Case: Gumm v. Jacobs

5:15-cv-00041 | U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Georgia

Filed Date: Feb. 12, 2015

Closed Date: May 7, 2021

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On February 12, 2015, a prisoner in the Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Prison (GDCP) filed this lawsuit, pro se, in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of Georgia. The plaintiff sued Georgia prison officials under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, claiming that by holding him in solitary confinement for five years in poor conditions they had violated his Fourteenth Amendment rights to procedural and substantive due process as well as state regulations. He sought injunctive relief enjoining…

On February 12, 2015, a prisoner in the Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Prison (GDCP) filed this lawsuit, pro se, in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of Georgia. The plaintiff sued Georgia prison officials under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, claiming that by holding him in solitary confinement for five years in poor conditions they had violated his Fourteenth Amendment rights to procedural and substantive due process as well as state regulations. He sought injunctive relief enjoining the state from keeping him solitary confinement, declaratory relief, damages for physical, mental, and emotional consequences stemming from his confinement, and court fees.

The plaintiff’s problems at GDCP began in 2010 when, while incarcerated, he was charged with attempting to escape and destruction of state property. Investigating officers recommended that the charges be dropped, but the plaintiff was nonetheless brought to disciplinary court and was found guilty of both charges. On administrative appeal, the convictions were expunged from the plaintiff's record. For the next five years, however, he was kept in a Special Management Unit (SMU, solitary confinement) and segregated from the general prison population. Despite a prison policy enacted in 2013 stating that inmates in the SMU should be returned to the general population after four consecutive status reviews showing good behavior, after eight status reviews recommending and approving of transfer out of the SMU, he remained in solitary confinement without explanation; the grievances he submitted to prison officials regarding his placement were not addressed.

The complaint also detailed substandard conditions and mistreatment in the Unit, including inadequate food and medical care and a total lack of recreational or educational opportunities. At the time the plaintiff filed his complaint, he remained in the Special Management Unit with his status there marked "indefinite."

Procedural History

On May 18, 2015, the plaintiff filed a motion for a preliminary injunction. The motion indicated that prison officials had temporarily eliminated access to legal services for his unit due to budget restrictions; it asked that defendants be compelled to allow him the same access to legal research services that the general prison population received. On June 16, U.S. District Judge Marc T. Treadwell adopted Magistrate Judge Charles H. Weigle’s recommendation to deny the motion because the plaintiff failed to show he faced irreparable injury or was likely to succeed on the merits. 2015 WL 13869065.

In the meantime, on June 4, defendants moved to dismiss the plaintiffs' complaint, arguing that the statute of limitations had passed, that plaintiff had failed to exhaust administrative procedures, that he failed to state a claim, and that defendants were immune from liability. The court stayed discovery while it considered the motion. On March 31, 2016, Judge Treadwell denied the motion to dismiss with respect to all claims regarding plaintiffs' confinement in the period after August 2013, when GDCP made policy changes requiring inmates to be removed from the SMU after four positive status hearings. However, Judge Treadwell granted the motion to dismiss with respect to all claims regarding plaintiffs' confinement prior to that period. Judge Treadwell also granted plaintiff leave to amend his complaint from February 2015 to include additional due process and Eighth Amendment claims. 2016 WL 1266950.

On September 1, 2016, the court briefly stayed this case along with a number of other cases relating to SMU placement that were also filed pro se in order to determine whether the cases should be consolidated. The court appointed the plaintiff counsel from the Southern Center for Human Rights (SCHR) on October 17, 2016, and discovery commenced in December 2016.

On March 11, 2017, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint, this time represented by counsel from SCHR. The amended complaint greatly expanded the scope of the case, seeking class certification covering not just the named plainitff but everyone in the SMU and providing more detail about the extremely restrictive and isolating nature of GDCP's SMU. It alleged not only that the prison had failed to meaningfully assess the plaintiff's status in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment but also that the conditions of confinement in the unit violated the Eighth Amendment. Specifically, the Complaint claimed that the use of solitary confinement, grossly disproportionate punishment, and inadequate food constituted cruel and unusual punishment. The complaint sought to certify a class of all inmates who were in or would be placed in GDCP's SMU.

