Case: Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker

1:91-cv-02653 | U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida

Filed Date: Sept. 30, 1991

Closed Date: 1992

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On September 30, 1991, Haitian President Aristide was overthrown in a military coup and thousands of Haitians attempted to flee the country in boats headed for the U.S. The Haitian refugees were intercepted by the U.S. Coast Guard and detained at the U.S. Coast Guard Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba or on Coast Guard vessels.On November 19, 1991, the Haitian Refugee Center and individual Haitian refugees, on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated, filed a complaint in the U.S. Dist…

On September 30, 1991, Haitian President Aristide was overthrown in a military coup and thousands of Haitians attempted to flee the country in boats headed for the U.S. The Haitian refugees were intercepted by the U.S. Coast Guard and detained at the U.S. Coast Guard Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba or on Coast Guard vessels.

On November 19, 1991, the Haitian Refugee Center and individual Haitian refugees, on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated, filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. The Haitian Refugee Center alleged it was being denied access to Haitian refugees in violation of its First Amendment right of association and right to counsel. The named Haitian plaintiffs alleged violations of their right of non-refoulement which arose under Article 33 of the 1967 United Nations Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees and the Administrative Procedure Act ("APA"), 5 U.S.C. §§ 555(b), 557, 558 and 702.

Upon plaintiffs' application, the District Court issued a TRO which restrained the government "from continuing to repatriate Haitians currently on board U.S.-flagged vessels and Haitians currently being held on land under United States' control and at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba." Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 1991 WL 330942 (S.D.Fla. Nov 19, 1991). On December 3, 1991, the District Court issued a preliminary injunction, enjoining the defendants from "forcefully repatriating the individual plaintiffs or class members in their custody either until the merits of the underlying action are resolved or until defendants implement and follow procedural safeguards adequate to ensure that Haitians with bona fide claims of political persecution are not forcefully returned to Haiti." Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 789 F.Supp. 1552 (S.D.Fla. 1991). The case was certified as a class action, with the class defined as "all Haitian emigres who were intercepted by the United States Coast Guard pursuant to a "program of interdiction" that permits interception and repatriation of undocumented aliens." The government appealed.

The Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals dissolved the injunction as overbroad and remanded the case with instructions to dismiss the individual Haitians' Article 33 claim. Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker, 949 F.2d 1109 (11th Cir.1991). Rehearing was denied by Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 954 F.2d 731 (11th Cir. 1992) and certiorari was denied by Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 502 U.S. 1122, 112 S.Ct. 1245, 117 L.Ed.2d 477 (1992).

On remand, the District Court issued a second TRO on the plaintiffs' claim that defendants failed to follow the procedural requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act ("APA"), 5 U.S.C. §§ 555(b). Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 1991 WL 330944 (S.D.Fla. Dec 18, 1991). The government appealed and the TRO was stayed pending appeal. Haitian Refuge Center v. Baker, 950 F.2d 685 (11th Cir.1991). After entering the TRO, the District Court entered a preliminary injunction ordering the government to grant plaintiffs' lawyers access to the interdicted class members. Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 789 F.Supp. 1579 (S.D.Fla.). A second preliminary injunction was issued on plaintiffs' APA claim. Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. Baker, 1991 WL 330943 (S.D.Fla. Dec 23, 1991). The government appealed.

The Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversed all of the District Court orders, and remanded the case with instructions to dismiss the case for failure to state a claim. The Court of Appeals held that the Haitians who had been interdicted on the high seas never reached the U.S. and had no rights under the Administrative Procedure Act. The Court also found that the Haitian Refugee Center had no First Amendment right to access to the Haitian aliens. Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker, 953 F.2d 1498 (11th Cir.1992). Certiorari was denied. Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker, 502 U.S. 1122, 112 S.Ct. 1245, 117 L.Ed.2d 477 (1992).

Note that a similar case was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York. See Haitian Centers Council, Inc. v. McNary, IM-NY-6 of this collection.

