Case: Jeanine B. v. Doyle

2:93-cv-00547 | U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin

Filed Date: June 1, 1993

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On June 1, 1993, Children's Rights, the ACLU, and private co-counsel filed this class-action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin against the Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services and the Milwaukee County Department of Human Services. The complaint alleged abuse and neglect of children in the Milwaukee child-welfare system, inadequate investigations into abuse and neglect, lack of services, improper foster care placement, and high casewo…

On June 1, 1993, Children's Rights, the ACLU, and private co-counsel filed this class-action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin against the Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services and the Milwaukee County Department of Human Services. The complaint alleged abuse and neglect of children in the Milwaukee child-welfare system, inadequate investigations into abuse and neglect, lack of services, improper foster care placement, and high caseworker caseloads. The plaintiffs alleged violations of state law and federal law, including the Adoption Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 620-28, 670-79(a); Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), 42 U.S.C. § 5101-5106(a); Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12121-12150; and Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. § 794.

In early 1995, the court granted the state defendants' motion to dismiss claims as to the state defendants brought under 42 U.S.C. § 671(a)(15) of the Adoption Assistance Act and under the Rehabilitation Act and Americans with Disabilities Act. Additionally, the Court certified the class of plaintiffs as children who are in foster care in Milwaukee County, and children about whom the county Department of Human Services received reports of abuse or neglect. Jeanine B. v. Thompson, 877 F. Supp. 1268 (E.D. Wisc. 1995).

The case then proceeded towards a trial bifurcated into a liability stage and a remedy stage. However, during preparations for trial in 1995, the Wisconsin state Legislature passed a provision that required the state Department of Health and Social Services to propose a plan for state takeover of the Milwaukee County child welfare system by 1998. In light of the legislative action, the Court denied the state defendant's motion for partial summary judgment on constitutional issues, adjourned the trial date, and required the parties to determine whether the law provided interim relief and how relief affected the liability and remedial aspects of the case.

After both plaintiffs and defendants provided a series of briefings to the Court, the plaintiffs moved for preliminary injunction in February 1997. The plaintiffs claimed that the pending state takeover would only exacerbate problems in Milwaukee County's child welfare system. In response, the Court denied plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction under CAPTA. Jeanine B. v. Thompson, 967 F. Supp. 1104 (E.D. Wisc. 1997).

In 1998, the Court dismissed as moot the plaintiffs' claims against the county and proceeded with discovery for trial. After extensive discovery, the plaintiffs filed a supplemental complaint in 1999 and a second supplemental complaint in 2000. Trial was set for 2003. In September 2002, however, the parties reached a settlement agreement that provided for phased improvements to the Bureau of Milwaukee Child Welfare, which included decreased caseworker caseloads, elimination of shelter placements, and special diagnostic/assessment centers for children.

The parties modified the settlement agreement in 2003 and again in 2012, although the main substance of the agreement remained the same. The agreement is to remain in force until the defendants are in full compliance with its terms and the Court terminates jurisdiction. Attorneys' fees have been awarded to the plaintiffs in the amount of $950,000. As of the date of this summary, monitoring continues.

Summary Authors

Elizabeth Homan (11/25/2012)

Dan Whitman (11/29/2015)

Eva Richardson (7/10/2020)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4623199/parties/b-v-governor-wi/


Judge(s)

Randa, Rudolph Thomas (Wisconsin)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Bloodhart, Ann K (Minnesota)

Dorsky, Daniel S. (New York)

Dunn, Christopher (New York)

Hechtman, Sarah (New York)

Holloway, Jean F (Minnesota)

Kasak, Cynthia J (Minnesota)

Klaas, Heather (Minnesota)

Kleinhans, Kacy F (Minnesota)

Koneazny, Peter M. (Wisconsin)

Judge(s)

Randa, Rudolph Thomas (Wisconsin)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Bloodhart, Ann K (Minnesota)

Dorsky, Daniel S. (New York)