On March 20, 2017 another prisoner moved to intervene in the case. The prisoner had been in solitary confinement at GDCP and was then moved to a similar unit at Georgia State Prison ("GSP"). Judge Treadwell denied the motion to intervene on September 15, 2017 because the other prisoner was ineligible for "in forma pauperis" status under the Prison Litigation Reform Act’s Three Strikes provision and in any event had no right to intervene. 2017 WL 4102742. On October 2, the prisoner appealed the denial to the U.S. Court of Appeals, but his appeal was dismissed for failure to pay filing fees.

The plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction on July 5, 2018, asking the court to order GDCP to allow all prisoners in SMU at least three hours of out-of-cell time daily, and to establish within thirty days plans to meaningfully increase programming for prisoners in SMU and to identify and move prisoners in SMU who suffered from mental illness. Plaintffs also amended the motion for class certification on July 13, 2018. The court took no action on these motions, but the parties entered settlement negotiations alongside continued discovery.

On December 21, 2018, the parties filed a joint motion for preliminary approval of the class and a settlement agreement. The settlement agreement proposed various measures to improve the confinement conditions at the GDCP, including regular opportunities for outdoor and indoor out-of-cell time, as well as access to the library and other educational resources.

On January 17, 2019, Judge Treadwell granted preliminary approval of the settlement. A fairness hearing was set for April 30, 2019. 2019 WL 479506. On February 5, 2019, Judge Treadwell denied the pending motions for preliminary injunction and class certification because the final approval of the settlement agreement would make these motions moot. Judge Treadwell also stated that if the settlement agreement were not approved, the plaintiffs could reinstate these motions.

Settlement

On May 7, 2019, Judge Treadwell issued an order certifying the settlement class and adopting the settlement agreement, which will remain in force for three years. The settlement agreement contains a range of provisions: a minimum of four hours outside cells each day Monday - Friday; access to tablet devices with games, books, and other educational materials; ability to request materials from the prison library and mobile book carts; out-of-cell programming and classes; and access to the same food, hygiene items, laundry and barbering services as the general prison population. The settlement also establishes a 24-month limit on confinement in the SMU and revised procedures for determining assignment to the SMU. The agreement provides for monitoring meetings every nine months, limited access to SMU records, yearly visits to SMU by class counsel, training for staff at GDCP, and confidential communications and meetings between class members and class counsel. Defendants agreed to pay $425,000 in attorneys' fees, which were granted by the court in a separate order on July 30, 2019. The court retains jurisdiction until the agreement expires on May 7, 2022. 2019 WL 2017497.

Current Status

The court granted $425,000 in attorneys' fees on July 30, 2019. Supervision is ongoing.

Summary Authors

Lauren Latterell Powell (1/6/2018)

Lisa Koo (3/3/2019)

Hetali Lodaya (6/15/2020)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/5355038/parties/gumm-v-jacobs/


Judge(s)
Attorney for Plaintiff

Bogan, James F III (Georgia)

Caldas, Tamara S. (Georgia)

Attorney for Defendant

Crowder, Elizabeth McRary (Georgia)

Demoulpied, John (Georgia)

Expert/Monitor/Master/Other

Daker, Waseem (Georgia)

show all people

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

5:15-cv-00041

Docket [PACER]

