Case: Johnson v. Jackson Parish School Board

3:65-cv-11130 | U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana

Filed Date: June 2, 1965

Closed Date: 2018

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

BackgroundOn June 2, 1965, African-American students in Jackson Parish, Louisiana, filed this school desegregation lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana. The plaintiffs sued the Jackson Parish School Board to enjoin the operation of a racially segregated school system in the parish. At various times during its lengthy history, this case involved consolidated hearings with parallel school desegregation cases from Alabama and other parts of Louisiana.The plainti…

Background

On June 2, 1965, African-American students in Jackson Parish, Louisiana, filed this school desegregation lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana. The plaintiffs sued the Jackson Parish School Board to enjoin the operation of a racially segregated school system in the parish. At various times during its lengthy history, this case involved consolidated hearings with parallel school desegregation cases from Alabama and other parts of Louisiana.

The plaintiffs promptly moved for a preliminary injunction. On July 27, 1965, the court (Judge Benjamin C. Dawkins Jr.) ordered the Parish to terminate its compulsory system of racial segregation and propose a desegregation plan to the court, which the defendants submitted and to which the plaintiffs objected. On October 5, 1965, the court approved a “phased in” desegregation plan that permitted students in the 1st, 2nd, 11th and 12th grades to apply for transfer during a four-day window between January 3rd and January 7th, 1966. The plaintiffs were displeased with the court’s plan and, joined on February 7, 1966 by the United States as an intervenor-plaintiff, appealed to the Fifth Circuit.

Consolidated Appeals

The February 1966 appeal began a period in which this case was consolidated in a series of appeals that defined the Fifth Circuit’s approach to school desegregation. In the first appeal, the Fifth Circuit rejected the school districts’ basic argument that Brown v. Board of Education required only that African-American children be allowed to apply for admission to white schools. Instead, the Fifth Circuit declared that “[t]he only school desegregation plan that meets constitutional standards is one that works.” It remanded the cases for the district courts to desegregate more effectively. United States v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 372 F.2d 836. The Fifth Circuit then re-heard the case en banc. The en banc court affirmed the panel’s opinion and clarified that school districts have an affirmative duty to desegregate. United States v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 380 F.2d 385. For more details on the lead case in the consolidated litigation (from Alabama, then part of the Fifth Circuit), please see the case page in the Clearinghouse.

On remand in 1967, the district court issued new injunctions requiring action on desegregation. The United States was not satisfied with the new injunction’s contents and appealed on August 2, 1968. Moreover, the legal landscape had shifted in the plaintiffs’ favor: the Supreme Court in Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, 391 U.S. 430 (1968), had expressed frustration at the inadequacy of freedom of choice plans.

This case was again consolidated on appeal, and the Fifth Circuit curtailed the use of freedom of choice plans. Adams v. Mathews, 403 F.2d 181 (1968). The consolidated cases were remanded to a three-judge district court that nevertheless approved freedom of choice plans in this and 28 other cases on November 14, 1968. Conley v. Lake Charles School Board, 293 F. Supp. 84 (W.D. La. 1968). That produced another appeal, and on May 28, 1969, the Fifth Circuit definitively ruled that freedom of choice plans were inadequate to achieve desegregation of public schools. Hall v. St. Helena Parish School Board, 417 F.2d 801 (1969). For more information on the Lake Charles case, see the case page in the Clearinghouse. For more information on the St. Helena case, please see the case page in the Clearinghouse.

On August 4, 1969, the district court approved another desegregation plan submitted by the Jackson School Board. The August 1969 desegregation adjusted busing rules and named formerly African-American schools to be closed for the 1970-71 school year. The plaintiffs appealed, alleging that these plans did not establish racially unitary school systems. On December 9, 1969, the Fifth Circuit reversed the district court’s approval of desegregation plans in Jackson and three other parishes, again remanding to the district court to choose desegregation plans that would establish unitary school systems. Johnson v. Jackson Parish School Board, 420 F.2d 692 (1969).

Individual Appeals

The district court approved another desegregation plan on January 27, 1970 after the Supreme Court ruled in Carter v. West Feliciana Parish, 396 U.S. 290 (1970) that there would be no deferral of integration. The January 27, 1970 desegregation plan called for closing three previously all-African American schools and using geographic zoning to integrate the remaining schools. The desegregation plans and court orders did not mention the manner in which students were to be assigned to classes within the schools, which would allow a system of “integrated” schools with segregated classrooms. Upon re-hearing to clarify the December 9, 1969 ruling, the Fifth Circuit modified their mandate to ensure the School Boards would desegregate both the schools and the classrooms within the schools. Johnson v. Jackson Parish School Board, 423 F.2d 1055 (1970).

