Case: Wilkins v. Maryland State Police

1:93-cv-00468 | U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland

Filed Date: Feb. 12, 1993

Closed Date: 2008

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On February 12, 1993, Robert L. Wilkins, an African-American attorney, and three of his relatives filed a class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland against the State of Maryland and the Maryland State Police [MSP] under 42 U.S.C. §1983. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, alleged that defendants violated their constitutional rights by stopping, detaining and searching them pursuant to a racial profile used by defendants as part …

On February 12, 1993, Robert L. Wilkins, an African-American attorney, and three of his relatives filed a class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland against the State of Maryland and the Maryland State Police [MSP] under 42 U.S.C. §1983. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, alleged that defendants violated their constitutional rights by stopping, detaining and searching them pursuant to a racial profile used by defendants as part of their drug interdiction efforts. Plaintiffs sought declaratory, injunctive, and monetary relief, as well as class certification.

On January 5, 1995, the parties reached a settlement agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, the MSP was to prohibit the use of race-based drug-courier profiling, to re-train all police officers on this new policy and to maintain computer records of all vehicle stops made on Maryland roadways in which drug-detecting dogs were used. Defendants also agreed to pay each plaintiff $12,500 in compensatory damages and to pay attorneys' fees of $45,600. Data from vehicle stops was to be forwarded to plaintiffs and the court in order to assure that the MSP was in compliance with the agreement.

On November 14, 1996, the plaintiffs filed a motion to enforce the settlement agreement, alleging that the traffic stop data provided by the MSP showed that the MSP was engaged in a continuing pattern and practice of race discrimination in its drug interdiction activities carried out along the I-95 corridor. On April 22, 1997, the District Court (Judge Catherine Blake) ordered that its jurisdiction over the settlement agreement be extended as it found that plaintiffs made a reasonable showing that the MSP was in violation of the agreement. The District Court also ordered the MSP to collect and disclose additional data and information regarding traffic stops for further evaluation of the compliance issue.

In June 1998, the case was consolidated with the related case Maryland State Conf. of NAACP Branches v. Maryland Dep't of State Police, PP-MD-1, for discovery purposes. Litigation and discovery on the issue of MSP's compliance with the settlement agreement continued for years.

On April 22, 2003 the parties entered into a Consent Decree, which formally resolved all disputed issues in the case and replaced the terms of the settlement agreement. The Consent Decree also served to resolve the claims for declaratory and injunctive relief in the related case Maryland State Conf. of NAACP Branches v. Maryland Dep't of State Police, PP-MD-1.

The Consent Decree provided for a new MSP policy that included: the prohibition of racial profiling in traffic stops, retraining of all MSP officers, audio-visual taping of all traffic stops and searches, creation of a citizen complaint process, maintenance of statistics regarding traffic stops, development of a Police-Citizen Advisory Committee to promote mutual understanding between the police force and the community, and use of consent forms for vehicle searches. Defendants also agreed to pay plaintiffs' attorneys' fees and expenses in the amount of $325,000. On May 23, 2003, the District Court approved the Consent Decree.

As of the date of this summary, it is believed that monitoring of the Consent Decree continues.

Summary Authors

Kristen Sagar (1/6/2007)

Maurice Youkanna (8/1/2014)

Related Cases

Maryland State Conference of NAACP Branches v. Department of Maryland State Police, District of Maryland (1998)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4287898/parties/wilkins-v-maryland-st-police/


Judge(s)

Blake, Catherine C. (Maryland)

Garbis, Marvin J. (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Clemons, Keefe B. (Massachusetts)

Duncan, Robert Bruce (District of Columbia)

Freeman, Andrew D. (Maryland)

Goering, Susan (Maryland)

Guy, Jonathan P. (District of Columbia)

Hill, David Anthony (Maryland)

Jeon, Deborah A. (Maryland)

Keeney, John C. Jr. (District of Columbia)

Judge(s)

Blake, Catherine C. (Maryland)

Garbis, Marvin J. (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Clemons, Keefe B. (Massachusetts)

Duncan, Robert Bruce (District of Columbia)

Freeman, Andrew D. (Maryland)

Goering, Susan (Maryland)

Guy, Jonathan P. (District of Columbia)

Hill, David Anthony (Maryland)

Jeon, Deborah A. (Maryland)

Keeney, John C. Jr. (District of Columbia)