Dunn, Christopher (New York)

Hechtman, Sarah (New York)

Holloway, Jean F (Minnesota)

Kasak, Cynthia J (Minnesota)

Klaas, Heather (Minnesota)

Kleinhans, Kacy F (Minnesota)

Koneazny, Peter M. (Wisconsin)

Langdon, James K II (Minnesota)

Lowry, Marcia Robinson (New York)

Martinez, Micabil Diaz (Wisconsin)

Merz, Gregory R (Minnesota)

Moloney, Lawrence A. (Minnesota)

Murdaugh, Anne W. (New York)

Nealon, Kellie M (Minnesota)

Park, Rachel (New York)

Peters, Mark G. (New York)

Prine, Kenneth A. (Minnesota)

Stone, Martha (New York)

Thompson, Eric E. (New York)

Westgard, Kristen Solveig (Minnesota)

Wittrock, Quentin R (Minnesota)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Anderson, Peter C. (Wisconsin)

Barnett, Paul L (Wisconsin)

Burke, Mary E. (Wisconsin)

Finkelmeyer, Corey F. (Wisconsin)

Jorgensen, John (Wisconsin)

Schlaefer, Mary Woolsey (Wisconsin)

Stier, Daniel D. (Wisconsin)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Geske, Janine P. (Wisconsin)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket [PACER]

Jeanine B v. Doyle

Jan. 29, 2019 Docket
1

Complaint

Jeanine B. v. Thompson

June 1, 1993 Complaint
65

Federal Supplement

Jeanine B. v. Thompson

March 2, 1995 Press Release
196

Federal Supplement

Jeanine B. v. Thompson

June 9, 1997 Press Release
517

Modified Settlement Agreement

Nov. 14, 2003 Settlement Agreement
531

Order

B. v. Doyle

May 23, 2005 Order/Opinion
538

Decision and Order

Nov. 17, 2006 Order/Opinion
541

Decision and Order

May 3, 2007 Order/Opinion
543

Order

Jeanine B v. Doyle

Dec. 17, 2007 Order/Opinion
545

Consent Order

B. v. Doyle

April 18, 2008 Order/Opinion

Resources

Title Description External URL

Crafting Complaints and Settlements in Child Welfare Litigation

Zach Strassburger

Despite widespread criticism in legal scholarship bemoaning the inadequacies of institutional reform litigation, class-action lawsuits from public interest legal organizations have been the major dri… Jan. 1, 2018 https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/...

Legal Accountability in the Service-Based Welfare State: Lessons from Child Welfare Reform

Kathleen G. Noonan, Charles F. Sabel, William H. Simon

Current trends intensify the longstanding problem of how the rule of law should be institutionalized in the welfare state. Welfare programs are being redesigned to increase their capacities to adapt … June 1, 2009 http://papers.ssrn.com/...

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4623199/b-v-governor-wi/

Last updated May 20, 2022, 1:53 a.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT (Summons(es) issued) (ers, )

June 1, 1993
531

ORDER signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on May 23, 2005 granting 528 Plaintiffs' Unopposed Motion for Attorney Fees and Expenses Per Stipulated Agreement; notice to the Class is waived. Partial final judgment is entered in favor of the plaintiff s, against the defendants, in the sum of $33,000, pursuant to the Stipulated Agreement of the parties, in full and complete satisfaction of plaintiffs' claims for attorneys' fees and expenses for the period June 1, 2004 through December 31, 2004. (cc: via US Mail to Eric Thompson, Marcia Robinson Lowry and Mary Burke)(Randa, Rudolph)

May 23, 2005 RECAP
532

ORDER that Plaintiffs' Unopposed Motion is Granted, and further notice to the Class is waived, signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on December 19, 2005. (cc: all counsel)(Randa, Rudolph) Modified on 12/22/2005 (jld, ).

