Case: Related School Desegregation Cases in the Western District of Louisiana

[Many dockets; see defendants] | U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana

Filed Date: 1965

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

BackgroundFor several years after the Supreme Court decided Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), school districts in Louisiana made little progress towards desegregation. But by the late 1960s, aggressive efforts were underway in federal courts in the state to challenge segregated public school systems. There was little uniformity in outcomes or remedies, but plaintiffs remained dissatisfied with the slow pace of progress. To increase uniformity and effectiveness, the Fifth Circuit…

Background

For several years after the Supreme Court decided Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), school districts in Louisiana made little progress towards desegregation. But by the late 1960s, aggressive efforts were underway in federal courts in the state to challenge segregated public school systems. There was little uniformity in outcomes or remedies, but plaintiffs remained dissatisfied with the slow pace of progress. To increase uniformity and effectiveness, the Fifth Circuit consolidated forty-four appeals of desegregation orders in Adams v. Mathews. In Adams, the Fifth Circuit clarified that desegregation plans must convert segregated, dual school systems into desegregated, unitary school systems and “realistically . . . work now.” Adams v. Mathews, 403 F.2d 181 (5th Cir. 1968). This entry details what happened in a collection of about thirty of those cases on remand to a three-judge district court that (later joined again by the Fifth Circuit) tried to figure out what sort of school desegregation plans pass constitutional muster.

Consolidated Cases

The consolidated cases were heard on remand by a three-judge panel composed of District Judges Benjamin C. Dawkins, Jr., Richard J. Putnam, and Edwin F. Hunter, Jr. On November 14, 1968, the panel held in Conley v. Lake Charles School Board that freedom of choice plans, which allowed students to choose whether to attend a traditionally white school or a traditionally black school, were sufficient to convert the school districts from a segregated, or dual, system to a desegregated, or unitary, system. 293 F. Supp. 84 (W.D. La. 1968).

The Fifth Circuit reversed this judgment in Hall v. St. Helena Parish School Board. On May 28, 1969, the Circuit Court (Chief Judge John R. Brown, Circuit Judge John Cooper Godbold, and District Judge Ted Cabot) held that freedom of choice plans were insufficient to convert the school districts from dual to unitary systems. The court noted that under the freedom of choice plans, many school districts still had all-black schools, and of the school districts that had black students attending formerly all-white schools, few had more than ten percent black students. The court ordered each school district to submit a desegregation plan to the district court in alignment with the Circuit Court's decision. 417 F.2d 801 (5th Cir. 1969).

On June 5, the same Western District of Louisiana panel issued an order requiring the schools to submit a uniform desegregation plan. The district court also reiterated its earlier statement that "we think freedom of choice is the best plan available." The district court further ordered that the school districts and the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) work together to create plans to integrate the schools. 303 F. Supp. 394 (W.D. La. 1969).

The case was then appealed again. In Johnson v. Jackson Parish School Board, the Fifth Circuit repudiated freedom of choice plans. It held that the "approved plans proposed by the school boards . . . do not establish racially unitary school systems," and reiterated that "school districts may no longer operate a dual school system based on race or color[.] . . . [They] must begin immediately to operate as unitary school systems within which no person is to be effectively excluded from any school because of race or color." The Fifth Circuit remanded many of these cases to the district courts to approve plans that were sufficient to achieve unitary status and consistent with both Fifth Circuit and Supreme Court school desegregation decisions. 420 F.2d 692 (5th Cir. 1969).

Individual Desegregation Plans

At this point, the various consolidated cases began to drift apart. In many cases, district judges ordered students to be assigned to schools nearest their homes and permitted majority to minority transfer programs. These programs allowed students to transfer from their assigned schools where they were in a majority racial group to any school where they were in a minority racial group. Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 314 F. Supp. 1282 (W.D. La. 1970).

One tactic localities used against integration was to assign students to different classes based on race within putatively integrated schools. In response, the Fifth Circuit held that school districts had to eliminate all segregated classes within their schools. Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 423 F.2d 1055 (5th Cir. 1970).

There are many other examples of decisions implementing the Fifth Circuit’s directives in Johnson. See, e.g., Lemon v. Bossier Parish Sch. Bd., 421 F.2d 121 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam); Williams v. Kimbrough, 421 F.2d 1351 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam); United States v. E. Carroll Parish Sch. Bd., 425 F.2d 230 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam); Jones v. Caddo Parish Sch. Bd., 421 F.2d 313 (5th Cir. 1970) (per curiam); Gordon v. Jefferson Davis Parish Sch. Bd., 315 F. Supp. 901 (W.D. La. 1970).

Implementation

Throughout the 1970s, the Fifth Circuit continued to approve and amend school desegregation plans to ensure that the plans were constitutionally compliant. See, e.g., Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 434 F.2d 35 (5th Cir. 1970). The district court also evaluated the constitutionality of various school districts' actions, such as closing formerly all black schools because school district officials believed that white students would refuse to attend such schools. See, e.g., Gordon v. Jefferson Davis Parish Sch. Bd., 330 F. Supp. 1119 (W.D. La. 1971).

Many of the school districts in these consolidated cases remained under court-enforced desegregation orders and submitted progress reports to the court throughout the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s. Some school districts remain under desegregation orders. Others have been declared unitary and are no longer under permanent injunctions. Compare Williams v. Kimbrough, 2010 WL 1790516 (W.D. La. May 3, 2010) (declaring district unitary), with Hall v. St. Helena Parish Sch. Bd., 2013 WL 3994778 (M.D. La. Aug. 1, 2013) (denying motion by school district to restructure its fourth grade classes).

Available Opinions

This list includes both opinions that were issued during the consolidated phase of the case, and also opinions issued later. The most important opinions for the consolidated phase are indicated by an asterisk.

United States v. Bossier Parish Sch. Bd., 220 F. Supp. 243 (W.D. La. 1963).

Trahan v. Lafayette Parish Sch. Bd., 244 F. Supp. 583 (W.D. La. 1965).

Henderson v. Iberia Parish Sch. Bd., 245 F. Supp. 419 (W.D. La. 1965).

Thomas v. St. Martin Parish Sch. Bd., 245 F. Supp. 601 (W.D. La. 1965).

United States v. Jefferson Cty. Bd. of Educ., 372 F.2d 836 (5th Cir. 1966).

*Adams v. Mathews, 403 F.2d 181 (5th Cir. 1968).

*Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 293 F. Supp. 84 (W.D. La. 1968) (en banc).

Williams v. Kimbrough, 295 F. Supp. 578 (W.D. La. 1969).

Cleveland v. Union Parish Sch. Bd., 406 F.2d 1331 (5th Cir. 1969).

*Hall v. St. Helena Parish Sch. Bd., 417 F.2d 801 (5th Cir. 1969).