Summary Authors

Dan Dalton (1/3/2008)

Related Cases

Haitian Centers Council, Inc. v. McNary, Eastern District of New York (1992)

People


Judge(s)

Atkins, Carl Clyde (Florida)

Blackmun, Harry Andrew (District of Columbia)

Cox, Cyrus A (Florida)

Graham, Donald L. (Florida)

Hatchett, Joseph Woodrow (Florida)

Kennedy, Henry Harold Jr. (District of Columbia)

Stevens, John Paul (District of Columbia)

Thomas, Clarence (District of Columbia)

Tjoflat, Gerald Bard (Florida)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Juceam, Robert E. (New York)

Judge(s)

Atkins, Carl Clyde (Florida)

Blackmun, Harry Andrew (District of Columbia)

Cox, Cyrus A (Florida)

Graham, Donald L. (Florida)

Hatchett, Joseph Woodrow (Florida)

Kennedy, Henry Harold Jr. (District of Columbia)

Stevens, John Paul (District of Columbia)

Thomas, Clarence (District of Columbia)

Tjoflat, Gerald Bard (Florida)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Juceam, Robert E. (New York)

Kurzban, Ira J. (Florida)

Little, Cheryl (Florida)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Daly, John F. (District of Columbia)

Lee, Dexter (Florida)

Singer, Michael Jay (District of Columbia)

Starr, Kenneth Winston (District of Columbia)

Swaine, Edward T (District of Columbia)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Bierman, Donald I. (Florida)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket [PACER]

Aug. 9, 1993 Docket
1

Complaint

Nov. 19, 1991 Complaint
5

[Order]

Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v Baker

1991 WL 330942

Nov. 19, 1991 Order/Opinion
80

Order Granting Preliminary Injunctive Relief and Supporting Memorandum Opinion

Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker

789 F.Supp. 1552

Dec. 3, 1991 Order/Opinion

Appellate Opinion

Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

949 F.2d 1109

Dec. 17, 1991 Order/Opinion
97

[Order]

Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker

1991 WL 330944

Dec. 18, 1991 Order/Opinion

Appellate Opinion

Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

950 F.2d 685

Dec. 19, 1991 Order/Opinion
101

Order Granting Limited Preliminary Injunctive Relief

Haitian Refugee Center v. Baker

789 F.Supp. 1579

Dec. 20, 1991 Order/Opinion
111

[Order]

1991 WL 330943

Dec. 23, 1991 Order/Opinion

Denials of Rehearing En Banc

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

954 F.2d 731

Jan. 28, 1992 Order/Opinion

Resources

Title Description External URL

Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. v. James Baker, III: The Dred Scott Case of Immigration Law

Thomas David Jones

On December 16, 1990, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Roman Catholic priest and populist politician, was elected president of the Haitian republic. Aristide was the first democratically elected president i… Sept. 1, 1992 https://elibrary.law.psu.edu/...

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT filed; FILING FEE $ 120.00 RECEIPT # 604924 A-7 Mag BLG (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991

Magistrate identification: Magistrate Judge Barry L. Garber (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991
2

SUMMONS(ES) issued for James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991
3

MOTION by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States for temporary restraining order (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991
4

MEMORANDUM by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States in support of [3-1] motion for temporary restraining order (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991
5

ORDER granting [3-1] motion for temporary restraining order. Defendants precluded from continung to repatriate Haitians currently aboard U.S. vessels until further order setting Memo of Law due for 11/25/91 ( signed by Judge Donald L. Graham on 11/19/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991
1

MOTION by Haitian Center, Inc. for preliminary injunction (vp, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 12/09/1991 (Entered: 12/09/1991)

Nov. 19, 1991
7

MOTION by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order , or to stay order pending appeal (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
8

AFFIDAVIT of Captain J. David Spade Re: [7-1] motion to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order, [7-2] motion to stay order pending appeal (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
9

AFFIDAVIT of Rear Admiral William P. Leahy, Jr. Re: [7-1] motion to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order, [7-2] motion to stay order pending appeal (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
10

AFFIDAVIT of Leon Jennings Re: [7-1] motion to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order, [7-2] motion to stay order pending appeal (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
11

AFFIDAVIT of Bernard W. Aronson Re: [7-1] motion to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order, [7-2] motion to stay order pending appeal (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
13

