Case: York v. County of El Dorado

2:90-cv-00833 | U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California

Filed Date: June 28, 1990

Closed Date: Jan. 18, 1994

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

Inmates at the El Dorado and South Lake Tahoe jails filed a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 class action lawsuit against county officials in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California on June 28, 1990. The case was originally assigned to Judge John F. Moulds, but was refereed to Magistrate Judge Gregory G. Hollows for settlement purposes. Plaintiffs were represented by the Prisoner Rights Union. The case settled at conference, including a limitation on the population of both the Placerv…

Inmates at the El Dorado and South Lake Tahoe jails filed a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 class action lawsuit against county officials in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California on June 28, 1990. The case was originally assigned to Judge John F. Moulds, but was refereed to Magistrate Judge Gregory G. Hollows for settlement purposes. Plaintiffs were represented by the Prisoner Rights Union.

The case settled at conference, including a limitation on the population of both the Placerville and South Lake Tahoe jails. The stipulation and order of settlement was signed December 17, 1993. It expressly reflected that the case was to be dismissed with prejudice upon approval of the settlement and contained no provision for the retention of jurisdiction by the district court for enforcement purposes. The final judgment of dismissal was entered on January 18, 1994.

After the final judgment of dismissal, the defendant County asked the court to terminate the injunctive relief agreed to by the parties for the primary purpose of avoiding the jail population cap applicable to the South Lake Tahoe jail. The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California (Judge Gregory G. Hollows) held that it did not have jurisdiction to enter the order under the Prison Litigation Reform Act or under Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b) because the case was dismissed with prejudice and the court had not retained jurisdiction to do anything else in the case. York v. Cnty. of El Dorado, 119 F. Supp. 2d 1106 (E.D. Cal. 2000).

Summary Authors

Kristen Sagar (2/19/2006)

People


Judge(s)

Hollows, Gregory G. (California)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Comiskey, Paul Wayne (California)

Derevan, Richard (California)

Herman, Richard P. (California)

Persons, Paul Turner (California)

Stormer, Dan Lewis (California)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Hagar, John H. Jr. (California)

Reiner, Valentina (California)

Whittington, David Edward (California)

Judge(s)

Hollows, Gregory G. (California)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Comiskey, Paul Wayne (California)

Derevan, Richard (California)

Herman, Richard P. (California)

Persons, Paul Turner (California)

Stormer, Dan Lewis (California)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Hagar, John H. Jr. (California)

Reiner, Valentina (California)

Whittington, David Edward (California)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket (PACER)

Oct. 13, 2000 Docket
195

Order [Denying Defendant's Motion to Terminate Settlement]

119 F.Supp.2d 1106

Oct. 16, 2000 Order/Opinion

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT to Magistrate John F. Moulds ; fee status paid; Receipt # 118015; (old) (Entered: 06/29/1990)

June 28, 1990
2

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations set for 8/2/90 before Mag. Moulds. (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 07/06/1990)

July 6, 1990
3

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg to certify class action set for 8/2/90 @ 9:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 07/06/1990)

July 6, 1990
4

PROOF OF SERVICE by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg of motion to certify class action [3−1], motion for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations [2−1] and summons and complaint (old) (Entered: 07/06/1990)

July 6, 1990
5

EX PARTE APPLICATION by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio for extension of time to file and serve responsive pleading and opposition to motions for preliminary injunction (old) (Entered: 07/12/1990)

July 10, 1990
7

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner re plaintiff's response to exparte application for order extending time (old) (Entered: 07/18/1990)

July 18, 1990
8

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to motion for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations [2−1] (old) (Entered: 07/18/1990)

July 18, 1990
9

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to motion to certify class action [3−1] (old) (Entered: 07/18/1990)

July 18, 1990
10

DECLARATION by Valentina Reiner in oppo re motion to certify class action [3−1], re motion for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations [2−1] (old) (Entered: 07/18/1990)

July 18, 1990
11

DECLARATION of Jerry Tacket and exhibits in opposition re motion to certify class action [3−1], re motion for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations [2−1] (old) (Entered: 07/18/1990)

July 18, 1990
12

ANSWER by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio (old) (Entered: 07/24/1990)

July 23, 1990
13

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to motion to certify class action [3−1], motion for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations [2−1] (old) (Entered: 07/24/1990)

July 23, 1990
14

NOTICE by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio of withdrawal of ex parte order extending time. (old) (Entered: 07/26/1990)

July 25, 1990
15

EXPARTE MOTION by plaintiff Linda York for order for inspection of jail in South Lake Tahoe California (old) (Entered: 07/26/1990)

July 26, 1990
16

RESPONSE by plaintiff Linda York, to opposition to motions for preliminary injunction and class certification (old) (Entered: 07/26/1990)

