Case: Sines v. Kessler

3:17-cv-00072 | U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia

Filed Date: Oct. 11, 2017

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

In this case, ten private citizens of Charlottesville, Virginia, sued a host of individuals identified as organizers and promoters of the far-right “Unite the Right” rally held in the city on August 11-12, 2017. The plaintiffs filed this lawsuit on October 11, 2017, in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia. Represented by private counsel, the plaintiffs invoked state law and 42 U.S.C. § 1985, a Reconstruction Era federal statute creating a cause of action against those wh…

In this case, ten private citizens of Charlottesville, Virginia, sued a host of individuals identified as organizers and promoters of the far-right “Unite the Right” rally held in the city on August 11-12, 2017. The plaintiffs filed this lawsuit on October 11, 2017, in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia. Represented by private counsel, the plaintiffs invoked state law and 42 U.S.C. § 1985, a Reconstruction Era federal statute creating a cause of action against those who conspire to deprive another citizen of their civil rights, and alleged that the defendant organizers were responsible for the damage their rally caused. This rally, widely covered in the media, precipitated violent and emotionally distressing events such as antisemitic chanting in the streets and at least one death. The plaintiffs sought a declaratory judgment that the defendants' actions deprived them of their equal rights; injunctive relief enjoining defendants from future violations; and compensatory, statutory, and punitive damages. This case was assigned to Judge Norman K. Moon and referred to Magistrate Judge Joel C. Hoppe.

The four years this case spent in pre-trial proceedings have been eventful. After failing to respond, five defendants had default judgments placed against them in early 2018. On July 9, 2018, the court largely denied a motion to dismiss the charges, finding that the plaintiffs adequately alleged that the defendants had formed a conspiracy to hurt Black and Jewish people. Though Judge Moon dismissed one defendant –– later added back after the complaint was amended –– and pared down several of the claims, "the Plaintiffs’ claims largely survive[d]." 324 F. Supp. 3d 765.

Following this failed attempt to dissolve the case, many of the defendants were uncooperative. In April 2019, defendant Jeff Schoep was sanctioned for failing to turn over evidence. In August 2019, the court granted two motions for sanctions against defendants Elliot Kline, Matthew Heimbach, and Vanguard America and awarded the plaintiffs reasonable attorneys' fees, which were determined in May 2020, to be $41,300. On December 23, 2019, the court found defendant Elliott Kline in civil contempt, and in January 2020, he was briefly held in jail for failure to comply with discovery orders. The court similarly found Robert Ray in civil contempt on September 16, 2020. As a result of this discovery abuse, the court granted adverse evidentiary inferences against three of the defendants.

On August 7, 2020, a group of defendants under the League of the South umbrella and defendant Richard Spencer separately filed for summary judgment. The former motion was denied on March 31, 2021, because the court found there to be material conflicts in the evidence. The latter was struck on May 19, 2021 as untimely.

In a September 3, 2021 memorandum opinion, the court explained at length that plaintiffs had adequately pled sufficient factual allegations as to all of their claims against defendants. Therefore, the court found, none of the defendants could show that there was no genuine dispute of material fact such that a jury could not find in plaintiffs' favor. 2021 WL 4037502 (Federal Reporter citation forthcoming). 

Indeed, after a nearly month-long trial, on November 19, 2021 a jury found the defendants liable and awarded over $26 million in damages, of which $11 million was punitive. 

There have been a number of post-verdict motions. Several defendants have moved piecemeal: for a new trial and/or judgement as a matter of law (December 6, 2021; for a directed verdict (January 7, 2022); to alter the judgment (March 3, 2022; March 9, 2022); for default judgment (March 9, 2022); and reduction of punitive damages (March 9, 2022). 

On the other side of the v., on March 9, 2022 the plaintiffs moved for an award of $12.7 million in attorneys' fees. The bulk of the award ($8.3 million) was for time spent litigating discovery, pre-trial motions ($2.2 million), and trial ($1.9 million), the remainder was for investigation, motions to dismiss, and motions for fees & costs. Counsel had previously been awarded about $147,000 in fees for small portions of their work. 

The case is ongoing. 

