Case: Ambrose v. Malcolm

1:76-cv-00190 | U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York

Filed Date: Jan. 14, 1976

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

In late 1975 or early 1976, the plaintiffs, pretrial detainees at a New York state detention facility, brought this class action suit against New York City, the New York City Department of Corrections, and its officials in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs challenged the constitutionality of their housing conditions. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that the dormitories Bronx House of Detention were overcrowded as they had a rated capacity of twen…

In late 1975 or early 1976, the plaintiffs, pretrial detainees at a New York state detention facility, brought this class action suit against New York City, the New York City Department of Corrections, and its officials in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs challenged the constitutionality of their housing conditions. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that the dormitories Bronx House of Detention were overcrowded as they had a rated capacity of twenty-four individuals, but were housing an average of forty-five to sixty.

On January 14, 1976, the plaintiffs moved for a preliminary injunction prohibiting the defendants from housing more than one inmate in a cell at the Bronx House of Detention and housing more than 24 inmates in a dormitory. The court (District Judge Morris E. Lasker) granted the preliminary injunction, finding that the plaintiffs would likely be able to prove at trial that a dormitory could hold a maximum of twenty-nine inmates, and restrained the defendants from housing more than twenty-nine men in a single dormitory at the Bronx House of Detention. 414 F. Supp. 485.

As we were unable to find a docket for this case, it is unclear what happened between January 14 and July 26 of 1976. On July 27, 1976, the Court ordered the defendants to create a temporary contact visitation program at the Bronx House of Detention by September 15, 1976 and submit a plan for the creation of a permanent facility. The permanent facility was required to be completed by May 15, 1977. The defendants moved to modify the July 26 order to extend the date for the completion of the permanent contact visiting facility to July 1978, claiming that the original deadline was impossible to fulfill. The Court denied their motion, stating the enjoyment of constitutional rights could not be delayed merely because the City's ordinary bureaucratic process was insufficient. The Court determined that that the City was obligated to undertake a crash program if necessary, and must demonstrate to the Court that a crash program would be insufficient to extend their deadline. 440 F. Supp. 51.

At some time between 1976 and November 1978, this case was consolidated with Benjamin v. Horn.

Related Cases

Detainees of Brooklyn House of Detention for Men v. Malcolm, Eastern District of New York (1973)

Benjamin v. Horn, Southern District of New York (1975)

Maldonado v. Ciuros, Southern District of New York (1976)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Order

June 3, 1975

June 3, 1975

Order/Opinion

1:76-cv-00190

[Untitled]

414 F.Supp. 495

June 4, 1976

June 4, 1976

Order/Opinion

1:76-cv-00190

Memorandum

July 13, 1976

July 13, 1976

Order/Opinion

1:76-cv-00190

Order

July 26, 1976

July 26, 1976

Order/Opinion

1:76-cv-00190

[Untitled]

440 F.Supp. 53

Nov. 22, 1977

Nov. 22, 1977

Order/Opinion

1:76-cv-00190

New Document

Sept. 12, 1978

Sept. 12, 1978

Other

1:76-cv-00190

Supplemental Stipulation of a Partial Settlement for a Preliminary Injunction on Recreation and Dayrooms

March 14, 1979

March 14, 1979

Other

1:76-cv-00190

Proposed Partial FInal Judgement By Consent

March 14, 1979

March 14, 1979

Settlement Agreement

1:76-cv-00190

Stipulation for Entry of an Order

Sept. 28, 1979

Sept. 28, 1979

Other

1:76-cv-00190

[Untitled]

495 F.Supp. 1357

Aug. 27, 1980

Aug. 27, 1980

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated June 1, 2022, 3:17 a.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

Case Details

State / Territory: New York

Case Type(s):

Jail Conditions

Key Dates

Filing Date: Jan. 14, 1976

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Pretrial detainees at a New York state detention facility, Bronx House of Detention.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

Legal Services/Legal Aid

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Unknown

Class Action Outcome: Unknown

Defendants

New York City, City

Defendant Type(s):

Corrections

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Availably Documents:

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order

Damages

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Litigation

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Order Duration: 1978 - None

Content of Injunction:

Monitor/Master

Monitoring

Issues

General:

Conditions of confinement

Visiting

Crowding:

Crowding / caseload

Pre-PLRA Population Cap

Affected Gender:

Male

Type of Facility:

Government-run