Case: State Board of Public Welfare v. Myers

60-00162 | Maryland state trial court

Filed Date: Feb. 26, 1960

Closed Date: 1961

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On February 26, 1960, a thirteen-year-old African American juvenile filed a lawsuit on behalf of himself and others similarly situated against the Maryland Board of Public Welfare and the Boards of Managers of the Maryland Training School, Boys' Village, Montrose School for Girls, and Barrett School for Girls. The claim, arising under the Fourteenth Amendment, asked for declaratory relief from the reformatory schools' policy of racial segregation. The Baltimore City Circuit Court (Judge Charles…

On February 26, 1960, a thirteen-year-old African American juvenile filed a lawsuit on behalf of himself and others similarly situated against the Maryland Board of Public Welfare and the Boards of Managers of the Maryland Training School, Boys' Village, Montrose School for Girls, and Barrett School for Girls. The claim, arising under the Fourteenth Amendment, asked for declaratory relief from the reformatory schools' policy of racial segregation. The Baltimore City Circuit Court (Judge Charles E. Moylan) granted declaratory relief to the plaintiff on July 6, 1960, holding that the schools' racial segregation policies were in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and adverse to the Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

The defendants appealed, arguing that a reformatory school was more analogous to a prison than a public school and, thus, the Brown decision was inapplicable. The Maryland Court of Appeals (Judge Henderson) affirmed and modified the District Court's ruling. State Board of Public Welfare v. Myers, 167 A.2d 765 (Md. 1961). The Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment bars racial segregation in state-run schools regardless of their type. However, because the defendant was ineligible for admission to two of the schools on account of his sex, he lacked standing as to the operation of these schools for girls. The decree was modified to include only the Board of Maryland Training School and the Board of Public Welfare on February 1, 1961.

Summary Authors

Stacey Jensen (5/16/2006)

Related Cases

Crum v. State Training School for Girls, Northern District of Alabama (1969)

People


Judge(s)

Brune, Frederick W. (Maryland)

Hammond, Hall (Maryland)

Henderson, William L. (Maryland)

Horney, William R. (Maryland)

Prescott, Stedman (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Dearing, Tucker R. (Maryland)

Greenberg, Jack (New York)

Marshall, Thurgood (District of Columbia)

Mitchell, Juanita Jackson (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Murphy, Robert C. (Maryland)

Judge(s)

Brune, Frederick W. (Maryland)

Hammond, Hall (Maryland)

Henderson, William L. (Maryland)

Horney, William R. (Maryland)

Prescott, Stedman (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Dearing, Tucker R. (Maryland)

Greenberg, Jack (New York)

Marshall, Thurgood (District of Columbia)

Mitchell, Juanita Jackson (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Murphy, Robert C. (Maryland)

Sybert, C. Ferdinand (Maryland)

Other Attorney(s)

Weidemeyer, C. Maurice (Maryland)

Williams, George Washington (Maryland)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Reported Opinion

Maryland state appellate court

167 A.2d 765

Feb. 7, 1961 Order/Opinion

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

State / Territory: Maryland

Case Type(s):

Juvenile Institution

Key Dates

Filing Date: Feb. 26, 1960

Closing Date: 1961

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

African-American juveniles at five Maryland reform schools

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Maryland Board of Public Welfare, State

Maryland Training Schools, State

Case Details

Availably Documents:

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Mixed

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Litigation

Order Duration: 1960 - 0

Issues

General:

Education

Racial segregation

Discrimination-basis:

Race discrimination

Affected Gender:

Female

Male

Type of Facility:

Government-run