Case: Hawker v. Consovoy

1:00-cv-02106 | U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey

Filed Date: May 2, 2000

Closed Date: 2001

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On May 2, 2000, three inmates at the Riverfront State Prison in New Jersey filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey against the New Jersey State Parole Board. The complaint alleged that the Parole Board knowingly and consistently failed to meet the deadlines for the preparation of pre-parole reports and the conduction of parole hearings, as required by the New Jersey Parole Act of 1979 ("Act"), N.J.S.A. 30:4-12…

On May 2, 2000, three inmates at the Riverfront State Prison in New Jersey filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey against the New Jersey State Parole Board. The complaint alleged that the Parole Board knowingly and consistently failed to meet the deadlines for the preparation of pre-parole reports and the conduction of parole hearings, as required by the New Jersey Parole Act of 1979 ("Act"), N.J.S.A. 30:4-123.45 to 30:4-123.69, in violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. As a result of the Parole Board's alleged inaction, the plaintiffs and thousands of other inmates remained incarcerated past their respective parole eligibility dates. At the peak of the problem, hearings were behind schedule for approximately 5,800 prisoners. The complaint demanded declaratory and injunctive relief and nominal damages.

Soon after the case was filed, the parties pursued settlement negotiations. Ultimately, a settlement was reached and the parties filed a joint motion for approval of the Settlement Agreement. The District Court (Judge Pisano) certified the case as a class action and approved the settlement as being fair and reasonable. Hawker v. Consovoy, 198 F.R.D. 619 (D.N.J. 2001). Under the terms of the Agreement, the Parole Board stipulated that it would conduct more timely hearings, and that no such backlog would be allowed to build up again.

Summary Authors

Dan Dalton (11/20/2007)

People


Judge(s)

Pisano, Joel A. (New Jersey)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Fuoco, Philip Stephen (New Jersey)

Osefchen, Joseph A. (New Jersey)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Farmer, John J. Jr. (New Jersey)

Harris, James D. (New Jersey)

Moratti, Dianne M. (New Jersey)

Judge(s)

Pisano, Joel A. (New Jersey)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Fuoco, Philip Stephen (New Jersey)

Osefchen, Joseph A. (New Jersey)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Farmer, John J. Jr. (New Jersey)

Harris, James D. (New Jersey)

Moratti, Dianne M. (New Jersey)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket - District of New Jersey

April 24, 2001 Docket
1

Class Action Complaint

May 2, 2000 Complaint

Settlement Agreement

Nov. 10, 2000 Settlement Agreement
65

Opinion

198 F.R.D. 619

Jan. 22, 2001 Order/Opinion

Resources

Title Description External URL

Parole News Blog links to Clearinghouse

Parole News

Link to Clearinghouse: "Profile of the Graziano v. Pataki federal case, produced by the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse" Aug. 7, 2016 http://parolenews.blogspot.com/...

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT filed FILING FEE $ 150.00 RECEIPT # 248905 (js) (Entered: 05/03/2000)

May 2, 2000

SUMMONS(ES) issued for ANDREW CONSOVOY, WILLIAM T. MCCARGO, LORAINE KULICK, PETER W. LOOS, DOMINIC PORROVECCHIO, ROLANDO GOMEZ RIVERA, RACHEL TORRES- CHOWANIEC, RUBY J. WASHINGTON ( 20 Days) (Mailed to Counsel) (js) (Entered: 05/03/2000)

May 3, 2000
2

NOTICE of Allocation and Assignment filed. Magistrate Judge ROBERT B. KUGLER (js) (Entered: 05/03/2000)

May 3, 2000
3

ORDER, extending time to answer , reset answer due for 8/2/00 for RUBY J. WASHINGTON, for RACHEL TORRES-CHOWANIEC, for ROLANDO GOMEZ RIVERA, for DOMINIC PORROVECCHIO, for PETER W. LOOS, for LORAINE KULICK, for WILLIAM T. MCCARGO, for ANDREW CONSOVOY ( signed by Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler ) nm (femp) (Entered: 07/05/2000)

June 28, 2000
4

ORDER, set scheduling conference for 10:00 8/8/00 ( signed by Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler ) nm (femp) (Entered: 07/05/2000)