MOTION by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States for emergency Hearing and to shorten time to respond (vp, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 11/25/1991 (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
12

AFFIDAVIT of Robert K. Wolthuis Re: [7-1] motion to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 20, 1991
14

ORDER denying [13-1] motion for emergency Hearing and to shorten time to respond, denying [7-1] motion to vacate [5-1] temporary restraining order, denying [7-2] motion to stay order pending appeal, granting [6-1] motion for leave to file memorandum in excess of 20 pages, setting hearing in aid of judgment for 3:00 11/27/91 before Judge C. C. Atkins , and expediting discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/21/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 11/25/1991 (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
15

NOTICE OF APPEAL by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States from Omnibus Order entered 11/21/91. Fee Status: paid (Copies to USCA & Attorneys of record) (vp, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 11/25/1991 (Entered: 11/21/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991

Certified copies of Notice of Appeal, Docket, and Order under appeal to USCA: [14-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James Baker III transmitted to USCA. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/22/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991

NOTICE of Receipt of Transmittal Letter from USCA Re: [14-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James Baker III USCA NUMBER: 91-6028 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/22/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
17

AMENDED COMPLAINT as of right to verified complaint by Haitian Center, Inc. , (Answer due 12/2/91 for United States, for Immigration and Nat., for U.S. Dept. Justice, for Gene McNary, for Kime, for Robert Kramek, for James Baker III ) amending [1-1] complaint (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
18

NOTICE of filing copy of amended complaint filed in state court by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
19

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of Capt. J. Daivid Spade (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
20

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of John Baker 11/21/91 at 9:30 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
21

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of William P. Leahy, Jr. 11/21/91 at 7:00 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
22

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of Bernard Aaronson 11/21/91 at 9:00 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
23

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of Leon Jennings 11/21/91 at 8:00 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
24

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of All Haitian Refugees on Coast Guard Cutters and at Guantanamo Naval Base on 11/22/91 at 9:00 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
25

NOTICE by Haitian Center, Inc. to take deposition of Gregory Byer 11/21/91 at 8:00 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
26

REQUEST for Production of Documents by Haitian Center, Inc. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
27

MOTION with memorandum in support by Haitian Center, Inc. to expedite discovery (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
28

MEMORANDUM by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States in opposition to [27-1] motion to expedite discovery (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
29

MOTION by National Broadcasting Company and WTVJ-TV for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 21, 1991
30

NOTICE of filing copies of declarations in support of motion to vacate stay by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
31

NOTICE of joinder in motion for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba by Miami Herald Publishing Company. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
33

RESPONSE by Haitian Center, Inc. to [29-1] motion by National Broadcast and WTVJ for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
34

MOTION with memorandum in support to intervene by Post-Newsweek , and for order granting access to Haitian depositions &/or interviews (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
35

RESPONSE by Haitian Center, Inc. to [34-1] motion to intervene by Post-Newsweek, [34-2] motion for order granting access to Haitian depositions &/or interviews (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
36

RESPONSE by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States to [34-1] motion to intervene by Post-Newsweek, [34-2] motion for order granting access to Haitian depositions &/or interviews, [29-1] motion by National Broadcast & WTVJ-TV for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
37

NOTICE OF APPEAL by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States from Temporary Restraining Order entered 11/21/91. Fee Status: not required (Copies to USCA & Attorneys of record). (vp, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 11/25/1991 (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
38

JUDGMENT OF USCA (certified copy) dismissing [15-1] appeal for want of jurisidiction. USCA views district court's order as temporary restraining order and not a preliminary injunction. Petition for writ of mandamus is denied. and temporary stay of discovery is LIFTED. (vp, Deputy Clerk) Modified on 12/10/1991 (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
39

ORDER Referring Motion(s) [34-1] motion to intervene by Post-Newsweek, [34-2] motion for order granting access to Haitian depositions &/or interviews, and [29-1] motion for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba referred to Magistrate Judge Barry L. Garber ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/22/91) (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 22, 1991
40

NOTICE of joinder in motion for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba by CBS, Inc., WCIX-Channel 6 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 23, 1991
41