Singleton v. Jackson Mun. Separate Sch. Dist., 419 F.2d 1211 (5th Cir. 1969).

*Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 303 F. Supp. 394 (W.D. La. 1969) (per curiam).

*Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 420 F.2d 692 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam).

Lemon v. Bossier Parish Sch. Bd., 421 F.2d 121 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam).

Williams v. Kimbrough, 421 F.2d 1351 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam).

United States v. E. Carroll Parish Sch. Bd., 425 F.2d 230 (5th Cir. 1969) (per curiam).

Jones v. Caddo Parish Sch. Bd., 421 F.2d 313 (5th Cir. 1970) (per curiam).

Carter v. West Feliciana Parish Sch. Bd., 396 U.S. 290 (1970) (per curiam).

Robertson v. Natchitoches Parish Sch. Bd., 431 F.2d 1111 (5th Cir. 1970).

*Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 314 F. Supp. 1282 (W.D. La. 1970).

Gordon v. Jefferson Davis Parish Sch. Bd., 315 F. Supp. 901 (W.D. La. 1970).

*Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 423 F.2d 1055 (5th Cir. 1970).

Taylor v. Ouachita Parish Sch. Bd., 424 F.2d 324 (5th Cir. 1970).

Banks v. Claiborne Parish Sch. Bd., 425 F. 2d 1040 (5th Cir. 1970).

Robertson v. Natchitoches Parish Sch. Bd., 431 F.2d 1111 (5th Cir. 1970).

Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 434 F.2d 35 (5th Cir. 1970).

Smith v. Concordia Parish Sch. Bd., 445 F.2d 285 (5th Cir. 1971).

Smith v. Concordia Parish Sch. Bd., 331 F. Supp. 330 (W.D. La. 1971).

Gordon v. Jefferson Davis Parish Sch. Bd., 446 F.2d 266 (5th Cir. 1971).

Gordon v. Jefferson Davis Parish Sch. Bd., 330 F. Supp. 1119 (W.D. La. 1971).

Trahan v. Lafayette Parish Sch. Bd.: 330 F. Supp. 450 (W.D. La. 1971).

Gordon v. Jefferson Davis Parish Sch. Bd., 460 F.2d 1062 (5th Cir. 1972) (per curiam).

Celestain v. Vermilion Parish Sch. Bd., 364 F. Supp. 618 (W.D. La. 1972).

Valley v. Rapides Parish Sch. Bd., 499 F. Supp. 490 (W.D. La. 1980).

Valley v. Rapides Parish Sch. Bd., 646 F.2d 925 (5th Cir. 1981).

Valley v. Rapides Parish Sch. Bd., 653 F.2d 941 (5th Cir. 1981).

Valley v. Rapides Parish Sch. Bd., 702 F.2d 1221 (5th Cir. 1983).

United States v. Avoyelles Parish Sch. Bd., No. 1:65–cv–12721, 2009 WL 1505305 (W.D. La. May 28, 2009).

Williams v. Kimbrough, No. 65–11329, 2010 WL 1790516 (W.D. La. May 3, 2010).

United States v. Avoyelles Parish Sch. Bd., Civil Action No. 65–cv–12721, 2011 WL 2356977 (W.D. La. Mar. 22, 2011).

Hall v. St. Helena Parish Sch. Bd., No. 52–1068–JJB, 2013 WL 3994778 (M.D. La. Aug. 1, 2013).

United States v. Avoyelles Parish Sch. Bd., Civ. Act. No. 65–cv–12721, 2016 WL 3636698 (W.D. La. June 29, 2016).

Summary Authors

Amelia Huckins (10/2/2017)

Maddie McFee (11/21/2019)

Related Cases

Hall and United States of America v. St. Helena Parish School Board, Middle District of Louisiana (1952)

Jones v. Caddo Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Graham v. Evangeline Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Johnson v. Jackson Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Andrews v. City of Monroe (La.), Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Banks v. Claiborne Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Smith vs. Concordia Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

United States v. Lincoln Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

United States of America v. Richland Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

U.S. v. Desoto Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1967)

United States of America v. Avoyelles Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1967)

United States v. Morehouse Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1969)

U.S. v. Catahoula Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1969)

Henderson v. Iberia Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

Thomas v. St. Martin Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Boudreaux v. St. Mary Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

Celestain v. Vermilion Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

United States v. Grant Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

United States v. East Carroll Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

Moore v. Winn Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

US v. School Board of Beinville Parish, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

Conley v. Lake Charles School Board, Calcasieu Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1964)

Williams v. Kimbrough, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Taylor v. Ouachita Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

MONTEILH v. ST. LANDRY PARISH SCHOOL BOARD, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

CLEVELAND v. UNION PARISH SCHOOL BOARD, Western District of Louisiana (1967)

Gilbert v. Webster Parish School District, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Lemon v. Bossier Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Trahan v. Lafayette Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Battise v. Acadia Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

Valley v. Rapides Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

Robertson v. Natchitoches Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1966)

People


Judge(s)

Bourgeois, Richard L. (Louisiana)

Cain, James David Jr. (Louisiana)

Dawkins, Benjamin Cornwell Jr. (Louisiana)

Doherty, Rebecca F. (Louisiana)

Drell, Dee D. (Louisiana)

Dyer, David William (Georgia)

Foote, Elizabeth Erny (Louisiana)

Gewin, Walter Pettus (Alabama)

Godbold, John Cooper (Louisiana)

Goldberg, Irving Loeb (Louisiana)

Judge(s)

Bourgeois, Richard L. (Louisiana)

Cain, James David Jr. (Louisiana)

Dawkins, Benjamin Cornwell Jr. (Louisiana)

Doherty, Rebecca F. (Louisiana)

Drell, Dee D. (Louisiana)

Dyer, David William (Georgia)

Foote, Elizabeth Erny (Louisiana)

Gewin, Walter Pettus (Alabama)

Godbold, John Cooper (Louisiana)

Goldberg, Irving Loeb (Louisiana)

Haik, Richard T. (Louisiana)

Hayes, Karen L. (Louisiana)

Hicks, S. Maurice Jr. (Louisiana)

Hornsby, Mark L. (Louisiana)

Hunter, Edwin Ford Jr. (Louisiana)

James, Robert Gillespie (Louisiana)

Kirk, James D. (Louisiana)

Little, F. A. Jr. (Louisiana)

Lowell, Francis Cabot (Massachusetts)

Melacon, Tucker L. (Louisiana)

Minaldi, Patricia Head (Louisiana)

Putnam, Richard Johnson (Louisiana)

Scott, Nauman Steele (Louisiana)

Summerhays, Robert Rees None (Louisiana)

Whitehurst, Carol B. (Louisiana)

Wisdom, John Minor (Louisiana)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Ashy, D. Warren (Louisiana)

