Case: Clarence M. v. Yakima Co

2:78-cv-00166 | U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Washington

Filed Date: June 22, 1978

Closed Date: 1982

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On June 22, 1978, juveniles detained at the Yakima County Juvenile Detention Center in Washington brought a class action lawsuit in United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington against the Yakima County Board of County Commissioners, Yakima County Juvenile Superior Court, and the Director of the Yakima County Juvenile Department. The plaintiffs, represented by Evergreen Legal Services, sought declaratory and injunctive relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for alleged constituti…

On June 22, 1978, juveniles detained at the Yakima County Juvenile Detention Center in Washington brought a class action lawsuit in United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington against the Yakima County Board of County Commissioners, Yakima County Juvenile Superior Court, and the Director of the Yakima County Juvenile Department. The plaintiffs, represented by Evergreen Legal Services, sought declaratory and injunctive relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for alleged constitutional violations. On March 27, 1979, the court certified the class, which included all juveniles confined at the Detention Center on or after June 22, 1978.

According to the complaint, juveniles confined at the Detention Center were subject to psychological abuse, corporal punishment, and prolonged isolation in an unlit and unventilated room. Children were locked in their rooms for eighteen hours in a day. Juveniles were not given shoes for short and infrequent outdoor recreation periods. Family members were only allowed to visit children for an hour each day and could not give their children gifts. Detention center staff of the opposite sex strip-searched juveniles and observed them in the showers. The plaintiffs alleged that medical care, school facilities, mental health counseling, probation counseling, sanitation, toilets, and fire safety were deficient. The plaintiffs complained that disciplinary procedures deprived them of due process.

In the course of settlement talks, it appears that the plaintiffs proposed a Partial Consent Judgment. On September 30, 1982, the parties entered a Stipulation for Entry of Judgment. Although the defendants admitted no wrongdoing, they agreed to improve conditions at the Detention Center. Specific clauses in the consent decree addressed sanitation, safety, hygiene, clothing, censorship of mail, telephone privileges, the length of visits, showering privacy, recreation, exercise, school, medical care, search procedures prohibiting opposite-sex searches, and overcrowding. In addition, the consent decree prohibited psychological and physical abuse, including corporal punishment. The parties agreed on guidelines for disciplinary isolation, punitive sanctions, notice, hearings, and a grievance procedure. The consent decree also addressed minimum daily out of cell time and standards for monitoring the detainees. On October 7, 1982, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington (Judge Justin L. Quackenbush) approved the consent decree and dismissed the lawsuit.

The file contains no further information.

Summary Authors

Elizabeth Chilcoat (5/31/2006)

People


Judge(s)

Quackenbush, Justin Lowe (Washington)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Jameson, Elizabeth J. (California)

Kinney, Donald J. (Washington)

Kohman, Paulette L. (Washington)

Rowlette, Millard M. (Washington)

Shauffer, Carole B. (California)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Sullivan, Jeffrey C. (Washington)

Judge(s)

Quackenbush, Justin Lowe (Washington)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Jameson, Elizabeth J. (California)

Kinney, Donald J. (Washington)

Kohman, Paulette L. (Washington)

Rowlette, Millard M. (Washington)

Shauffer, Carole B. (California)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Sullivan, Jeffrey C. (Washington)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

2:78-cv-00166

Order [Reassigning Case]

Clarence M. v. Yakima Co.

March 23, 1979

March 23, 1979

Order/Opinion

2:78-cv-00166

Amended Complaint

Clarence M.v. Yakima Co.

March 26, 1979

March 26, 1979

Complaint

2:78-cv-00166

Stipulation for Entry of Judgment

Clarence M.v. Yakima Co

Jan. 1, 1982

Jan. 1, 1982

Pleading / Motion / Brief

2:78-cv-00166

Partial Consent Judgment

Clarence M.v. Yakima Co.

Jan. 1, 1982

Jan. 1, 1982

Order/Opinion

2:78-cv-00166

[Approval of] Consent Decree and Order of Dismissal

Clarence M.v. Yakima Co.

Oct. 7, 1982

Oct. 7, 1982

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated Aug. 15, 2022, 3:10 a.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

Case Details

State / Territory: Washington

Case Type(s):

Juvenile Institution

Special Collection(s):

Strip Search Cases

Key Dates

Filing Date: June 22, 1978

Closing Date: 1982

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Juveniles detained at the Yakima County Juvenile Detention Center in Washington.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

Legal Services/Legal Aid

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Yakima County Board of Commissioners, County

Yakima County Juvenile Superior Court, County

Yakima County Juvenile Department, County

Yakima County Detention Facility (Yakima), County

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Due Process

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Complaint (any)

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Order Duration: 1982 - 0

Issues

General:

Assault/abuse by staff

Bathing and hygiene

Disciplinary procedures

Disciplinary segregation

Education

Fire safety

Mail

Phone

Recreation / Exercise

Sanitation / living conditions

Search policies

Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)

Strip search policy

Visiting

Medical/Mental Health:

Medical care, general

Mental health care, general

Type of Facility:

Government-run