Case: J.L. v. Mohawk Cent. Sch. Dist.

6:09-cv-00943 | U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York

Filed Date: Aug. 18, 2009

Closed Date: 2013

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On August 18, 2009, the plaintiff, a high school student verbally and physically harassed due to his sex and sexual orientation brought suit against Mohawk Central School District in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York (The Honorable David N. Hurd). The plaintiff, represented by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the New York Civil Liberties Union, alleged denial of equal protection on the basis of sex and sexual orientation in violation of the Four…

On August 18, 2009, the plaintiff, a high school student verbally and physically harassed due to his sex and sexual orientation brought suit against Mohawk Central School District in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York (The Honorable David N. Hurd). The plaintiff, represented by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the New York Civil Liberties Union, alleged denial of equal protection on the basis of sex and sexual orientation in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983; discrimination based on sex and sexual orientation and negligent supervision under New York state law; and sex discrimination in violation of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. § 1681 et seq. Based on these claims, the plaintiff requested a declaratory judgment, preliminary and permanent injunctive relief, attorneys' fees and costs, and compensatory, punitive, and statutory damages.

The plaintiff claimed that from 2007 to 2009, he suffered physical and emotional harms due to the defendant's deliberate indifference to a pattern of severe, persistent, and violent harassment of the plaintiff at the hands of fellow students based on his sex and sexual orientation. These physical and emotional harms also affected the plaintiff's ability to learn and caused him to leave school for two weeks at the end of the 2009 school year. The plaintiff and his parents informed school administrators and teachers of the harassment on many separate occasions, but no effective measures were taken by the school to remedy the situation.

On August 19, 2009, the plaintiff moved for a preliminary injunction. The Court issued a consent order granting the preliminary injunction on August 27, ordering the defendant to immediately put in place a number of safeguards to protect the plaintiff and to comply with school sexual harassment policies.

The United States (U.S. Attorney's Office) moved to intervene on behalf of the plaintiff in the action on January 14, 2010. The court denied the motion on March 29, 2010 as it granted the parties' stipulation and settlement agreement. Under the agreement, the defendant was required to pay the plaintiff $50,000 in addition to attorney's fees and costs ($25,000) and the cost of obtaining counseling services up until June 30, 2013. The agreement also required that the defendant retain an expert to review the defendant's policies and practices regarding discrimination and harassment, to review these procedures themselves, and to record compliance with harassment and discrimination complaints.

The case was dismissed with prejudice on April 27, 2010.

Summary Authors

Stella Cernak (3/15/2014)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attrorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4326343/parties/jl-v-mohawk-central-school-district/


Judge(s)

Hurd, David N. (New York)

Peebles, David E. (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Dunn, Christopher (New York)

Eisenberg, Arthur (New York)

Faiella, Matthew J. (New York)

Sanghvi, Ami T. (New York)

Shatz, Naomi R. (New York)

Stoughton, Corey (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Lawlor, Miles G. (New York)

Miller, Frank W. (New York)

Judge(s)

Hurd, David N. (New York)

Peebles, David E. (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Dunn, Christopher (New York)

Eisenberg, Arthur (New York)

Faiella, Matthew J. (New York)

Sanghvi, Ami T. (New York)

Shatz, Naomi R. (New York)

Stoughton, Corey (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Lawlor, Miles G. (New York)

Miller, Frank W. (New York)

Symons, Charles E. (New York)

Wilson, Eric J. (New York)

Other Attorney(s)

Larkin, William F. (New York)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

6:09-cv-00943

Docket [PACER]

J.L. v. Mohawk Central School District

April 1, 2011

April 1, 2011

Docket
1

6:09-cv-00943

Complaint [PACER]

J.L. v. Mohawk Central School District

Aug. 18, 2009

Aug. 18, 2009

Complaint
17

6:09-cv-00943

Consent Order Granting Plaintiff's Preliminary Relief

J.L. v. Mohawk Central School District

Aug. 27, 2009

Aug. 27, 2009

Order/Opinion
19

6:09-cv-00943

Amended Complaint [PACER]

J.L. v. Mohawk Central School District

Sept. 10, 2009

Sept. 10, 2009

Complaint
34

6:09-cv-00943

Order Entering Stipulation/Settlement Agreement

J.L. v. Mohawk Central School District

Feb. 16, 2014

Feb. 16, 2014

Settlement Agreement

Resources

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4326343/jl-v-mohawk-central-school-district/

Last updated Aug. 5, 2022, 3:19 a.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link Date / Link
1