Augustine, Jonathan C. (Louisiana)

Barry, Denis A. (Louisiana)

Bell, Murphy W. (Louisiana)

Berry, Louis (Louisiana)

Blake, John (Louisiana)

Bronstein, Alvin J. (Mississippi)

Cady, William (Louisiana)

Cage, Joseph S. Jr. (Louisiana)

Carter, Gideon T III (Louisiana)

Chachkin, Norman J. (New York)

Chambers, Julius LeVonne (New York)

Collins, Robert Frederick (Louisiana)

Cummings, Torey B. (District of Columbia)

Dallo, Amanda K. (District of Columbia)

Dangerfield, Lloyd (Louisiana)

Dann, Mark (District of Columbia)

David, Harris (Louisiana)

DeCuir, Winston G Sr. (Louisiana)

Doar, John (District of Columbia)

Douglas, Nathaniel (District of Columbia)

Eade, Ellen Rose (Louisiana)

Ford, Margrett (Louisiana)

Goldschmidt, Iris (District of Columbia)

Guzman, Javier M (District of Columbia)

Harris, Angel Sharrell (New York)

Hebert, Janice E. (Louisiana)

Hewitt, Damon Todd (New York)

Holmes, Allen (Louisiana)

Joiner, Courtney Terell (Louisiana)

Jondahl, Andrew Kuffel (District of Columbia)

Jones, Benjamin (Louisiana)

Juneau, Donald (Louisiana)

Kaminski, Gerald F. (District of Columbia)

Kassabian, Tamara Hardney (District of Columbia)

Katzenbach, Nicholas de B. (District of Columbia)

Kirkland, Earl A. (New York)

Kleinman, Rachel Miriam (New York)

Knoll, Eddie (Louisiana)

Lin-Luse, Monique N. (New York)

Liu, Kimberly Anna (New York)

Marshall, Franz (District of Columbia)

Martin, Dawn V (District of Columbia)

Mason, Ronald Jr. (Louisiana)

McCarthy, Emily H. (District of Columbia)

McClellan, Cara (New York)

McLeod, Robert (Louisiana)

Michaud, Melissa Julia (District of Columbia)

Miller, Pauline A. (District of Columbia)

Mitchell, John W. (District of Columbia)

Morial, Ernest N. (Louisiana)

Newton, Jonathan D. (District of Columbia)

Owen, D. Robert (District of Columbia)

Parker, Dennis D. (New York)

Pottinger, J. Stanley (District of Columbia)

Rachin, Carl (New York)

Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)

Roberts, Robert P. (Louisiana)

Ross, Deuel (New York)

Shaheen, Edward L. (Louisiana)

Shaw, Theodore M. (New York)

Skinner, Michael D. (Louisiana)

Smith-Evans, Leticia (New York)

Sobol, Richard B. (Louisiana)

Spital, Samuel (New York)

Stone, Jesse N. Jr. (Louisiana)

Strickler, George Marion Jr. (Louisiana)

Taylor, Lisa M. (District of Columbia)

Thompson, Arthur G. (Louisiana)

Trudeau, A.M. (Louisiana)

Tureaud, A. P. (Louisiana)

Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)

Verlander, David E. III (Louisiana)

Vincent, Katherine (Louisiana)

Wardenski, Joseph J (District of Columbia)

White, Marion Overton (Louisiana)

Williams, Robert C. (Louisiana)

Wilson, Ryan C (District of Columbia)

Yeh, Teresa (District of Columbia)

Young, Michaele Nicole Turnage (District of Columbia)

Zisser, Aaron (District of Columbia)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Abrams, Reginald W. (Louisiana)

Adkins, Tom (Louisiana)

Barrilleaux, Erin Michael (Louisiana)

Basden, Timothy W. (Louisiana)

Beck, Joseph Pershing II (Louisiana)

Blanchard, John Richard (Louisiana)

Blunt, Shelton Dennis (Louisiana)

Boudreaux, Bernard E. Jr. (Louisiana)

Brou, Denise M. (Louisiana)

Bullers, James M. (Louisiana)

Caldwell, James David (Louisiana)

Cassidy, Michael C. (Louisiana)

Caswell, Adam Gerard (Louisiana)

Coenen, William Robert Jr. (Louisiana)

Conrad, Beth Ann (Louisiana)

Coreil, C. Brent (Louisiana)

Dean, Stephen G. (Louisiana)

DeBlanc, Bertrand (Louisiana)

Dill, Pamela W (Louisiana)

Doughty, David P. (Louisiana)

Freel, Angelique Duhon (Louisiana)

Goudeau, Morgan J. III (Louisiana)

Green, Erika L. (Louisiana)

Gremillion, Jack P.F. (Louisiana)

Guice, Jon K (Louisiana)

Guste, William J. Jr. (Louisiana)

Hammonds, Robert L. (Louisiana)

Haney, J. Phil (Louisiana)

Henderson, Hal R. (Louisiana)

Henry, W. Craig (Louisiana)

Howard, Veronica Lynn (Louisiana)

Hunt, Joan E. (Louisiana)

Irvine, Dianne M. (Louisiana)

Jackson, Fred L. (Louisiana)

Johnson, John (Louisiana)

Johnston, J. Bennett Jr. (Louisiana)

Katz, Stephen J. (Louisiana)

Kavalir, Justin Kyle (Louisiana)

Kelly, Michael F. (Louisiana)

Kidd, Paul Henry (Louisiana)

Kostelka, Robert W. (Louisiana)

Kron, Harry Jr. (Louisiana)

Kron [inactive], Harry Jr (Louisiana)

Lafargue, David Edwin (Louisiana)

Langston, Beth Conrad (Louisiana)

Lato, Cherie Andries (Louisiana)

Lawrence, Leo Douglas (Louisiana)

Lee, James T. (Louisiana)

Lemoine, James P. (Louisiana)

Levy, Robert Wallace (Louisiana)

Lewis, R. Bradley (Louisiana)

Lottin, Lowen B. (Louisiana)

Madden, Ragan D. (Louisiana)

Magee, Norman (Louisiana)

McConnell, Charles E. (Louisiana)

McFerrin, Thomas Sr. (Louisiana)

McKee, Randy George (Louisiana)

Mongrue, Roy A. Jr. (Louisiana)

Morris, Dawn Lauren (Louisiana)

Noah, Elmer Gray II (Louisiana)

Pucheu, J. William (Louisiana)

Ray, Gail Horne (Louisiana)

Riddle, Charles A. III (Louisiana)

Roy, Cory P. (Louisiana)

Salter, Frank T. Jr. (Louisiana)

Sandoz, Lawrence B. Jr. (Louisiana)

Schuler, William P. (Louisiana)

Sills, Kenneth F. (Louisiana)