July 26, 1990
17

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner and Exhibit in opposition to ex parte application for order permitting inspection of jail 5−1] (old) Modified on 07/27/1990 (Entered: 07/27/1990)

July 27, 1990
18

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to ex parte applicationi of plaintiff [5−1] (old) Modified on 07/31/1990 (Entered: 07/27/1990)

July 27, 1990
19

ORDER by Magistrate John F. Moulds setting hearing on motion to certify class action [3−1] 9:00 9/13/90, setting hearing on motion for preliminary injunction with memo in suport thereof and declarations [2−1] 9:00 9/13/90 (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 07/31/1990)

July 31, 1990
20

STIPULATION and ORDER by Magistrate John F. Moulds: Defendant shall have through 9/3/90 to serve their response to the plaintiff's notce of production; Defendant shall have through 9/19/90 to produce or make available for inspection the documents to which no objections were made relating to the notice of production. : (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 08/07/1990)

Aug. 7, 1990
21

PROOF OF SERVICE by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio of stipulation [20−1] (old) (Entered: 08/10/1990)

Aug. 10, 1990
22

MINUTES of Plaintiff's motion for preliminary Injuction and motion for class certification submitted; court to prerpare order. (old) (Entered: 09/18/1990)

Sept. 17, 1990

LODGED: preliminary injunction (old) (Entered: 10/30/1990)

Oct. 26, 1990
23

ORDER ; Scheduling conf set for 12/6/90 @ 9:00 (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 11/16/1990)

Nov. 16, 1990
24

LETTER from attorney Reiner to Attorney Parson addressing the issues of preliminary injunction and class certification. (old) (Entered: 11/20/1990)

Nov. 20, 1990

Lodge: preliminary injunction (old) Modified on 12/18/1990 (Entered: 12/18/1990)

Dec. 18, 1990
30

ORDER by Judge John F. Moulds ; Scheduling conf continued to 2/14/90 @ 9:00 (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 12/28/1990)

Dec. 28, 1990
31

ORDER by Chief Judge Robert E. Coyle reassigning case to the Honorable William B. Shubb. (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 01/04/1991)

Jan. 3, 1991
32

ORDER by Judge John F. Moulds: It is hereby recommended that plaintiffs' motion for class certification be granted. (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 01/07/1991)

Jan. 7, 1991

LODGED: preliminary injunction (old) (Entered: 01/15/1991)

Jan. 14, 1991
33

PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION by Honorable William B. Shubb: granted immediately as of this date (See order for more specific details.) (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 01/23/1991)

Jan. 23, 1991
34

NOTICE of change of address of plaintiff's attorney − to admissions clerk for update. (old) (Entered: 01/28/1991)

Jan. 28, 1991
35

REQUEST by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg for entry for inspection. (old) (Entered: 01/30/1991)

Jan. 30, 1991
36

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg to amend set for 2/29/91 @ 9:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 01/30/1991)

Jan. 30, 1991

LODGED: Order granting filing of amended complaint. (old) (Entered: 01/30/1991)

Jan. 30, 1991
37

PROOF OF SERVICE by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg of preliminary injunction. (old) (Entered: 02/08/1991)

Feb. 6, 1991
38

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg for leave to amend and to modify the class set for 2/28/91 @ 9:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 02/13/1991)

Feb. 13, 1991
39

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to motion to amend set for 2/29/91 @ 9:00 [36−1] (old) (Entered: 02/14/1991)

Feb. 14, 1991
40

COPY OF LETTER from Attorney Reiner to Mr. Comiskey re rescheduling of status conference. (old) (Entered: 02/20/1991)

Feb. 20, 1991

LODGED: stipulation and order for extension of time (old) (Entered: 02/21/1991)

Feb. 21, 1991
41

REPLY by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg re motion to amend [36−1] (old) (Entered: 02/25/1991)

Feb. 22, 1991
42

ORDER by Judge John F. Moulds ; Scheduling conf continued to 4/4/91 @ 9:00 The hearing regarding plaitiff's motion for leave to file an amended complaint and to modify the class set for 2/28/91 is vacated; plaintiff's motion for leave to file an amended complaint is denied. (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 02/27/1991)

Feb. 27, 1991
44

MOTION to amend and modify class action set for 4/4/91 @ 9:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 03/06/1991)

Feb. 28, 1991
43

STIPULATION and ORDER by Judge John F. Moulds : setting hearing on motion to amend set for 2/29/91 @ 9:00 [36−1] 9:00 2/28/91 ; Scheduling conf reset to 2/28/91 @ 9:00 (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 03/04/1991)

March 4, 1991

LODGED: First amended complaint (old) (Entered: 03/06/1991)