COMPLAINT against Mohawk Central School District, Joyce Caputo, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker (Filing fee $350 receipt number 01372381) filed by J.L. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Cover Sheet)(see) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

1 Civil Cover Sheet

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2 Civil Cover Sheet

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Aug. 18, 2009

Aug. 18, 2009

RECAP
2

G.O. 25 FILING ORDER ISSUED: Initial Conference set for 12/17/2009 09:30 AM in Syracuse before Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles. Civil Case Management Plan due by 12/7/2009. (see) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
3

Summons Issued as to Mohawk Central School District. (mae) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
4

Summons Issued as to Joyce Caputo. (mae) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
5

Summons Issued as to Edward Rinaldo. (mae) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
6

Summons Issued as to Cynthia Stocker. (mae) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
7

First MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by J.L.. (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum of Law, # 2 Affidavit, # 3 Affidavit, # 4 Declaration, # 5 Certificate of Service)(Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

2 Memorandum of Law

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3 Affidavit

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4 Affidavit

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6 Certificate of Service

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Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
8

MOTION for Limited Admission Pro Hac Vice of Matthew J. Faiella Filing fee $30, receipt number 02060000000001373001. filed by J.L.. (Attachments: # 1 Supplement Documents for Pro Hac Vice admission) Motions referred to David E. Peebles. (Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

2 Supplement Documents for Pro Hac Vice admission

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Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
9

MOTION for Limited Admission Pro Hac Vice of Naomi R. Shatz Filing fee $30, receipt number 02060000000001373047. filed by J.L.. (Attachments: # 1 Documents for pro hac vice admission) Motions referred to David E. Peebles. (Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

2 Documents for pro hac vice admission

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Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
10

MOTION for Limited Admission Pro Hac Vice of Ami T. Sanghvi Filing fee $30, receipt number 02060000000001373061. filed by J.L.. (Attachments: # 1 Documents for pro hac vice admission) Motions referred to David E. Peebles. (Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

2 Documents for pro hac vice admission

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Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
11

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE: Show Cause Hearing set for 9/2/2009 10:00 AM in Utica before Judge David N. Hurd; on or before 12:00 noon on 9/1/2009 defts may file and serve in opposition supporting documents, exhibits, and Memorandum of Law. The entire case is SEALED. Each party is directed to serve the other party by facsimile and to make submissions to the Court by facsimile at 315-793-8034. Signed by Judge David N. Hurd on 8/19/2009. (see) (Entered: 08/19/2009)

Aug. 19, 2009

Aug. 19, 2009

PACER
12

AFFIDAVIT of Service by mail for summons and complaint served on Eric Wilson, Esq., authorized to accept service on behalf of all defts, on 8/20/09, filed by Matthew Faiella, Esq. on behalf of pltf J.L. (cbm ) (Entered: 08/21/2009)

Aug. 21, 2009

Aug. 21, 2009

PACER
13

Minute Entry for proceedings held before Judge David N. Hurd: Telephone Conference held on 8/19/2009. (Court Reporter None) (cmr, ) (Entered: 08/21/2009)

Aug. 21, 2009

Aug. 21, 2009

PACER
14

ORDER: Granting the # 8 Motion for Limited Admission Pro Hac Vice of Matthew J. Faiella. Signed by Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles on 8/24/2009. (mae) (Entered: 08/24/2009)

Aug. 24, 2009

Aug. 24, 2009

PACER
15

ORDER: Granting the # 9 Motion for Limited Admission Pro Hac Vice as to Naomi R. Shatz. Signed by Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles on 8/24/2009. (mae) (Entered: 08/24/2009)

Aug. 24, 2009

Aug. 24, 2009

PACER
16

ORDER: Granting the # 10 Motion for Limited Admission Pro Hac Vice as to Ami T. Sanghvi. Signed by Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles on 8/24/2009. (mae) (Entered: 08/24/2009)

Aug. 24, 2009

Aug. 24, 2009

PACER
17

CONSENT ORDER Regarding Preliminary Relief. Signed by Judge David N. Hurd on 8/27/2009. (see) (Entered: 08/27/2009)

Aug. 27, 2009

Aug. 27, 2009

RECAP
18

STIPULATION AND ORDER that the plaintiff shall file an amended complaint on 9/10/09. Defendants shall respond to the amended complaint on or before 9/21/09. Signed by Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles on 9/9/09. (Served counsel via e-mail). (sal, ) (Entered: 09/09/2009)

Sept. 9, 2009

Sept. 9, 2009

PACER
19

AMENDED COMPLAINT against all defendants filed by J.L.(cbm ) (Entered: 09/10/2009)

