanket desegregation order in the Lee v. Macon County case. When that decision was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in Wallace v. United States, it became a blueprint for school desegregation plans from that time forward. Since then, the federal courts and the U.S. Department of Justice have worked with Alabama's school districts to formulate compliance plans and have overseen their implementation. As of 2013, nearly 50 Alabama school districts remain under the supervision of the court and the U.S. Department of Justice as part of the Lee v. Macon County case.