July 5, 2000
5

Minute entry: Proceedings recorded by Ct-Reporter: Carl Nami; Minutes of: 7/20/00; The following actions were taken - Status conference held. By Judge Joel A. Pisano (femp) (Entered: 07/24/2000)

July 20, 2000
6

ORDER extending time to answer to 9/5/00 ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) nm (femp) (Entered: 07/27/2000)

July 27, 2000
7

Minute entry: Proceedings recorded by Ct-Reporter: Carl Nami; Minutes of: 8/30/00; The following actions were taken - Status Conference held on the record. By Judge Joel A. Pisano (femp) (Entered: 08/30/2000)

Aug. 30, 2000
8

Minute entry: Proceedings recorded by Ct-Reporter: Carl Nami; Minutes of: 9/13/00; The following actions were taken - Status Conference held on the record. By Judge Joel A. Pisano (femp) (Entered: 09/13/2000)

Sept. 13, 2000
9

ORDER that the Clerk of U.S. District Court shall maintain a document depository, etc. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) nm (femp) (Entered: 09/14/2000)

Sept. 14, 2000
10

SEALED DOCUMENT (femp) (Entered: 09/14/2000)

Sept. 14, 2000
11

Notice of MOTION to certify class action by IAN HAWKER, NELSON MILES, JERMAINE LAWRENCE, Motion set for 10/20/00 on [11-1] motion . (Brief/PO Subm) ORAL ARGUMENT (femp) (Entered: 09/19/2000)

Sept. 18, 2000
12

Notice of MOTION to Amend Named Similarly Situated Class Members by RICHARD SMITH, Motion set for 11/17/00 on [12-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 10/18/2000)

Oct. 16, 2000
13

AFFIDAVIT of Richard Smith on Re: [12-1] motion to Amend Named Similarly Situated Class Members (femp) (Entered: 10/18/2000)

Oct. 16, 2000
15

AFFIDAVIT of Wendell Tolbert on Re: [14-1] motion to Amend Named Similarly Situated Class Members (femp) (Entered: 10/18/2000)

Oct. 16, 2000
16

Notice of MOTION to intervene as party plaintiff by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR. [16-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 12/1/00 on [16-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 10/30/2000)

Oct. 26, 2000
17

Notice of MOTION to intervene by DEVIN NEWBY [17-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 12/1/00 on [17-1] motion . (femp) Modified on 10/30/2000 (Entered: 10/30/2000)

Oct. 30, 2000
18

AFFIDAVIT of Devin Newby on Re: [17-1] motion to intervene (femp) Modified on 10/30/2000 (Entered: 10/30/2000)

Oct. 30, 2000
19

Notice of MOTION for preliminary injunction by IAN HAWKER, NELSON MILES, JERMAINE LAWRENCE, Motion set for 12/1/00 on [19-1] motion . (ORAL ARGUMENT) (femp) (Entered: 10/31/2000)

Oct. 30, 2000
20

AFFIDAVIT of Joseph A. Osefchen on Re: [19-1] motion for preliminary injunction (femp) (Entered: 10/31/2000)

Oct. 30, 2000
21

AFFIDAVIT of Nelson Miles on Re: [19-1] motion for preliminary injunction (femp) (Entered: 10/31/2000)

Oct. 30, 2000
22

Notice of MOTION to intervene by TROY LAWSON [22-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 12/1/00 on [22-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 11/03/2000)

Nov. 3, 2000
23

AFFIDAVIT of Troy Lawson on Re: [22-1] motion to intervene (femp) (Entered: 11/03/2000)

Nov. 3, 2000
24

Notice of CROSS MOTION for summary judgment by ANDREW CONSOVOY, WILLIAM T. MCCARGO, LORAINE KULICK, PETER W. LOOS, DOMINIC PORROVECCHIO, ROLANDO GOMEZ RIVERA, RACHEL TORRES-CHOWANIEC, RUBY J. WASHINGTON, Motion set for 12/1/00 on [24-1] motion . (PO Subm) (femp) Modified on 11/09/2000 (Entered: 11/09/2000)

Nov. 8, 2000
25

AFFIDAVIT of Kenneth Connolly on Re: [24-1] cross motion for summary judgment (femp) (Entered: 11/09/2000)