Summary Authors

Sean Drohan (6/29/2021)

John Juenemann (3/14/2022)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/6168921/parties/sines-v-kessler/


Judge(s)

Hoppe, Joel C. (Virginia)

Moon, Norman K. (Virginia)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Ashwell, Erin B (Virginia)

Barkai, Yotam (New York)

Bloch, Michael Low (New York)

Bowman, Philip Matthew (New York)

Brodnax, Pleasant S. III (District of Columbia)

Bynum, Kenneth D. (Virginia)

Cahill, Robert T. (Virginia)

Cheng, Katherine Marie (District of Columbia)

Judge(s)

Hoppe, Joel C. (Virginia)

Moon, Norman K. (Virginia)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Ashwell, Erin B (Virginia)

Barkai, Yotam (New York)

Bloch, Michael Low (New York)

Bowman, Philip Matthew (New York)

Brodnax, Pleasant S. III (District of Columbia)

Bynum, Kenneth D. (Virginia)

Cahill, Robert T. (Virginia)

Cheng, Katherine Marie (District of Columbia)

Cole, Emily Carrie (New York)

Conlon, Alexandria Kendal (New York)

Dunn, Karen Leah (District of Columbia)

Eber, Alexandra (District of Columbia)

Fink, Julie Eden (New York)

Greene, Christopher Bradford (New York)

Isaacson, William Anthony (District of Columbia)

Kaplan, Roberta Ann (New York)

Kay, Jonathan R (New York)

Levine, Alan (New York)

Libling, Joshua James (New York)

Liverzani, Amanda Lee (New York)

Matz, Joshua Adam (New York)

Mills, David Edward (District of Columbia)

Munley, Caitlin B. (District of Columbia)

Phillips, Jessica E. (District of Columbia)

Rottenborn, John Benjamin (Virginia)

Roy, Daniel Philip III (New York)

Siegel, Joshua Michael (District of Columbia)

Stemetzki, Scott William (Virginia)

Strauss, Samantha A. (District of Columbia)

Strohmeier, Seguin Layton (New York)

Tenzer, Gabrielle E. (New York)

Tolentino, Raymond Patrick (New York)

White, Benjamin Daniel (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Campbell, David Leon (Virginia)

DiNucci, John A. (Virginia)

Gravatt, Justin Saunders (Virginia)

Jones, Bryan Jeffrey (Virginia)

Kolenich, James Edward (Ohio)

Lorish, Lisa M. (Virginia)

ReBrook, William Edward IV (Virginia)

Woodard, Elmer (Virginia)

Other Attorney(s)

Hill, John Irving (Virginia)

Lunsford, Denise Yvette (Virginia)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket [PACER]

May 27, 2021 Docket
1

Complaint

Oct. 11, 2017 Complaint
175

First Amended Complaint

Jan. 5, 2018 Complaint
304

Memorandum Opinion & Order

2018 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 133124

April 20, 2018 Order/Opinion
335

Memorandum Opinion

324 F.Supp.3d 765

July 9, 2018 Order/Opinion
415

Memorandum Opinion

2019 WL 691788

Feb. 19, 2019 Order/Opinion
539

Memorandum Opinion

2019 WL 3767475

Aug. 9, 2019 Order/Opinion
557

Second Amended Complaint

Sept. 17, 2019 Complaint
738

Memorandum Opinion

2020 WL 2736434

May 26, 2020 Order/Opinion
741

Memorandum Opinion & Order

May 27, 2020 Order/Opinion

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/6168921/sines-v-kessler/

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT against Andrew Anglin, Augustus Sol Invictus, Christopher Cantwell, Nathan Damigo, East Coast Knights of The Ku Klux Klan, James Alex Fields, Jr, Fraternal Order of the Alt-Knights, Matthew Heimbach, Michael Hill, Identity Evropa, Jason Kessler, Elliot Kline, League of the South, Loyal White Knights of The Ku Klux Klan, Moonbase Holdings, LLC, National Socialist Movement, Nationalist Front, Matthew Parrott, Michael "Enoch" Peinovich, Robert "Azzmador" Ray, Jeff Schoep, Richard Spencer, Traditionalist Worker Party, Michael Tubbs, Vanguard America (Filing & Administrative fee $ 400 paid by e-receipt 0423-2765137), filed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Cover Sheet)(hnw) Modified on 10/13/2017 (ca). (Entered: 10/12/2017)