June 9, 2020

June 9, 2020

Docket
1

5:15-cv-00041

Complaint

Feb. 12, 2015

Feb. 12, 2015

Complaint
15

5:15-cv-00041

Order and Recommendation

Gumm v. Chatman

May 22, 2015

May 22, 2015

Magistrate Report/Recommendation
35

5:15-cv-00041

Order

Gumm v. Chatman

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

Order/Opinion

2016 WL 2016

73

5:15-cv-00041

Second Amended Complaint

Gumm v. Ward

March 11, 2017

March 11, 2017

Complaint
100

5:15-cv-00041

Report and Recommendation

July 20, 2017

July 20, 2017

Magistrate Report/Recommendation
104

5:15-cv-00041

Notice of Appeal

Baker v. Jacobs

Oct. 2, 2017

Oct. 2, 2017

Pleading / Motion / Brief
121

5:15-cv-00041

Order

Gumm v. Sellers

Nov. 21, 2017

Nov. 21, 2017

Order/Opinion
207-1

5:15-cv-00041

Settlement Agreement Regarding the Special Management Unit

Dec. 21, 2018

Dec. 21, 2018

Settlement Agreement
256

5:15-cv-00041

Final Order and Permanent Injunction

Gumm v. Ford

May 7, 2019

May 7, 2019

Order/Opinion

2019 WL 2019

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/5355038/gumm-v-jacobs/

Last updated March 24, 2024, 3:03 a.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link Date / Link
1

Complaint

1 Civil Cover Sheet

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

Feb. 12, 2015

Feb. 12, 2015

RECAP
2

Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis

Feb. 12, 2015

Feb. 12, 2015

PACER
3

Order Referring Case to Magistrate Judge

Feb. 12, 2015

Feb. 12, 2015

PACER
4

Consent to Proceed Form Sent

Feb. 12, 2015

Feb. 12, 2015

PACER
5

Prisoner Trust Fund Account Statement

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

Feb. 23, 2015

Feb. 23, 2015

PACER
6

Order on Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis

March 18, 2015

March 18, 2015

PACER
7

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

1 USM285 - Bruce Chapman

View on PACER

2 USM285 - Rodney McCloud

View on PACER

3 USM285 - William Powell

View on PACER

March 19, 2015

March 19, 2015

PACER
8

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

March 23, 2015

March 23, 2015

PACER
9

Waiver of Service Executed

April 17, 2015

April 17, 2015

PACER
10

Waiver of Service Executed

April 20, 2015

April 20, 2015

PACER
11

Motion to Amend/Correct

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

May 4, 2015

May 4, 2015

PACER
12

Notice of Attorney Appearance

May 7, 2015

May 7, 2015

PACER
13

Motion for Preliminary Injunction

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

May 18, 2015

May 18, 2015

PACER
14

Waiver of Reply

May 22, 2015

May 22, 2015

PACER
15

Report and Recommendation

May 22, 2015

May 22, 2015

PACER
16

Motion to Dismiss

1 Brief In Support of Motion to Dismiss

View on RECAP

2 Affidavit Attachment 1 - Affidavit of Darryl Reid

View on PACER

3 Attachment A - Statewide Grievance Procedure

View on PACER

4 Attachment B - Grievance No. 61526

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5 Attachment C - Grievance No. 80062

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6 Attachment D - Grievance No. 93578

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7 Attachment E - Grievance No. 94478

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8 Attachment F - Grievance No. 94882

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9 Attachment G - Grievance No. 96085

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10 Attachment H - Grievance No. 96440

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11 Attachment I - Grievance No. 115289

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12 Attachment J - Grievance No. 124508

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13 Attachment K - Grievance No. 137685

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14 Attachment L - Grievance No. 18771