Kim, David Dukkyu (Maryland)

Mertens, William J. (District of Columbia)

O'Neil, Thomas F. (District of Columbia)

Shuford, Reginald (New York)

Steinhagen, Renee (New Jersey)

Wilkins, Robert Leon (District of Columbia)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Curran, John Joseph Jr. (Maryland)

Dove, Maureen Mullen (Maryland)

Rosenblatt, Richard Bruce (Maryland)

Sconion, Betty S. (Maryland)

Sullivan, Steven M. (Maryland)

Wilkinson, Steven C. (Maryland)

Other Attorney(s)

Tapscott, Barbara Musfeldt (Iowa)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket (PACER)

Oct. 7, 2003 Docket

Criminal Intelligence Report

No Court

April 27, 1992 Monitor/Expert/Receiver Report
1

Complaint

Feb. 12, 1993 Complaint
40

Settlement Agreement

Jan. 6, 1995 Settlement Agreement

Report of John Lamberth, PhD

No Court

Nov. 8, 1996 Monitor/Expert/Receiver Report

Press Release: ACLU moves to have Maryland State Police Held in Contempt

No Court

Nov. 14, 1996 Press Release
51

Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and for Further Relief

Nov. 14, 1996 Pleading / Motion / Brief
60

Order

April 22, 1997 Order/Opinion

Report of John Lamberth, Ph.D.

April 26, 2001 Monitor/Expert/Receiver Report
122-1

Consent Decree

April 22, 2003 Settlement Agreement

Resources

Title Description External URL

Controlling Racially Discriminatory Law Enforcement Through Institutional Reform Litigation

Name Redacted

This paper examines the controversy over racial profiling by police in the United States through a case study of Wilkins v. Maryland State Police--No. MJG-93468 (D.MD., filed 1993). This case study … May 19, 2000

Profiling, Information Collection and the Value of Rights Argument

Alan Rubel

In the United States and elsewhere, there is substantial controversy regarding the use of race and ethnicity by police in determining whom to stop, question, and investigate in relation to crime and … Feb. 1, 2003 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0731129X.2013.860729

"Driving While Black" in Maryland

ACLU

The ACLU has been waged in a battle to eliminate the racial profiling practices of the Maryland State Police since the early 1990s. <br /> <br />In 1993, the ACLU brought a class-action lawsuit again… Feb. 2, 2010 https://www.aclu.org/cases/driving-while-black-maryland

State of Iowa v. Pals

Supreme Court of Iowa (Appel, J.)

Oct. 28, 2011

Stops and Stares: Street Stops, Surveillance and Race in the New Policing

Jeffrey Fagan, Anthony A. Braga, Rod K Brunson, April Pattavmna

This article examines racial disparities under a unique configuration of the street stop prong of the "new policing"-the inclusion of non-contact observations (or surveillances) in the field interrog… Jan. 1, 2016 https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2658&context=ulj

Race, Policing, and Technology

I. Bennett Capers

This Essay argues that if we truly care about making policing egalitarian and fair to everyone, then that could mean more policing, not less. It advocates harnessing technology, including surveillan… May 1, 2017 https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2767547

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4287898/wilkins-v-maryland-st-police/

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT filed; FILING FEE $ 120.00 RECEIPT # 010946 (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 02/18/1993)

Feb. 12, 1993 PACER
2

SUMMONSES issued for Bryan W. Hughes, Ronald Brown, John W. Stotler, Bernard L. Loar, Adrienne L. Ottaviani, Allegany County. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 02/18/1993)

Feb. 12, 1993 PACER
3

SUMMONS (60 days) issued for Edward V. Syracuse. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 02/18/1993)

Feb. 12, 1993 PACER
4

ORDER granting Defendants' [4-1] motion to Extend Time to answer complaint on or before 4/6/93. ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis 3/8/93 c/m 3/9/93-mm) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/12/1993)

March 9, 1993 PACER
5

NOTICE of Consent by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah to Motion of Defendants for Extension of Time within which to Answer complaint and Order "APPROVING" same. (signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis) dated Mar. 11, 1993 (c/m by chambers 3/11/93) (rank, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/22/1993)

March 12, 1993 PACER
6

ANSWER to Complaint by John W. Stotler, Bernard L. Loar, Adrienne L. Ottaviani, Allegany County (Attorney Stephen C. Wilkinson), (rank, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/24/1993)