Consent Decree

On August 20, 1970, the district court issued a decree directing the defendants to take all reasonable and necessary steps to terminate the operation of a segregated school system and implement a unitary, non-segregated school system. The decree also required the School Board to file reports with the court until the court declared the school system to be unitary.

Since the 1970s, the School Board has continued to file reports with the district court. Over the years, the School Board has made several motions to change bus routes, consolidate schools and build new schools. On July 18, 2005, the students of Chatham School filed a motion to intervene, hoping to stop the Jackson Parish School Board from closing Chatham Japer Henderson High School. The district court denied the motion to intervene for a lack of standing on August 10, 2005.

On September 30, 2009, the School Board moved to clarify the court order after some confusion regarding the hiring of someone to fill the Supervisor of Federal Programs position, which was granted by Judge James on January 7, 2010. 2010 WL 102771.

On July 29, 2013, the court found that the School Board had demonstrated good-faith efforts to maintain nondiscriminatory operations in the areas of facilities, transportation, and extracurricular activities, and as such, unitary status was granted in those areas. 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 105973. This order did not affect areas including student assignment and faculty and staff assignment and hiring.

On September 30, 2009, the School Board moved to clarify the court order after some confusion regarding the hiring of someone to fill the Supervisor of Federal Programs position, which was granted by Judge James on January 7, 2010. 2010 WL 102771.

On July 29, 2013, the court found that the School Board had demonstrated good-faith efforts to maintain nondiscriminatory operations in the areas of facilities, transportation, and extracurricular activities, and as such, unitary status was granted in those areas. 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 105973. This order did not affect areas including student assignment and faculty and staff assignment and hiring.

On December 17, 2018, the School Board of Jackson Parish filed an unopposed motion for declaration of total unitary status and motion to dismiss. The next day, Judge Robert G. James granted the motion, finding that the Board had complied with the consent order in good faith and that it had fulfilled its desegregation obligations. Judge James dissolved all remaining injunctions and dismissed the case with prejudice. The case is now closed.

Available Opinions

U.S. v. Jefferson Cty. Bd. of Educ., 372 F.2d 836 (1966)

U.S. v. Jefferson Cty. Bd. of Educ., 380 F.2d 385 (1967)

Conley v. Lake Charles Sch. Bd., 293 F.Supp. 84 (1968)

Adams v. Mathews, 403 F.2d 181 (1968)

Hall v. St. Helena Parish Sch. Bd., 417 F.2d 801 (1969)

Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 420 F.2d 692 (1969)

Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 423 F.2d 1055 (1970)

Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 2010 WL 102771 (2010)

Johnson v. Jackson Parish Sch. Bd., 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 105973 (2013)

Summary Authors

Alaael-Deen Shilleh (4/30/2017)

Elizabeth Helpling (11/24/2019)

Related Cases

Hall and United States of America v. St. Helena Parish School Board, Middle District of Louisiana (1952)

U.S. v. Jefferson County Bd. of Ed./Stout v. Jefferson County Bd. of Ed., Northern District of Alabama (1965)

Conley v. Lake Charles School Board, Calcasieu Parish School Board, Western District of Louisiana (1964)

Related School Desegregation Cases in the Western District of Louisiana, Western District of Louisiana (1965)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4511179/parties/johnson-v-jackson-parish/


Judge(s)

Brown, John Robert (Louisiana)

Cabot, Ted (Florida)

Cox, William Harold (Mississippi)

Dawkins, Benjamin Cornwell Jr. (Louisiana)

Dyer, David William (Georgia)

Gewin, Walter Pettus (Alabama)

Godbold, John Cooper (Louisiana)

Goldberg, Irving Loeb (Louisiana)

Hayes, Karen L. (Louisiana)

Hunter, Edwin Ford Jr. (Louisiana)

Judge(s)

Brown, John Robert (Louisiana)

Cabot, Ted (Florida)

Cox, William Harold (Mississippi)

Dawkins, Benjamin Cornwell Jr. (Louisiana)

Dyer, David William (Georgia)

Gewin, Walter Pettus (Alabama)

Godbold, John Cooper (Louisiana)

Goldberg, Irving Loeb (Louisiana)

Hayes, Karen L. (Louisiana)

Hunter, Edwin Ford Jr. (Louisiana)

James, Robert Gillespie (Louisiana)

Morgan, Lewis Render (Georgia)

Putnam, Richard Johnson (Louisiana)

Thornberry, William Homer (Texas)

Wisdom, John Minor (Louisiana)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Bronstein, Alvin J. (Mississippi)