March 6, 1991
45

ORDER by Judge John F. Moulds Case referred to Magistrate Peter A. Nowinski (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 03/12/1991)

March 12, 1991
47

RESPONSE by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg in opposition to amend complaint. (old) (Entered: 03/26/1991)

March 26, 1991
48

MINUTES of further status conference and plaintiff's motion to amend and modify class withdrawn. (old) (Entered: 04/04/1991)

April 4, 1991
49

MOTION by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio to dismiss set for 6/24/91 @ 9:00 before PAN (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 05/25/1991)

May 24, 1991
50

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner and exhibits in support re motion to dismiss set for 6/24/91 @ 9:00 before PAN [49−1] (old) (Entered: 05/25/1991)

May 24, 1991
51

LETTER to court from Attorney Richard P. Herman re ordering of transcript of proceedings of 4/4/91 (old) (Entered: 06/05/1991)

June 5, 1991
52

TRANSCRIPT of 4/4/91 (old) (Entered: 06/13/1991)

June 13, 1991
53

MOTION by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio for order requiring competitive bidding t select class counsel set for 7/22/91 @ 9:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 06/17/1991)

June 14, 1991
55

DECLARATION of Roberta Franklin in support re motion for order requiring competitive bidding t select class counsel set for 7/22/91 @ 9:00 [53−1] (old) (Entered: 06/17/1991)

June 14, 1991
56

DECLARATION of Holly Galagher in support re motion for order requiring competitive bidding t select class counsel set for 7/22/91 @ 9:00 [53−1] (old) (Entered: 06/17/1991)

June 14, 1991
54

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner and Exhibits in support re motion for order requiring competitive bidding to select class counsel set for 7/22/91 @ 9:00 [53−1] (old) (Entered: 06/17/1991)

June 17, 1991
57

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to plaintiff's application to continue and consolidate pending motions (old) (Entered: 06/18/1991)

June 17, 1991
58

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg to compel set for 7/25/91 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 18, 1991
59

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg to amend and to modify class set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 18, 1991
60

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg for preliminary injunction and memo of points and authorities set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 18, 1991
61

APPLICATION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg to continue and consolidate pending motions and for a Rule 26(f) Conference (old) (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 18, 1991

LODGED: Proposed order to consolidated motions (old) Modified on 06/20/1991 (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 18, 1991

LODGED: order on warrantless arrestee (old) Modified on 06/20/1991 (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 18, 1991
64

NOTICE 251 re motion to compel (old) (Entered: 06/20/1991)

June 20, 1991
65

AMENDED MOTION by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio for order requiring competitive bidding to select class counsel set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 06/21/1991)

June 20, 1991
67

MEMORANDUM by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg in opposition to defendant's motion for competitive bidding. (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
68

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County in opposition to motion to amend and to modify the class. (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
69

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County in opposition to motion to compel set for 7/25/91 [58−1] (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
70

DECLARATION of Velentina Reiner re motion to compel set for 7/25/91 [58−1] (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
71

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County in opposition to motion for preliminary injunction and memo of points and authorities set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [60−1] (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
72

DECLARATION of Edward Newman re motion for preliminary injunction and memo of points and authorities set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [60−1] (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
73

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner re motion for preliminary injunction and memo of points and authorities set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [60−1] (old) (Entered: 07/11/1991)

July 11, 1991
74

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner re motion to dismiss set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [66−1] (old) (Entered: 07/15/1991)

July 15, 1991
75

REPLY by plaintiff Linda York re [60−1] (old) (Entered: 07/18/1991)

July 18, 1991
76

REPLY by plaintiff Linda York re amendment and class certification [59−1] (old) (Entered: 07/18/1991)

July 18, 1991
77

DECLARATION of Richard P. Herman re unsigned discovery stipulation (old) (Entered: 07/18/1991)

July 18, 1991
78

MEMORANDUM by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio in opposition to motion for order requiring competitive bidding to select class counsel set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [65−1] (old) (Entered: 07/19/1991)

July 19, 1991
79

STIPULATION re discovery disagreement (old) (Entered: 07/22/1991)

July 22, 1991
80

MINUTES of setting hearing on motion for preliminary injunction and memo of points and authorities set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [60−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion to amend and to modify class set for 7/25/91 @ 10:00 [59−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion to compel set for 7/25/91 [58−1] 10:00 9/11/91 (old) (Entered: 07/24/1991)

July 24, 1991
81

LETTER: setting hearing on motion to dismiss set for 66−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion for order requiring competitive bidding to select class counsel set for [65−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion for preliminary injunction and memo of points and authorities set for [60−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion to amend and to modify class set for [59−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion to compel set for [58−1] 10:00 9/11/91, setting hearing on motion for order requiring competitive bidding t select class counsel set for [53−1] 10:00 9/11/91 (old) (Entered: 07/24/1991)