Speed, Clifton T. (Louisiana)

Stansbury, J. Nathan (Louisiana)

Starns, Remy V. (Louisiana)

Stelman, Irving Ward (Louisiana)

Subramanian, Uma M. (Louisiana)

Sutherland, Fred H. (Louisiana)

Talley, Mark L. (Louisiana)

Thornhill, Jessica M.P. (Louisiana)

Tucker, Knowles M. (Louisiana)

Voelker, Frank Jr. (Louisiana)

Ward, John F. Jr. (Louisiana)

Whitney, Katherine M. (Louisiana)

Wilton, Patricia Hill (Louisiana)

Woodruff, Calvin E. Jr. (Louisiana)

Wright, Jack Jr. (Louisiana)

Yelverton, Jack (Louisiana)

Other Attorney(s)

Awad, Christopher S. (District of Columbia)

Baier, Paul R. (Louisiana)

Baity, William F. (Louisiana)

Berman, Amy I. (District of Columbia)

Boatner, John Jr. (Louisiana)

Breen-Portnoy, Ceala Eloise (District of Columbia)

Broussard, Daniel E. (Louisiana)

Brown, Allison R. (District of Columbia)

Bruser, Henry B. III (Louisiana)

Buchko, John P (District of Columbia)

Burson, I. Jackson (Louisiana)

Chamblee, J Michael (Louisiana)

Christenbury, Edward S. (District of Columbia)

Clay, Kelly N. (Louisiana)

Cohen, Frances S. (Massachusetts)

Cooper, Thomas E. Jr. (Louisiana)

Daniel, Tamica (District of Columbia)

Dardeau, Wayne N. (Louisiana)

Domingue, Lamont P. (Louisiana)

Doran, Pride J. (Louisiana)

Dorris, Evanjerl (District of Columbia)

Dougherty, Salliann S. M. (District of Columbia)

Downs, Amanda M. (District of Columbia)

Flanagan, William J. (Louisiana)

Fleshman, Edwin W. (Louisiana)

Forest, George J. (Louisiana)

Foti, Charles C. Jr. (Louisiana)

Frank, Mack Irvin (Louisiana)

Gardner, Kelly D. (District of Columbia)

Gaupp, John (Louisiana)

Gibson, James H. (Louisiana)

Giovingo, Wendy E.W. (Louisiana)

Halpin, Stanley (Louisiana)

Hammett, W David (Louisiana)

Hanchey, Ben R. (Louisiana)

Hardlicks, James Carl (Louisiana)

Hawthorne, G. Trippe (Louisiana)

Hoang, Hoai Thanh (Louisiana)

Huckaby, Hillary III (Louisiana)

Ieyoub, Richard P. (Louisiana)

Jeansonne, Mark A. (Louisiana)

Kathburn, J Kendall (Louisiana)

Keene, J. Ransdell (Louisiana)

Kincade, Charles L. (Louisiana)

Kneipp, Donald L. (Louisiana)

Kreamer, Charles M. (Louisiana)

Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)

Lane, Lara A. (Louisiana)

Larvadain, Malcom Xerxes (Virginia)

Lestage, David R. (Louisiana)

Lydick, John (Louisiana)

Manuel, B.J. (Louisiana)

Maranzano, Jennifer L. (District of Columbia)

McGee, Daniel J. (Louisiana)

McLure, John Gutierrez (Louisiana)

Meyers, Gregg (South Carolina)

Mudrick, Mary J. (Louisiana)

Nowlin, Matthew Louis (Louisiana)

Ollivierre, Ethel (District of Columbia)

Parham, Anne C (District of Columbia)

Patin, Charles L Jr. (Louisiana)

Pecantte-Burton, Lucretia P. (Louisiana)

Petre, Richard Joseph Jr. (Louisiana)

Powell-Lexing, Carol D. (Louisiana)

Rabalais, Rodney M. (Louisiana)

Reibman, Edward D. (District of Columbia)

Rogers, Laura Kym Davis (District of Columbia)

Rountree, James A. (Louisiana)

Savoy, Arthur (Louisiana)

Schwab, John (Louisiana)

Schwartz, Alyson R. (District of Columbia)

Shadoin, Robert E. (Louisiana)

Shemwell, Robert H. (Louisiana)

Soileau, Donald (Louisiana)

Storms, Tyler G. (Louisiana)

Street, William M. (Louisiana)

Thomas, David Jeffery (Louisiana)

Wallace, Arthur M. (Louisiana)

Walter, Donald Ellsworth (Louisiana)

Washington, Donald W. (District of Columbia)

Watson, William Brooks (Louisiana)

Whitten, Leon H. (Louisiana)

Willard, Richard K. (District of Columbia)

Wolleson, P. Scott (Louisiana)

Wood, Christie C (Louisiana)

Woodard, Russell A. Jr. (Louisiana)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Bates, Percy (Michigan)

Perry, Ronald J. (Other)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document
1

Jones v. Caddo Parish Original Docket

May 4, 1965 Docket
496

Docket

Trahan v. Lafayette Parish

April 2, 1974 Docket
1

Docket

Thomas v. St. Martin Parish

Dec. 9, 1975 Docket
1

Docket

Celestain v. Vermilion Parish School Board

Nov. 15, 1976 Docket
1

Docket

Boudreaux v. St. Mary Parish

Dec. 8, 1983 Docket
128

Docket

Monteilh v. St. Landry Parish

Jan. 29, 1993 Docket
516

Docket

Valley v. Rapides Parish School Board

July 29, 1996 Docket
51

Docket

Taylor v. Ouachita Parish

Aug. 21, 1997 Docket
224

Graham v. Evangeline Parish School Board Original Docket

June 29, 1998 Docket
1

Docket

USA v. Avoyelles Parish

April 15, 2005 Docket

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

PAPER DOCKET SHEET of filings through 9/7/05 (crt,Franklin, K) (Entered: 09/08/2005)

Sept. 8, 2005
2

MEMORANDUM RULING re Motion and Order for Leave to File Petition for Intervention per Rule 24. Motion to Intervene is DENIED. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 09/14/05. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 09/14/2005)

Sept. 14, 2005
3

ORDER DENYING Motion and Order for Leave to File Petition for Intervention per Rule 24. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 09/14/05. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 09/14/2005)

Sept. 14, 2005
4

DEFICIENT MOTION to Intervene consent sought but not obtained by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B, # 3 Text of Proposed Order)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) Modified on 5/19/2008 to reflect deficient status (Keifer, K). Modified on 5/20/2008 to remove "?"; motion refiled in its entirety as doc 6 (Keifer, K). (Entered: 05/15/2008)