Dec. 19, 2005 RECAP
2

CERTIFICATE OF INTEREST by plaintiffs (ers, )

June 1, 1993
3

LETTER from Law Clerk Terri Zeller to Counsel saying that if Plaintiffs want this Court to consider the injunction relief, a separate preliminary injunction motion must be filed. (ers, ) (Entered: 06/04/1993)

June 3, 1993
537

ORDER signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on July 26, 2006 granting 535 Motion for Attorney Fees. (cc: via US Mail all counsel) (Randa, Rudolph)

July 26, 2006 RECAP
5

ORDER by Senior Judge John W. Reynolds − Granting the Stipulation filed on 6/18/93. See Stipulation for details. (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 06/23/1993)

June 22, 1993
543

ORDER signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on December 17, 2007 granting 542 Motion for Attorney Fees. (cc: all counsel) (Randa, Rudolph)

Dec. 17, 2007 RECAP
545

CONSENT ORDER signed by Chief Judge Rudolph T Randa on April 18, 2008. (cc: all counsel)(Koll, J)

April 18, 2008 RECAP
6

MOTION by plaintiff to certify Class Action (ers, ) (Entered: 07/02/1993)

July 1, 1993
547

ORDER signed by Chief Judge Rudolph T Randa on May 22, 2008 granting 546 Motion for Attorney Fees and further notice to the Class is WAIVED. It is hereby further ORDERED THAT partial final judgment be entered in favor of the plaintiffs, JEANINE B., et al. against the defendants, JAMES DOYLE, et al., in the sum of $25,000.00, pursuant to the Stipulated Agreement of the parties, in full and complete satisfaction of plaintiffs claims for attorneys fees and expenses for the period July 1, 2007, through December 31, 2008. (cc: all counsel) (Koll, J)

May 22, 2008 RECAP
7

BRIEF by plaintiffs in support of motion to certify Class Action [6−1] w/ attachments (ers, ) (Entered: 07/02/1993)

July 1, 1993
553

ORDER signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on 01/20/2010 granting 552 Motion for Attorney Fees. (cc: all counsel) (Koll, J)

Jan. 20, 2010 RECAP
8

LETTER from plaintiff by Atty Koneazny saying that the names of 2 of the plaintiffs who were identified in the Complaint were accidently omitted on the caption page. (ers, )

July 2, 1993
9

LETTER from Assistant Attorney General Mary Woolsey Schlaefer confirming that the State Defts request that their deadline to answer be extended to 7/22/93 is Granted. (ers, )

July 8, 1993
562

ORDER signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on 04/15/2012 granting 560 Motion to Modify Settlement Agreement. (cc: all counsel) (Koll, J)

April 15, 2012 RECAP
563

ORDER that the Court has reviewed and approves for distribution the contents of this Notice of Proposed Modification of Section I.D.9. of the Modified Settlement Agreement. Signed by Judge Rudolph T Randa on 04/16/2012. (cc: all counsel)(Koll, J)

April 16, 2012 RECAP
10

RESPONSE To Consent To Proceed before a U.S. Magistrate Judge by defendant F Thomas Ament, defendant Thomas Brophy (R) (ers, )

July 14, 1993
584

Notice of Substitution of Attorney

Jan. 27, 2021 PACER
11

ANSWER by defendant F Thomas Ament, defendant Thomas Brophy to [1−1] (ers, )

July 14, 1993
585

Notice of Substitution of Attorney

Jan. 27, 2021 PACER
12

MOTION & ORDER ENLARGING BRIEF LIMITS by Judge J. P. Stadtmueller for Judge Reynolds (cc: all counsel) (cad, ) (Entered: 07/22/1993)

July 20, 1993
13

MOTION by state defendants to dismiss (wied, )

July 22, 1993

Case Assigned/Reassigned

Jan. 29, 2021 PACER
14

BRIEF by state defendants in support of motion to dismiss [13−1] (wied, )