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June 4, 2015

June 4, 2015

RECAP
17

Motion to Stay

1 Brief In Support

View on PACER

2 Text of Proposed Order

View on PACER

June 4, 2015

June 4, 2015

PACER
18

Order on Motion to Stay

June 5, 2015

June 5, 2015

PACER
19

Order for Response to Motion

June 5, 2015

June 5, 2015

PACER
20

Order on Motion for Preliminary Injunction

June 16, 2015

June 16, 2015

PACER
21

Supplement to Complaint

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

June 25, 2015

June 25, 2015

PACER
22

Response to Motion

1 Memorandum in Support

View on PACER

2 Cover Letter

View on PACER

3 Envelope

View on PACER

June 25, 2015

June 25, 2015

PACER
23

RESPONSE in Opposition - Unrelated to a Motion

July 13, 2015

July 13, 2015

PACER
24

Reply to Response to Motion

July 13, 2015

July 13, 2015

PACER
25

Withdrawal of Claim

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

July 23, 2015

July 23, 2015

PACER
26

Motion for Leave to File

1 Amended Complaint

View on PACER

2 Cover Letter

View on PACER

3 Envelope

View on PACER

Nov. 16, 2015

Nov. 16, 2015

PACER
27

Response to Motion

Dec. 3, 2015

Dec. 3, 2015

PACER
28

Memorandum in Support

1 Envelope

View on PACER

Dec. 21, 2015

Dec. 21, 2015

PACER
29

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION re 16 MOTION to Dismiss filed by WILLIAM POWELL, RICK JACOBS, BRUCE CHAPMAN, RODNEY MCCLOUD, 26 MOTION for Leave to File Amended Complaint filed by TIMOTHY DENVER GUMM. It is R ECOMMENDED that the Defendants Motion to Dismiss be GRANTED IN PART and DENIED IN PART. It is further RECOMMENDED that Plaintiffs Motion to Amend be GRANTED, with regard to Plaintiffs due process claims against Defendants Bishop, Logan, and Williams, and DENIED with regard to Plaintiffs Eighth Amendment claims, including all claims againstDefendant Washington. It is further RECOMMENDED that service be ordered on June Bishop, Rufus Logan, Dwayne Williams. Ordered by US MAGISTRATE JUDGE CHARLES H WEIGLE on 1/22/2016. (ggs)

Jan. 22, 2016

Jan. 22, 2016

RECAP
30

Motion to Appoint Counsel

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

Jan. 25, 2016

Jan. 25, 2016

PACER
31

Objection to Report and Recommendations

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

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Feb. 5, 2016

Feb. 5, 2016

PACER
32

Objection to Report and Recommendations

Feb. 8, 2016

Feb. 8, 2016

PACER
33

Response to Objection to Report and Recommendations

Feb. 22, 2016

Feb. 22, 2016

PACER
34

Response to Objection to Report and Recommendations

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

March 4, 2016

March 4, 2016

PACER
35

ORDER ADOPTING as modified 29 Report and Recommendations; GRANTING in part and DENYING in part 26 Motion for Leave to File; GRANTING in part and DENYING in part 16 Motion to Dismiss. It is ORDERED that service be made on Margaret Washington, June Bishop, Rufus Logan, and Dwayne Williams and that they file an Answer or such other response as may be appropriate under Rule 12 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 28 U.S.C. § 1915, and the Prison Litigation Reform Act. Ordered by US DISTRICT JUDGE MARC THOMAS TREADWELL on 3/31/2016. (tlh)