May 15, 2008
5

NOTICE of Deficiency to Donald L Kneipp on behalf of D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc regarding 4 MOTION to Intervene consent sought but not obtained. Reason: 1) Leave of court is required for the filing of a petition of intervention; and 2) A motion for leave to file must be accompanied by the proposed pleading. (crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 05/19/2008)

May 19, 2008
6

MOTION to Intervene filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc with consent sought but not obtained. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order, # 2 Proposed pleading, # 3 Proposed Exhibit A, # 4 Proposed Exhibit B)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) Modified on 5/20/2008 to more accurately identify pleading submitted and to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 05/20/2008)

May 20, 2008
7

MINUTE ENTRY: re 6 MOTION to Intervene filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. Prior to ruling on the Motion, the Court will conduct a status conference with counsel for D'Arbonne Woods School, the Union Parish School Board, and counsel for any other interested party. District Judge Telephone Status Conference set for 5/23/2008 at 10:00 AM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Judge Robert G James. Counsel for D'Arbonne Woods School will initiate the conference call and contact Chambers at 318−322−6230 when all counsel are present. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 5/21/08. (crt,DickersonSealed, D) (Entered: 05/21/2008)

May 21, 2008
8

ORDER granting 6 Motion to Intervene. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 05/23/08. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 05/23/2008)

May 23, 2008
9

MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B)(crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 05/23/2008)

May 23, 2008
10

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 5/23/2008. The School Board will file its response to the Motion for Authorization no later than June 20, 2008. Once the Court receives the School Board's memorandum, it will set an additional status conference if the Court deems one necessary. If D'Arbonne Woods School wishes to file a reply memorandum, it may do so no later than July 1, 2008. The Court set an evidentiary hearing on the Motion for Authorization for July 11, 2008 at 10:00 AM. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 05/23/2008)

May 23, 2008

Set Deadlines/Hearings: Compliance Deadline for the School Board to file its response to the Motion for Authorization set for 6/20/2008. Second Compliance Deadline for D'Arbonne Woods School to file a reply memorandum set for 7/1/2008. Evidentiary Hearing on the Motion for Authorization set for 7/11/2008 10:00 AM before Judge Robert G James. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 05/23/2008)

May 23, 2008
12

MOTION to Withdraw Robert McLeod as Attorney by Taylor Cleveland and Gloria Faye Maddox. (aty,Verlander, David) Modified on 6/24/2008 to indicate proposed order included within pdf of main document (Keifer, K). (Entered: 06/24/2008)

June 24, 2008
13

DEFICIENT SUPPLEMENT to RESPONSE to Motion re 6 MOTION to Intervene, 9 MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by School Board Union Parish. (aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 6/27/2008 to reflect deficient status (Reasor, Mary). Modified on 7/1/2008 to remove "?"; motion and proposed pleading filed as document 15 (Keifer, K). (Entered: 06/27/2008)

June 27, 2008
14

NOTICE of Deficiency to Stephen J Katz on behalf of School Board Union Parish regarding 13 Response to Motion,. Reason: Leave of court has not been granted for the filing of this supplemental memorandum. (crt,Reasor, Mary) (Entered: 06/27/2008)

June 27, 2008
15

MOTION for Leave to File Supplement To Initial Response with consent by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed pleading)(aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 7/1/2008 to indicate proposed order filed as document 16 (Keifer, K). (Entered: 06/30/2008)

June 30, 2008
16

PROPOSED ORDER/JUDGMENT by School Board Union Parish re 15 Motion for Leave to File. (aty,Katz, Stephen) (Entered: 06/30/2008)

June 30, 2008
17

ORDER granting 12 Motion to Withdraw as Attorney. Attorney Robert P McLeod, David E Verlander, III and the law firm of McLeod Verlander terminated. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 6/30/2008. (crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 07/01/2008)

July 1, 2008
18

MINUTE ENTRY: Upon the unopposed request of counsel for D'Arbonne Woods School, the Court hereby extends the deadline for filing a reply memorandum until July 2, 2008. ( Compliance Deadline reset for 7/2/2008). Signed by Judge Robert G James on 7/1/08. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 07/01/2008)

July 1, 2008
19

ORDER granting 15 Motion for Leave to File response. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 7/2/08. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 07/02/2008)

July 2, 2008
20

SUPPLEMENT TO INITIAL RESPONSE to Motion re 6 MOTION to Intervene and 9 MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by School Board Union Parish. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 07/02/2008)

July 2, 2008
21

MEMORANDUM in Support re 9 MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) (Entered: 07/02/2008)

July 2, 2008
22

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCES held on 7/11/2008, MOTION HEARING held on 7/11/2008 re 9 MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Court Reporter: Debbie Lowery) (Attachments: # 1 List of Exhibits, # 2 SEALED List of Witnesses) (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 07/11/2008)

July 11, 2008
23

EXHIBITS in Opposition to 9 MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 07/11/2008)

July 11, 2008
24

ELECTRONIC MINUTE ENTRY: A Status Conference is set for 7/15/2008 at 3:00 PM in Monroe, in Chambers, before Judge Robert G James. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 07/15/08. (crt,Floyd, J) (Entered: 07/15/2008)

July 15, 2008
25

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 7/15/2008. The Court notified counsel that the Motion for Authorization will be denied. A written ruling and order will be filed shortly. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 07/16/2008)

July 15, 2008
26

MEMORANDUM RULING re 9 MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 07/16/08. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 07/16/2008)

July 16, 2008
28

ELECTRONIC MINUTE ENTRY: A Status Conference is hereby set for 8/6/2008 at 1:30 PM in Monroe, 2nd Floor Chambers, before Judge Robert G James. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 07/22/08. (crt,Floyd, J) (Entered: 07/22/2008)

July 22, 2008

Set/Reset Hearings: District Judge Status Conference set for 8/6/2008 at 1:30 PM in Monroe, 2nd Floor Chambers before Judge Robert G James. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 07/23/2008)

July 22, 2008
29

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 8/6/2008. As a result of the conference, the Court will issue separately a modification to the February 11, 1970 Decree reporting requirements. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 08/07/2008)

Aug. 6, 2008
30

MEMORANDUM ORDER: After consultation with counsel for Union Parish School Board and representatives, the Court finds that it would further and promote desegregation efforts to modify the reporting requirements contained in the February 11, 1970 Decree. IT IS ORDERED that the February 11, 1970 Decree and the Orders of August 3, 1979; August 14, 2001; and July 20, 2005, be AMENDED as stated in this Order. All other provisions of the February 11, 1970 Decree, as modified, remain in place. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 8/7/08. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 08/07/2008)

Aug. 7, 2008
31

NOTICE OF APPEAL as to 27 Order on Motion for Miscellaneous Relief by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. Filing fee: $ 455, receipt number 05360000000000886367. (aty,Kneipp, Donald) (Entered: 08/14/2008)

