Case: Huntington Branch NAACP v. Town of Huntington

1:81-cv-00541 | U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York

Filed Date: Feb. 23, 1981

Closed Date: 1992

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

Plaintiffs, a class action comprised of the NAACP, minority citizens and minority citizens, community organizations in Huntington, New York filed suit against the Town of Huntington and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) over Defendants' opposition to a low-income multi-family housing development. Plaintiffs sued in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, alleging violations of the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. 3601-3619, federal civil rights statutes, 42 …

Plaintiffs, a class action comprised of the NAACP, minority citizens and minority citizens, community organizations in Huntington, New York filed suit against the Town of Huntington and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) over Defendants' opposition to a low-income multi-family housing development. Plaintiffs sued in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, alleging violations of the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. 3601-3619, federal civil rights statutes, 42 U.S.C. 1981, 1982, and 1983, and state law. Plaintiffs alleged that the Defendants' opposition to the proposed development was based on racial considerations.

U.S. District Court Judge Costantino dismissed the Plaintiffs' complaint in its entirety on January 18, 1981, holding that a court-ordered change in the Defendants' zoning laws would not remedy Plaintiffs' injury because there were insufficient Section 8 funds to build the proposed housing structure. Huntington Branch NAACP v. Huntington, 530 F. Supp. 838 (E.D.N.Y. 1981). On September 28, 1982, the Second Circuit reversed the District Court's dismissal, holding that the uncertainty of federal of funds in the future did not render the Plaintiff's injury non-redressable. Huntington Branch, NAACP v. Huntington, 689 F.2d 391 (2d Cir. 1982).

On remand from the appellate court, District Court Judge Glasser certified a class action against the Town of Huntington on November 7, 1983; the Plaintiffs dropped their claims against the federal agency. The District Court denied a defense motion for summary judgment on May 13, 1984. On September 24, 1987, Judge Glasser ruled in favor of the Defendant-town on all of Plaintiff's claims in the case, finding that there was insufficient evidence of purposeful discrimination and that the Defendant had provided sufficient non-discriminatory, non-pre-textual explanations for its actions.

On appeal, the Second Circuit again reversed the District Court, this time finding that Plaintiffs had demonstrated a violation of the Fair Housing Act based on Defendant's purposeful use of zoning laws to impede minority home ownership in the town. Huntington Branch, NAACP v. Huntington, 844 F.2d 926 (2d Cir. 1988). The Second Circuit ordered the City to implement changes to its zoning laws to accommodate the proposed development.

The Supreme Court affirmed the Second Circuit's ruling on November 7, 1988, in a per curiam opinion delivered without oral argument. Huntington v. Huntington Branch, NAACP, 488 U.S. 15 (1988).

Summary Authors

Andrew Nash (6/2/2008)

People


Judge(s)

Costantino, Mark Americus (New York)

Glasser, Israel Leo (New York)

Kaufman, Irving Robert (New York)

Marshall, Thurgood (District of Columbia)

Newman, Jon Ormond (New York)

Oakes, James Lowell (Vermont)

Stevens, John Paul (District of Columbia)

Van Graafeiland, Ellsworth Alfred (New York)

Ward, Robert Joseph (New York)

White, Byron Raymond (District of Columbia)

Judge(s)

Costantino, Mark Americus (New York)

Glasser, Israel Leo (New York)

Kaufman, Irving Robert (New York)

Marshall, Thurgood (District of Columbia)

Newman, Jon Ormond (New York)

Oakes, James Lowell (Vermont)

Stevens, John Paul (District of Columbia)

Van Graafeiland, Ellsworth Alfred (New York)

Ward, Robert Joseph (New York)

White, Byron Raymond (District of Columbia)

Winter, Ralph K. Jr. (Connecticut)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Atkins, Thomas I. (New York)

Bellman, Richard F (New York)

Clark, Miriam F. (New York)

Ford, Margaret (New York)

Friedman, Leon (New York)

Hankins, Grover G. (Maryland)

Rodgers, Curtis (New York)

Sanders, Charles F. (New York)

Steel, Lewis M (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Cahn, Richard C. (New York)

Karson, Scott M. (New York)

Kleinberg, Charles (New York)

Korman, Edward Robert (New York)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

1:81-cv-00541

Memorandum of Decision and Order [Re: Dismissal]

530 F.Supp. 838

Jan. 18, 1981

Jan. 18, 1981

Order/Opinion

82-06030

Opinion [Re: Appeal of Dismissal]

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

689 F.2d 391

Sept. 28, 1982

Sept. 28, 1982

Order/Opinion

82-01339

Order [Denying Writ of Certiorari]

Town of Huntington v. Huntington Branch NAACP

Supreme Court of the United States

460 U.S. 1069, 103 S.Ct. 1523, 73 L.Ed.2d 947

April 4, 1983

April 4, 1983

Order/Opinion

1:81-cv-00541

Memorandum and Order [Granting Judgment for Defs.]

668 F.Supp. 762

Sept. 9, 1987

Sept. 9, 1987

Order/Opinion

87-07892

Order [Reversing D.C. Decision]

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

844 F.2d 926

April 5, 1988

April 5, 1988

Order/Opinion

87-01961

Per Curiam Opinion [Affirming Judgment]

Town of Huntington v. Huntington Branch NAACP

Supreme Court of the United States

488 U.S. 15, 109 S.Ct. 276, 102 L.Ed.2d 180

Nov. 7, 1988

Nov. 7, 1988

Order/Opinion

87-01961

Order [Denying Rehearing]

Town of Huntington v. Huntington Branch NAACP

Supreme Court of the United States

488 U.S. 1023, 109 S.Ct. 824, 102 L.Ed.2d 813

Jan. 9, 1989

Jan. 9, 1989

Order/Opinion

1:81-cv-00541

Order [Re: Attorney Fees]

749 F.Supp. 62

Oct. 23, 1990

Oct. 23, 1990

Order/Opinion

1:81-cv-00541

Memorandum and Order and Final Judgment [Re: Expert Witness Fees]

762 F.Supp. 528

April 29, 1991

April 29, 1991

Order/Opinion

91-06124

Order [Re: Attorney Fees]

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

961 F.2d 1048

April 13, 1992

April 13, 1992

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated Aug. 13, 2022, 3:01 a.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

Case Details

State / Territory: New York

Case Type(s):

Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance

Key Dates

Filing Date: Feb. 23, 1981

Closing Date: 1992

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

NAACP on behalf of minority residents who were denied the opportunity to construct multi-family housing in a majority-white area outside of a designated 'urban renewal zone,' which was 52% minority.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Town of Huntington (Huntington), City

Case Details

Causes of Action:

Fair Housing Act/Fair Housing Amendments Act (FHAA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et seq.

Availably Documents:

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Any published opinion

U.S. Supreme Court merits opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Litigation

Order Duration: 1988 - None

Issues

General:

Racial segregation

Discrimination-area:

Zoning

Discrimination-basis:

Race discrimination

Race:

Black