March 24, 1993 PACER
7

SCHEDULING ORDER issued in accordance with proceeding shled on April 1, 1993 ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis ) dated April 2, 1993 (c/m by chambers 4/2/93) (rank, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/12/1993)

April 5, 1993 PACER
8

ANSWER to Complaint by Maryland St. Police, Bryan W. Hughes, Edward V. Syracuse (Attorney J. Joseph Curran Jr., Richard B. Rosenblatt), (rank, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/13/1993)

April 7, 1993 PACER
9

LETTER MEMORANDUM "DIRECTING" counsel to continue settlement negotiations as therine more particularly set forth ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis ) dated April 6, 1993 (c/m by chambers 4/9/93) (rank, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 04/13/1993 (Entered: 04/13/1993)

April 12, 1993 PACER
10

Request for re-issuance of summons as to Defendant Deputy Sheriff Ronald Brown. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/24/1993)

May 13, 1993 PACER
11

SECOND SUMMONS issued for Ronald Brown. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/24/1993)

May 13, 1993 PACER
12

RETURN OF SERVICE executed as to Ronald Brown 5/17/93 Answer due on 6/6/93 for Ronald Brown (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/09/1993)

June 1, 1993 PACER
13

MOTION with memorandum in support by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah for Leave to Amend Complaint, and Exhibit A. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/14/1993)

June 9, 1993 PACER
14

MOTION by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah for Entry of Default as to Ronald Brown filed with Exhibit A. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/03/1993)

July 26, 1993 PACER
15

CLERK'S ENTRY OF DEFAULT as to Ronald Brown granting [14-1] motion for Entry of Default as to Ronald Brown (signed Deputy Clerk H. Bea Merez 7/27/93 c/m 7/27/93-hm micro 8/3/93-lew) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/03/1993)

July 27, 1993 PACER
16

ORDER granting [13-1] motion for Leave to Amend Complaint (signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis 7/27/93 c/m 7/27/93-pj) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/03/1993)

July 29, 1993 PACER
17

AMENDED COMPLAINT by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah, (Answer due 8/8/93 for Allegany County, for Adrienne L. Ottaviani, for Bernard L. Loar, for John W. Stotler, for Ronald Brown, for Edward V. Syracuse, for Bryan W. Hughes, for Maryland St. Police ) amending [1-1] complaint (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/03/1993)

July 29, 1993 PACER
18

MOTION by Ronald Brown to Set Aside Default . (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 08/03/1993 (Entered: 08/03/1993)

July 30, 1993 PACER
19

ANSWER to Complaint by Ronald Brown (Attorney J. Joseph Curran Jr. and Richard B. Rosenblatt). (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 08/03/1993 (Entered: 08/03/1993)

July 30, 1993 PACER
20

MOTION by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah to Compel response to interrogatories and production of documents filed pursuant to FRCP 37. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/03/1993)

Aug. 2, 1993 PACER
21

MOTION by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah to defer consideration of motion to compel (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/10/1993)

Aug. 5, 1993 PACER
22

ORDER REFERRING CASE to Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake for discovery disputes. (signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis 8/3/93 c/m 8/6/93-hgs) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/11/1993)

Aug. 6, 1993 PACER
23

ORDER granting Plaintiffs'` [21-1] motion to defer consideration of motion to compel ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 8/10/93 c/m 8/11/93-bc) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/12/1993)

Aug. 11, 1993 PACER
24

ORDER granting Defendant Brown's [18-1] motion to Set Aside Default. ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis 9/13/93 c/m 9/13/93-jw) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/17/1993)

Sept. 13, 1993 PACER
25

MOTION with memorandum in support by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah to Extend Time for discovery deadline c/s MJG/Blake (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/23/1993)

Sept. 22, 1993 PACER
26

MOTION by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah for Special Hearing on their August 2, 1993, motion to compel responses to interrogatories and requests for production of documents c/s Blake (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/23/1993)

Sept. 22, 1993 PACER
27

ORDER granting plaintiffs' [25-1] motion to Extend Time for discovery deadline for a date to be set by further order. ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis 9/23/93 c/m 9/23/93-pj) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/24/1993)

Sept. 24, 1993 PACER
28

MEMORANDUM "INFORMING" all parties that a discovery/status conference is scheduled for 10/19/93 at 10a.m. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 10/4/93) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/07/1993)