Cummings, Torey B. (District of Columbia)

Douglas, Nils R. (Louisiana)

Rachlin, Carl (New York)

Strickler, George Marion Jr. (Louisiana)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Baker, William H. (Louisiana)

Blanchard, John Richard (Louisiana)

Dill, Pamela W (Louisiana)

Guice, Jon K (Louisiana)

Hammonds, Robert L. (Louisiana)

Henderson, Hal R. (Louisiana)

Jackson, Fred L. (Louisiana)

Johnson, J. B. Jr. (Kentucky)

Whitten, Leon H. (Louisiana)

Other Attorney(s)

Barrett, St. John (District of Columbia)

Culpepper, Bobby L. (Louisiana)

Dallo, Amanda K. (District of Columbia)

Doar, John (District of Columbia)

Dunbaugh, Frank M. III (District of Columbia)

Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)

Marshall, Franz (District of Columbia)

Norman, David L. (District of Columbia)

Ollivierre, Ethel (District of Columbia)

Pergam, Albert S. (District of Columbia)

Rountree, James A. (Louisiana)

Shaheen, Edward L. (Louisiana)

Taylor, Lisa M. (District of Columbia)

Vincent, Katherine (Louisiana)

Walter, Donald Ellsworth (Louisiana)

Wilson, Ryan C (District of Columbia)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket

Dec. 1, 2008 Docket

Docket

Johnson v. Jackson Parish

Dec. 18, 2018 Docket

Brief for the United States of America, Intervenor

Johnson and United States of America v. Jackson Parish School Board

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

April 25, 1966 Pleading / Motion / Brief

[Order]

United States of America v. Jefferson County Board of Education

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

372 F.2d 836

Dec. 29, 1966 Order/Opinion

Opinion

United States of America v. Jefferson County Board of Education

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

380 F.2d 385

March 29, 1967 Order/Opinion

[Order]

Adams v. Mathews

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

403 F.2d 181

Aug. 20, 1968 Order/Opinion

[Order]

Conley v. Lake Charles School Board

293 F.Supp. 84

Nov. 14, 1968 Order/Opinion

[Order]

Hall v. St. Helena Parish School Board

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

417 F.2d 801

May 28, 1969 Order/Opinion

[Order]

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

420 F.2d 692

Dec. 9, 1969 Order/Opinion

[Order]

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

423 F.2d 1055

March 25, 1970 Order/Opinion

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4511179/johnson-v-jackson-parish/

Last updated May 13, 2022

ECF Number Description Date Link
2

MEMORANDUM ORDER: The Court, upon its own motion, hereby AMENDS the standing Decree and amendments as stated in this Order. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 08/14/08. (NOTE: This entry is made on the paper docket sheet as well.)(crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

Aug. 14, 2008 RECAP

CASE Assigned to Judge Robert G James. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

July 18, 2005
3

ANNUAL REPORT by School Board of Jackson Parish. (NOTE: This entry is made on the paper docket sheet as well.) (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

Oct. 10, 2008 PACER
2

MEMORANDUM ORDER: The Court, upon its own motion, hereby AMENDS the standing Decree and amendments as stated in this Order. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 08/14/08. (NOTE: This entry is made on the paper docket sheet as well.)(crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

Aug. 14, 2008
3

ANNUAL REPORT by School Board of Jackson Parish. (NOTE: This entry is made on the paper docket sheet as well.) (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

Oct. 10, 2008
4

MINUTE ENTRY: The Court has reviewed the 3 Annual Report filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. Any party desiring a conference to discuss the status of the case or steps for achieving unitary status may file the appropriate motion. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 11/03/08. (NOTE: This entry is made on the paper docket sheet as well.)(crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

Nov. 4, 2008 PACER
4

MINUTE ENTRY: The Court has reviewed the 3 Annual Report filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. Any party desiring a conference to discuss the status of the case or steps for achieving unitary status may file the appropriate motion. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 11/03/08. (NOTE: This entry is made on the paper docket

Nov. 4, 2008
1

PAPER DOCKET SHEET of filings through 12/01/008. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 04/27/2009)

Dec. 1, 2008 PACER
5

STATUS REPORT October 15, 2009 Annual Report by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 09/28/2009)

Sept. 28, 2009
5

STATUS REPORT October 15, 2009 Annual Report by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 09/28/2009)

Sept. 28, 2009 PACER
6

MOTION for Clarification of Court Order by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits A−C, # 2 Memorandum / Brief)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified text on 10/1/2009 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 09/30/2009)