July 22, 1993
586

Miscellaneous Relief

Feb. 3, 2021 RECAP
15

MOTION by state defendants for stay of proceedings on pltfs' motion for class certification pending decision of the state defendants' motion to dismiss complaint , in the alternative to extend time to respond to motion for class certification (wied, )

July 22, 1993
587

Miscellaneous Relief

Feb. 3, 2021 PACER
16

CERTIFICATE (wied, )

July 22, 1993
588

Brief in Support of Motion

Feb. 3, 2021 PACER
589

Proposed Document

Feb. 3, 2021 PACER
17

CERTIFICATE of service. (wied, )

July 22, 1993
590

Proposed Document

Feb. 3, 2021 PACER
18

RESPONSE To Consent To Proceed Before a US Magistrate Judge by defendant Tommy Thompson, defendant Gerald Whitburn (R) (ers, )

July 26, 1993

Notice of Hearing

May 10, 2021 PACER
19

RESPONSE To Consent To Proceed Before a US Magisrate Judge by plaintiff (R) (ers, ) (Entered: 07/29/1993)

July 28, 1993
20

ORDER by Senior Judge John W. Reynolds DENYINGmotion for stay of proceedings on pltfs' motion for class certification pending decision of the state defendants' motion to dismiss complaint [15−1], GRANTING motion to extend time to respond to motion for class certification [15−2] On or before 8/16/93, Defts Thompson & Gerald Whitburn shall file & serve a response to Plaintiffs' Motion for Class certification (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 07/29/1993)

July 28, 1993
591

Letter

May 27, 2021 PACER
592

Proposed Document

May 27, 2021 PACER
21

NOTICE of hearing ; Scheduling Conference Call set for 9/1/93 at 10:00 a.m. (cc: all counsel) (ers, )

Aug. 4, 1993
593

Proposed Document

May 27, 2021 PACER
22

LETTER from plaintiffs by Atty Christopher Dunn notifying the Court that the state Defts have agreed to grant the Plaintiffs an extension of 10 days until 8/26/93 to file their response. (ers, )

Aug. 16, 1993
23

BRIEF by State defendants in opposition to Plaintiffs motion to certify Class Action [6−1] (ers, )

Aug. 16, 1993
594

Audio docketing digital upload

June 2, 2021 PACER
595

~Util - Terminate Motions AND Order

June 9, 2021 PACER
24

STATUS REPORT by plaintiffs (ers, ) (Entered: 08/23/1993)

Aug. 20, 1993
25

BRIEF by plaintiff IN OPPOSITION to State Defts motion to dismiss [13−1] (ers, )

Aug. 26, 1993
596

~Util - Set/Reset Hearings AND Scheduling Conference

June 10, 2021 PACER
26

REPLY BRIEF by plaintiff in support of motion to certify Class Action [6−1] (ers, )

Aug. 27, 1993
597

Extension of Time

July 13, 2021 PACER
27

HEARING MINUTES: ; Discovery ddl set for 6/3/94 ; Motion filing ddl set for 6/10/94 ; Pretrial conference 8/30/94 at 2:00 p.m. ; Trial set for 9/13/94 at 10:00 a.m. ;

Sept. 1, 1993

~Util - Terminate Motions AND Text Only Order

July 14, 2021 PACER
29

REPLY BRIEF by State Defendants in support of motion to dismiss [13−1] (ers, )

Sept. 9, 1993
599

Letter

July 15, 2021 PACER
30

SUR REPLY BRIEF by plaintiffs to State Defts Reply Brief (ers, )

Sept. 29, 1993
600

Declaration

Aug. 11, 2021 PACER
601

Affidavit

Aug. 11, 2021 PACER
31

LETTER from plaintiff by Atty Dunn calling the Court to a recent Decision from the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals that is relevant to the state Defendants pending motion to Dismiss w/ attached slip opinion which is in Judges File (ers, ) (Entered: 01/19/1994)

Jan. 18, 1994
32

ATTORNEY APPEARANCE for plaintiff by Daniel S. Dorsky (ers, )