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

RECAP
36

Amended Complaint/Petition

1 Verificaton

View on PACER

2 Exhibit A - disciplinary Appeal Form (3/1/10)

View on PACER

3 Exhibit B - SMU Program 90 Day Review Form (12/10/12)

View on PACER

4 Exhibit C - SMU Program 90 Day Review Form( 4/8/13)

View on PACER

5 Exhibit D - SMU Program 90 Day Review Form (7/31/13)

View on PACER

6 Exhibit E - SMU Tier III Program Assignment Memo (8/1/12)

View on PACER

7 Exhibit F - SMU Tier III Program 90 Day Review Form (1/7/14)

View on PACER

8 Exhibit G - SMU Tier III Program 90 Day Review Form (7/29/14)

View on PACER

9 Exhibit H - SMU Tier III Program 90 DAy Review Form (10/28/14)

View on PACER

10 Exhibit I - SMU Tier III Program 90 Day Reivew Form (1/21/15)

View on PACER

11 Exhibit J - Warden's/Superintendent's Grievance Response (1/29/2015)

View on PACER

12 Exhibit K - The GDC Inmate Affairs and Ombudsman Unit's Response to Complai

View on PACER

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

PACER
37

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

PACER
38

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

PACER
39

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

PACER
40

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

March 31, 2016

March 31, 2016

PACER
41

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

April 4, 2016

April 4, 2016

PACER
42

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

April 4, 2016

April 4, 2016

PACER
43

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

April 4, 2016

April 4, 2016

PACER
44

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

April 4, 2016

April 4, 2016

PACER
45

Order

April 5, 2016

April 5, 2016

PACER
46

Motion for Extension of Time to File

1 Text of Proposed Order

View on PACER

April 11, 2016

April 11, 2016

PACER
47

Order on Motion for Extension of Time (Misc)

April 12, 2016

April 12, 2016

PACER
48

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

1 Waiver of Service of Summons

View on PACER

April 26, 2016

April 26, 2016

PACER
49

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

1 Waiver of the Service of Summons

View on PACER

May 9, 2016

May 9, 2016

PACER
50

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

1 Waiver of the Service of Summons

View on PACER

May 9, 2016

May 9, 2016

PACER
51

USM 285 Process Receipt and Return

May 26, 2016

May 26, 2016

PACER
52

Waiver of Service Executed

June 2, 2016

June 2, 2016

PACER
53

Answer to Amended Complaint

June 3, 2016

June 3, 2016

PACER
54

Order on Motion to Appoint Counsel

June 9, 2016

June 9, 2016

PACER
55

Motion for Extension of Time to File

1 Text of Proposed Order

View on PACER

July 6, 2016

July 6, 2016

PACER
56

Order on Motion for Extension of Time (Misc)

July 7, 2016

July 7, 2016

PACER
57

Motion for Preliminary Injunction

1 Memorandum in Support

View on PACER

2 Cover Letter

View on PACER

3 Envelope

View on PACER

July 13, 2016

July 13, 2016

PACER
58

Motion for Miscellaneous Relief

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

July 14, 2016

July 14, 2016

PACER

Notice (Other)

Aug. 4, 2016

Aug. 4, 2016

PACER
59

Letter

Aug. 4, 2016

Aug. 4, 2016

PACER
60

Response to Motion

1 Attachment A - Declaration of June Bishop

View on PACER

Aug. 22, 2016

Aug. 22, 2016

PACER
61

Response to Motion

1 Attachment A - Declaration of June Bishop

View on PACER

Aug. 22, 2016

Aug. 22, 2016

PACER
62

Order Staying Case

Sept. 1, 2016

Sept. 1, 2016

PACER
63

Reply to Response to Motion

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

Sept. 6, 2016

Sept. 6, 2016

PACER
64

Reply to Response to Motion

Sept. 6, 2016

Sept. 6, 2016

PACER
65

Order Staying Case

Sept. 30, 2016

Sept. 30, 2016

PACER
66

Order Appointing Counsel

Oct. 27, 2016

Oct. 27, 2016

PACER
70

Order Appointing Counsel

Oct. 27, 2016

Oct. 27, 2016

PACER

Notice of Hearing

Oct. 28, 2016

Oct. 28, 2016

PACER
67

Status Conference

Nov. 15, 2016

Nov. 15, 2016

PACER
68

Withdrawal of Motion

Nov. 15, 2016

Nov. 15, 2016

PACER
69

Withdrawal of Motion

Nov. 15, 2016

Nov. 15, 2016

PACER
71

Order - Rules 16/26

1 Required Form

View on PACER

Nov. 16, 2016

Nov. 16, 2016

PACER

Notice of Hearing

Dec. 16, 2016

Dec. 16, 2016

PACER
72

Scheduling/Discovery Order

Dec. 16, 2016

Dec. 16, 2016

PACER
73

Amended Complaint/Petition

1 Exhibit A: 2012 Special Management Unit (SMU) Policy

View on PACER

2 Exhibit B: 2013 Tier III Policy

View on PACER

3 Exhibit C: 2015 Tier III Policy

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4 Exhibit D: 2016 Tier III Policy