Oct. 4, 1993 PACER
29

INFORMAL LETTER ORDER issued concerning discovery, settlement procedures, and status reports. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 10/4/93 c/m 10/19/93-bc) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/01/1993)

Oct. 19, 1993 PACER
30

STATUS REPORT to Counsel of Record Thanking you for your Status Report of 11/19/93. Please provide a further report by 12/17/93 (cag, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/30/1993)

Nov. 24, 1993 PACER
31

CORRESPONDENCE from the COURT to all counsel "INFORMING" them that status preorts are due 1/28/94 either jointly or individually from each side. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/29/1993)

Dec. 21, 1993 PACER
32

MEMORANDUM "THANKING" counsel for for correspondences and "DIRECTING" counsel to file further reports by 3/1/94. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 2/7/94) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 02/17/1994)

Feb. 7, 1994 PACER
33

MEMORANDUM "DIRECTING" Plaintiff's counsel to inform the court if they would like a court-orderd settlement conference or continue discovery on or before 6/3/94. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 5/24/94 c/m 5/24/94-bc) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/30/1994)

May 24, 1994 PACER
34

MEMORANDUM "SCHEDULING" a settlement conference in chambers 7/15/94 at 2p.m. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 6/3/94) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/07/1994)

June 3, 1994 PACER

Telephone Conference

July 27, 1994 PACER
35

MEMORANDUM "INFORMING" all parties that a conference has been scheduled for 8/5/94 at 5p.m. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 7/28/94 7/28/94-chambers) ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/01/1994)

July 28, 1994 PACER

Telephone Conference

Aug. 30, 1994 PACER

Telephone Conference

Sept. 16, 1994 PACER

Telephone Conference

Oct. 3, 1994 PACER
36

MEMORANDUM "SETTING" settlement conference in for 10/19/94 at 2p.m. in chambers; "D IRECTING" that updated status reports are due 10/14/94 (signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 10/4/94 c/m 10/4/94-bc ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/05/1994)

Oct. 5, 1994 PACER

Settlement Conference

Oct. 19, 1994 PACER

Telephone Conference

Nov. 1, 1994 PACER
37

MEMORANDUM "DIRECTING" parties to file a further JOINT status report by 11/22/94. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 11/8/94) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/14/1994)

Nov. 8, 1994 PACER
38

MEMORANDUM "REQUESTING" a joint status report by 12/22/94. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 12/15/94) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/23/1994)

Dec. 15, 1994 PACER

Terminated Case

Jan. 6, 1995 PACER
39

MEMORANDUM ( signed by Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 1/5/95) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/10/1995)

Jan. 6, 1995 PACER
40

SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT for Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah against Maryland St. Police, Bryan W. Hughes, Edward V. Syracuse, Ronald Brown, John W. Stotler, Bernard L. Loar, Adrienne L. Ottaviani, Allegany County for damages of $12,500 for each plaintiff and $45,600 in attorneys fees; "ENJOINING" defendants from the use of race-based drug profile as a means for stopping, detaining, or searching motorists traveling on Maryland roadways as therein more particularly set forth. ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis and Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake 1/5/95 c/m 1/5/95-bc micro 1/10/95-lew) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/10/1995)

Jan. 6, 1995 PACER
41

ORDER REFERRING CASE to Magistrate Judge Catherine C. Blake to conduct any and all futher proceedings including trial and the entry of a final order. ( signed by Judge Marvin J. Garbis 1/5/95) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/21/1995)

Jan. 13, 1995 PACER
42

NOTICE of attorney appearance for plaintiff's and all other persons similarly situated by David Dukkyu Kim, Thomas F. O'Neil III, Keefe B. Clemons (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/20/1995)

June 19, 1995 PACER

Case Assigned/Reassigned

Aug. 25, 1995 PACER
43

MOTION with memorandum in support by plainditts to Extend Time of monitoring and reporting period and attachments 1 and 2. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 02/20/1996 (Entered: 02/20/1996)

Feb. 12, 1996 PACER
44

MOTION by defendants to Extend Time to file a response to the motion for extension of monitoring (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 02/20/1996 (Entered: 02/20/1996)

