Case: Jackson v. Hendrick

76-01997 | Pennsylvania state trial court

Filed Date: 1976

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

In 1973, inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System, represented by private counsel, filed a class action suit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia against prison officials. Plaintiffs alleged that due to overcrowding, the conditions of confinement in the Philadelphia prison system constituted a violation of the Eighth Amendment.Following an evidentiary hearing, the District Court (Judge Donald Jamieson) issued an order decreeing that the prison system as presently operated was in viola…

In 1973, inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System, represented by private counsel, filed a class action suit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia against prison officials. Plaintiffs alleged that due to overcrowding, the conditions of confinement in the Philadelphia prison system constituted a violation of the Eighth Amendment.

Following an evidentiary hearing, the District Court (Judge Donald Jamieson) issued an order decreeing that the prison system as presently operated was in violation of the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Judge Jamieson appointed a master to review the conditions and to file a report and recommendation to assist the court in framing its final decree. Defendants appealed.

On appeal, the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania (Judge Bowman) affirmed in part and reversed and remanded in part. The court held that current conditions did constitute cruel and unusual punishment, but also held that the lower court erred by appointing a master. Hendrick v. Jackson, 309 A.2d 187 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 1973).

In 1976, the court issued a remedial decree specifically designed to maintain the prison population at an acceptable level. The decree was modified in 1980 and 1981. In 1982, litigation continued over a provision of the decree that allowed for certain violent prisoners to be released after posting bail. The District Attorney of Philadelphia sought leave to intervene, but was denied by the court. The district attorney appealed to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, but the court affirmed the lower court ruling finding that the district attorney's petition was not timely. Jackson v. Hendrick, 446 A.2d 226 (Pa. 1982).

Because this is a state case, we don't have the docket for this case, and therefore our information ends with the most recent decision, dated May 25, 1982.

Summary Authors

Eoghan Keenan (6/10/2005)

Related Cases

Harris v. City of Philadelphia, Eastern District of Pennsylvania (1982)

Bowers v. City of Philadelphia, Eastern District of Pennsylvania (2006)

People


Judge(s)

Bowman, Pasco Middleton II (Missouri)

Doyle, Joseph T. (Pennsylvania)

Flaherty, John P. Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Freedman, Frank Harlan (Massachusetts)

Friedman, Daniel Mortimer (District of Columbia)

Nix, Robert N.C. Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Roberts, Samuel J. (Pennsylvania)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Beck, John A. (New York)

Bronstein, Donald S. (Pennsylvania)

Endy, Bruce E. (Pennsylvania)

Judge(s)

Bowman, Pasco Middleton II (Missouri)

Doyle, Joseph T. (Pennsylvania)

Flaherty, John P. Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Freedman, Frank Harlan (Massachusetts)

Friedman, Daniel Mortimer (District of Columbia)

Nix, Robert N.C. Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Roberts, Samuel J. (Pennsylvania)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Beck, John A. (New York)

Bronstein, Donald S. (Pennsylvania)

Endy, Bruce E. (Pennsylvania)

Kairys, David (Pennsylvania)

Rudovsky, David (Pennsylvania)

Wenk, Joseph (Pennsylvania)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Berman, Marcia (District of Columbia)

Biondo, Dennis R. (Pennsylvania)

Clark, Tama (Pennsylvania)

Donaldson, Matthew S. Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Feder, Richard (Pennsylvania)

Franklin-Suber, Stephanie L. (Pennsylvania)

Gallant, Kenneth S. (Pennsylvania)

Gold, Richard J. (Pennsylvania)

Halsted, John S. (Pennsylvania)

Henson, Eric B. (Pennsylvania)

Mather, Barbara W. (Pennsylvania)

Mattioni, John (Pennsylvania)

McNamara, James M. (Pennsylvania)

Myers, John M. (Pennsylvania)

Neuhauser, Gregory R. (Pennsylvania)

Panarella, Nicholas Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Penny, James M. Jr. (Pennsylvania)

Rendell, Edward G. (Pennsylvania)

Sellitto, August V. (Pennsylvania)

Sklar, S. Jay (Pennsylvania)

Stubbs, Jonathan K. (Pennsylvania)

Vilim, Guy (Pennsylvania)

Weinberg, Martin (Pennsylvania)

Wentz, Frederick M. (Pennsylvania)

Other Attorney(s)

Tate, Mercer D. (Pennsylvania)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Reported Opinion

Hendrick v. Jackson

Pennsylvania state appellate court

309 A.2d 187, 1973 Pa.LEXIS 548

Aug. 31, 1973 Order/Opinion

Opinion of the Court

Pennsylvania state supreme court

321 A.2d 603, 1974 Pa.LEXIS 849

July 1, 1974 Order/Opinion

Opinion of the Court

Pennsylvania state supreme court

446 A.2d 226, 1982 Pa.LEXIS 502

May 25, 1982 Order/Opinion

Reported Opinion

Pennsylvania state appellate court

456 A.2d 229, 1983 Pa.LEXIS 1329

Feb. 14, 1983 Order/Opinion

Opinion

Pennsylvania state supreme court

503 A.2d 400, 1986 Pa.LEXIS 713

Jan. 16, 1986 Order/Opinion

Reported Opinion

Pennsylvania state appellate court

710 A.2d 102, 1998 Pa.LEXIS 224

March 27, 1998 Order/Opinion

Reported Opinion

Pennsylvania state supreme court

737 A.2d 745, 1999 Pa.LEXIS 457

Feb. 24, 1999 Order/Opinion

Opinion Announcing the Judgment of the Court

Pennsylvania state supreme court

746 A.2d 574, 2000 Pa.LEXIS 400

Feb. 22, 2000 Order/Opinion

Reported Opinion

Pennsylvania state appellate court

764 A.2d 1139, 2000 Pa.LEXIS 620

Dec. 8, 2000 Order/Opinion

Reported Opinion

Pennsylvania state supreme court

782 A.2d 550, 2001 Pa.LEXIS 1524

July 17, 2001 Order/Opinion

Resources

Title Description External URL

Litigating Prison Conditions in Philadelphia

David Rudovsky

April 1, 1985

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

State / Territory: Pennsylvania

Case Type(s):

Jail Conditions

Key Dates

Filing Date: 1976

Case Ongoing: No reason to think so

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System

Attorney Organizations:

Kairys, Rudovsky, Messing & Feinberg, LLP

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Philadelphia Prison System (Philadelphia), City

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Availably Documents:

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Order Duration: 1973 - None

Issues

General:

Totality of conditions

Type of Facility:

Government-run