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Case Name ACLU Settlement with the Chicago Police Department PN-IL-0016
Docket / Court N/A ( No Court )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization ACLU Affiliates (any)
Case Summary
On August 7, 2015, Chicago Police Department (CPD), the City of Chicago, and the American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois (ACLU) reached a settlement agreement to conduct an independent evaluation of the stop and frisk ... read more >
On August 7, 2015, Chicago Police Department (CPD), the City of Chicago, and the American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois (ACLU) reached a settlement agreement to conduct an independent evaluation of the stop and frisk practices and procedures, and increase transparency and public disclosure regarding Chicago police investigatory stops.

The agreement also called for heightened training of officers, designed to ensure that investigatory stops in Chicago are conducted only where there is reasonable suspicion of criminal activity and that protective pat downs are performed only when legally justified.

Under the agreement, the City and CPD would collect additional data about all investigatory stops and all protective pat downs, including those that lead to an arrest, in the City of Chicago. CPD was required to provide the data to the ACLU and former U.S. Magistrate Judge Arlander Keys. Judge Keys would use this data to independently evaluate the City’s practices and oversee the implementation of the settlement agreement.

On August 12, 2015, Governor Rauner signed the Police and Community Relations Improvement Act into law. This law requires statewide data collection for stops that result in frisks or arrests. Police officers will also be required to issue receipts to people they search during a stop.

Judge Keys released his first report on March 24, 2017, which covered the first half of 2016. His findings included that Black people made up 71% of stops by the Chicago police, and they were more likely to be frisked than white people when stopped, yet police were two times more likely to find weapons on white people. Officers also failed to justify stops more often for Black and Latino individuals.

The second report was released on March 5, 2018, and it covered the second half of 2016. There were similar takeaways with this report: 92% of people stopped and 95% of people frisked were people of color. And Black and Latino individuals were nearly twice as likely to be frisked.

On October 17, 2019, a third report was released. This time, Judge Keys also identified concerns with how Chicago police collected data and supervised officers conducting stops and pat downs. Because of these concerns, he determined that it would be "impracticable" to get an accurate assessment of CPD's compliance.

As a result, on September 26, 2019, the ACLU and the City agreed to a temporary stay of certain provisions of the agreement. The temporary stay required CPD to conduct focus groups with its members to inform revisions to its polices, and anticipated that the reports would resume in 2020. CPD would develop a project management plan by March 1, 2020, and it would be completed before the reports were anticipated to resume.

In the summer of 2020, the independent monitoring team from the consent decree in Illinois v. City of Chicago took over Judge Keys's role in this agreement because of the overlap in responsibilities.

A new report was released on March 19, 2021. None of the deadlines in the temporary stay had been met, but in the meantime the monitoring team had taken other steps. It worked with statistical experts to identify new concerns, proposed a community engagement component that would included people from Black and Latino communities, and provided recommendations on CPD's policies, documentation, and training.

As of September 3, 2021, the temporary stay remains in effect.

Susie Choi - 02/09/2017
Lauren Yu - 09/03/2021


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Unreasonable search and seizure
Content of Injunction
Monitoring
Reporting
Required disclosure
Training
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Failure to train
Racial profiling
Search policies
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Race
Black
Special Case Type
Out-of-court
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) Chicago Police Department
Plaintiff Description American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois (ACLU)
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Affiliates (any)
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration 2015 - n/a
Filed 08/07/2015
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing PN-IL-0022 : Illinois v. City of Chicago (N.D. Ill.)
Additional Resources
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  Stop and Frisk
ACLU of Illinois
Date: Mar. 19, 2021
By: ACLU Illinois
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Period 3 and 4 - Stop and Frisk Report, CY2017
ACLU
Date: Oct. 17, 2019
By: ACLU Illinois
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Independent Consultant Releases New Stop & Frisk Report for the City of Chicago
ACLU
Date: Mar. 7, 2018
By: ACLU Illinois
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  March 2017 Stop & Frisk Report
ACLU
Date: Jul. 11, 2017
By: ACLU Illinois
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  2015 Stop and Frisk Report
ACLU Illinois
Date: Mar. 20, 2015
By: ACLU Illinois
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
not recorded
08/07/2015
Investigatory Stop and Protective Pat Down Settlement Agreement
PN-IL-0016-0001.pdf | Detail
Source: ACLU
not recorded
03/23/2017
The Consultant's First Semiannual Report on the Investogatory Stop and Protective Pat Down Agreement for the Period January 1, 2016 - June 30, 2016
PN-IL-0016-0004.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: ACLU
not recorded
03/05/2018
The Consultant’s Second Semi-Annual Report Investigatory Stop & Protective Pat Down Agreement
PN-IL-0016-0005.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: ACLU
not recorded
09/27/2019
Temporary Stay of the Review of the Statisically Representative Sample of ISRs (Section V(d-f) of the Agreement)
PN-IL-0016-0002.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: ACLU
not recorded
10/17/2019
The Third Report Assessing the Chicago Police Department's Compliance with the Investigatory Stop & Protective Pat Down Agreement
PN-IL-0016-0006.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: ACLU
not recorded
03/19/2021
Consultant Status Report: Investigatory Stop and Protective Pat Down Settlement Agreement Between the City of Chicago and the American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois
PN-IL-0016-0003.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: ACLU
show all people docs
Monitors/Masters Hickey, Margaret A (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0003 | PN-IL-0016-0005
Keys, Arlander (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0004 | PN-IL-0016-0006
Plaintiff's Lawyers Grossman, Harvey (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0001
Sheley, Karen A (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Flessner, Mark A. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0002
McCarthy, Garry F. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0001
Patton, Stephen Ray (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0016-0001

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