Case: Pargo v. Elliott

4:92-cv-20781 | U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa

Filed Date: Nov. 19, 1992

Closed Date: Oct. 7, 1996

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On November 19, 1992, women incarcerated at Iowa Correctional Institute for Women (“ICIW”) filed this class-action lawsuit in the Southern District of Iowa. Represented by Legal Services of Iowa, the plaintiffs (suing on behalf of a class of all women at ICIW) sued Iowa Department of Corrections officials under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging that the defendants violated the Fourteenth Amendment Equal Protection Clause by maintaining policies, programs, and facilities that were not “substantially equ…

On November 19, 1992, women incarcerated at Iowa Correctional Institute for Women (“ICIW”) filed this class-action lawsuit in the Southern District of Iowa. Represented by Legal Services of Iowa, the plaintiffs (suing on behalf of a class of all women at ICIW) sued Iowa Department of Corrections officials under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging that the defendants violated the Fourteenth Amendment Equal Protection Clause by maintaining policies, programs, and facilities that were not “substantially equivalent” to those at the men’s state penal institutions. They sought declaratory judgment, injunctive relief, and attorneys’ fees and costs.

The plaintiffs alleged that women were unconstitutionally treated in comparison with their male counterparts: women prisoners were classified in a different manner, lived in more confined housing, had fewer furlough and off-ground work opportunities, enjoyed less library time and yard privileges, participated in different substance abuse programs, and saw visitors in more restrictive settings. A six-day trial was held in March and April 1994. The plaintiffs argued that, since the classification differences were based on sex discrimination, they should be subject to traditional heightened scrutiny requiring that the classification be substantially related to an important governmental interest.

The district court found in favor of the defendants on September 23, 1994 in an opinion written by Judge Bremer. Pargo v. Elliott, 894 F. Supp. 1239 (S.D. Iowa 1994). Instead of the traditional equal protection analysis sought by the plaintiffs, the court applied a deferential standard laid out in Turner v. Safley, 482 U.S. 78, 84 (1987). Under the Turner standard, the court afforded “great deference to the prison officials’ discrimination.” Judge Bremer found that ICIW female prisoners were not similarly situated to male inmates in Iowa because of ICIW’s small population. Additionally, although there were differences in the programming between the men’s and women’s prisons, Judge Bremer found that the plaintiffs failed to establish a discriminatory animus for the difference.

The plaintiffs appealed to the Eighth Circuit. There, the court found that the district court did not provide sufficient factual findings upon which to review the legal standards applied to the discrimination. Pargo v. Elliott, 69 F.3d 280 (8th Cir. 1995). Judge Diana Murphy wrote the opinion and noted that the deferential Turner standard is not always applicable, but could not determine whether it should be applied in the case at bar due to the insufficient record. After examining the transcript and discussing the record with both parties, the Eighth Circuit remanded the case to the district court to make detailed factual findings and formulate conclusions based on such findings.

Upon remand, the district court greatly expanded on its factual findings, but still found in favor of the defendants on July 14, 1995. Pargo v. Elliott, 894 F. Supp. 1243 (S.D. Iowa 1995). Judge Bremer again wrote the opinion. The court considered population, average security levels, types of crimes, and average length of sentence as key factors in determining that ICIW’s female prisoners were not similarly situated to male prisoners in other Iowa state prisons. ICIW held fewer prisoners for shorter sentences, and the female prisoners there were not grouped in as large or as divided of classifications as male prisoners.

Although the groups were not sufficiently similarly situated for purposes of an equal protection analysis, the court proceeded to consider whether the differential treatment had a rational basis to a legitimate state interest. Judge Bremer determined that the challenged discrimination should not be subject to heightened scrutiny because the plaintiffs did not establish that the policies were motivated by discriminatory intent.The court did not find any indications of invidious discrimination, but rather any differences between male and female state prisons were rationally related to legitimate penological interests.