Aug. 14, 2008

Clerk forwarded transcript order form re 31 Notice of Appeal to Donald Kneipp, attorney for appellant. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 08/14/2008)

Aug. 14, 2008
32

TRANSCRIPT REQUEST by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc for Status Conferences and Motion Hearings held on 7/11/08 before Judge James, to Court Reporter Debbie Lowery, re 31 Notice of Appeal. Transcript due by 9/25/2008. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 08/27/2008)

Aug. 25, 2008
33

USCA Case Number 08−30829 for 31 Notice of Appeal filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 09/04/2008)

Sept. 2, 2008
34

TRANSCRIPT filed for Motion Hearing held on July 11, 2008 before Judge Robert G. James, re 31 Notice of Appeal. Court Reporter/Transcriber Debbie Lowery, Telephone number 318−361−0380. Pages: 73. Transcript may be viewed at the court public terminal or purchased through the Court Reporter/Transcriber before the deadline for Release of Transcript Restriction. After that date it may be obtained through PACER. Redaction Request due 10/2/2008. Redacted Transcript Deadline set for 10/14/2008. Release of Transcript Restriction set for 12/10/2008. (crt,Lowery, D) (Entered: 09/11/2008)

Sept. 11, 2008
35

Signed Certificate Page re 34 Appeal Transcript. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 9/17/2008 to correct document description (Crawford, A). (Entered: 09/17/2008)

Sept. 17, 2008
36

DISREGARD: DOCKETED IN ERROR: MOTION for Leave to File by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order, # 2 Memorandum / Brief)(crt,LundySealed, N) (Entered: 09/23/2008)

Sept. 23, 2008

ADMINISTRATIVE ENTRY: DISREGARD DOC # 36 , DOCKETED IN ERROR. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 09/23/2008)

Sept. 23, 2008
37

CERTIFIED Record on Appeal to US Court of Appeals re 31 Notice of Appeal (3 Volumes of Non−electronic Records; 1 Volume of Electronic Record; 1 Volume of Transcript; 1 env. w/sealed attachment to doc. # 22). Paper record held in District Clerk's office. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 09/26/2008)

Sept. 26, 2008
38

NOTICE by School Board Union Parish of Filing of Annual Report (aty,Katz, Stephen) (Entered: 10/08/2008)

Oct. 8, 2008
39

MINUTE ENTRY: re 30 Memorandum Order. The Court has reviewed the annual report filed in compliance with the Court's August 7, 2008 Order. Any party desiring an additional conference to discuss the status of the case or the steps for achieving unitary status may file the appropriate motion. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 11/3/08. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/04/2008)

Nov. 4, 2008
40

RECORD ON APPEAL re 31 Notice of Appeal RECEIVED in Clerk's office. Placed record on appeals shelf. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 11/17/2008)

Nov. 14, 2008

NOTICE of Corrective Action regarding 40 Appeal Remark. Action taken: Deleted the pdf document attached to docket entry 40. There is no pdf document associated with docket entry 40. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 11/17/2008)

Nov. 17, 2008

TRANSMITTED Record on Appeal to US Court of Appeals re 31 Notice of Appeal (3 Volumes of Non−electronic Records; 1 Volume of Electronic Record; 1 Volume of Transcript; 1 env. w/sealed attachment to doc. # 22). (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 11/21/2008)

Nov. 21, 2008
41

MINUTE ENTRY: The Court understands that D'Arbonne Woods School is currently taking steps to apply for authorization for the 200−2010 school year. The Court would like to discuss the anticipated application with counsel for D'Arbonne Woods School and the Union Parish School Board to address the concerns of the Court and all parties. District Judge Telephone Status Conference set for 2/4/2009 at 3:00 PM before Judge Robert G James. Counsel for D'Arbonne Woods School will initiate the conference call and contact Chambers at 318−322−6230 when all counsel and interested parties are present. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 1/27/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 01/27/2009)

Jan. 27, 2009
42

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: TELEPHONE STATUS CONFERENCE held on 2/4/2009 to discuss the possible application of D'Arbonne Woods Charter School, Inc a/k/a D'Arbonne Woods Charter School, a Louisiana Corporation for authorization to operate as a Type II Charter School in Union Parish for the 2009−2010 school year. If D'Arbonne Woods School desires to file a new application, it should do so as soon as possible, so that it has a realistic opportunity to address any of the Court's concerns. Counsel for the School Board conveyed that his client would also appreciate notice as soon as possible for its planning purposes. Mr. Kneipp and Mr. Katz will advise their clients of the Court's concerns and will contact the Court if they wish to have a status conference. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 02/04/2009)

Feb. 4, 2009
43

MOTION to Amend/Correct with consent sought but not obtained with attached Certificate of Mailing by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Affidavit, # 2 Order)(aty,Katz, Stephen) (Entered: 03/02/2009)

March 2, 2009
44

ORDER granting 43 Motion to Amend/Correct Consent Decree. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 3/3/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 03/03/2009)

March 3, 2009
45

MINUTE ENTRY: re 42 Status Conference. A District Judge Status Conference is set for April 20, 2009 at 3:00 PM before Judge Robert G James. Counsel for D'Arbonne Woods School and for the Union Parish School Board should attend in person. Counsel may bring representatives from their respective clients if they wish. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 3/5/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 03/05/2009)

March 5, 2009

Set/Reset Hearings: District Judge Status Conference set for 3/20/2009 at 3:00 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Judge Robert G James. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 04/17/2009)

March 5, 2009
46

ELECTRONIC MINUTE ENTRY: District Judge Status Conference set for 3/27/2009 at 11:00 AM in Monroe, 2nd floor Chambers, before Judge Robert G James. Mr. Kneipp, Mr. Katz, and Mr. Dozier, Union Parish School Board Superintendent, are requested to participate. Parties may participate by telephone or in person. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 03/26/09. (crt,Floyd, J) (Entered: 03/26/2009)

March 26, 2009
47

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 3/27/2009 to discuss the application of D'Arbonne Woods Charter School, Inc. A/K/A D'Arbonne Woods Charter School a Louisiana Corporation, for authorization to operate as a Type II Charter School in Union Parish for the 2009 − 2010 school year. There was discussion regarding the steps D'Arbonne Woods has taken to comply with the desegregation order and in preparation of its application. Mr. Kneipp agreed to provide the Court and the School Board with all pertinent materials as soon as possible prior to the April 6, 2009 meeting of the School Board. The Court will schedule another status conference to be held after the School Board has had an opportunity to review and discuss the materials. There was additional discussion regarding the School Board's efforts to consolidate schools and to comply with the desegregation order. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 03/27/2009)

