Case: Baker v. Hamilton

72-cv-07148 | U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky

Filed Date: Jan. 7, 1972

Closed Date: April 25, 1972

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Case Summary

Edward and Darlene Baker filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky on behalf of their seventeen-year-old son Glenn, who was placed in the Jefferson County Jail by the Juvenile Court, and on behalf of other youths incarcerated there. They alleged that placement of juveniles in the county jail constituted a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment because it treated the juveniles as adults for punitive purposes without allowi…

Edward and Darlene Baker filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky on behalf of their seventeen-year-old son Glenn, who was placed in the Jefferson County Jail by the Juvenile Court, and on behalf of other youths incarcerated there. They alleged that placement of juveniles in the county jail constituted a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment because it treated the juveniles as adults for punitive purposes without allowing them the due process rights given to adults, and that placement of juveniles in county jail constituted cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment due to poor conditions at the jail. They sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as damages.

On April 25, 1972, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky (Judge Charles Allen) granted the injunction, but denied monetary damages. The Court held that placement of juveniles in the county jail did constitute a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment because it treated the juveniles as adults for punitive purposes without allowing them the due process rights given adults, and that placement of juveniles in county jail constituted cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment due to poor conditions at the jail. Baker v. Hamilton, 345 F.Supp. 345 (W.D.Ky. 1972).

The case is now closed.

Summary Authors

Kristen Sagar (2/22/2006)

Andrew Junker (11/4/2014)

People


Judge(s)

Allen, Charles Mengel (Kentucky)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Cannon, Joe A. (Missouri)

Charney, Mitchell (Kentucky)

Cooke, Graham B. (Kentucky)

Faust, Ralph (Missouri)

McCarthy, Thomas P. (Kentucky)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Miller, J. Bruce (Kentucky)

Mobley, Joseph V. (Kentucky)

Judge(s)

Allen, Charles Mengel (Kentucky)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Cannon, Joe A. (Missouri)

Charney, Mitchell (Kentucky)

Cooke, Graham B. (Kentucky)

Faust, Ralph (Missouri)

McCarthy, Thomas P. (Kentucky)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Miller, J. Bruce (Kentucky)

Mobley, Joseph V. (Kentucky)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

3:72-cv-07148

Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law

345 F.Supp. 345

April 25, 1972

April 25, 1972

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated July 23, 2022, 3:03 a.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

Case Details

State / Territory: Kentucky

Case Type(s):

Jail Conditions

Key Dates

Filing Date: Jan. 7, 1972

Closing Date: April 25, 1972

Case Ongoing: No reason to think so

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

juveniles incarcerated at the Jefferson County Jail

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Jefferson County (Jefferson), County

Defendant Type(s):

Jurisdiction-wide

Corrections

Law-enforcement

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Due Process

Availably Documents:

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Litigation

Order Duration: 1972 - None

Content of Injunction:

Monitor/Master

Issues

General:

Classification / placement

Juveniles

Recreation / Exercise

Sanitation / living conditions

Youth / Adult separation

Crowding:

Crowding / caseload

Type of Facility:

Government-run