Feb. 14, 1996 PACER
45

ORDER granting [45-1] motion of plaintiffs for Keefe B. Clemons, David Kim and Thomas F. O'Neil to Withdraw as Attorney (Terminated attorney Keefe B. Clemons, Thomas F. O'Neil and David Dukkyu Kim for Aquila Abdullah ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake February 20, 1996) (c/m 2/22/96-kam) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 02/23/1996)

Feb. 22, 1996 PACER
46

MEMORANDUM by plaintiffs in opposition to [44-1] motion of defendants to Extend Time to file a response to the motion for extension of monitoring. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 02/23/1996)

Feb. 22, 1996 PACER
47

ORDER granting in part, denying in part [44-1] motion of defendant to Extend Time to file a response to the motion for extension of monitoring; granting in part, denying in part [43-1] motion of plaintiff to Extend Time of monitoring and reporting period; and "DIRECTING" that the monitoring and reporting period shall be extended until December 31, 1997 ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake March 6, 1996) (c/m 3/6/96-vl) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/06/1996)

March 6, 1996 PACER
48

RESPONSE by Aquila Abdullah to [43-1] motion of plaintiff to Extend Time of monitoring and reporting period. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/01/1996)

March 29, 1996 PACER
49

REPLY by plaintiffs to response of defendants to [43-1] motion of plaintiffs to Extend Time of monitoring and reporting period. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/08/1996)

April 8, 1996 PACER
50

NOTICE of attorney appearance for Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah by Jonathan Philip Guy. (cag, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/12/1996)

April 12, 1996 PACER
51

MOTION with memorandum in support by Robert L. Wilkins and Norman Scott El-Amin for enforcement of settlement agreement and for further relief and exhibits 1 thru 16. (c/s) (filed seperately) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/14/1996)

Nov. 14, 1996 PACER
52

MOTION by Maryland St. Police to Extend Time to respond to plaintiff's motion for enforcement of settlement agreement and for further relief . (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/03/1996)

Dec. 2, 1996 PACER
53

ORDER granting [52-1] motion to Extend Time to respond to plaintiff's motion for enforcement of settlement agreement and for further relief to and including January 10, 1997 ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake December 2, 1996) (c/m) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/03/1996)

Dec. 2, 1996 PACER
54

MEMORANDUM by Maryland St. Police in opposition to [51-1] motion for enforcement of settlement agreement by Norman Scott El-Amin, Robert L. Wilkins, [51-2] motion for further relief by Norman Scott El-Amin, Robert L. Wilkins (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/10/1997)

Jan. 10, 1997 PACER
55

MEMORANDUM with affidavits of Captain S. Rutzebeck and LtCol. E. Leatherbury by Maryland St. Police in support of [54-1] opposition memorandum by Maryland St. Police to plaintiffs' motions for enforcement of settlement agreement and for further relief. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/10/1997)

Jan. 10, 1997 PACER
56

AFFIDAVIT of LT. Colonel Ernest Leatherbury Re: Alleged race-based profiling during traffic stops on I-95. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/16/1997)

Jan. 16, 1997 PACER
57

REPLY IN SUPPORT by plaintiffs to response in opposition to their [51-1] motion for enforcement of settlement agreement and, [51-2] motion for further relief and Exhibits A thru D. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 01/29/1997)

Jan. 24, 1997 PACER

Motion Hearing

April 11, 1997 PACER
58

ORDER "GRANTING" [58-1] motion for William J. Mertens to Appear Pro Hac Vice. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 4/11/97; c/m chambers ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/29/1997)

April 14, 1997 PACER
59

ORDER "GRANTING" [59-1] motion for Steven M. Sullivan to Appear Pro Hac Vice. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 4/17/97; nunc pro tunc 4/11/97; c/m chambers ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/29/1997)

April 17, 1997 PACER
60

ORDER "GRANTING" [51-2] motion for further relief as therein more particularly set forth. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 4/22/97; c/m bc ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 04/29/1997 (Entered: 04/24/1997)

April 23, 1997 PACER
61

MEMORANDUM by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah in support of request for motorist identifying information. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/01/1997)

April 30, 1997 PACER
62

Transcript of court proceedings on 4/11/97, held before Blake, J. (FILED SEPERATELY) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/02/1997)

April 30, 1997 PACER
63

PETITION/MOTION with memorandum in support by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah for award of Attorney Fees and expenses and exhibits 1 thru 6. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 04/01/1999 (Entered: 05/08/1997)

