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Case Name Valdivia v. Schwarzenegger CJ-CA-0001
Docket / Court 2:94-cv-00671-LKK-GGH ( E.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Attorney Organization Prison Law Office
Rosen, Bien, Galvan & Grunfeld
Youth Law Center
Case Summary
On May 2, 1994, a group of California parolees filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 against the State of California in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. The plaintiffs alleged that their rights had been violated by the state's parole revocation ... read more >
On May 2, 1994, a group of California parolees filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 against the State of California in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California. The plaintiffs alleged that their rights had been violated by the state's parole revocation system.

On June 13, 2002, the district court granted partial summary judgment to the plaintiffs, holding that California's parole revocation system violated due process rights of the plaintiff class members because it permitted detention of parolees upon a parole officer's issuance of a parole hold without a preliminary hearing to determine probable cause and allowed a delay of up to 45 days before allowing the parolee a chance to be heard. Valdivia v. Davis, 206 F.Supp.2d 1068 (E.D. 2002).

As a result of the court's decision, the parties reached a stipulated permanent injunction to improve the timeliness of parole revocation proceedings. The Remedial Plan adopted under the injunction includes alternative sanctions for minor parole violations, a probable cause hearing no more than 10 business days after a parolee is notified of charges, a revocation hearing no later than 35 days after a parole hold is placed, and appointment of attorneys to represent all parolees facing revocation proceedings.

On March 25, 2010 the United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit issued an opinion upholding the District Court's March 2008 Order regarding the use of hearsay evidence in parole revocation hearings and vacating the District Court's March 2009 order denying the State's request to modify the injunction in light of a voter approved referendum.

On December 2, 2010 the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California entered an order finding that the defendants had met the requirements of the court's April 4, 2007 order and the "return to custody assessment step of the revocation process for all facilities, including Los Angeles County Jail." Moreover, the court found that the "defendants are in violation of this Court's November 13, 2006 Order concerning information system changes."

On January 24, 2012 the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California entered an order that found "the injunctive measures... necessary to remedy constitutional violations created in §3044(a)(1) and (a)(2), except that defendants shall provide a revocation hearing no later than the 45th calendar day after the placement of the parole hold."

As of January 31, 2012 the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California retains jurisdiction to enforce the permanent injunction entered in this case.

Justin Benson - 01/31/2012


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Parole grant/revocation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) California Board of Prison Terms
California Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description All California parolees, either at large, in custody and awaiting revocation or in custody after being found in violation of parole.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Prison Law Office
Rosen, Bien, Galvan & Grunfeld
Youth Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status outcome Granted
Filed Pro Se Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2002 - n/a
Filed 1994
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing CJ-CA-0008 : L.H. v. Schwarzennegger (E.D. Cal.)
Court Docket(s)
E.D. Cal.
01/30/2012
2:94-cv-00671-LKK-GGH
CJ-CA-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
E.D. Cal.
09/08/2000
Order [ECF# 540]
CJ-CA-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
06/04/2002
Order (206 F.Supp.2d 1068)
CJ-CA-0001-7500.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
E.D. Cal.
06/14/2002
Order [ECF# 664] (206 F.Supp.2d 1068)
CJ-CA-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
09/13/2002
Fifth Amended Civil Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief
CJ-CA-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
E.D. Cal.
11/18/2003
Stipulated Order for Permanent Injunctive Relief
CJ-CA-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
E.D. Cal.
12/03/2003
Order Granting Motion for Preliminary Approval of Class Action Settlement, and Scheduling Hearing and Final Settlement Approval [ECF# 821]
CJ-CA-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
09/17/2004
Order and Judgment Awarding Reasonable Attorneys' Fees and Expenses to Plaintiffs' Legal Counsel [ECF# 1119]
CJ-CA-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
06/08/2005
Order [ECF# 1218] (2005 WL 1388555)
CJ-CA-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
08/19/2005
Stipulation and Amended Order Re Special Master Order of Reference [ECF# 1234]
CJ-CA-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
08/31/2005
Order [concluding that parolees' counsel should have access to client's field file without limit on whether they can discuss that info with their clients]
CJ-CA-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
E.D. Cal.
05/26/2006
Order [ECF# 1271]
CJ-CA-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
09/28/2007
Order [denying Pl's motion to find Defs in violation of 2003 permanent injunction re: "cooperative parolees"]
CJ-CA-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
08/08/2008
Order
CJ-CA-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
03/26/2009
Order [ECF# 1530] (603 F.Supp.2d 1275)
CJ-CA-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/25/2010
Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 1582] (599 F.3d 984)
CJ-CA-0001-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
E.D. Cal.
12/02/2010
Order [ECF# 1616] (2010 WL 4983396)
CJ-CA-0001-0015.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Hawkins, Michael Daly (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0014
Hollows, Gregory G. (E.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Karlton, Lawrence K. (E.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002 | CJ-CA-0001-0003 | CJ-CA-0001-0004 | CJ-CA-0001-0005 | CJ-CA-0001-0006 | CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-0008 | CJ-CA-0001-0009 | CJ-CA-0001-0010 | CJ-CA-0001-0011 | CJ-CA-0001-0013 | CJ-CA-0001-0015 | CJ-CA-0001-7500 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Noonan, John T. Jr. (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0014
Smith, Milan Dale Jr. (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0014
Monitors/Masters Campbell, Nancy (Washington) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Morrison, Virginia (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Riveland, Chase (Washington) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Baldwin, Holly MacLeish (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Bien, Michael W. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002 | CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Burrell, Susan L. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Galvan, Ernest (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002 | CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-0011 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Grunfeld, Gay Crosthwait (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Holtz, Geoffrey Thomas (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Huey, Shirley (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Kennard, Karen (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002 | CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-7500 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Landon, Alexander L. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Miller, Andrea M. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Morris, Maria V (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Nelson, Laurel M. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Palumbo, Kristen A. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002 | CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Pavone, Benjamin Laurence (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Perrello, Stephen J. Jr. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Rifkin, Lori Ellen (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Specter, Donald H. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002 | CJ-CA-0001-0007 | CJ-CA-0001-0012 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Stewart, Loren Grey (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Willits, Mari L. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Acquisto, Stephen (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0011
Aljens, Erika C. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Anderson, Robert R. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001
Cashdollar, William V. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-7500 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Devencenzi, Jessica (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Grunder, Frances T. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0011
Humes, James M. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0011
Jacob, Renju Palanilkumuryil (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Lee, Michael Gregory (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Lockyer, Bill (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-0011
Manian, Maya (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Mello, Paul Brian (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Nelson, Katherine Kylin (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Nussbaum, Peter David (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Patterson, Thomas S. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Rice, Benjamin Terrence (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0011 | CJ-CA-0001-9000
Tebrock, Katherine (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Whitney, Vickie Pochelle (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Wolff, Jonathan L. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-0001
Other Lawyers Adams, Mark F. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
McCabe, Michael J. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000
Philipsborn, John Timothy (California) show/hide docs
CJ-CA-0001-9000

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