Sept. 30, 2009
6

MOTION for Clarification of Court Order by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits A-C, # 2 Memorandum / Brief)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified text on 10/1/2009 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 09/30/2009)

Sept. 30, 2009 PACER
7

MOTION for Leave to File Memorandum by Bertha Robinson. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order, # 2 Proposed Pleading, # 3 Proposed Exhibit)(crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 10/16/2009)

Oct. 15, 2009 PACER
7

MOTION for Leave to File Memorandum by Bertha Robinson. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order, # 2 Proposed Pleading, # 3 Proposed Exhibit)(crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 10/16/2009)

Oct. 15, 2009
8

CONSENT to Exercise of Jurisdiction by US Magistrate Judge over 6 Motion for Clarification of Court Order by School Board of Jackson Parish, and USA. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to accurately reflect document filed(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER
8

CONSENT to Exercise of Jurisdiction by US Magistrate Judge over 6 Motion for Clarification of Court Order by School Board of Jackson Parish, and USA. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to accurately reflect document filed(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
9

FILED IN ERROR. ORDER REFERRING CASE to Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes for trial. Chief Judge Robert G James no longer assigned to case as presiding judge. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 10/20/09. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to indicate entry FILED IN ERROR(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
9

FILED IN ERROR. ORDER REFERRING CASE to Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes for trial. Chief Judge Robert G James no longer assigned to case as presiding judge. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 10/20/09. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to indicate entry FILED IN ERROR(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER
10

ORDER granting 7 Motion for Leave to File Memorandum. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 10/20/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER
10

ORDER granting 7 Motion for Leave to File Memorandum. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 10/20/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
11

RESPONSE to Motion re 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by Bertha Robinson. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
11

RESPONSE to Motion re 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by Bertha Robinson. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/20/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER

CASE Assigned to Chief Judge Robert G James. Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes no longer assigned to the case. (crt,Williams, L) (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
12

NOTICE of Corrective Action regarding 8 Consent to Trial Jurisdiction by US Magistrate Judge. Action taken: Docket text modified to more accurately reflect pleading filed. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to correct filing date(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER
12

NOTICE of Corrective Action regarding 8 Consent to Trial Jurisdiction by US Magistrate Judge. Action taken: Docket text modified to more accurately reflect pleading filed. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to correct filing date(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
13

NOTICE of Corrective Action regarding 9 Order Referring Case to Magistrate Judge. Action taken: Docket text modified to indicate order filed in error. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to correct filing date(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER
14

ORDER REFERRING MOTION: 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. ADMINISTRATIVE ENTRY as pleading electronically filed as 9 Order. Motions referred to Karen L Hayes. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/20/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009 PACER
13

NOTICE of Corrective Action regarding 9 Order Referring Case to Magistrate Judge. Action taken: Docket text modified to indicate order filed in error. (crt,Crawford, A) Modified on 10/21/2009 to correct filing date(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
14

ORDER REFERRING MOTION: 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. ADMINISTRATIVE ENTRY as pleading electronically filed as 9 Order. Motions referred to Karen L Hayes. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/20/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
15

STRICKEN DEFICIENT MOTION for Leave to File memo with consent sought but not obtained by Shirley McConnell. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Exhibits, # 2 Text of proposed order)(aty,Rountree, James) Modified to indicate pleading submitted is deficient on 10/21/2009 (Yocum, M). Modified on 11/16/2009 to add stricken text(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 21, 2009 PACER
16

NOTICE of Deficiency to James A Rountree on behalf of Shirley McConnell regarding 15 MOTION for Leave to File memo with consent sought but not obtained. Reason: A motion for leave to file must be accompanied by the proposed pleading. The court will not act on such a motion without reviewing the document sought to be filed. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 21, 2009 PACER

Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes assigned in referral capacity. (crt,Williams, L) (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 20, 2009
17

MEMORANDUM ORDER requesting the School Board file a copy of the order at issue, which it is now asking the court to clarify. Order due within next five business days. Once the order to be clarified is established, the court will likely require additional briefing and evidence. If the School Board fails to identify an order to be clarified, then the pending motion will be denied. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 10/22/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/22/2009)

Oct. 22, 2009 PACER
15

STRICKEN DEFICIENT MOTION for Leave to File memo with consent sought but not obtained by Shirley McConnell. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Exhibits, # 2 Text of proposed order)(aty,Rountree, James) Modified to indicate pleading submitted is deficient on 10/21/2009 (Yocum, M). Modified on 11/16/2009 to add stricken text(Crawford, A). (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 21, 2009
19

MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time to Fully Comply with Court's Order with consent sought but not obtained ; Response to Court's Order and Motion for Additional Time by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits A-E, # 2 Memorandum / Brief, # 3 Text of proposed order)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 10/29/2009)

Oct. 29, 2009 PACER
16

NOTICE of Deficiency to James A Rountree on behalf of Shirley McConnell regarding 15 MOTION for Leave to File memo with consent sought but not obtained. Reason: A motion for leave to file must be accompanied by the proposed pleading. The court will not act on such a motion without reviewing the document sought to be filed. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 10/21/2009)

Oct. 21, 2009
17

MEMORANDUM ORDER requesting the School Board file a copy of the order at issue, which it is now asking the court to clarify. Order due within next five business days. Once the order to be clarified is established, the court will likely require additional briefing and evidence. If the School Board fails to identify an order to be clarified, then the pending motion will be denied. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 10/22/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 10/22/2009)

Oct. 22, 2009
20

MINUTE ENTRY: re 5 Status Report filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. Having reviewed the annual report, the Court would like to discuss the possibility of the School Board moving toward unitary status and the termination of the litigation in this case. District Judge Status Conference set for 12/8/2009 at 1:00 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Chief Judge Robert G James. In addition to counsel, the Court requests the attendance of the Superintendent and the President of the School Board or his or her designee. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/12/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/12/2009)

Nov. 12, 2009 PACER
19

MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time to Fully Comply with Court's Order with consent sought but not obtained ; Response to Court's Order and Motion for Additional Time by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits A−E, # 2 Memorandum / Brief, # 3 Text of proposed order)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 10/29/2009)

Oct. 29, 2009
21

MINUTE ENTRY: re 20 Minute Entry Setting Status Conference. The status conference set for December 8, 2009 is RESET for DECEMBER 1, 2009 at 1:00 P.M. In addition to counsel, the Court requests the attendance of the Superintendent and the President of the School Board or his or her designee. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/12/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/12/2009)

Nov. 12, 2009 PACER

Motions Transferred regarding 19 MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time to Fully Comply with Court's Order with consent sought but not obtained ; Response to Court's Order and Motion for Additional Time . Motions referred to Karen L Hayes. (crt,Dean, S) (Entered: 11/02/2009)

Oct. 29, 2009
22

ELECTRONIC MINUTE ENTRY: The Status Conference is RESET for 12/14/2009 at 1:00 PM in Chambers before Chief Judge Robert G James. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/13/09. (crt,Floyd, J) (Entered: 11/13/2009)

Nov. 13, 2009 PACER
23

ORDER TO STRIKE 15 MOTION for Leave to File memo with consent sought but not obtained. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 11/16/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 11/16/2009)

Nov. 16, 2009 PACER
20

MINUTE ENTRY: re 5 Status Report filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. Having reviewed the annual report, the Court would like to discuss the possibility of the School Board moving toward unitary status and the termination of the litigation in this case. District Judge Status Conference set for 12/8/2009 at 1:00 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Chief Judge Robert G James. In addition to counsel, the Court requests the attendance of the Superintendent and the President of the School Board or his or her designee. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/12/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/12/2009)

Nov. 12, 2009
21

MINUTE ENTRY: re 20 Minute Entry Setting Status Conference. The status conference set for December 8, 2009 is RESET for DECEMBER 1, 2009 at 1:00 P.M. In addition to counsel, the Court requests the attendance of the Superintendent and the President of the School Board or his or her designee. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/12/09. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/12/2009)

Nov. 12, 2009
24

ORDER granting 19 Motion to Extend Time to obtain case files. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 11/18/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 11/18/2009)

Nov. 18, 2009 PACER

Set/Reset Hearings: District Judge Status Conference Reset for 12/1/2009 at 1:00 PM in Monroe, 2nd floor before Chief Judge Robert G James per Minute Entry 21 . (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 11/12/2009)

Nov. 12, 2009
25

ORDER that the attachments hereto are incorporated into this case. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the School Board file a memorandum and supporting evidence as outlined in this Order. 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by School Board of Jackson Parish will be deemed submitted for decision after the filing of the memorandum and supporting evidence. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 12/7/09. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B, # 3 Exhibit C, # 4 Exhibit D, # 5 Exhibit E)(crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 12/07/2009)