July 24, 1991
82

NOTICE OF MOTION AND MOTION by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 ; memorandum of points and authorities in support (old) Modified on 09/27/2000 (Entered: 08/08/1991)

Aug. 8, 1991
83

DECLARATION fo Captain Edward Newman in support re motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 08/08/1991)

Aug. 8, 1991
85

MEMORANDUM by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg in opposition to motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 09/03/1991)

Aug. 30, 1991
86

MEMORANDUM by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg in opposition to defendant's motion for competitive bidding. (old) (Entered: 09/03/1991)

Aug. 30, 1991
87

STATEMENT by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg of plaintiff's in opposition of motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 09/03/1991)

Aug. 30, 1991
88

DECLARATION of Richard P. Herman re motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 09/03/1991)

Aug. 30, 1991
89

REPLY by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio re opposition to motion for partial summary judgment [82−1] (old) (Entered: 09/06/1991)

Sept. 5, 1991
90

DECLARATION of Captain Edward Newman in opposition re motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 09/06/1991)

Sept. 5, 1991
91

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner in opposition re motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 09/06/1991)

Sept. 5, 1991
92

MINUTES: Plaintif's motion to amend granted, amended complaint ordered filed. Defendant's motion for partial summary judgment and motion to compel preliminary injunction held in abeyance pending further discovery, plaintiff to serve discovery by 9/27/91. (old) (Entered: 09/12/1991)

Sept. 11, 1991
93

MODIFIED AMENDED COMPLAINT [1−1] by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg (old) (Entered: 09/23/1991)

Sept. 23, 1991
94

ORDER by Magistrate Peter A. Nowinski ; Scheduling conf re−set to 11/11/91 @ 9:00 Plaintiff's motion to amend their complaint is granted. That before 9/21/91 defendant file and serve notice that defendant's written policy for prompt probable cause hearings has been amended to prohibit delay for the purpose of gathering evidence and upon receipt of such notice the coourt will enter partial summary judgment in favor of defendant; that by 9/21/91 all parties shall begin meeting and conferring upon discovey disputes, that before 10/21/91, the parties shall file an agreed plan for discover. It is recommended that plaintiff's motion for an injunction requiring El Dorado County to provide prompt probable cause hearings be denied. (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 09/26/1991)

Sept. 26, 1991
95

LETTER to court from attorney Barnhart requesting copy of hearing of 9/11/91 and submission of check for $15.00 (old) (Entered: 09/27/1991)

Sept. 27, 1991
96

DECLARATION of Valentina Reiner in support re motion for partial summary judgment set for 9/11/91 @ 10:00 [82−1] (old) (Entered: 10/01/1991)

Sept. 30, 1991
97

ORDER by Magistrate Peter A. Nowinski ; Scheduling conf continued to 11/13/91 @ 9:00 (cc: all counsel) (old) (Entered: 10/01/1991)

Oct. 1, 1991
98

MOTION by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, plaintiff David Bamberg for preliminary injunction set for 10/30/91 @ 9:00 (old) (Entered: 10/01/1991)

Oct. 1, 1991

LODGED: proposed order on preliminary injunction (old) (Entered: 10/01/1991)

Oct. 1, 1991
99

ANSWER by defendant El Dorado County, defendant Richard F Pacilio (old) (Entered: 10/04/1991)

Oct. 4, 1991
100

RESPONSE by plaintiff Linda York, plaintiff Kathleen George, and plaintiff David Bamberg to deft's request for production. (old) (Entered: 10/16/1991)

Oct. 11, 1991

LODGED: stipulation and order to continue hearing dates (old) (Entered: 10/17/1991)

Oct. 17, 1991
102

LETTER to court from attorney Valentina Reiner requesting that hearings scheduled in this case be consolidated. (old) (Entered: 10/17/1991)

Oct. 17, 1991

State / Territory: California

Case Type(s):

Jail Conditions

Special Collection(s):

California Jail Population Caps

Post-PLRA Jail and Prison Private Settlement Agreements

Key Dates

Filing Date: June 28, 1990

Closing Date: Jan. 18, 1994

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Inmates at the El Dorado and South Lake Tahoe jails

Attorney Organizations:

Hadsell, Stormer & Renick

Prisoners Rights Union

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: Unknown

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

South Lake Tahoe Jail, City

El Dorado County (El Dorado), County

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Private Settlement Agreement

Order Duration: 1993 - None

Issues

General:

Totality of conditions

Crowding:

Crowding / caseload

Pre-PLRA Population Cap

Type of Facility:

Government-run