The plaintiffs again appealed the district court’s decision to the Eighth Circuit. On November 8, 1995, the Eighth Circuit affirmed the decision. Pargo v. Elliott, 69 F.3d 280 (8th Cir. 1995). After the Supreme Court denied certiorari in October 1996, the case closed. 519 U.S. 831 (1996).

Summary Authors

Justin Hill (6/8/2020)

People


Judge(s)

Arnold, Richard Sheppard (Arkansas)

Bremer, Celeste F. (Iowa)

Murphy, Diana E. (Minnesota)

Piester, David L. (Nebraska)

Ross, Donald Roe (Nebraska)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Frerichs, Thomas (Iowa)

Gosnell, Emily L (Iowa)

Louisell, Yvette M (Iowa)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Ensign, Kristin W. (Iowa)

Lindebak, Layne M. (Iowa)

Judge(s)

Arnold, Richard Sheppard (Arkansas)

Bremer, Celeste F. (Iowa)

Murphy, Diana E. (Minnesota)

Piester, David L. (Nebraska)

Ross, Donald Roe (Nebraska)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Frerichs, Thomas (Iowa)

Gosnell, Emily L (Iowa)

Louisell, Yvette M (Iowa)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Ensign, Kristin W. (Iowa)

Lindebak, Layne M. (Iowa)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

4:92-cv-20781

Docket [PACER]

July 23, 1999

July 23, 1999

Docket
140

4:92-cv-20781

Opinion and Judgment

Pargo v. Elliot

894 F.Supp. 1239

Sept. 23, 1994

Sept. 23, 1994

Order/Opinion
18

94-03399

Opinion

Pargo v. Elliot

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

49 F.3d 1355

March 15, 1995

March 15, 1995

Order/Opinion
151

4:92-cv-20781

Opinion on Remand

Pargo v. Elliot

894 F.Supp. 1243

July 14, 1995

July 14, 1995

Order/Opinion
32

94-03399

Opinion

Pargo v. Elliot

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit

69 F.3d 280

Nov. 8, 1995

Nov. 8, 1995

Order/Opinion

95-08906

Opinion

Pargo v. Elliot

Supreme Court of the United States

519 U.S. 831

Oct. 7, 1996

Oct. 7, 1996

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated Aug. 13, 2022, 3:16 a.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link Date / Link

REMARK: exhibits destroyed this date (don) (Entered: 07/23/1999)

July 23, 1999

July 23, 1999

160

COPY OF LETTER FROM US SUPREME COURT−stating that an order has been filed denying certiorari (sm) (Entered: 10/24/1996)

Oct. 24, 1996

Oct. 24, 1996

159

"Copy of" NOTICE of Filing Petition for Certiorari by Petitioners Cathy Pargo, Christine Lockheart, Molly Bissen, Yvette M Louisell (ld) (Entered: 06/03/1996)

May 31, 1996

May 31, 1996

158

CERTIFIED COPY of judgment/mandate from USCA affirming the decision of the District Court [141−1] (cc: all counsel) (sm) (Entered: 02/02/1996)

Feb. 2, 1996

Feb. 2, 1996

157

COPY of Appellate Court Order: Petition for rehearing filed by the appellants has been considered by the court and is denied. (sm) (Entered: 01/22/1996)

Jan. 22, 1996

Jan. 22, 1996

156

COPY of Appellate Court Order: district court to be affirmed; 14 days alotted to file for rehearing IAW FRAP 40. (gk) (Entered: 11/13/1995)

Nov. 13, 1995

Nov. 13, 1995

155

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer RE: motion to certify post judgment motions and orders to 8th Circuit [154−1], motion to amend motion to alter judgment [153−1], motion to alter judgment [152−1]; This Court is without jurisdiction to entertain these motions, as jurisdiction was retained by the appellate court, THEREFORE, the court declines to rule on the post−opinion motions. (cc: all counsel) (gk) (Entered: 08/02/1995)