Jan. 21, 1994
602

Affidavit

Aug. 11, 2021 PACER
33

LETTER From Mary Schlaefer in response to Plaintiffs' 1/14/94 letter regarding the Seventh Circuit holding in Miller v Whitburn (ers, )

Jan. 27, 1994
603

Affidavit

Aug. 11, 2021 PACER
34

LETTER from plaintiff by Atty Dunn calling your attention to a recent decision from another District Court that deals w/ the enforceability of the Adoption Assistance & Child Welfare Act & thus is relevant to the State Defts' pending motion to Dismiss. (ers, ) (Entered: 02/03/1994)

Feb. 2, 1994

Notice of Hearing Via Zoom

Aug. 27, 2021 PACER
604

Letter

Sept. 13, 2021 PACER
35

MOTION by Plaintiff, County Defendants for order to Appoint the National Council on Crime & Delinquency as an expert (ers, ) (Entered: 02/07/1994)

Feb. 4, 1994
36

MOTION by plaintiff to compel the Production of Documents (ers, )

Feb. 16, 1994
605

Report

Sept. 13, 2021 PACER
606

Affidavit

Sept. 13, 2021 PACER
37

BRIEF by plaintiff IN SUPPORT of motion to compel the Production of Documents [36−1] (ers, )

Feb. 16, 1994
607

Letter

Sept. 27, 2021 PACER
38

NOTICE of hearing on motion to compel the Production of Documents [36−1] 2:00 3/1/94, setting hearing on motion for order to Appoint the National Council on & Delinquency as an expert [35−1] 2:00 3/1/94 (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 02/18/1994)

Feb. 17, 1994
39

BRIEF by State defendants IN OPPOSITION to Plaintiffs' & County Defts motion for order to Appoint the National Council on Crime & Delinquency as an expert [35−1] (ers, )

Feb. 25, 1994
608

Proposed Document

Sept. 27, 2021 PACER
40

HEARING MINUTES: The Plaintiffs & County Defendants Joint Motion to appoint a rule 706 expert is denied, although the parties are free to agree on an expert. The county Defendants & Plaintiffs shall prepare a scheduling order re: the production of documents by the County Defts & shall file that draft order on or before 3/7/94. (ers, ) (Entered: 03/04/1994)

March 1, 1994
609

~Util - Terminate Motions AND Order Dismissing Case

Sept. 29, 2021 PACER
610

Audio docketing digital upload

Sept. 30, 2021 PACER
41

STIPULATION and ORDER by Senior Judge John W. Reynolds : That Plaintiffs and County Defendants enter into a Joint Stipulation to designate experts. (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 03/16/1994)

March 11, 1994
42

STIPULATION and ORDER by Senior Judge John W. Reynolds : That the terms of the Stipulation shall govern the completion of production of documents in response to the Plaintiffs 12/14/94 request for production of documents. (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 03/23/1994)

March 22, 1994
611

Transcript

Sept. 30, 2021 PACER
43

MOTION by plaintiff to amend the Scheduling Order (ers, )

April 7, 1994
612

Hearing Minutes

Oct. 12, 2021 PACER
44

BRIEF by plaintiff IN SUPPORT of motion to amend the Scheduling Order [43−1] (ers, )

April 7, 1994
45

LETTER from defendants respectfully requesting that the Court vacate the current scheduling order & hold further scheduling in abeyance until the Court has had an opportunity to rule on the pending motion to dismiss. (ers, ) (Entered: 04/11/1994)

April 8, 1994
46

ORDER by Senior Judge John W. Reynolds per Ms. Schlaefer's letter Vacating Scheduling Order of 9/2/93. ; Scheduling Conference reset for 5/19/94 at 10:00 a.m (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 05/02/1994)

April 28, 1994
48

LETTER from State Defendants attorney Mary Woolsey Schlasfer requesting that the Court grant the state defts an extension till 5/25/94 to file their brief. (ers, ) (Entered: 05/12/1994)