1 Civil Cover Sheet

View on RECAP

Oct. 11, 2017 Clearinghouse
2

DEMAND for Trial by Jury by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey (Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 13, 2017 RECAP
3

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Nathan Damigo.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
4

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Michael Enoch Peinovich.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
5

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Matthew Heimbach.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
6

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Michael Hill.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
7

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Matthew Parrott.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
8

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Robert Azzmador Ray.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
9

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Jeff Schoep.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
10

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Richard Spencer.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
11

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Michael Tubbs.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 PACER
12

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Andrew Anglin.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 RECAP
13

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Augustus Sol Invictus.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 RECAP
14

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Christopher Cantwell.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 RECAP
15

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to James Alex Fields, Jr.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 RECAP
16

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Jason Kessler.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 RECAP
17

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Elliot Kline.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 17, 2017 RECAP
18

Electronic Summons Issued as to Andrew Anglin NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
19

Electronic Summons Issued as to Augustus Sol Invictus NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
20

Electronic Summons Issued as to Christopher Cantwell NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
21

Electronic Summons Issued as to Elliot Kline NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 RECAP
22

Electronic Summons Issued as to James Alex Fields, Jr NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
23

Electronic Summons Issued as to Jason Kessler NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 RECAP
24

Electronic Summons Issued as to Jeff Schoep NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
25

Electronic Summons Issued as to Matthew Parrott NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
26

Electronic Summons Issued as to Matthew Heimbach NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
27

Electronic Summons Issued as to Michael Hill NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
28

Electronic Summons Issued as to Michael Tubbs NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
29

Electronic Summons Issued as to Michael Enoch Peinovich NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
30

Electronic Summons Issued as to Nathan Damigo NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
31

Electronic Summons Issued as to Richard Spencer NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
32

Electronic Summons Issued as to Robert Azzmador Ray NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 18, 2017 PACER
33

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Fraternal Order of the Alt-Knights.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
34

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to National Socialist Movement.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
35

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to League of the South.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
36

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Nationalist Front.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
37

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Moonbase Holdings, LLC.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
38

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Vanguard America.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
39

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Identity Evropa.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
40

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Loyal White Knights of The Ku Klux Klan.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
41

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Traditionalist Worker Party.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
42

Electronic Summons Issued as to Fraternal Order of the Alt-Knights NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
43

Electronic Summons Issued as to Identity Evropa NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
44

Electronic Summons Issued as to League of the South NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
45

Electronic Summons Issued as to Loyal White Knights of The Ku Klux Klan NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
46

Electronic Summons Issued as to Moonbase Holdings, LLC NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
47

Electronic Summons Issued as to Nationalist Front NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
48

Electronic Summons Issued as to National Socialist Movement NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
49

Electronic Summons Issued as to Traditionalist Worker Party NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
50

Electronic Summons Issued as to Vanguard America NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 19, 2017 PACER
51

Proposed Summons by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair as to Identity Evropa.(Cahill, Robert)

Oct. 24, 2017 PACER
52

Electronic Summons Issued as to Identity Europa, Inc. NOTICE TO COUNSEL: Please print copies of the electronically issued summons for each defendant as necessary to effectuate service under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4.(jcj)

Oct. 24, 2017 PACER
53

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Jason Kessler served on 10/31/2017, answer due 11/21/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 RECAP
54

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Matthew Parrott served on 10/20/2017, answer due 11/13/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
55

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. League of the South served on 10/24/2017, answer due 11/14/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
56

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Loyal White Knights of The Ku Klux Klan served on 10/24/2017, answer due 11/14/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
57

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Michael Hill served on 10/23/2017, answer due 11/13/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
58

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Michael Tubbs served on 10/24/2017, answer due 11/14/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
59

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Nathan Damigo served on 10/20/2017, answer due 11/13/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
60

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Nationalist Front served on 10/24/2017, answer due 11/14/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
61

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Michael Enoch Peinovich served on 10/31/2017, answer due 11/21/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
62