Dec. 7, 2009 PACER
26

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 12/14/2009. Following discussion with both parties, the Court finds it appropriate to ORDER, on its own motion, that the DOJ begin a unitary status review of this case. The DOJ will file a status report with the Court on March 26, 2010, indicating the DOJ's initial findings, any proposed actions, whether the parties have reached agreement on any or all proposed actions, and whether the School Board opposes any of DO findings or recommended actions. If the School Board wishes to file a memorandum in response to the DOJ's status report, it should do so no later than fourteen (14) days from the date the DOJ's status report is filed. The Court will await the filing of the DOJ's report before taking any further action. If the School Board and/or DOJ believe that the intervention of the Court is necessary or would be beneficial, they are advised to contact Chambers. ( Compliance Deadline set for 3/26/2010) (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 12/15/2009)

Dec. 14, 2009 PACER
22

ELECTRONIC MINUTE ENTRY: The Status Conference is RESET for 12/14/2009 at 1:00 PM in Chambers before Chief Judge Robert G James. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 11/13/09. (crt,Floyd, J) (Entered: 11/13/2009)

Nov. 13, 2009
23

ORDER TO STRIKE 15 MOTION for Leave to File memo with consent sought but not obtained. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 11/16/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 11/16/2009)

Nov. 16, 2009
27

MEMORANDUM in Support re 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 12/23/2009)

Dec. 23, 2009 PACER
24

ORDER granting 19 Motion to Extend Time to obtain case files. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 11/18/09. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 11/18/2009)

Nov. 18, 2009
28

ORDER granting 6 Motion for Clarification of Court Order. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 1/7/10. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits) (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 01/07/2010)

Jan. 7, 2010 RECAP
25

ORDER that the attachments hereto are incorporated into this case. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the School Board file a memorandum and supporting evidence as outlined in this Order. 6 MOTION for Clarification of Court Order filed by School Board of Jackson Parish will be deemed submitted for decision after the filing of the memorandum and supporting evidence. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 12/7/09. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B, # 3 Exhibit C, # 4 Exhibit D, # 5 Exhibit E)(crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 12/07/2009)

Dec. 7, 2009
29

STATUS REPORT by USA. (aty,Taylor, Lisa) (Entered: 03/26/2010)

March 26, 2010 PACER
26

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: STATUS CONFERENCE held on 12/14/2009. Following discussion with both parties, the Court finds it appropriate to ORDER, on its own motion, that the DOJ begin a unitary status review of this case. The DOJ will file a status report with the Court on March 26, 2010, indicating the DOJ's initial findings, any proposed actions, whether the parties have reached agreement on any or all proposed actions, and whether the School Board opposes any of DO findings or recommended actions. If the School Board wishes to file a memorandum in response to the DOJ's status report, it should do so no later than fourteen (14) days from the date the DOJ's status report is filed. The Court will await the filing of the DOJ's report before taking any further action. If the School Board and/or DOJ believe that the intervention of the Court is necessary or would be beneficial, they are advised to contact Chambers. ( Compliance Deadline set for

Dec. 14, 2009
30

MINUTE ENTRY re 29 Status Report filed by USA. The Court has reviewed the status report filed by the DOJ on March 26, 2010. The DOJ is ordered to file a status report with the Court by August 2, 2010, indicating the DOJ's findings, any proposed actions, whether the parties have reached agreement on any or all proposed actions, and whether the Jackson parish School board opposes any of the DOJ's findings or recommended actions. If the School Board wishes to file a memorandum in response to the DOJ's status report, it should do so no later than fourteen (14) days from the date the DOJ's status report is filed ( Compliance Deadline set for 8/2/2010.). Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 4/14/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 04/14/2010)

April 14, 2010 PACER
28

ORDER granting 6 Motion for Clarification of Court Order. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Hayes on 1/7/10. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits) (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 01/07/2010)

Jan. 7, 2010
31

MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time to File Findings and Recommended Actions by USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Taylor, Lisa) Modified text on 7/30/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 07/30/2010)

July 30, 2010 PACER
32

ORDER granting 31 Motion to Extend. The United States shall file its findings and recommended actions no later than October 29, 2010. Jackson Parish School Board may file a response to the findings and recommended actions within fourteen days from the United States' filing. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 8/2/10. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 08/02/2010)

Aug. 2, 2010 PACER
29

STATUS REPORT by USA. (aty,Taylor, Lisa) (Entered: 03/26/2010)

March 26, 2010
33

STATUS REPORT /Annual October 15th Report by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibits B-F)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 10/07/2010)

Oct. 7, 2010 PACER
30

MINUTE ENTRY re 29 Status Report filed by USA. The Court has reviewed the status report filed by the DOJ on March 26, 2010. The DOJ is ordered to file a status report with the Court by August 2, 2010, indicating the DOJ's findings, any proposed actions, whether the parties have reached agreement on any or all proposed actions, and whether the Jackson parish School board opposes any of the DOJ's findings or recommended actions. If the School Board wishes to file a memorandum in response to the DOJ's status report, it should do so no later than fourteen (14) days from the date the DOJ's status report is filed ( Compliance Deadline set for 8/2/2010.). Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 4/14/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 04/14/2010)