Aug. 1, 1995

Aug. 1, 1995

154

MOTION by plaintiff to certify post judgment motions and orders to 8th Circuit before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (gk) (Entered: 07/31/1995)

July 31, 1995

July 31, 1995

153

MOTION by plaintiff to amend motion to alter judgment before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (gk) (Entered: 07/27/1995)

July 27, 1995

July 27, 1995

152

MOTION by plaintiff to alter judgment [152−1] before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (gk) (Entered: 07/26/1995)

July 26, 1995

July 26, 1995

151

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer re [150−1] appeal order − on remand the court again finds plaintiffs have not established their equal protection claims and that there is not invidious gender discrimination at ICIW. The claims against all defendants should be dismissed. (cc: all counsel & Eighth Circuit) (gk) (Entered: 07/14/1995)

July 14, 1995

July 14, 1995

149

BRIEF ON REMAND FILED by defendant (gk) (Entered: 04/10/1995)

April 10, 1995

April 10, 1995

148

SUPPLEMENT by plaintiff [147−1] to motion brief (gk) (Entered: 04/07/1995)

April 7, 1995

April 7, 1995

147

BRIEF IN LIGHT OF REMAND FILED by plaintiff (rh) (Entered: 03/28/1995)

March 28, 1995

March 28, 1995

146

PROPOSED Findings of Facts And conclusions of law and order submitted by plaintiff in reply to order [145−1] (gk) (Entered: 03/21/1995)

March 21, 1995

March 21, 1995

145

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer re [144−1] appeal order − partied may file supplemental briefs NLT April 10,1995. (cc: all counsel) (gk) (Entered: 03/21/1995)

March 20, 1995

March 20, 1995

144

COPY of Appellate Court Order: case remanded back for further findings, APPEAL REMAINS OPEN , further district court findings to be forwarded to circuit when available. (gk) (Entered: 03/21/1995)

March 20, 1995

March 20, 1995

143

AGREED RECORD ON APPEAL filed by all parties jointly, signed by C.F.Bremer, MJ. cc: 8th Circuit Court Of Appeals (gk) (Entered: 10/20/1994)

Oct. 18, 1994

Oct. 18, 1994

142

NOTIFICATION by Circuit Court of Appellate Docket Number [141−1] 94−3399SIDM (gk) (Entered: 10/05/1994)

Oct. 5, 1994

Oct. 5, 1994

141

NOTICE OF APPEAL by plaintiff from Dist. Court decision [140−2] cc: all counsel (gk) (Entered: 09/28/1994)

Sept. 28, 1994

Sept. 28, 1994

140

OPINION, AND JUDGMENT: by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer − plaintiffs failed to establish that there was gender−based discrimination re: the programs and services @ ICIW (see for many specifics) terminating case (cc: all counsel, index) OJ 226−68 (rh) (Entered: 09/26/1994)

Sept. 23, 1994

Sept. 23, 1994

139

SECOND SUPPLEMENT by plaintiff [133−1] to brief (rh) (Entered: 09/23/1994)

Sept. 23, 1994

Sept. 23, 1994

138

SUPPLEMENT by plaintiff [134−1] to motion brief (rh) (Entered: 09/15/1994)

Sept. 15, 1994

Sept. 15, 1994

137

AMENDMENT TO CONFORM TO PROOF (amended complaint) [1−1] by plaintiff (cc: cnsl) (rh) (Entered: 09/13/1994)

Sept. 13, 1994

Sept. 13, 1994

136

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer granting motion to amend to conform to proof [125−1] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 09/12/1994)

Sept. 12, 1994

Sept. 12, 1994

134

SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF FILED by Cathy Pargo, Dale Bahmer, Sandy Frank, Kim Frazier, Sheryl Snodgrass, Christine Lockheart, Molly Bissen, Willetta Davis, Linda Thompson, Michele Neary, Unknown Persons IA, Unknown Plaintiffs [133−1] regarding issue of precedential value of obiter dictum comments in Klinger v. Doc brief, [130−1] regarding brief (sm) (Entered: 09/01/1994)