ORDER APPOINTING Special Master to handle all matters pertaining to depositions taken in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba ( signed by Magistrate Judge Barry L. Garber on 11/23/91 & confirmed by Judge C. Clyde Atkins on 11/23/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 23, 1991
42

ORDER granting in part, denying in part [34-1] motion to intervene, [34-2] motion for order granting access to Haitian depositions &/or interviews, & [29-1] motion for access to deposition in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. One representative from the media will be allowed to attend depositions. No cameras will be allowed. Voluntary interviews may be conducted and transcripts of all depositions will be immediately prepared and made available to all interested parties. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Barry L. Garber on 11/23/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 23, 1991

NOTICE of Receipt of Transmittal Letter from USCA Re: [37-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James Baker III USCA NUMBER: 91-6049 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Nov. 23, 1991
43

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
44

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled dicovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
45

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
46

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled disocvery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
47

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
48

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
49

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
50

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
51

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
52

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
53

STIP & ORDER p[ertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
54

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
55

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991
56

STIP & ORDER pertaining to scheduled discovery ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 11/24/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 24, 1991

Certified copies of Notice of Appeal, Docket, and Order under appeal transmitted to USCA: [37-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James Baker III (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 11/25/1991)

Nov. 25, 1991

MOTION by National Broadcast, WTVJ, Miami Herald, CBS, Inc., WCIX-Channel 6 for clarification of [42-1] order on depositions (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 25, 1991
83

MOTION by National Broadcast for clarification of [42-1] order (cf, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/09/1991)

Nov. 25, 1991
57

NOTICE of adoption of motion for clarification of deposition order by Post-Newsweek Inc., Post-Newsweek (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 26, 1991
58

ORDER granting [0-0] motion for clarification of [42-1] order on depositions. Clarifying order in that the use of videos or still cameras are also restricted by applicable military regulations currently in force at various deposition sites. ( signed by Magistrate Judge Barry L. Garber on 11/26/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 27, 1991
59

NOTICE of filing exhibits re: Res Judicata & Collateral Estoppel by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 27, 1991
60

MOTION by Haitian Center, Inc. to compel production of documents (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
61

MOTION by Haitian Center, Inc. for leave to file memorandum in excess of 20 pages (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
62

MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in support of [1-1] motion for preliminary injunction (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
63

NOTICE of filing exhibits in further support of motion for preliminary injunction by Haitian Center, Inc. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
64

AFFIDAVIT of Robert E. Juceam by Haitian Center, Inc. Re: [63-1] notice filing exhibits in support of motion for preliminary injunction (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
65

MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in opposition to [12-1] affidavit of Robert K. Wolthuis. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
66

MEMORANDUM by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States in opposition to [1-1] motion for preliminary injunction (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
67

EXHIBITS filed by Defendants in opposition to injunctive relief. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Nov. 29, 1991
68

NOTICE of filing photographs taken on U.S. ships docked at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba by Haitian Center, Inc. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
69

NOTICE of filing second declaration of Jocelyn McCalla by Haitian Center, Inc. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
70

NOTICE of filing original deposition transcripts by Haitian Center, Inc. (NOTE- 23 transcripts listed but not attached to notice-sent directly to chambers) (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
71

Report of Special Master: by Donald Bierman (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
73

MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in support of [72-1] motion for leave to file supplemental pleading, [72-2] motion for leave to file second amended complaint (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991

SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT ADDING ADDITIONAL NAMED PLAINTIFFS (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
74

MOTION by Haitian Center, Inc. to maintain the amended complaint as a class action on behalf of plaintiffs (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
75

MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in support of [74-1] motion to maintain the amended complaint as a class action on behalf of plaintiffs (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
76

MEMORANDUM by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States in opposition to [60-1] motion to compel production of documents (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
77

REPLY MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in support of [1-1] motion for preliminary injunction (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
78

MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in further support of [62-1] support memorandum (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991

Text not available. (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
78

MEMORANDUM by Haitian Center, Inc. in opposition to [66-1] opposition memorandum (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 2, 1991
79