Sept. 10, 2009

Sept. 10, 2009

PACER
20

CIVIL CASE MANAGEMENT PLAN by Plaintiff J.L.. (sal, ) Modified on 10/9/2009 to include correct attachment. Defendants provided duplicative ccmp's(sal, ). (Entered: 10/05/2009)

Oct. 5, 2009

Oct. 5, 2009

PACER
21

Letter dated 9/30/09 from Frank Miller, Esq. advising that he will be submitting his own civil case management plan as the parties are in dispute w/ respect to the length of time to be allotted for discovery. (sal, ) (Entered: 10/05/2009)

Oct. 5, 2009

Oct. 5, 2009

PACER
22

NOTICE of Appearance by Charles E. Symons, Esq. on behalf of defendants Mohawk Central School District, Joyce Caputo, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker (sal, ) (Entered: 10/07/2009)

Oct. 7, 2009

Oct. 7, 2009

PACER
23

NOTICE of Appearance of Frank Miller, Esq. on behalf of defendants Mohawk Central School District, Joyce Caputo, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker (sal, ) (Entered: 10/07/2009)

Oct. 7, 2009

Oct. 7, 2009

PACER
24

ANSWER to 19 Amended Complaint by defendants Mohawk Central School District, Joyce Caputo, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker.(sal, ) (Entered: 10/07/2009)

Oct. 7, 2009

Oct. 7, 2009

RECAP
25

CIVIL CASE MANAGEMENT PLAN by Mohawk Central School District, Joyce Caputo, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker. (sal, ) (Entered: 10/07/2009)

Oct. 7, 2009

Oct. 7, 2009

PACER
26

Letter dated 9/28/09 from Plaintiff regarding Civil Case Mangagement Plan. (sal, ) (Entered: 10/09/2009)

Oct. 8, 2009

Oct. 8, 2009

PACER
27

UNIFORM PRETRIAL SCHEDULING ORDER: Anticipated length of jury trial: 3-5 days. Preferred Trial Location: Utica. Joinder of Parties due by 10/22/2009. Amended Pleadings due by 10/22/2009. Discovery due by 4/30/2010. Motions to be filed by 6/30/2010. Signed by Magistrate Judge David E. Peebles on 10/9/09. (sal, ) (Entered: 10/09/2009)

Oct. 9, 2009

Oct. 9, 2009

PACER
28

Letter Motion from Ami Sanghvi for J.L. requesting Withdrawal of Counsel Ami Sanghvi submitted to Judge Peebles. (Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 10/19/2009)

Oct. 19, 2009

Oct. 19, 2009

PACER
29

Joint Letter Motion from Plaintiff's Counsel on behalf of the Parties for J.L. requesting Protective Order submitted to Judge Peebles. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order/Judgment Proposed Protective Order)(Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 12/01/2009)

1 Proposed Order/Judgment Proposed Protective Order

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Dec. 1, 2009

Dec. 1, 2009

PACER
30

Stipulated PROTECTIVE ORDER. Signed by Judge David N. Hurd on 12/3/2009. (see) (Entered: 12/03/2009)

Dec. 3, 2009

Dec. 3, 2009

PACER
31

Letter Request / Letter Motion from Attorney Frank W. Miller for Joyce Caputo, Mohawk Central School District, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker requesting Removal of Counsel from "Noticed" List submitted to Judge, To the Clerk of the Northern District. (Miller, Frank) (Entered: 12/17/2009)

Dec. 17, 2009

Dec. 17, 2009

PACER
32

NOTICE of Motion to Intervene by United States of America (Attachments: # 1 Motion to Intervene, # 2 Complaint-in-Intervention, # 3 Certificate of Assistant Attorney General, # 4 Memorandum of Law, # 5 Exhibit(s) Lopez Order, # 6 Exhibit(s) Hoffman Order, # 7 Exhibit(s) Lovins Order, # 8 Declaration Declaration of William F. Larkin, # 9 Certificate of Service)(Larkin, William) Modified on 1/15/2010 (see), changed event code to motion. (Entered: 01/14/2010)

1 Motion to Intervene

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2 Complaint-in-Intervention

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3 Certificate of Assistant Attorney General

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4 Memorandum of Law

View on RECAP

5 Exhibit(s) Lopez Order

View on PACER

6 Exhibit(s) Hoffman Order

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7 Exhibit(s) Lovins Order

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8 Declaration Declaration of William F. Larkin