April 14, 2010
31

MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time to File Findings and Recommended Actions by USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Taylor, Lisa) Modified text on 7/30/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 07/30/2010)

July 30, 2010
34

Second MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time To File Findings and Recommended Actions with consent by USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 10/22/2010)

Oct. 22, 2010 PACER
32

ORDER granting 31 Motion to Extend. The United States shall file its findings and recommended actions no later than October 29, 2010. Jackson Parish School Board may file a response to the findings and recommended actions within fourteen days from the United States' filing. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 8/2/10. (crt,Crawford, A) (Entered: 08/02/2010)

Aug. 2, 2010
35

ORDER granting 34 Motion to Extend Time to File Findings and Recommended Actions. Compliance Deadline reset for 11/30/2010. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/28/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 10/28/2010)

Oct. 28, 2010 PACER
33

STATUS REPORT /Annual October 15th Report by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibits B−F)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 10/07/2010)

Oct. 7, 2010
36

STATUS REPORT and Request for Order by USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Wilson, Ryan) Modified text on 11/30/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 11/30/2010)

Nov. 30, 2010 PACER
34

Second MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Time To File Findings and Recommended Actions with consent by USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 10/22/2010)

Oct. 22, 2010
37

MINUTE ENTRY: re 36 Status Report filed by USA. District Judge Telephone Status Conference set for 12/2/2010 at 11:00 AM before Chief Judge Robert G James. Counsel for DOJ shall initiate the call and contact Chambers and the undersigned when all counsel are present. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 12/1/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010 PACER
35

ORDER granting 34 Motion to Extend Time to File Findings and Recommended Actions. Compliance Deadline reset for 11/30/2010. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 10/28/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 10/28/2010)

Oct. 28, 2010
38

NOTICE of Appearance by Ryan Christopher Wilson on behalf of USA (aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010 PACER
39

DUPLICATE RESPONSE by School Board of Jackson Parish to United States' Status Report and Request for Order. See resubmitted 40 Response with attachments (aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified text to indicate pleading was resubmitted in its entirety with attachments as Doc No 40 Response on 12/2/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010 PACER
36

STATUS REPORT and Request for Order by USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Wilson, Ryan) Modified text on 11/30/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 11/30/2010)

Nov. 30, 2010
40

RESPONSE by School Board of Jackson Parish to United States' 36 Status Report and Request for Order. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified text and docket entry relationship on 12/2/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010 PACER
37

MINUTE ENTRY: re 36 Status Report filed by USA. District Judge Telephone Status Conference set for 12/2/2010 at 11:00 AM before Chief Judge Robert G James. Counsel for DOJ shall initiate the call and contact Chambers and the undersigned when all counsel are present. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 12/1/10. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010
41

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: TELEPHONE STATUS CONFERENCE held on 12/2/2010 after reviewing DOJ's November 30, 2010 Status Report and Request for Order 36 . If any party has an objection to the Court's interpretation regarding the 8/20/1970 amendment to the desegregation decree and Singleton, it should file a memorandum no later than December 23, 2010 ( Compliance Deadline set for 12/23/2010). Finally, with regard to unitary status, Mr. Wilson will continue his document review and will file a report no later than April 15, 2011. If the School Board wishes to file a response to the report, it should do so within fourteen (14) days of the date the DOJ's report is filed ( Status Report due by 4/15/2011). (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 12/03/2010)

Dec. 2, 2010 PACER
38

NOTICE of Appearance by Ryan Christopher Wilson on behalf of USA (aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010
42

MOTION for Entry of Consent Order re 41 Telephone Conference by School Board of Jackson Parish and USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified filers and text on 1/13/2011 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 01/13/2011)

Jan. 13, 2011 PACER
39

DUPLICATE RESPONSE by School Board of Jackson Parish to United States' Status Report and Request for Order . See resubmitted 40 Response with attachments (aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified text to indicate pleading was resubmitted in its entirety with attachments as Doc No 40 Response on 12/2/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010
43

CONSENT ORDER granting 42 Motion for Entry of Consent Order. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 1/14/11. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 01/14/2011)

Jan. 14, 2011 PACER
40

RESPONSE by School Board of Jackson Parish to United States' 36 Status Report and Request for Order. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibits)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified text and docket entry relationship on 12/2/2010 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 12/01/2010)