NOTICE of filing original transcript of deposition of Bernard Aronson with transcript attached by Haitian Center, Inc. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 3, 1991
80

ORDER granting [1-1] motion for preliminary injunction, ENJOINING defendants from forcefully repatriating plaintiffs until merits of underlying action have been resolved or until defendants implement and follow procedures outlined in the INS Guidelines and ensure that plaintiffs with bona fide political asylum claims are not forced to return to Haiti in violation of Article 33 of the Protocol and REQUIRING Plaintiff (HRC) to post a personal Bond in the amount of $50,000.00 by 12/4/91 pursuant to Rule 65(c) ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 12/3/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 3, 1991
81

NOTICE OF APPEAL by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States from Order Granting Preliminary Injunctive Relief entered 12/4/91. Fee Status: not required (Copies to USCA and Attorneys of record) (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 3, 1991
82

EMERGENCY MOTION by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States to stay preliminary injunction pending appeal (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/04/1991)

Dec. 3, 1991
84

BOND $ 5,000.00 postedd by Haitian Center, Inc. pursuant to Court order of 12/3/91. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 4, 1991

NOTICE of Receipt of notice of appeal from USCA Re: [37-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James Baker III USCA NUMBER: 91-6049 (Former Deputy Clerk) Modified on 12/13/1991 (Entered: 12/13/1991)

Dec. 4, 1991

NOTICE of Receipt of Transmittal Letter from USCA Re: [81-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James Baker III USCA NUMBER: 91-6060 (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 5, 1991
85

NOTICE of submitting documents for in camera inspection by James Baker III, Robert Kramek, Kime, Gene McNary, U.S. Dept. Justice, Immigration and Nat., United States (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 6, 1991
86

NOTICE of filing documents for in camera inspection by Immigration and Nat. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 6, 1991
87

NOTICE of filing original declarations previously filed by facsimile by Immigration and Nat. (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 6, 1991
88

ORDER granting [74-1] motion to maintain the amended complaint as a class action on behalf of plaintiffs, granting [72-1] motion for leave to file supplemental pleading, granting [72-2] motion for leave to file second amended complaint ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 12/3/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 6, 1991
89

SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT by Haitian Center, Inc. , (Answer due 12/16/91 for United States, for Immigration and Nat., for U.S. Dept. Justice, for Gene McNary, for Kime, for Robert Kramek, for James Baker III ) amending [17-1] amended complaint adding Roland Providence, Moise Charles, Eric Pierre, Raymond Edme, Golbert Miracle, Roland Jean, Roosevelt Alexis, Luc Luxembourg Sanon, Leger Pierre Frantz, Ochel Engerril, Jean Michel Mario Avilus, Archille Belvu, Lucien Rozier, Emmanuel Saintil, Codanser Joseph (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 6, 1991
90

ORDER denying [82-1] motion to stay preliminary injunction pending appeal ( signed by Judge C. C. Atkins on 12/9/91) CCAP (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 9, 1991
91

NOTICE of filing documents for in camera inspection by All Defendants (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/18/1991)

Dec. 9, 1991

Transmitted interlocutory record on appeal to U.S. Court of Appeals: consisting of 3 volumes of pleadings and 1 accordian folder of exhibits in re: [81-1] appeal by United States, Immigration and Nat., U.S. Dept. Justice, Gene McNary, Kime, Robert Kramek, James III (vp, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/10/1991)

Dec. 10, 1991

State / Territory: Florida

Case Type(s):

Immigration and/or the Border

Key Dates

Filing Date: Sept. 30, 1991

Closing Date: 1992

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Haitian Refugee Center, Inc. and all Haitian emigres who were intercepted by the United States Coast Guard pursuant to a “program of interdiction” that permited interception and repatriation of undocumented aliens.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Immigration and Naturalization Service, Federal

United States Department of Justice, Federal

United States Coast Guard, Federal

Case Details

Causes of Action:

Ex Parte Young (Federal) or Bivens

Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.

Constitutional Clause(s):

Freedom of speech/association

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Defendant

Nature of Relief:

None

Source of Relief:

None

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief granted

Issues

Immigration/Border:

Refugees