Sept. 1, 1994

Sept. 1, 1994

135

BRIEF FILED ON EFFECT OF KLINGER V. DOC by Mildred Elliott, Richard Vander Mey, Joni Keith, Harold McCormick, Jean Klingman, Johnny Brown, Jim Schweisow, Jeanette Bucklew, Barbara Olk−Long, Sally Chandler Halford (sm) (Entered: 09/01/1994)

Sept. 1, 1994

Sept. 1, 1994

133

POST TRIAL briefs (re:issue of precedential value of Klinger V. Doc) submitted by plaintiff, defendant (rh) (Entered: 08/25/1994)

Aug. 25, 1994

Aug. 25, 1994

132

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer motion to delay rulings or to continue argument r [131−1] Hearing held 8−16−94 setting supplemental hearing on motion to delay rulings or to continue argument [131−1] 9:00 9/2/94 (cc: all counsel) (sm) (Entered: 08/17/1994)

Aug. 17, 1994

Aug. 17, 1994

131

MOTION by plaintiff to delay rulings or to continue argument before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 08/16/1994)

Aug. 16, 1994

Aug. 16, 1994

130

POST TRIAL briefs submitted by plaintiff class (rh) (Entered: 08/09/1994)

Aug. 9, 1994

Aug. 9, 1994

EXHIBITS "142" [129−1] located on CFB's shelf in Brn. envelope (cc: to cnsl) (rh) Modified on 07/29/1994 (Entered: 07/29/1994)

July 29, 1994

July 29, 1994

128

PROPOSED Findings Fact/Conclusions Law submitted by defendant (rh) (Entered: 07/28/1994)

July 28, 1994

July 28, 1994

127

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer − Dft. are granted until 7/27/94 to file post trlbr. (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 07/22/1994)

July 22, 1994

July 22, 1994

−−−−−−−−−−−−− VOLUME 3 −−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−− (rh) (Entered: 07/20/1994)

July 20, 1994

July 20, 1994

126

PROPOSED Findings Fact, Conclusions of Law (& Order) submitted by plaintiff (rh) (Entered: 07/19/1994)

July 19, 1994

July 19, 1994

125

MOTION by plaintiff to amend to conform to proof before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 07/19/1994)

July 19, 1994

July 19, 1994

124

WITNESS & Exhibit list submitted by court by pla (rh) (Entered: 07/01/1994)

July 1, 1994

July 1, 1994

123

WITNESS AND EXHIBIT list submitted by court for dfts. (rh) (Entered: 07/01/1994)

July 1, 1994

July 1, 1994

122

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: courtroom clerk: none; court reporter: Petersons ct. rptrs; continuation of hrng. (rh) (Entered: 07/01/1994)

July 1, 1994

July 1, 1994

121

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: courtroom clerk: none; court reporter: t. Kenkel (Petersons); motion to reopen evidence [117−1], motion for Temporary Injunction [113−1] ; hearing held 9:00 6/30/94 (rh) (Entered: 07/01/1994)

July 1, 1994

July 1, 1994

120

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer denying motion to reopen evidence [117−1] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 06/17/1994)

June 17, 1994

June 17, 1994

119

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer −re: scheduling hrg. on motion for Temporary Injunction [113−1] ; hearing held 2:30 6/15/94. SETTING EVIDENTIARY HRNG. on motion for Temporary Injunction [113−1] 9:00 6/30/94 (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 06/17/1994)

June 17, 1994

June 17, 1994

118

SUPPLEMENT by plaintiff [113−1] to motion for Temporary Injunction before C.F. Bremer, Mag. J. (rh) (Entered: 06/15/1994)

June 15, 1994

June 15, 1994

117

MOTION by plaintiff to reopen evidence Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 06/15/1994)