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9 Certificate of Service

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Jan. 14, 2010

Jan. 14, 2010

RECAP
33

RESPONSE in Opposition re 32 MOTION to Intervene . Attorney Declaration of Frank W. Miller for Defendants, filed by Joyce Caputo, Mohawk Central School District, Edward Rinaldo, Cynthia Stocker. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit(s) Exhibits A - B to Attorney Declaration, # 2 Memorandum of Law Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Motion to Intervene, with attached case, # 3 Supplement Certificate of Service)(Miller, Frank) (Entered: 02/08/2010)

1 Exhibit(s) Exhibits A - B to Attorney Declaration

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2 Memorandum of Law Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Motion to

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3 Supplement Certificate of Service

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Feb. 8, 2010

Feb. 8, 2010

PACER
34

Redacted STIPULATION & SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT & Order: that deft Mohawk Central School district shall issue one check, payable to Robert Sullivan as trustee of the J.L. 2010 Trust, in the amount of $50,000.00, as payment in full for all claims asserted by pltf herein. Deft Mohawk Central School District also shall issue one check, payable to the NY Civil Liberties union Foundation (NYCLU) in the amount of $25,000.00, in full settlement of Pltfs claims for attys fees. Said checks shall be delivered to Pltfs counsel no later than 30 days following the execution of this agreement. In consideration of this settlement agreement, pltf shall voluntarily dismiss with prejudice, by Stipulation of Dismissal pursuant to FRCivP 41(a)(1)(A)(ii), this action against defts Mohawk Central School District, Joyce Caputo, Edward Rinaldo, & Cynthia Stocker. Said Stipulation of Dismissal shall be filed with the Court no later than 30 days from the date of execution of this agreement. In consideration of this settlement agreement, the US shall voluntarily withdraw its Motion to Intervene with prejudice. The US shall notify the Court of this withdrawal no later than 30 days from the date of the execution of this agreement. (see) (Entered: 03/29/2010)

March 29, 2010

March 29, 2010

RECAP
35

Unredacted Stipulation and Settlement Agreement and ORDER. (see) Modified on 4/22/2011, unsealed pursuant to the 38 OTSC & pltf consent located at document #39. Access restricted to case participants and public terminals. (see) (Entered: 03/29/2010)

March 29, 2010

March 29, 2010

PACER
36

STIPULATION of Dismissal by J.L. submitted to Judge Hurd. (Shatz, Naomi) (Entered: 04/14/2010)

April 14, 2010

April 14, 2010

RECAP
37

Stipulation & ORDER of Dismissal with prejudice. Signed by Judge David N. Hurd on 4/26/2010. (see) (Entered: 04/27/2010)

April 27, 2010

April 27, 2010

RECAP
38

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE: that the parties show cause, within 30 days of this order, why the case or documents cannot be unsealed. Failure to respond or show cause will result in the case or documents being unsealed and scanned then uploaded to the Districts Electronic Filing System (CM/ECF) without further Order. {Specifically regarding Sealed Document #35}Signed by Judge David N. Hurd on 3/23/2011. (see) (Entered: 03/23/2011)

March 23, 2011

March 23, 2011

PACER
39

RESPONSE TO ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE filed by J.L., stating that the pltf and his present legal guardian have no objection to the Court's unsealing of document #35. (Stoughton, Corey) (Entered: 04/01/2011)

April 1, 2011

April 1, 2011

PACER

Case Details

State / Territory: New York

Case Type(s):

Education

Special Collection(s):

Multi-LexSum (in sample)

Key Dates

Filing Date: Aug. 18, 2009

Closing Date: 2013

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

A student who was harassed by peers based on his sex and sexual orientation, enabled by practices and policies of Mohawk Central School District in violation of his civil rights.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

EEOC

ACLU Affiliates (any)

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

Mohawk Central School District, School District

Defendant Type(s):

Elementary/Secondary School

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

State law

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681 et seq.

Constitutional Clause(s):

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Monetary Relief

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Attorneys fees

Damages

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Amount Defendant Pays: 89,400

Order Duration: 2010 - 2013

Content of Injunction:

Develop anti-discrimination policy

Discrimination Prohibition

Goals (e.g., for hiring, admissions)

Hire

Monitor/Master

Monitoring

Preliminary relief granted

Recordkeeping

Reporting

Issues

General:

Aggressive behavior

Counseling

Failure to discipline

Failure to supervise

Failure to train

Gay/lesbian/transgender

Discrimination-basis:

Gender identity

Sex discrimination

Sexual orientatation

Affected Gender:

Male

Type of Facility:

Government-run