Case: Caspar v. Snyder

4:14-cv-11499 | U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan

Filed Date: April 14, 2014

Closed Date: 2015

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On April 14, 2014, several same-sex couples married in Michigan on March 22, 2014 filed this § 1983 civil rights action against the State in the US District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union and private counsel, asked the court to declare that the same-sex marriage ban was unconstitutional when applied to Michigan's same-sex couples, to enjoin the State of Michigan from refusing to recognize those marriages, and to awar…

On April 14, 2014, several same-sex couples married in Michigan on March 22, 2014 filed this § 1983 civil rights action against the State in the US District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union and private counsel, asked the court to declare that the same-sex marriage ban was unconstitutional when applied to Michigan's same-sex couples, to enjoin the State of Michigan from refusing to recognize those marriages, and to award attorney's fees and costs. The complaint named the governor, and the directors of the Department of Human Services, the Office of Retirement Services, and the Department of Community Health as defendants in their official capacities. The case was assigned to District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith and referred to Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub.

The plaintiffs had all been married in Michigan on March 22nd, 2014, during the window of time between the decision in DeBoer v. Snyder, which overturned the ban on same-sex marriage, and the stay issued by the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, which had enjoined the state from enforcing the ban on same-sex marriage. The plaintiffs' marriages were legal at the time they were solemnized. After the stay, the governor of Michigan suspended the benefits and rights associated with the plaintiffs' marriages. The plaintiffs alleged the suspension put their marriages in a state of legal limbo and violated their rights to due process and equal protection.

The plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction on May 29, 2014, and the defendants filed motions to stay, to dismiss, and to consolidate cases. On January 15, 2015, Judge Goldsmith ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, granting their motion for a preliminary injunction enjoining the State of Michigan from refusing to recognize the marriages of all same-sex couples lawfully married in the state between the district court's decision in DeBoer v. Snyder and before the issuance of the stay by the Sixth Circuit. The judge also denied the defendants' motions to stay, to dismiss, and to consolidate cases.

A final declaratory judgment permanently enjoining the defendants was issued on February 24, 2015. It is unclear from the docket whether the plaintiffs were awarded attorneys' fees in this case. The case is now closed.

Summary Authors

Megan Dolan (7/1/2014)

Thomas Topping (3/2/2015)

Esther Vinarov (11/19/2018)

Related Cases

DeBoer v. Snyder, Eastern District of Michigan (2012)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4616682/parties/caspar-v-snyder/


Judge(s)

Cook, Deborah L. (Ohio)

Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Tennessee)

Goldsmith, Mark Allan (Michigan)

Majzoub, Mona K. (Michigan)

Sutton, Jeffrey S. (Ohio)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Kaplan, Jay (Michigan)

Knight, John A. (Illinois)

Korobkin, Daniel S. (Michigan)

Merriweather-Tucker, Brooke A. (Michigan)

Mortenson, Julian Davis (Michigan)

Judge(s)

Cook, Deborah L. (Ohio)

Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Tennessee)

Goldsmith, Mark Allan (Michigan)

Majzoub, Mona K. (Michigan)

Sutton, Jeffrey S. (Ohio)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Kaplan, Jay (Michigan)

Knight, John A. (Illinois)

Korobkin, Daniel S. (Michigan)

Merriweather-Tucker, Brooke A. (Michigan)

Mortenson, Julian Davis (Michigan)

Nickelhoff, Andrew A. (Michigan)

Steinberg, Michael J. (Michigan)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Booth, Joshua O. (Michigan)

Grossi, Christina M. (Michigan)

Murphy, Michael F (Michigan)

Other Attorney(s)

Gibbs, Alec S. (Michigan)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket [PACER]

May 20, 2015 Docket
1

Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

April 14, 2014 Complaint
46

Opinion and Order (1) Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction (Dkt. 17), And (2) Denying Defendants' Motions For a Stay (Dkt. 20), To Dismiss (Dkt. 21), And to Consolidate Cases (Dkt. 27)

Casper v. Snyder

77 F.Supp.3d 616, 2015 WL 224741

Jan. 15, 2015 Order/Opinion
50

Declaratory Judgment and Permanent Injunction

Feb. 24, 2015 Order/Opinion

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4616682/caspar-v-snyder/

Last updated May 13, 2022

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT filed by All Plaintiffs against All Defendants. Plaintiff requests summons issued. Receipt No: 0645-4593819 - Fee: $ 400. County of 1st Plaintiff: Ingham - County Where Action Arose: Multiple Counties - County of 1st Defendant: Washtenaw. [Previously dismissed case: No] [Possible companion case(s): E.D. Mich., 12-cv-10285, Judge Friedman] (Kaplan, Jay) (Entered: 04/14/2014)

April 14, 2014 RECAP
2

NOTICE of Appearance by Daniel S. Korobkin on behalf of All Plaintiffs. (Korobkin, Daniel) (Entered: 04/14/2014)

April 14, 2014 PACER
3

NOTICE of Appearance by Michael J. Steinberg on behalf of All Plaintiffs. (Steinberg, Michael) (Entered: 04/14/2014)

April 14, 2014 PACER
4

NOTICE of Appearance by Brooke A. Merriweather-Tucker on behalf of All Plaintiffs. (Merriweather-Tucker, Brooke) (Entered: 04/14/2014)

April 14, 2014 PACER
5

SUMMONS Issued for * All Defendants * (DWor) (Entered: 04/15/2014)

April 15, 2014 PACER
6

ATTORNEY APPEARANCE: John A. Knight appearing on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Knight, John) (Entered: 04/16/2014)