June 15, 1994

June 15, 1994

116

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer: hearing on motion for Temporary Injunction [113−1] is rescheduled for 2:30 6/15/94 and will be held by telephone conference call placed by cnsl for pltfs (cc: all counsel) (cl) (Entered: 06/10/1994)

June 10, 1994

June 10, 1994

115

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer setting hearing on motion for tempororary injunction [113−1] at 10:30 a.m. on 6/14/94 by conf. call placed by counsel for the plntf'. (cc: all counsel) (ld) (Entered: 06/08/1994)

June 8, 1994

June 8, 1994

114

MEMORANDUM by Cathy Pargo, Dale Bahmer, Sandy Frank, Kim Frazier, Sheryl Snodgrass, Christine Lockheart, Molly Bissen, Willetta Davis, Linda Thompson, Michele Neary, Unknown Persons IA, Unknown Plaintiffs in support [113−1] of motion for Temporary Injunction before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle (sm) (Entered: 06/08/1994)

June 8, 1994

June 8, 1994

113

MOTION by Cathy Pargo, Dale Bahmer, Sandy Frank, Kim Frazier, Sheryl Snodgrass, Christine Lockheart, Molly Bissen, Willetta Davis, Linda Thompson, Michele Neary, Unknown Persons IA, Unknown Plaintiffs for Temporary Injunction before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle (sm) Modified on 06/09/1994 (Entered: 06/08/1994)

June 8, 1994

June 8, 1994

112

TRANSCRIPT filed VOLUME 6 (in expand folder) (rh) (Entered: 05/06/1994)

May 6, 1994

May 6, 1994

111

TRANSCRIPT filed VOL 5 (in expand folder) (rh) (Entered: 05/06/1994)

May 6, 1994

May 6, 1994

110

TRANSCRIPT filed VOLUME 4 (in expand folder) (rh) (Entered: 05/06/1994)

May 6, 1994

May 6, 1994

109

TRANSCRIPT filed VOL 3 (in expand folder) (rh) (Entered: 05/06/1994)

May 6, 1994

May 6, 1994

107

TRANSCRIPT filed VOLUME I − (in expand folder w/court file) (rh) (Entered: 05/06/1994)

May 6, 1994

May 6, 1994

106

WITNESS AND EXHIBIT LIST submitted by court (rh) (Entered: 04/11/1994)

April 11, 1994

April 11, 1994

105

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: by C. F. Bremer, court reporter: none; 6th and last day trial (rh) (Entered: 04/11/1994)

April 11, 1994

April 11, 1994

104

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: by C. F. Bremer, court reporter: none; 5th day trial (rh) (Entered: 04/11/1994)

April 11, 1994

April 11, 1994

103

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: by CF Bremer− court reporter: none; 4th day trial (rh) (Entered: 04/11/1994)

April 11, 1994

April 11, 1994

102

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: by C.F. Bremer: court reporter: none; 3rd day trial (rh) (Entered: 04/11/1994)

April 11, 1994

April 11, 1994

101

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer ; Trial will resume 4/4/94 @ 9:00 in Mitchellville (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 03/29/1994)

March 29, 1994

March 29, 1994

100

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer terminating party Magistrate Piester as party has advised case will not settle. (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 03/29/1994)

March 29, 1994

March 29, 1994

99

WITNESS & EXHIBIT list submitted from court (rh) (Entered: 03/25/1994)

March 25, 1994

March 25, 1994

98

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: courtroom clerk: C. F. Bremer, Mag. J.; court reporter: L. Allmon; 2nd day trial (rh) (Entered: 03/25/1994)

March 25, 1994

March 25, 1994

97

CLERK'S COURT MINUTES: courtroom clerk: Shellie Knipfer; court reporter: L. Allmon; first day trial (rh) (Entered: 03/25/1994)

March 25, 1994

March 25, 1994

96

NOTICE OF LIST OF DEPOSITIONS TO BE INTRODUCED by plaintiff (rh) (Entered: 03/21/1994)