Nov. 8, 2000
26

Notice of MOTION for leave to file over-length brief by ANDREW CONSOVOY, WILLIAM T. MCCARGO, LORAINE KULICK, PETER W. LOOS, DOMINIC PORROVECCHIO, ROLANDO GOMEZ RIVERA, RACHEL TORRES-CHOWANIEC, RUBY J. WASHINGTON, Motion set for 12/1/00 on [26-1] motion . (PO Subm) (femp) (Entered: 11/09/2000)

Nov. 8, 2000
27

AFFIDAVIT of Diane Moratti on Re: [26-1] motion for leave to file over-length brief (femp) (Entered: 11/09/2000)

Nov. 8, 2000
28

Statement That No Brief is Necessary (femp) (Entered: 11/09/2000)

Nov. 8, 2000
30

AFFIDAVIT of Rashid Jihad on Re: [29-1] motion to amend named similarly situated class members (femp) (Entered: 11/13/2000)

Nov. 9, 2000
31

Minute entry: Proceedings recorded by Ct-Reporter: Lisa Marcus; Minutes of: 11/9/00; The following actions were taken - Status Conference held on the record. By Mag. Judge Joel B. Rosen (femp) (Entered: 11/13/2000)

Nov. 9, 2000
32

ORDER grants preliminary apporval of the proposed Class Settlement Agreement and setting a hearing date for fnal apporval on JANUARY 16, 2001. n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 11/15/2000)

Nov. 13, 2000
33

ORDER grantng Class Certification and appointng Philip Fuoco as attorney for class. n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 11/15/2000)

Nov. 14, 2000
34

ORDER approving "NOTICE of PROPOSED CLASS SETTLEMENT" and approving method of publication, etc. n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 11/15/2000)

Nov. 14, 2000
35

Notice of MOTION for leave to amend named similary situated class members by MARVIN KELLY, [35-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 12/15/00 on [35-1] motion . (ar1) (Entered: 11/16/2000)

Nov. 15, 2000
36

AFFIDAVIT of MARVIN KELLY; Re: [35-1] motion for leave to amend named similary situated class members. (ar1) (Entered: 11/16/2000)

Nov. 15, 2000
37

ORDER dismissing [26-1] motion for leave to file over-length brief dismissing [24-1] motion for summary judgment dismissing [14-1] motion to Amend Named Similarly Situated Class Members dismissing [12-1] motion to Amend Named Similarly Situated Class Members ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) nm (femp) (Entered: 11/16/2000)

Nov. 16, 2000
38

Notice of MOTION opposing defendants' motion opposing plaintiff's motion to be amended as a named class member by TROY LAWSON [38-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 12/15/00 on [38-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 11/20/2000)

Nov. 17, 2000

Deadline updated; terminating [19-1] motion for preliminary injunction terminating [19-2] hearing Motion set for 12/1/00 on [19-1] motion terminating [11-1] motion to certify class action terminating [11-2] hearing Motion set for 10/20/00 on [11-1] motion (femp) (Entered: 11/20/2000)

Nov. 20, 2000
39

LETTER by defendants opposing Mr. Jihad's motion to "amend named similarly situated class members" (femp) (Entered: 11/21/2000)

Nov. 21, 2000
40

Notice of MOTION to intervene by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR. [40-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 1/5/01 on [40-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 11/28/2000)

Nov. 27, 2000
41

CERTIFICATION of Arthur Wakefield Re: [40-1] motion to intervene (femp) (Entered: 11/28/2000)

Nov. 28, 2000
43

Notice of MOTION to intervene by TMAIN WILLIAMS [43-1] motion referred to Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler, Motion set for 1/5/01 on [43-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 12/11/2000)

Dec. 11, 2000
44

AFFIDAVIT of Tmain Williams on Re: [43-1] motion to intervene by TMAIN WILLIAMS (femp) (Entered: 12/11/2000)

Dec. 11, 2000
45

CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE of letter by Raymond Dozier to Philip Fuoco, Esq. dated 12/8/00 (femp) (Entered: 12/11/2000)

Dec. 11, 2000
46

Objections to Fraudulent proposed Alleged Settlement Agreement by plaintiff Arthur Wakefield (femp) Modified on 12/12/2000 (Entered: 12/12/2000)

Dec. 11, 2000
46

LETTER By named plaintiffs IAN HAWKER, NELSON MILES, and JERMAINE LAWRENCE re: objection to proposed settlement, etc. (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Dec. 13, 2000
47