Dec. 1, 2010
44

MOTION for Approval of Construction Projects by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum / Brief, # 2 Exhibits A-H)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 03/01/2011)

March 1, 2011 PACER
41

MINUTES for proceedings held before Chief Judge Robert G James: TELEPHONE STATUS CONFERENCE held on 12/2/2010 after reviewing DOJ's November 30, 2010 Status Report and Request for Order 36 . If any party has an objection to the Court's interpretation regarding the 8/20/1970 amendment to the desegregation decree and Singleton, it should file a memorandum no later than December 23, 2010 ( Compliance Deadline set for 12/23/2010). Finally, with regard to unitary status, Mr. Wilson will continue his document review and will file a report no later than April 15, 2011. If the School Board wishes to file a response to the report, it should do so within fourteen (14) days of the date the DOJ's report is filed ( Status Report due by 4/15/2011). (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 12/03/2010)

Dec. 2, 2010
45

Unopposed MOTION to Expedite consideration of 44 MOTION for Approval of Construction Projects by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 03/01/2011)

March 1, 2011 PACER
42

MOTION for Entry of Consent Order re 41 Telephone Conference by School Board of Jackson Parish and USA. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) Modified filers and text on 1/13/2011 (Yocum, M). (Entered: 01/13/2011)

Jan. 13, 2011
46

RESPONSE to Motion re 44 MOTION for Approval of Construction Projects filed by USA. (aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 03/07/2011)

March 7, 2011 PACER
43

CONSENT ORDER granting 42 Motion for Entry of Consent Order. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 1/14/11. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 01/14/2011)

Jan. 14, 2011
47

ORDER granting 44 Motion for Approval of Construction Projects; mooting 45 Motion to Expedite. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 03/08/11. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 03/08/2011)

March 8, 2011 PACER
44

MOTION for Approval of Construction Projects by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum / Brief, # 2 Exhibits A−H)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 03/01/2011)

March 1, 2011
48

AMENDED ORDER re 47 Order on Motion for Miscellaneous Relief; Order on Motion to Expedite. Correction of the wording in the third sentence of the first paragraph to read "The DOJ notes that the district remains racially identifiable and, thus, the School Board should consider means of diversifying the schools". Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 3/9/11. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 03/09/2011)

March 9, 2011 PACER
45

Unopposed MOTION to Expedite consideration of 44 MOTION for Approval of Construction Projects by School Board of Jackson Parish. (Attachments: # 1 Text of proposed order)(aty,Hammonds, Robert) (Entered: 03/01/2011)

March 1, 2011
49

First MOTION FOR EXTENSION of Deadline to File Status Report with consent of Jackson Parish School Board by USA. (aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 04/08/2011)

April 8, 2011 PACER
46

RESPONSE to Motion re 44 MOTION for Approval of Construction Projects filed by USA. (aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 03/07/2011)

March 7, 2011
47

ORDER granting 44 Motion for Approval of Construction Projects; mooting 45 Motion to Expedite. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 03/08/11. (crt,Yocum, M) (Entered: 03/08/2011)

March 8, 2011
50

ORDER DENYING AS MOOT 49 Motion to Extend Time to File Status Report. The status report must be filed by april 15, 2011. Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 4/14/11. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 04/14/2011)

April 14, 2011 PACER
48

AMENDED ORDER re 47 Order on Motion for Miscellaneous Relief; Order on Motion to Expedite. Correction of the wording in the third sentence of the first paragraph to read "The DOJ notes that the district remains racially identifiable and, thus, the School Board should consider means of diversifying the schools". Signed by Chief Judge Robert G James on 3/9/11. (crt,DickersonSld, D) (Entered: 03/09/2011)

March 9, 2011
51

STATUS REPORT by USA. (aty,Wilson, Ryan) (Entered: 04/15/2011)

April 15, 2011 PACER

State / Territory: Louisiana

Case Type(s):

School Desegregation

Key Dates

Filing Date: June 2, 1965

Closing Date: 2018

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

African-American schoolchildren and the United States Department of Justice

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Unknown

Class Action Outcome: Unknown

Defendants

Jackson Parish School Board, School District

Defendant Type(s):

Elementary/Secondary School

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.

Constitutional Clause(s):

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Order Duration: 1965 - 2018

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief granted

Busing

Student assignment

Hire

Discrimination Prohibition

Reporting

Monitoring

Goals (e.g., for hiring, admissions)

Required disclosure

Issues

General:

Buildings

Disparate Impact

Disparate Treatment

Education

Racial segregation

School/University Facilities

School/University policies

Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)

Transportation

Discrimination-basis:

Race discrimination

Race:

Black

Type of Facility:

Government-run