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Elliot Kline served on 10/27/2017, answer due 11/17/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
63

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Identity Evropa served on 10/25/2017, answer due 11/15/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
64

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. Christopher Cantwell served on 10/25/2017, answer due 11/15/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 RECAP
65

SUMMONS Returned Executed by Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Jane Doe 1, Elizabeth Sines, Hannah Pearce, Marcus Martin, Seth Wispelwey, April Muniz, John Doe, Jane Doe 2, Marissa Blair. James Alex Fields, Jr served on 10/24/2017, answer due 11/14/2017.(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 1, 2017 PACER
66

MOTION for Roberta A. Kaplan to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 2, 2017 PACER
67

ORDER granting 66 MOTION for Roberta A. Kaplan to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Roberta A. Kaplan for Marissa Blair,Roberta A. Kaplan for John Doe,Roberta A. Kaplan for Jane Doe 1,Roberta A. Kaplan for Jane Doe 2,Roberta A. Kaplan for Jane Doe 3,Roberta A. Kaplan for Tyler Magill,Roberta A. Kaplan for Marcus Martin,Roberta A. Kaplan for April Muniz,Roberta A. Kaplan for Hannah Pearce,Roberta A. Kaplan for Elizabeth Sines,Roberta A. Kaplan for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/3/17. (jcj)

Nov. 3, 2017 PACER
68

MOTION for Alan Levine to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 3, 2017 PACER
69

MOTION for David E. Mills to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 3, 2017 PACER
70

MOTION for Julie E. Fink to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 3, 2017 PACER
71

MOTION for Christopher B. Greene to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 3, 2017 PACER
72

MOTION for Seguin L. Strohmeier to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 3, 2017 PACER
73

ORDER granting 68 MOTION for Alan Levine to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Alan Levine for Marissa Blair,Alan Levine for John Doe,Alan Levine for Jane Doe 1,Alan Levine for Jane Doe 2,Alan Levine for Jane Doe 3,Alan Levine for Tyler Magill,Alan Levine for Marcus Martin,Alan Levine for April Muniz,Alan Levine for Hannah Pearce,Alan Levine for Elizabeth Sines,Alan Levine for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/6/17. (jcj)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
74

ORDER granting 69 MOTION for David E. Mills to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney David E. Mills for Marissa Blair,David E. Mills for John Doe,David E. Mills for Jane Doe 1,David E. Mills for Jane Doe 2,David E. Mills for Jane Doe 3,David E. Mills for Tyler Magill,David E. Mills for Marcus Martin,David E. Mills for April Muniz,David E. Mills for Hannah Pearce,David E. Mills for Elizabeth Sines,David E. Mills for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/6/17. (jcj)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
75

ORDER granting 70 MOTION for Julie E. Fink to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Julie E. Fink for Marissa Blair,Julie E. Fink for John Doe,Julie E. Fink for Jane Doe 1,Julie E. Fink for Jane Doe 2,Julie E. Fink for Jane Doe 3,Julie E. Fink for Tyler Magill,Julie E. Fink for Marcus Martin,Julie E. Fink for April Muniz,Julie E. Fink for Hannah Pearce,Julie E. Fink for Elizabeth Sines,Julie E. Fink for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/6/17. (jcj)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
76

ORDER granting 71 MOTION for Christopher B. Greene to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Christopher B. Greene for Marissa Blair,Christopher B. Greene for John Doe,Christopher B. Greene for Jane Doe 1,Christopher B. Greene for Jane Doe 2,Christopher B. Greene for Jane Doe 3,Christopher B. Greene for Tyler Magill,Christopher B. Greene for Marcus Martin,Christopher B. Greene for April Muniz,Christopher B. Greene for Hannah Pearce,Christopher B. Greene for Elizabeth Sines,Christopher B. Greene for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/6/17. (jcj)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
77

ORDER granting 72 MOTION for Seguin L. Strohmeier to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Seguin L. Strohmeier for Marissa Blair,Seguin L. Strohmeier for John Doe,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Jane Doe 1,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Jane Doe 2,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Jane Doe 3,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Tyler Magill,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Marcus Martin,Seguin L. Strohmeier for April Muniz,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Hannah Pearce,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Elizabeth Sines,Seguin L. Strohmeier for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/6/17. (jcj)