March 27, 2009
48

Second MOTION for Leave to File Second Motion to Intervene and Second Motion for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish with consent sought but not obtained by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order, # 2 Proposed Motion)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) Modified on 4/16/2009 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 04/16/2009)

April 16, 2009

Set/Reset Hearings: District Judge Status Conference set for 4/20/2009 at 3:00 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Judge Robert G James. Correcting status conference date in docket entry of 3/5/09 entered on 4/17/09. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 04/20/2009)

April 20, 2009
49

ORDER granting 48 Motion for Leave to File Second Motion to Intervene and Second Motion for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 4/17/2009. (crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 04/20/2009)

April 20, 2009
50

Second MOTION to Intervene, Second MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Affidavit)(crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 04/20/2009)

April 20, 2009
51

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 4/21/2009. After a lengthy discussion, the Court scheduled a hearing on DWS's 50 Second Motion for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish. Hearing set for 5/19/2009 at 10:00 AM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Judge Robert G James. The parties will cooperate in the exchange of discovery. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 04/21/2009)

April 21, 2009
52

ORDER granting in part 50 Second Motion to Intervene, Second Motion for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish. DWS is permitted to intervene in this matter for the sole purpose of seeking authorization of the operation of a charter school. The Court will DEFER consideration of the Motion for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish until all briefing is complete and the hearing, set for 5/19/2009, is conducted. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 4/20/2009. (crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 04/21/2009)

April 21, 2009
53

RESPONSE to Motion re 50 Second MOTION to Intervene MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 5/4/2009 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 05/04/2009)

May 4, 2009
54

MOTION to exempt minority applicants from lottery by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) Modified on 5/19/2009 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 05/18/2009)

May 18, 2009
55

ORDER granting 54 Motion to exempt the minority applicants. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 5/19/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 05/19/2009)

May 19, 2009
56

MINUTES for proceedings held before Judge Robert G James: MOTION HEARING held on 5/19/2009 re 50 MOTION to Intervene MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. After testimony and evidence the Court took this matter under advisement. A ruling will issue in due course. (Court Reporter: Debbie Lowery) (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 05/19/2009)

May 19, 2009
57

EXHIBIT LIST by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc from motion hearing. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Additional attachment(s) added on 11/17/2017: # 1 Exhibits) (Crawford, A). (Entered: 05/19/2009)

May 19, 2009
58

WITNESS LIST filed (restricted access) by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc at motion hearing. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 05/19/2009)

May 19, 2009
59

RULING: For the reasons set forth in this ruling, the Court GRANTS 50 MOTION to Intervene MOTION for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 5/27/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 05/27/2009)

May 27, 2009
60

ORDER: For the reasons set forth in this Court's Ruling 59 , IT IS ORDERED that 50 Motion to Intervene and for Authorization to Operate a Charter School in Union Parish is GRANTED. DWS may begin operation in the 2009−2010 school year, subject to the following conditions listed in this order. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 5/27/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 05/27/2009)

May 27, 2009
61

USCA JUDGMENT/MANDATE (certified copy) as to 31 Notice of Appeal filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc that the motion to dismiss appeal is GRANTED and this appeal is DISMISSED. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 07/27/2009)

July 20, 2009

APPEAL RECORD RETURNED: ( 3 Volumes of Non−Electronic Records; 1 Containers of Exhibits; 1 sealed env.). The electronic copy of the record has been recycled. (crt,Lundy, N) (Entered: 07/30/2009)

July 30, 2009
62

MOTION for Reconsideration from Order of May 27, 2009 by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum In Support of Motion, # 2 Consent Certificate − Opposition)(aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 8/3/2009 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 08/03/2009)

Aug. 3, 2009
63

MOTION to Expedite consideration of 62 MOTION for Reconsideration with Certificate of Service attached by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Katz, Stephen) (Entered: 08/03/2009)

Aug. 3, 2009
64

NOTICE of Motion Setting regarding 62 MOTION for Reconsideration from Order of May 27, 2009. Motions referred to Robert G James. (crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 08/03/2009)

Aug. 3, 2009
65

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 8/4/2009. The parties tentatively agreed to meet privately to discuss settlement. A Hearing as to 62 MOTION for Reconsideration from Order of May 27, 2009 was set for 8/5/2009 at 1:30 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Chief Judge Robert G James. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 08/04/2009)

Aug. 4, 2009
66

ORDER granting 63 Motion to Expedite. A hearing on the motion for reconsideration is set for August 5, 2009 at 1:30 PM in the second floor courtroom of the United States Courthouse, 201 Jackson Street, Monroe, Louisiana. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 8/4/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 08/04/2009)

Aug. 4, 2009
67

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: IN CHAMBERS CONFERENCE and MOTION HEARING held on 8/5/2009 re 62 MOTION for Reconsideration from Order of May 27, 2009 filed by School Board Union Parish. After discussions with counsel, the Court takes this matter under advisement. There was an Oral Motion to Enroll David J. Thomas as additional counsel for D'Arbonne Woods Charter School. The Court granted the motion. (Court Reporter: Debbie Lowery) (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 08/06/2009)

Aug. 5, 2009
68

EXHIBIT LIST by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc filed at motion hearing of 8/5/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Additional attachment(s) added on 11/17/2017: # 1 Exhibits) (Crawford, A). (Entered: 08/06/2009)

Aug. 5, 2009
69

ORAL MOTION at hearing for David J. Thomas to Enroll as Additional Counsel by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 08/06/2009)

Aug. 5, 2009
70

ORAL ORDER granting 69 Motion to Enroll as Counsel. Added as additional counsel David Jeffery Thomas for D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 8/5/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 08/06/2009)

Aug. 5, 2009
71

RULING re 62 MOTION for Reconsideration from Order of May 27, 2009 filed by School Board Union Parish. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 8/12/09. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 08/12/2009)

Aug. 12, 2009
72

ORDER: For the reasons set forth in this Court's Ruling 71 the Court grants in part and denies in part 62 MOTION for Reconsideration from Order of May 27, 2009 filed by School Board Union Parish. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 8/12/09. (crt,Dickerson, D) (Entered: 08/12/2009)

Aug. 12, 2009
74

NOTICE of Deficiency to Stephen J Katz on behalf of School Board Union Parish regarding 73 Response Annual Report. Reason: This document is not accompanied by a certificate of service. (crt,Keifer, K) (Entered: 10/13/2009)

Oct. 13, 2009
75

RESPONSE Annual Report by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc re 60 Order on Motion for Miscellaneous Relief,. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) (Entered: 10/15/2009)

Oct. 15, 2009
76

CORRECTIVE DOCUMENT entitled Certificate Of Service Of Union Parish School Board's Annual Report Pursuant To Memorandum Order Of August 7, 2008 filed by School Board Union Parish regarding 73 Response. (aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 10/16/2009 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 10/15/2009)