Minute entry: Minutes of: 12/18/00; The following actions were taken, mooting [35-1] motion for leave to amend named similary situated class members By Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 18, 2000
48

Minute entry: Minutes of: 12/18/00; The following actions were taken, mooting [16-1] motion to intervene as party plaintiff by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR. By Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 18, 2000
49

Minute entry: Minutes of: 12/18/00; The following actions were taken, mooting [22-1] motion to intervene by TROY LAWSON By Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 18, 2000
50

Minute entry: Minutes of: 12/18/00; The following actions were taken, mooting [17-1] motion to intervene by DEVIN NEWBY By Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 18, 2000
51

ORDER mooting [43-1] motion to intervene by TMAIN WILLIAMS mooting [40-1] motion to intervene by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR. mooting [38-1] motion opposing defendants' motion opposing plaintiff's motion to be amended as a named class member mooting [35-1] motion for leave to amend named similary situated class members, mooting [29-1] motion to amend named similarly situated class members mooting [22-1] motion to intervene by TROY LAWSON, mooting [17-1] motion to intervene by DEVIN NEWBY, mooting [16-1] motion to intervene as party plaintiff by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR. ( signed by Mag. Judge Robert B. Kugler ) nm (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 18, 2000
52

Minute entry: Minutes of: 12/18/00; The following actions were taken, mooting [38-1] motion opposing defendants' motion opposing plaintiff's motion to be amended as a named class member By Mag. Judge Joel B. Rosen (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 18, 2000

Deadline updated; terminating [43-2] hearing Motion set for 1/5/01 on [43-1] motion terminating [40-2] hearing Motion set for 1/5/01 on [40-1] motion terminating [38-2] hearing Motion set for 12/15/00 on [38-1] motion terminating [35-2] hearing Motion set for 12/15/00 on [35-1] motion terminating [29-2] hearing Motion set for 12/15/00 on [29-1] motion terminating [22-2] hearing Motion set for 12/1/00 on [22-1] motion terminating [17-2] hearing Motion set for 12/1/00 on [17-1] motion terminating [16-2] hearing Motion set for 12/1/00 on [16-1] motion (femp) (Entered: 12/20/2000)

Dec. 20, 2000
53

NOTICE of APPEAL by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR. of Magistrate decision to District Court RE: [51-1] order Hearing on magistrate appeal set for 2/2/01 (femp) (Entered: 01/03/2001)

Dec. 29, 2000
54

Notice of MOTION "To convene (3) Judge court & disqualify inept attorney from impairing my constitutional rights, etc." by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR., Motion set for 2/2/01 on [54-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 01/03/2001)

Jan. 2, 2001
55

Notice of MOTION for Writ of Mandamus by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR., Motion set for 2/2/01 on [55-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 01/03/2001)

Jan. 2, 2001
56

ORDER AND WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS as to Jamaine Lawrence ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (femp) (Entered: 01/09/2001)

Jan. 8, 2001
57

ORDER AND WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS as to Ian Hawker ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (femp) (Entered: 01/09/2001)

Jan. 8, 2001
58

ORDER AND WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS as to Nelson Miles ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (femp) (Entered: 01/09/2001)

Jan. 8, 2001

WRITS of Habeas Corpus issued (femp) (Entered: 01/09/2001)

Jan. 8, 2001
59

Notice of MOTION for mandatory injunction and restraining order by ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR., Motion set for 2/16/01 on [59-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 01/10/2001)

Jan. 8, 2001
60

AFFIDAVIT of PHILIP STEPHEN FUOCO Re: Attorneys Fees and Costs (femp) (Entered: 01/10/2001)

Jan. 10, 2001
61

AFFIDAVIT of JOSEPH A. OSEFCHEN Re: Attorneys Fees and Costs (femp) (Entered: 01/10/2001)

Jan. 10, 2001
62

CERTIFICATION of AUTHENTICITY JOSEPH A. OSEFCHEN (femp) (Entered: 01/10/2001)

Jan. 10, 2001
63

Minute entry: Proceedings recorded by Ct-Reporter: Carl Nami, Jr.; Minutes of: 1/16/01; The following actions were taken, Fairness Hearing held. Ordered Class Certified. Hearing to approve settlement. Ordered settlement approved. Settlement to be entered. Hearing on application by plaintiff for attorneys fee and costs, Ordered application granted. Order to be entered. By Judge Joel A. Pisano (er) (Entered: 01/18/2001)