View on PACER

March 11, 2017

March 11, 2017

PACER
74

Status Conference

March 13, 2017

March 13, 2017

PACER
75

Motion for Extension of Time to Complete Discovery

March 14, 2017

March 14, 2017

PACER
76

Motion to Certify Class

1 Memorandum in Support of Motion to Certify Class

View on PACER

March 14, 2017

March 14, 2017

PACER
77

Order on Motion for Extension of Time to Complete Discovery

March 20, 2017

March 20, 2017

PACER
80

Motion to Intervene

1 Cover Letter

View on PACER

2 Envelope

View on PACER

March 20, 2017

March 20, 2017

PACER
78

Motion for Extension of Time to File Answer

1 Proposed Order

View on PACER

March 21, 2017

March 21, 2017

PACER
79

Order on Motion for Extension of Time to Answer

March 22, 2017

March 22, 2017

PACER
81

Waiver of Service Executed

March 23, 2017

March 23, 2017

PACER
82

Waiver of Service Executed

March 23, 2017

March 23, 2017

PACER
83

Waiver of Service Executed

March 23, 2017

March 23, 2017

PACER
84

Motion for Extension of Time to File Answer

1 Proposed Order on second motion to extend time to answer

View on PACER

March 23, 2017

March 23, 2017

PACER
85

Order on Motion for Extension of Time to Answer

March 24, 2017

March 24, 2017

PACER
86

Motion for Miscellaneous Relief

1 Text of Proposed Order Granting Motion to Hold Class Certification Motion in Abe

View on PACER

April 3, 2017

April 3, 2017

PACER
87

Order on Motion for Miscellaneous Relief

April 7, 2017

April 7, 2017

PACER
88

Response to Motion

April 10, 2017

April 10, 2017

PACER
89

Reply to Response to Motion

1 Envelope

View on PACER

April 24, 2017

April 24, 2017

PACER
90

Notice of Attorney Appearance

April 28, 2017

April 28, 2017

PACER
91

Notice of Attorney Appearance

April 28, 2017

April 28, 2017

PACER
92

Notice of Attorney Appearance

April 28, 2017

April 28, 2017

PACER
93

Attorney Admission Fee Met

May 2, 2017

May 2, 2017

PACER
94

Notice of Attorney Appearance

May 4, 2017

May 4, 2017

PACER
95

Motion for Extension of Time to File Answer

1 Proposed Order

View on PACER

May 10, 2017

May 10, 2017

PACER
96

Order on Motion for Extension of Time to Answer

May 11, 2017

May 11, 2017

PACER
97

Answer to Amended Complaint

May 30, 2017

May 30, 2017

PACER

Case Details

State / Territory: Georgia

Case Type(s):

Prison Conditions

Special Collection(s):

Solitary confinement

Multi-LexSum (in sample)

Key Dates

Filing Date: Feb. 12, 2015

Closing Date: May 7, 2021

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

The plaintiff is a prisoner at Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Prison who alleged he had been wrongfully kept in solitary confinement.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

Southern Center for Human Rights (SCHR)

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: Yes

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Georgia Department of Corrections, State

Defendant Type(s):

Corrections

Facility Type(s):

Government-run

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Ex parte Young (federal or state officials)

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Available Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Attorneys fees

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief denied

Reporting

Monitor/Master

Recordkeeping

Monitoring

Required disclosure

Training

Amount Defendant Pays: 425000

Order Duration: 2019 - 2021

Issues

General/Misc.:

Conditions of confinement

Disciplinary procedures

Food service / nutrition / hydration

Phone

Recreation / Exercise

Religious programs / policies

Sanitation / living conditions

Strip search policy

Totality of conditions

Jails, Prisons, Detention Centers, and Other Institutions:

Disciplinary segregation

Law library access

Solitary confinement/Supermax (conditions or process)

Visiting

Medical/Mental Health Care:

Medical care, general

Mental health care, general