May 6, 1997 PACER
64

NOTICE OF FILING OF AFFIDAVITS of Colonel David B. Mitchell, Lieutenant Colonel Ernest J. Leatherbury and Lieutenant Keven Gray and attachments Re: [54-1] opposition memorandum by Maryland St. Police. (c/s) (FILED SEPERATELY) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/14/1997)

May 12, 1997 PACER
65

MEMORANDUM by Maryland St. Police in opposition to [61-1] support memorandum to request for motorist identifying information by Aquila Abdullah, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Norman Scott El-Amin, Robert L. Wilkins. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/19/1997)

May 15, 1997 PACER
66

JOINT MOTION by parties to Extend Time up to and including 6/16/97 for plaintiffs to file a response to the affidavits and supporting documents filed by Maryland State Police and for defendants to file a response to plaintiffs' petition for award of attorney's fees and expenses . (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/21/1997)

May 19, 1997 PACER
67

ORDER "GRANTING" [66-1] joint motion to Extend Time up to and including 6/16/97 for plaintiffs to file a response to the affidavits and supporting documents filed by Maryland State Police and for defendants to file a response to plaintiffs' petition for award of attorney's fees and expenses. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 5/21/97; c/m 5/22/97 jp ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/22/1997)

May 22, 1997 PACER
68

MEMORANDUM IN REPLY by Robert L. Wilkins to [65-1] opposition memorandum by Maryland St. Police to plaintiffs' request for motorist identifying information and Exhibits 1 and 2. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/28/1997)

May 27, 1997 PACER
69

STIPULATION/JOINT MOTION by all parties to Extend Time to 6/24/97 for defendants to file a response to plaintiffs' petition for award of attorney's fees and expenses . (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/17/1997)

June 16, 1997 PACER
70

ORDER "GRANTING" [69-1] joint motion to Extend Time to 6/24/97 for defendants to file a response to plaintiffs' petition for award of attorney's fees and expenses. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 6/17/97; c/m jp ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/23/1997)

June 18, 1997 PACER
71

RESPONSE by Maryland St. Police to [63-1] motion for award of Attorney Fees and expenses by Aquila Abdullah, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Norman Scott El-Amin, Robert L. Wilkins and Exhibits A1-7 and B. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/26/1997)

June 24, 1997 PACER
72

JOINT MOTION by all parties to Extend Time until 7/22/97 for plaintiffs to file a reply to the defendants' response to plaintiffs' petition for award of attorneys' fees and expenses . (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 07/10/1997)

July 9, 1997 PACER
73

ORDER "GRANTING" [72-1] joint motion to Extend Time until 7/22/97 for plaintiffs to file a reply to the defendants' response to plaintiffs' petition for award of attorneys' fees and expenses. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 7/10/97; c/m 7/14/97 jp ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 07/14/1997)

July 11, 1997 PACER
74

JOINT STIPULATION/MOTION by parties to Extend Time to 7/17/97 for plaintiffs to file their response to defendants 5/12/97 filing, including the Mitchell, Leatherbury and Gray affidavits . (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 07/15/1997)

July 11, 1997 PACER
75

ORDER "GRANTING" [74-1] joint motion to Extend Time to 7/17/97 for plaintiffs to file their response to defendants 5/12/97 filing, including the Mitchell, Leatherbury and Gray affidavits. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 7/11/97; c/m ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 07/16/1997)

July 11, 1997 PACER
76

RESPONSE by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah to [64-1] affidavits RE: Maryland State Police' compliance with the settlement agreement. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 07/18/1997)

July 17, 1997 PACER
77

REPLY by Robert L. Wilkins, et al. to defendants' response in opposition to their [63-1] motion for award of Attorney Fees and expenses and exhibits. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 07/21/1997)

July 21, 1997 PACER
78

ORDER "GRANTING" [78-1] motion for John C. Keeney, Jr. to Withdraw as Attorney for plaintiffs. (Terminated attorney John C. Keeney for Aquila Abdullah ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 8/1/97; c/m 8/5/97 jp ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/05/1997)

Aug. 4, 1997 PACER
79

ORDER "DIRECTING" that attachments 7 and 9 to the Affidavit of Col. David Mitchell and the affidavit of Lt. Keven Gray shall be disclosed by defendants to plaintiffs' counsel and to Mr. Wilkins only as therein more particularly set forth. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 8/28/97; c/m 8/29/97 bc ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/02/1997)