March 21, 1994

March 21, 1994

95

SUPPLEMENT by plaintiff [94−1] to brief (rh) (Entered: 03/21/1994)

March 21, 1994

March 21, 1994

94

TRIAL briefs submitted by plaintiff (rh) (Entered: 03/17/1994)

March 17, 1994

March 17, 1994

93

Pre−TRIAL brief submitted by defendants. (ld) (Entered: 03/16/1994)

March 16, 1994

March 16, 1994

92

STIPULATION TO AMENDMENT OF PRETRIAL ORDER (cc: mag. Peister) (rh) (Entered: 03/11/1994)

March 11, 1994

March 11, 1994

91

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer granting motion for reconsideration of order on expenses [90−1]; Clk. is authorized to pay a total amt. of $1500 toward the expense of depositions in this case. (cc: all counsel, financial) (rh) (Entered: 03/11/1994)

March 11, 1994

March 11, 1994

90

MOTION by plaintiff for reconsideration of order on expenses before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 03/11/1994)

March 11, 1994

March 11, 1994

89

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer ; Status hearing 3/18/94 @ 11:30 by phone call placed by pla. cnsl. (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 03/10/1994)

March 10, 1994

March 10, 1994

88

CONSENT TO PROCEED BEFORE U.S. MAGISTRATE AND ORDER OF REFERENCE By order of C.R. Wolle to Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer under the revised case number of 4:92−cv−80781 for all further proceedings (cc: counsel) (rh) (Entered: 03/10/1994)

March 9, 1994

March 9, 1994

87

SUPPLEMENT [85−1] to order by both parties (rh) (Entered: 03/09/1994)

March 9, 1994

March 9, 1994

REMARK: cc: dkt. #86 mailed to Mag. Piester on 3/7/94 by rh (rh) (Entered: 03/07/1994)

March 7, 1994

March 7, 1994

86

MOTION by plaintiff Cathy Pargo to substitute party (Class Representative) before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer statement of proposed Class representative (sm) (Entered: 03/04/1994)

March 4, 1994

March 4, 1994

84

ORDER ON FINAL PRETRIAL by Magistrate Judge Mark W. Bennett ptch (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 03/01/1994)

March 1, 1994

March 1, 1994

83

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer granting motion for disbursement from atty. admission fund for payment of court reporter's fees [80−1] up to $1,000.00 (cc: all counsel, financial) (rh) (Entered: 03/01/1994)

March 1, 1994

March 1, 1994

82

ORDER by Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle referring matter to to Magistrate Judge Piester of the Dist. of NE (cc: all counsel, CFB, MWB, Piester, Strom, clk) (rh) (Entered: 02/28/1994)

Feb. 25, 1994

Feb. 25, 1994

81

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Mark W. Bennett pltfs to submit proposed consent decree to defs by 2/23/94 − pltfs relieved of this obligation if defs' counsel advises pltfs' counsel no later than 2/15/94 that defs have no interest in settlement; Telephone Hearing MWB 2/28/94 @ 9 re: stlmt status (cc: all counsel) (lc) (Entered: 02/11/1994)

Feb. 11, 1994

Feb. 11, 1994

80

MOTION by plaintiff class for disbursement from atty. admission fund for payment of court reporter's fees before Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer (jv) (Entered: 02/07/1994)

Feb. 7, 1994

Feb. 7, 1994

79

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Celeste F. Bremer granting motion to dismiss party [78−1] terminating party Sandy Frank (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 02/02/1994)

Feb. 2, 1994

Feb. 2, 1994

78

MOTION by plaintiff Sandy Frank to dismiss before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle (sm) (Entered: 01/24/1994)

Jan. 21, 1994

Jan. 21, 1994

77

RESPONSE by defendant re: [75−1] motion to extend discovery before Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 12/27/1993)