Oct. 15, 2009
77

MINUTE ENTRY: District Judge Status Conference set for 12/2/2009 at 10:00 AM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Chief Judge Robert G James. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/5/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/06/2009)

Nov. 6, 2009
78

RESPONSE First Supplemental and Amended Annual Report by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc re 60 Order on Motion for Miscellaneous Relief,. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) (Entered: 11/11/2009)

Nov. 11, 2009
79

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 12/2/2009. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 12/04/2009)

Dec. 2, 2009
80

MINUTE ENTRY re 79 Status Conference. The Court previously conducted a status conference in Chambers in the above−referenced matter on December 2, 2009. During the conference, it was indicated that some Union Parish schools might need substantial repairs or improvements. The Court is of the opinion that the Union Parish School Board would need to seek Court approval prior to undertaking any such actions. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 12/16/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 12/16/2009)

Dec. 16, 2009
81

STATUS REPORT Union Parish School Board's Report Submitted Pursuant to Minute Entry of 12/2/2009 by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Katz, Stephen) (Entered: 02/10/2010)

Feb. 10, 2010
82

STATUS REPORT by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) (Entered: 02/15/2010)

Feb. 15, 2010
83

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 6/24/2010. There was some discussion of Mr. Hefner's report, his recommendations, and scheduling. The School Board anticipates filing by next week a motion for authorization based on Mr. Hefner's report. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 06/24/2010)

June 24, 2010
84

MOTION to Amend/Correct with consent sought but not obtained by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits, # 2 Proposed Order)(aty,Katz, Stephen) (Entered: 06/25/2010)

June 25, 2010
85

MEMORANDUM ORDER denying 84 Motion to Amend/Correct. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 7/2/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 07/02/2010)

July 2, 2010
86

Supplemental MOTION to Amend/Correct 84 MOTION to Amend/Correct by School Board Union Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 7/14/2010 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 07/13/2010)

July 13, 2010
87

ORDER granting 86 Motion to Amend/Correct. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 7/14/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 07/14/2010)

July 14, 2010
88

RESPONSE Union Parish School Board's Annual Report by School Board Union Parish re 30 Memorandum Order. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Katz, Stephen) Modified on 9/29/2010 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 09/28/2010)

Sept. 28, 2010
90

MINUTE ENTRY: setting Status Conference for 11/3/2010 02:00 PM in Chambers before Chief Judge Robert G James. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/08/10. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 10/08/2010)

Oct. 8, 2010
91

STATUS REPORT Annual Report by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) (Entered: 10/13/2010)

Oct. 13, 2010
92

MINUTE ENTRY: re 91 Status Report filed by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc. While DWS has complied with the Court's reporting requirements for teachers, DWS's Exhibit A identifies students as "minority" and "non−minority," rather than by race. DWS is required to amend its report by Monday, October 18, 2010, to identify students by race ( Compliance Deadline set for 10/18/2010). Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/14/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 10/14/2010)

Oct. 14, 2010
93

STATUS REPORT Amended Annual Report by D'Arbonne Woods Charter School Inc in response to 92 Minute Entry. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Kneipp, Donald) Modified on 10/15/2010 to edit text (Keifer, K). (Entered: 10/15/2010)

Oct. 15, 2010
94

MINUTE ENTRY: District Judge Status Conference set in the D'Arbonne Woods Charter School matter for 11/3/2010 at 1:00 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Chief Judge Robert G James. Only counsel for D'Arbonne Woods Charter School and counsel for Union Parish School Board shall participate in this conference. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/21/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 10/21/2010)

Oct. 21, 2010
95

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 11/3/2010. There was discussion on further steps the School Board could take to achieve unitary status. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 11/04/2010)

Nov. 3, 2010

State / Territory: Louisiana

Case Type(s):

School Desegregation

Key Dates

Filing Date: 1965

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Plaintiffs included both private plaintiffs and the U.S. Department of Justice.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Lake Charles School Board (Lake Charles, Calcasieu), School District

Bossier Parish School Board (Benton, Bossier), School District

Jefferson Davis Parish School Board (Jennings, Jefferson Davis), School District

Lafayette Parish School Board (Lafayette, Lafayette), School District

St. Landry Parish School Board (Opelousas, St. Landry), School District

Rapides Parish School Board (Alexandria, Rapides), School District

Evangeline Parish School Board (Ville Platte, Evangeline), School District

Natchitoches Parish School Board (Natchitoches, Natchitoches), School District

Caddo Parish School Board (Shreveport, Caddo), School District

Acadia Parish School Board (Crowley, Acadia), School District

Iberia Parish School Board (New Iberia, Iberia), School District

Jackson Parish School Board (Jonesboro, Jackson), School District

City of Monroe (Monroe, Ouachita), City

Claiborne Parish School Board (Homer, Claiborne), School District

St. Martin Parish School Board (St. Martinville, St. Martin), School District

Madison Parish School Board (Tallulah, Madison), School District

St. Mary Parish School Board (Centerville, St. Mary), School District

Webster Parish School Board (Minden, Webster), School District

Concordia Parish School Board (Vidalia, Concordia), School District

Vermilion Parish School Board (Abbeville, Vermilion), School District

Lincoln Parish School Board (Ruston, Lincoln), School District

Richland Parish School Board (Rayville, Richland), School District

Ouachita Parish School Board (Monroe, Ouachita), School District

Bienville Parish School Board (Arcadia, Bienville), School District

Grant Parish School Board (Colfax, Grant), School District

DeSoto Parish School Board (Mansfield, De Soto), School District

Avoyelles Parish School Board (Marksville, Avoyelles), School District

East Carroll Parish School Board (Lake Providence, East Carroll), School District

Winn Parish School Board (Winnfield, Winn), School District

St. Helena Parish School Board (Greensburg, St. Helena), School District

Union Parish School Board (Farmerville, Union), School District

West Carroll Parish School Board (Oak Grove, West Carroll), School District

Morehouse Parish School Board (Bastrop, Morehouse), School District

Catahoula Parish School Board (Harrisonburg, Catahoula), School District

Sabine Parish School Board (Many, Sabine), School District

Defendant Type(s):

Jurisdiction-wide

Elementary/Secondary School

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Litigation

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief granted

Busing

Student assignment

Hire

Discrimination Prohibition

Develop anti-discrimination policy

Reporting

Monitor/Master

Recordkeeping

Monitoring

Goals (e.g., for hiring, admissions)

Required disclosure

Training

Issues

General:

Buildings

Disciplinary procedures

Disparate Impact

Disparate Treatment

Education

Language access/needs

Racial segregation

School/University Facilities

School/University policies

Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)

Transportation

Discrimination-basis:

Race discrimination

Race:

Black

Type of Facility:

Government-run