May 11, 1994
49

ORDER by Senior Judge John W. Reynolds that the parties joint request for an extension is Granted. The state Defendants shall file their brief on or before 6/6/94. The State Defndants shall reply on or before 6/10/94. (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 05/12/1994)

May 11, 1994
50

SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF FILED by STATE DEFENDANTS in support of their Motion to Dismiss. (ers, )

May 25, 1994
51

LETTER from plaintiff by Atty Anne Murdaugh saying that as of 5/31/94 she is withdrawing as counsel of record in this matter. (ers, )

June 2, 1994
52

RESPONSE by plaintiffs to State Defendants' Supplemental Brief in support of their motion to Dismiss (ers, ) (Entered: 06/07/1994)

June 6, 1994
53

SECOND REPLY by State defendants in Support of their Motion to Dismiss (ers, )

June 10, 1994
54

LETTER from plaintiffs by Atty Dunn calling the Court to recent decisions from 2 federal courts of appeals that bear upon the state defendants' pending motion to Dismiss (ers, )

June 14, 1994
55

LETTER from plaintiff by Atty Dunn asking the Court to take provisions into account in resolving the State Defts motion to Dismiss (ers, ) (Entered: 06/28/1994)

June 27, 1994
56

MOTION by plaintiff for order to permit Discovery against State Defts & For Scheduling Conference (ers, )

July 7, 1994
57

BRIEF by plaintiff IN SUPPORT of motion for order to permit Discovery against State Defts & For Scheduling Conference [56−1] (ers, )

July 7, 1994
58

LETTER from plaintiff by Atty Dunn requesting a pretrial conference. (ers, ) (Entered: 11/14/1994)

Nov. 10, 1994
59

LETTER from defendant by Atty Schlaefer responding to Plaintiffs 11/9/94 letter regarding the effect of piblic Law 103−432 on the state defendants motion to dismiss & requesting that the court rule on Pltfs Rule 6.07 motion to permit the plaintiffs to proceed w/ discovery against the state defendants (ers, )

Nov. 28, 1994
60

LETTER from plaintiffs' counsel re: certification of a class actiion (wied, ) (Entered: 01/05/1995)

Jan. 4, 1995
61

NOTICE of hearing setting hearing on motion for order to permit Discovery against State Defts & For Scheduling Conference [56−1] 10:00 2/3/95, setting hearing on motion to dismiss [13−1] 10:00 2/3/95, setting hearing on motion to certify Class Action [6−1] 10:00 2/3/95 (cc: all counsel) (ers, ) (Entered: 01/24/1995)

Jan. 23, 1995
62

LETTER from State Defendants by Atty Schlaefer requesting the Court grant the state Defts until 2/28/95 to file their answer (ers, )

Feb. 8, 1995

State / Territory: Wisconsin

Case Type(s):

Child Welfare

Key Dates

Filing Date: June 1, 1993

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Children in foster care in Milwaukee County, and children about whom the county Department of Human Services received reports of abuse or neglect

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

ACLU Affiliates (any)

Children's Rights, Inc.

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services, State

Milwaukee County Department of Human Services (Milwaukee), County

Defendant Type(s):

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.

Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (AACWA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 620 et seq.

Adoption Assistance Program, 42 U.S.C. §§ 670 et seq.

Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 5101 et seq.

Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Monetary Relief

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Attorneys fees

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Amount Defendant Pays: $950,000

Content of Injunction:

Monitoring

Preliminary relief denied

Reporting

Issues

General:

Access to public accommodations - governmental

Adoption

Assault/abuse by staff

Classification / placement

Conditions of confinement

Counseling

Emergency shelter

Failure to supervise

Failure to train

Family abuse and neglect

Family reunification

Foster care (benefits, training)

Juveniles

Neglect by staff

Placement in shelters

Siblings (visitation, placement)

Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)

Timeliness of case assignment

Crowding:

Crowding / caseload

Mental Disability:

Depression

Benefit Source:

Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act