Nov. 6, 2017 RECAP
78

MOTION for Yotam Barkai to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
79

MOTION for Philip M. Bowman to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
80

MOTION for Karen L. Dunn to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
81

MOTION for William A. Isaacson to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
82

MOTION for Joshua J. Libling to Appear Pro Hac Vice. by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 6, 2017 PACER
83

ORDER granting 78 MOTION for Yotam Barkai to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Yotam Barkai for Marissa Blair,Yotam Barkai for John Doe,Yotam Barkai for Jane Doe 1,Yotam Barkai for Jane Doe 2,Yotam Barkai for Jane Doe 3,Yotam Barkai for Tyler Magill,Yotam Barkai for Marcus Martin,Yotam Barkai for April Muniz,Yotam Barkai for Hannah Pearce,Yotam Barkai for Elizabeth Sines,Yotam Barkai for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/7/17. (jcj)

Nov. 7, 2017 PACER
84

ORDER granting 79 MOTION for Philip M. Bowman to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Philip M. Bowman for Marissa Blair,Philip M. Bowman for John Doe,Philip M. Bowman for Jane Doe 1,Philip M. Bowman for Jane Doe 2,Philip M. Bowman for Jane Doe 3,Philip M. Bowman for Tyler Magill,Philip M. Bowman for Marcus Martin,Philip M. Bowman for April Muniz,Philip M. Bowman for Hannah Pearce,Philip M. Bowman for Elizabeth Sines,Philip M. Bowman for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/7/17. (jcj)

Nov. 7, 2017 PACER
85

ORDER granting 80 MOTION for Karen L. Dunn to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Karen L. Dunn for Marissa Blair,Karen L. Dunn for John Doe,Karen L. Dunn for Jane Doe 1,Karen L. Dunn for Jane Doe 2,Karen L. Dunn for Jane Doe 3,Karen L. Dunn for Tyler Magill,Karen L. Dunn for Marcus Martin,Karen L. Dunn for April Muniz,Karen L. Dunn for Hannah Pearce,Karen L. Dunn for Elizabeth Sines,Karen L. Dunn for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/7/17. (jcj)

Nov. 7, 2017 PACER
86

ORDER granting 81 MOTION for William A. Issacson to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney William A. Isaacson for Marissa Blair,William A. Isaacson for John Doe,William A. Isaacson for Jane Doe 1,William A. Isaacson for Jane Doe 2,William A. Isaacson for Jane Doe 3,William A. Isaacson for Tyler Magill,William A. Isaacson for Marcus Martin,William A. Isaacson for April Muniz,William A. Isaacson for Hannah Pearce,William A. Isaacson for Elizabeth Sines,William A. Isaacson for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/7/17. (jcj)

Nov. 7, 2017 PACER
87

ORDER granting 82 MOTION for Joshua J. Libling to Appear Pro Hac Vice Attorney Joshua J. Libling for Marissa Blair,Joshua J. Libling for John Doe,Joshua J. Libling for Jane Doe 1,Joshua J. Libling for Jane Doe 2,Joshua J. Libling for Jane Doe 3,Joshua J. Libling for Tyler Magill,Joshua J. Libling for Marcus Martin,Joshua J. Libling for April Muniz,Joshua J. Libling for Hannah Pearce,Joshua J. Libling for Elizabeth Sines,Joshua J. Libling for Seth Wispelwey added. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/7/17. (jcj)

Nov. 7, 2017 PACER
88

ANSWER to 1 Complaint,,, by James Alex Fields, Jr.(Gravatt, Justin)

Nov. 9, 2017 RECAP
89

LETTER MOTION for extension of time to retain counsel by Nathan Damigo, Identity Europa. (jcj)

Nov. 9, 2017 PACER
90

ORDER granting 89 Motion for extension of time of fourteen days to file their answers so that they may acquire counsel. Damigo's answer is now due on November 27, 2017 and defendant Identity Europa's answer is now due on November 29, 2017.. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/9/17. (jcj)

