Case: State v. Smith

CR-5177 | Arizona state trial court

Filed Date: 1982

Closed Date: 1985

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

In this case, filed in 1982, a criminal defendant was appealing his conviction of assault, rape, and burglary. In the criminal defendant's appeal as-of-right, his conviction was upheld. In the discretionary appeal to the Arizona Supreme Court, the defendant asked for his conviction to be vacated and for the Mohave public defender system to be declared unconstitutional. He claimed that the negotiation and awarding of public defense contracts resulted in overburdened attorneys that were not abl…

In this case, filed in 1982, a criminal defendant was appealing his conviction of assault, rape, and burglary. In the criminal defendant's appeal as-of-right, his conviction was upheld. In the discretionary appeal to the Arizona Supreme Court, the defendant asked for his conviction to be vacated and for the Mohave public defender system to be declared unconstitutional. He claimed that the negotiation and awarding of public defense contracts resulted in overburdened attorneys that were not able to provide effective assistance of counsel in violation of the Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Specifically, the defendant claimed that the exclusion of an alibi witness from trial was the result of his attorney being able to spend less than ten hours on his case.

On December 17, 1980, a woman was sexually assaulted by a bearded man who had broken into her home in Kingman, Arizona. She identified her attacker in a photo-line up. The man she identified was arrested in Reno, Nevada, in September of 1981. The defendant claimed that he was not in Kingman, Arizona, when the crime had occurred, and instead, that he was living with his sister and his sister's boyfriend in Parker, Arizona, 100 miles away. Further, the man claimed that he had shaven off his beard in December of 1980. What's more, the defendant's brother had a beard during this time, and was the victim's neighbor.

His sister and his sister's boyfriend were both willing to testify to these facts. However, only the sister was called at trial, because defendant's lawyer had failed to include the sister's boyfriend on the witness list. When the defendant's lawyer tried to call the witness, the court excluded him from testifying. The defendant was convicted. He appealed, claiming that (1) it was error for the court to preclude his witness; and (2) that the error was the result of Mohave County's indigent defense system, which overburdened his lawyer.

On April 3rd, in a published opinion (681 P.2d 1374), the Arizona Supreme Court (Judge James Duke Cameron) found that the Mohave County public defense system was in violation of the Fifth and Sixth Amendment. The Court described the system as one in which private attorneys, who maintain a civil practice (and in the defendant's case, a city prosecuting contract), submit bids on a yearly basis to the county Board of Supervisors. The Board of Supervisors then awarded the contract to the lowest bidders, without consideration for parity of compensation to private criminal defense work, the skill or caseload of the bidders, or the geographical challenges each would have to face (Mohave County is the fifth largest county in the United States).

The Court detailed how the caseloads had greatly exceeded guidelines set by the American Bar Association and the contract negotiation guidelines set by the National Legal Aid and Defender Association. The Supreme Court vacated the defendant's conviction and proclaimed that counsel had a duty (that would be protected by Arizona law) to not accept more cases than in which the lawyer could provide effective assistance of counsel.

The defendant was reconvicted at his second trial.

We have no further information on this case.

Summary Authors

Blase Kearney (7/16/2012)

People


Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Corbin, Robert K. (Arizona)

Ellexson, Georgia B. (Arizona)

Schafer, William J III (Arizona)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Porter, William C. (Arizona)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Corbin, Robert K. (Arizona)

Ellexson, Georgia B. (Arizona)

Schafer, William J III (Arizona)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Porter, William C. (Arizona)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

84-6027

Arizona Supreme Court Opinion

Arizona state supreme court

April 3, 1984

April 3, 1984

Order/Opinion

1 CA-CR 8452

Court of Appeals Opinion

Arizona state appellate court

June 20, 1985

June 20, 1985

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated May 11, 2022, 8 p.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

Case Details

State / Territory: Arizona

Case Type(s):

Indigent Defense

Key Dates

Filing Date: 1982

Closing Date: 1985

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Plaintiff was convicted of criminal offenses claimed that Mohave County's bid system for securing public defense counsel precludes adequate and effective counsel for indigent criminal defendants.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Outcome: Unknown

Defendants

Mohave County (Kingman, Mohave), County

Case Details

Causes of Action:

State law

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Availably Documents:

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Defendant

Nature of Relief:

Criminal Conviction

Source of Relief:

Litigation

Issues

General:

Funding

Juveniles

Quality of representation

Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)

Crowding:

Crowding / caseload