Jan. 16, 2001
73

Notice of MOTION in opposition and/or objection to proposed settlement , by class member Tony Barnes Motion set for 2/16/01 on [73-1] motion . (femp) (Entered: 01/24/2001)

Jan. 16, 2001
74

CERTIFICATION of Tony Barnes (femp) (Entered: 01/24/2001)

Jan. 16, 2001
65

OPINION ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
66

ORDER granting class certification and APPROVING Settlement Agreement. n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
67

ORDER granting attorneys' fees and costs. n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
68

SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT with Exhibit A, report date of Nov. 14, 2000, annexed. (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
69

Defendants' Appendix in support of the Settlement Agreement. (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
70

AFFIDAVIT of Mario Paparozzi on Re: Settlement. (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
71

AFFIDAVIT of Kenneth Connolly on Re: Settlement. (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001
72

Class Expert Report in support of proposed settlement. (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 22, 2001

Case closed (mgr) (Entered: 01/23/2001)

Jan. 23, 2001
75

Certain submission by Arthur Wakefield, Jr. #57916. (mgr) (Entered: 02/06/2001)

Jan. 26, 2001
76

ORDER dismissing with prejudice [73-1] motion in opposition and/or objection to proposed settlement terminating [73-2] hearing Motion set for 2/16/01 on [73- 1] motion ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (er) Modified on 02/06/2001 (Entered: 02/01/2001)

Jan. 29, 2001
77

ORDER denying [59-1] motion for mandatory injunction and restraining order denying [55-1] motion for Writ of Mandamus denying [54-1] motion "To convene (3) Judge court & disqualify inept attorney from impairing my constitutional rights, etc." n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (er) Modified on 02/06/2001 (Entered: 02/01/2001)

Jan. 29, 2001

Deadline updated; terminating [59-2] hearing Motion set for 2/16/01 on [59-1] motion terminating [55-2] hearing Motion set for 2/2/01 on [55-1] motion terminating [54-2] hearing Motion set for 2/2/01 on [54-1] motion (er) (Entered: 02/01/2001)

Jan. 29, 2001
78

APPLICATION by Wakefield re: to disqualify judge. (mgr) (Entered: 02/06/2001)

Jan. 30, 2001
79

Notice of MOTION for reconsideration of [77-1] order by movant ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR., Motion set for 3/16/01 on [79-1] motion . (mgr) (Entered: 02/27/2001)

Feb. 9, 2001
80

ORDER denying [79-1] motion for reconsideration from [77-1] order; terminating [79-2] hearing Motion set for 3/16/01 on [79-1] motion ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (mgr) (Entered: 03/01/2001)

March 1, 2001
81

Notice of MOTION for reconsideration of [80-1] order denying motion for reconsideration by movant ARTHUR WAKEFIELD JR., Motion set for 4/20/01 on [81-1] motion . (ar1) (Entered: 03/19/2001)

March 19, 2001
82

ORDER denying [81-1] motion for reconsideration of [80-1] order denying motion for reconsideration. n.m. ( signed by Judge Joel A. Pisano ) (ar1) (Entered: 03/19/2001)

March 19, 2001

Deadline updated; terminating [81-2] hearing Motion set for 4/20/01 on [81-1] motion. (ar1) (Entered: 03/19/2001)

March 19, 2001
83

Returned Order of 1/29/01 by the U.S. Postal Service Not at this address and no forwarding address. (er) (Entered: 04/24/2001)

April 24, 2001
84

Returned Order of 1/29/01 by the U.S. Postal Service no longer at that address. (er) (Entered: 04/24/2001)

April 24, 2001
85

Returned Order of 1/29/01 by U.S. Postal Service stating inactive or Out. (er) (Entered: 04/24/2001)

April 24, 2001

State / Territory: New Jersey

Case Type(s):

Criminal Justice (Other)

Key Dates

Filing Date: May 2, 2000

Closing Date: 2001

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

New Jersey state inmates that are eligible for parole (or who will become eligible) but who had not received timely parole hearings.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: Yes

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

New Jersey State Parole Board, State

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Issues

General:

Parole grant/revocation