Nov. 9, 2017 PACER
91

NOTICE by Marissa Blair, John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3, Tyler Magill, Marcus Martin, April Muniz, Hannah Pearce, Elizabeth Sines, Seth Wispelwey (Notice of Supplemental Service) (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Cahill, Robert)

Nov. 9, 2017 PACER
92

NOTICE of Appearance by Bryan Jeffrey Jones on behalf of Michael Hill, League of the South, Michael Tubbs (Jones, Bryan)

Nov. 10, 2017 PACER
93

First MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM by Michael Hill, League of the South, Michael Tubbs. (Jones, Bryan)

Nov. 10, 2017 RECAP
95

Brief / Memorandum in Support re 93 First MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM . filed by Michael Hill, League of the South, Michael Tubbs. (jcj) (Entered: 11/13/2017)

Nov. 10, 2017 RECAP
96

Notice of Correction re 95 Brief / Memorandum in Support replaced by clerk due to counsel docketing as a motion. (jcj) (Entered: 11/13/2017)

Nov. 10, 2017 PACER
97

CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE by Michael Hill, League of the South, Michael Tubbs re 93 First MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM (Jones, Bryan)

Nov. 13, 2017 RECAP
98

MOTION To proceed under pseudonyms with memorandum in support by John Doe, Jane Doe 1, Jane Doe 2, Jane Doe 3. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order, # 2 Exhibit 1, # 3 Exhibit 2, # 4 Exhibit 3, # 5 Exhibit 4)(Cahill, Robert)

1 Text of Proposed Order

View on RECAP

2 Exhibit 1

View on RECAP

3 Exhibit 2

View on RECAP

4 Exhibit 3

View on RECAP

5 Exhibit 4

View on RECAP

Nov. 13, 2017 RECAP
99

MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM by Matthew Parrott. (Woodard, Elmer)

Nov. 13, 2017 RECAP
100

Brief / Memorandum in Support re 99 MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM . filed by Matthew Parrott. (Woodard, Elmer)

Nov. 13, 2017 RECAP
101

PRETRIAL ORDER. CASE REFERRED to Magistrate Judge Joel C. Hoppe.. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on 11/14/17. (jcj)

Nov. 14, 2017 RECAP

State / Territory: Virginia

Case Type(s):

Public Accommodations/Contracting

Key Dates

Filing Date: Oct. 11, 2017

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Ten private individuals who claim damages as a result of the events in Charlottesville, Virginia, on August 11-12, 2017.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

Jason Kessler, Private Entity/Person

Richard Spencer, Private Entity/Person

Christopher Cantwell, Private Entity/Person

James Alex Fields Jr., Private Entity/Person

Andrew Anglin, Private Entity/Person

Moonbase Holdings, LLC, Private Entity/Person

Robert "Azzmador" Ray, Private Entity/Person

Nathan Damigo, Private Entity/Person

Elliott Kline a/k/a/ Eli Mosley, Private Entity/Person

Matthew Heimbach, Private Entity/Person

Matthew Parrott a/k/a/ David Matthew Parrott, Private Entity/Person

Michael Hill, Private Entity/Person

Michael Tubbs, Private Entity/Person

Jeff Schoep, Private Entity/Person

Augustus Sol Invictus, Private Entity/Person

Michael "Enoch" Peinovich, Private Entity/Person

East Coast Knights of the Klu Klux Klan a/k/a/ East Coast Knights of the True Invisible Empire, Private Entity/Person

Fraternal Order of the Alt-Knights, Private Entity/Person

Identity Evropa, Private Entity/Person

League of the South, Private Entity/Person

Loyal White Knights of the Klu Klux Klan, Private Entity/Person

National Socialist Movement, Private Entity/Person

Nationalist Front, Private Entity/Person

Traditionalist Worker Party, Private Entity/Person

Vanguard America, Private Entity/Person

Case Details

Causes of Action:

State law

42 U.S.C. § 1985

Constitutional Clause(s):

Equal Protection

Freedom of speech/association

Slavery/Involuntary servitude

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Monetary Relief

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Attorneys fees

Damages

Source of Relief:

Litigation

Amount Defendant Pays: 26,000,000

Issues

Discrimination-basis:

Race discrimination

Religion discrimination

Race:

Black