Aug. 29, 1997 PACER
80

INFORMAL LETTER ORDER "CONFIRMING" results of telephone conference call on 8/27/97; and "DIRECTING" scheduling of filings as therein more particularly set forth. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 8/28/97; c/m 8/29/97 bc ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/02/1997)

Aug. 29, 1997 PACER
81

JOINT STIPULATION/MOTION by parties to Extend Time to 10/8/97 for Maryland State Police to file a motion for summary judgment; to 11/7/97 for plaintiffs to file a respose to defendants motion for summary judgment; to 11/20/97 for defendant to file a reply . (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/06/1997)

Sept. 29, 1997 PACER
82

ORDER "GRANTING" [81-1] joint motion to Extend Time to 10/8/97 for Maryland State Police to file a motion for summary judgment; to 11/7/97 for plaintiffs to file a respose to defendants motion for summary judgment; to 11/20/97 for defendant to file a reply. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 9/30/97; c/m bc ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/06/1997)

Oct. 1, 1997 PACER
83

MOTION with memorandum in support by Maryland St. Police for Summary Judgment and Exhibits 1 thru 19. (ENTIRE PLEADING FILED SEPERATELY) (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/10/1997)

Oct. 8, 1997 PACER
84

NOTICE of Exparte Filing Of Exhibit #18 of [83-1] motion and memorandum for summary judgment by Maryland St. Police. (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/10/1997)

Oct. 8, 1997 PACER
85

AFFIDAVIT of Captain Kenneth E. Ward Re: [83-1] motion for Summary Judgment by Maryland St. Police. (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/02/1997)

Oct. 28, 1997 PACER
86

STIPULATION/JOINT MOTION by parties to Extend Time to 11/14/97 for plaintiffs to file their response to Maryland State Police's motion for summary judgment; to 12/1/97 for Maryland State Police to file a reply to the response; and that the date for oral argument will remain as 12/5/97 . (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/19/1997)

Nov. 5, 1997 PACER
87

ORDER "GRANTING" [86-1] joint motion to Extend Time to 11/14/97 for plaintiffs to file their response to Maryland State Police's motion for summary judgment; to 12/1/97 for Maryland State Police to file a reply to the response; and that the date for oral argument will remain as 12/5/97. ( signed by Judge Catherine C. Blake 11/6/97; c/m ) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/19/1997)

Nov. 6, 1997 PACER
88

MEMORANDUM by Robert L. Wilkins, Norman Scott El-Amin, Nu'Man W. El-Amin, Aquila Abdullah in opposition to [83-1] motion for Summary Judgment by Maryland St. Police and Exhibits A1-10 and B1-2. (ENTIRE PLEADING FILED SEPERATELY) (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 11/19/1997 (Entered: 11/17/1997)

Nov. 14, 1997 PACER
89

REPLY by Maryland St. Police to response to their [83-1] motion for Summary Judgment, Exhibits A thru I, affidavit and attachments. (ENTIRE PLEADING FILED SEPERATELY) (c/s) (mdd, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/03/1997)

Dec. 1, 1997 PACER

Motion Hearing

Dec. 12, 1997 PACER

Remark

Dec. 12, 1997 PACER

State / Territory: Maryland

Case Type(s):

Policing

Key Dates

Filing Date: Feb. 12, 1993

Closing Date: 2008

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

All African-Americans detained by the Maryland State Police pursuant to a race-based “drug courier profile.”

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

ACLU Affiliates (any)

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

State of Maryland, State

Allegany County, County

Defendant Type(s):

Law-enforcement

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201

Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.

Constitutional Clause(s):

Unreasonable search and seizure

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Attorneys fees

Damages

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Amount Defendant Pays: $408,100

Order Duration: 2003 - 2008

Content of Injunction:

Discrimination Prohibition

Develop anti-discrimination policy

Provide antidiscrimination training

Implement complaint/dispute resolution process

Reporting

Recordkeeping

Monitoring

Issues

General:

Disparate Impact

Disparate Treatment

Failure to discipline

Failure to supervise

Failure to train

False arrest

Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures

Over/Unlawful Detention

Pattern or Practice

Racial profiling

Record-keeping

Records Disclosure

Search policies

Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)

Discrimination-basis:

Race discrimination

Race:

Black