Dec. 27, 1993

Dec. 27, 1993

76

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer granting motion to extend discovery [75−1] ; Discovery ddl extended to 3/1/94 (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 12/23/1993)

Dec. 23, 1993

Dec. 23, 1993

75

MOTION by plaintiff to extend discovery before Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 12/16/1993)

Dec. 16, 1993

Dec. 16, 1993

74

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer denying motion for protective order [72−1] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 12/02/1993)

Dec. 2, 1993

Dec. 2, 1993

73

RESPONSE by defendant re: [72−1] motion for protective order before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle (rh) (Entered: 11/29/1993)

Nov. 29, 1993

Nov. 29, 1993

72

MOTION by Cathy Pargo, Dale Bahmer, Sandy Frank, Kim Frazier, Sheryl Snodgrass, Christine Lockheart, Molly Bissen, Willetta Davis, Linda Thompson, Michele Neary, Unknown Persons IA, Unknown Plaintiffs for protective order before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle (sm) (Entered: 11/22/1993)

Nov. 22, 1993

Nov. 22, 1993

71

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer granting motion for 4 class rep. to be present FOR DEPOSITIONS ONLY., as pla. has not complied w/LR14, the ct. did not address M/comp. answers to inter. [68−1] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 11/10/1993)

Nov. 10, 1993

Nov. 10, 1993

70

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer setting hearing on motion for class rep. to be present re: deposition by phone conf. call [68−1] 9:30 11/10/93 (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 11/09/1993)

Nov. 9, 1993

Nov. 9, 1993

69

RESISTANCE by defendant motion for class rep. to be present re: deposition before Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer [68−1] (rh) (Entered: 11/09/1993)

Nov. 9, 1993

Nov. 9, 1993

68

MOTION by plaintiff for class rep. to be present re: deposition before Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 11/08/1993)

Nov. 5, 1993

Nov. 5, 1993

67

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer granting motion to sub. class rep [66−1], [66−2] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 11/02/1993)

Nov. 2, 1993

Nov. 2, 1993

66

MOTION by plaintiff to sub. class rep before Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 11/01/1993)

Nov. 1, 1993

Nov. 1, 1993

64

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer denying motion to bifurcate before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle [56−1] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 09/27/1993)

Sept. 27, 1993

Sept. 27, 1993

63

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer denying motion for reconsideration of order re: Mitchellville site visit UNLESS PLA. CNSL. CAN COORDINATE SCHEDULES AT A LATER DATE, (SEE FOR SPECIFICS), Pla. 3rd request for an addt'l. class rep. to be present is denied. [62−1] (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 09/24/1993)

Sept. 24, 1993

Sept. 24, 1993

62

MOTION by plaintiff for reconsideration of order re: Mitchellville site visit before Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer (rh) (Entered: 09/22/1993)

Sept. 22, 1993

Sept. 22, 1993

61

ORDER by Magistrate Celeste F. Bremer vacating order consolidating 4:92−cv−80781 with member cases 4:93−cv−80353 [57−1], re [57−2]; Member case returned to Judge Vietor. (cc: all counsel) (rh) (Entered: 09/22/1993)

Sept. 20, 1993

Sept. 20, 1993

60

RESISTANCE by defendant motion to bifurcate before Chief Judge Charles R. Wolle [56−1] (rh) (Entered: 09/21/1993)

Sept. 20, 1993

Sept. 20, 1993

Case Details

State / Territory: Iowa

Case Type(s):

Prison Conditions

Key Dates

Filing Date: Nov. 19, 1992

Closing Date: Oct. 7, 1996

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

All women incarcerated at Iowa Correctional Institute for Women.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

Legal Services/Legal Aid

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Chief Administrative Officer, State

Defendant Type(s):

Corrections

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Defendant

Nature of Relief:

None

Source of Relief:

None

Issues

General:

Classification / placement

Discrimination-basis:

Sex discrimination

Affected Gender:

Female

Type of Facility:

Government-run