University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name U.S. v. Pennsylvania ID-PA-0006
Docket / Court 3:92-cv-00033 ( W.D. Pa. )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Case Summary
On November 19, 1987, the United States Department of Justice notified the governor of Pennsylvania of the findings of an investigation of the Ebensburg Center in Ebensburg, Pennsylvania conducted pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). The DOJ concluded that the ... read more >
On November 19, 1987, the United States Department of Justice notified the governor of Pennsylvania of the findings of an investigation of the Ebensburg Center in Ebensburg, Pennsylvania conducted pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). The DOJ concluded that the constitutional rights of the residents with intellectual disabilities of the Ebensburg Center were being violated by the conditions at the facility. It alleged that the center failed to provide its residents with adequate training programs and the staff used inappropriate restraints. The center also failed to provide proper medical care and was understaffed.

On February 10, 1992, the United States filed a lawsuit alleging violations of CRIPA in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania against the state of Pennsylvania. The allegations in the complaint were based on the findings of the CRIPA investigation.

On July 27, 1995, after a trial, the district court (Judge D. Brooks Smith) found that there were no constitutional violations. United States v. Pennsylvania, 902 F. Supp. 565 (W.D. Pa. 1995). The district court conceded that many residents of the facility would be better served by placement in the community, but held that the conditions in Ebensburg Center provided the minimum level of care required by the constitution. The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit affirmed without opinion on August 26, 1996. United States v. Ridge, 96 F.3d 1436 (3d Cir. 1996). The PACER docket indicates that litigation regarding attorneys' fees continued through 1998.

Angela Heverling - 05/25/2007


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
General
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Restraints : chemical
Restraints : physical
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental Disability
Developmental disability without intellectual disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) State of Pensylvania
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief Litigation
Filed 02/10/1992
Case Closing Year 1996
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  Review of the Use of Monitors in Civil Settlement Agreements and Consent Decrees Involving State and Local Government Entities
U.S. Department of Justice
Date: 9/13/2021
By: Attorney General Merrick Garland and Assoc. AG Vanita Gupta (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Date: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice Faculty)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
W.D. Pa.
06/15/1998
92-33J
ID-PA-0006-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
not recorded
08/08/1986
Notice Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Ebensburg Center
ID-PA-0006-0001.pdf | Detail
not recorded
11/19/1987
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Ebensburg Center, 42 U.S.C. Section 1997b(a)(1)
ID-PA-0006-0002.pdf | Detail
not recorded
02/09/1990
Memorandum for the Attorney General RE: Proposed Notice Letter
ID-PA-0006-0014.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
01/13/1992
Complaint
ID-PA-0006-0004.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
01/01/1994
United States' Proposed Order
ID-PA-0006-0005.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
02/17/1994
United States' Proposed Detailed Findings of Fact, Volume I [ECF# 83]
ID-PA-0006-0011.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
02/17/1994
United States' Proposed Detailed Findings of Fact, Volume II [ECF# 84]
ID-PA-0006-0012.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
02/17/1994
Appendix to the United States' Proposed Detailed Findings of Fact [ECF# 85]
ID-PA-0006-0013.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
02/17/1994
United States' Proposed Conclusion of Law and Memorandum of Law [ECF# 87]
ID-PA-0006-0006.pdf | Detail
W.D. Pa.
07/27/1995
Opinion and Order [ECF# 114] (902 F.Supp. 565)
ID-PA-0006-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Google Scholar
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/01/1996
Brief for the United States as Appellant
ID-PA-0006-0008.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/23/1996
Brief for the Appellees
ID-PA-0006-0007.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/23/1996
Brief for the National Association of Protection and Advocacy Systems and the Arc of the United States
ID-PA-0006-0009.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
05/10/1996
Reply Brief for the United States
ID-PA-0006-0010.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/22/1996
Opinion (96 F.3d 1436)
ID-PA-0006-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
show all people docs
Judges Pesto, Keith A. (W.D. Pa.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-9000
Smith, David Brooks (W.D. Pa., Third Circuit) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0005 | ID-PA-0006-0015 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bagenstos, Samuel R. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0007 | ID-PA-0006-0008 | ID-PA-0006-0009 | ID-PA-0006-0010
Barr, William P. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Bowers, Susan (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Corbett, Thomas W. Jr. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Dunne, John R. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0006 | ID-PA-0006-0012
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0006 | ID-PA-0006-0012 | ID-PA-0006-0015 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Guzman, Philip A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Nelson, Mellie H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0008 | ID-PA-0006-0010
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Preston, Judith (Judy) C. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0004 | ID-PA-0006-0006 | ID-PA-0006-0012 | ID-PA-0006-0015 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Reynolds, William Bradford (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0001 | ID-PA-0006-0002
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0008 | ID-PA-0006-0010
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0006 | ID-PA-0006-0012 | ID-PA-0006-0014
Defendant's Lawyers Davison, Douglas J. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0007
DeMichele, Christine D. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0007 | ID-PA-0006-0008 | ID-PA-0006-0010 | ID-PA-0006-0015
Kane, John A. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0007
York, Thomas B. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0006 | ID-PA-0006-0007 | ID-PA-0006-0008 | ID-PA-0006-0009 | ID-PA-0006-0010 | ID-PA-0006-0015 | ID-PA-0006-9000
Other Lawyers Miller, V. Collen (New Mexico) show/hide docs
ID-PA-0006-0009

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -