Case: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States

64-cv-09017 | U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia

Filed Date: 1964

Clearinghouse coding in progress

Case Summary

The motel, which discriminated in the renting of its rooms on the basis of race, sought review of a judgment by attacking the constitutionality of Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The motel contended that in enacting the statute Congress exceeded its power to regulate commerce under the Commerce Clause, U.S. Const. art I, § 8, cl. 3, and violated the Fifth and Thirteenth Amendments. Affirming the judgment, the Court held that the power of Congress over interstate commerce extended to t…

The motel, which discriminated in the renting of its rooms on the basis of race, sought review of a judgment by attacking the constitutionality of Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The motel contended that in enacting the statute Congress exceeded its power to regulate commerce under the Commerce Clause, U.S. Const. art I, § 8, cl. 3, and violated the Fifth and Thirteenth Amendments. Affirming the judgment, the Court held that the power of Congress over interstate commerce extended to those intrastate activities that so affected interstate commerce or the exercise of Congressional power over it to make regulation of them an appropriate means to exercise its power over interstate commerce. Further, the power of Congress to promote interstate commerce also included the power to regulate the local incidents thereof, including local activities in both the state of origin and destination, which might have a substantial and harmful effect upon that commerce. Accordingly, Congress was within its power to prohibit racial discrimination by motels serving travelers, however local their operations appeared.

Related Cases

Katzenbach v. McClung, Northern District of Alabama (1964)

People


Judge(s)

Clark, Tom C. (District of Columbia)

Hooper, Frank Arthur (Georgia)

Morgan, Lewis Render (Georgia)

Tuttle, Elbert Parr (Georgia)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Goodson, Charles L. (Georgia)

Greene, Harold H. (District of Columbia)

Heymann, Philip (District of Columbia)

Marer, Alan G. (District of Columbia)

Marshall, Burke (District of Columbia)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Cox, Archibald (District of Columbia)

Judge(s)

Clark, Tom C. (District of Columbia)

Hooper, Frank Arthur (Georgia)

Morgan, Lewis Render (Georgia)

Tuttle, Elbert Parr (Georgia)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Goodson, Charles L. (Georgia)

Greene, Harold H. (District of Columbia)

Heymann, Philip (District of Columbia)

Marer, Alan G. (District of Columbia)

Marshall, Burke (District of Columbia)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Cox, Archibald (District of Columbia)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Memorandum of Law

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S.

July 1, 1964 Pleading / Motion / Brief

Opinion

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S

231 F.Supp. 393

July 22, 1964 Order/Opinion

Brief for Appellees

Heart of Atlanta Hotel v. United States

Supreme Court of the United States

Sept. 28, 1964 Pleading / Motion / Brief

Opinion [Supreme Court]

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S

Supreme Court of the United States

379 U.S. 241

Oct. 5, 1964 Order/Opinion

Supplemental Memorandum of Law

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S.

None Pleading / Motion / Brief

Resources

Title Description External URL

Docket

Last updated May 28, 2022, 3:14 a.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

State / Territory: Georgia

Case Type(s):

Public Accommodations/Contracting

Special Collection(s):

Civil Rights Division Archival Collection

Key Dates

Filing Date: 1964

Case Ongoing: Unknown

Case Details

Availably Documents:

Any published opinion