April 16, 2014 PACER
7

NOTICE of Appearance by Andrew A. Nickelhoff on behalf of All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 04/17/2014)

April 17, 2014 PACER
8

CERTIFICATE of Service/Summons Returned Executed. Phil Stoddard served on 4/24/2014, answer due 5/15/2014. (Steinberg, Michael) (Entered: 04/30/2014)

April 30, 2014 PACER
9

CERTIFICATE of Service/Summons Returned Executed. James Haveman served on 4/24/2014, answer due 5/15/2014. (Steinberg, Michael) (Entered: 04/30/2014)

April 30, 2014 PACER
10

CERTIFICATE of Service/Summons Returned Executed. Maura Corrigan served on 4/24/2014, answer due 5/15/2014. (Steinberg, Michael) (Entered: 04/30/2014)

April 30, 2014 PACER
11

CERTIFICATE of Service/Summons Returned Executed. Rick Snyder served on 4/24/2014, answer due 5/15/2014. (Steinberg, Michael) (Entered: 04/30/2014)

April 30, 2014 PACER
12

NOTICE of Appearance by Michael F. Murphy on behalf of All Defendants. (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 05/01/2014)

May 1, 2014 PACER
13

STIPULATION for Extension of Time by All Defendants (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 05/01/2014)

May 1, 2014 PACER
14

NOTICE of Appearance by Christina M. Grossi on behalf of All Defendants. (Grossi, Christina) (Entered: 05/01/2014)

May 1, 2014 PACER
15

ORDER Striking 13 Stipulation. Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (Goltz, D) (Entered: 05/06/2014)

May 6, 2014 PACER
16

STIPULATION AND ORDER to Extend Time to Answer 1 Complaint, (Response due by 6/5/2014). Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (Goltz, D) (Entered: 05/06/2014)

May 6, 2014 PACER
17

MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by All Plaintiffs. (Attachments: # 1 Index of Exhibits, # 2 Exhibit A - Caspar Declaration, # 3 Exhibit B - DeJong Declaration, # 4 Exhibit C - Callison Declaration, # 5 Exhibit D - Wolf Declaration, # 6 Exhibit E - Rutledge Declaration, # 7 Exhibit F - Colasonti Declaration, # 8 Exhibit G - Ryder Declaration, # 9 Exhibit H - McCormack Declaration, # 10 Exhibit I - Reamer Declaration, # 11 Exhibit J - Kelly Callison, # 12 Exhibit K - Anteau Declaration, # 13 Exhibit L - Haddock Declaration, # 14 Exhibit M - Contreras Declaration, # 15 Exhibit N - Orr Declaration, # 16 Exhibit O - Miller Declaration, # 17 Exhibit P - Racine Declaration, # 18 Exhibit Q - DeBoer v. Snyder Judgment, # 19 Exhibit Strauss v. Horton Amicus Brief) (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 05/29/2014)

1 Index of Exhibits

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2 Exhibit A - Caspar Declaration

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3 Exhibit B - DeJong Declaration

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4 Exhibit C - Callison Declaration

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5 Exhibit D - Wolf Declaration

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6 Exhibit E - Rutledge Declaration

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7 Exhibit F - Colasonti Declaration

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8 Exhibit G - Ryder Declaration

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9 Exhibit H - McCormack Declaration

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10 Exhibit I - Reamer Declaration

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11 Exhibit J - Kelly Callison

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12 Exhibit K - Anteau Declaration

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13 Exhibit L - Haddock Declaration

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14 Exhibit M - Contreras Declaration

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15 Exhibit N - Orr Declaration

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16 Exhibit O - Miller Declaration

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17 Exhibit P - Racine Declaration

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18 Exhibit Q - DeBoer v. Snyder Judgment

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19 Exhibit Strauss v. Horton Amicus Brief

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May 29, 2014 PACER
18

Ex Parte MOTION for Leave to File Excess Pages by All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 05/29/2014)

May 29, 2014 PACER
19

NOTICE of Appearance by Joshua O. Booth on behalf of All Defendants. (Booth, Joshua) (Entered: 05/30/2014)

May 30, 2014 PACER
20

MOTION to Stay by All Defendants. (Attachments: # 1 Document Continuation attached case, # 2 Document Continuation attached case, # 3 Document Continuation attached case, # 4 Index of Exhibits, # 5 Exhibit 1, # 6 Exhibit 2, # 7 Exhibit 3, # 8 Exhibit 4, # 9 Exhibit 5) (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 06/05/2014)

1 Document Continuation attached case

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2 Document Continuation attached case

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3 Document Continuation attached case

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4 Index of Exhibits

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5 Exhibit 1

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6 Exhibit 2

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7 Exhibit 3

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8 Exhibit 4

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9 Exhibit 5

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June 5, 2014 PACER
21

MOTION to Dismiss by All Defendants. (Attachments: # 1 Index of Exhibits, # 2 Exhibit 1, # 3 Exhibit 2, # 4 Exhibit 3, # 5 Exhibit 4) (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 06/05/2014)

1 Index of Exhibits

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2 Exhibit 1

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3 Exhibit 2

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4 Exhibit 3

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5 Exhibit 4

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June 5, 2014 PACER
22

RESPONSE to 17 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction filed by All Defendants. (Attachments: # 1 Index of Exhibits, # 2 Exhibit 1, # 3 Exhibit 2, # 4 Exhibit 3, # 5 Exhibit 4, # 6 Exhibit 5, # 7 Exhibit 6) (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 06/19/2014)

1 Index of Exhibits

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2 Exhibit 1

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3 Exhibit 2

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4 Exhibit 3

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5 Exhibit 4

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6 Exhibit 5

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7 Exhibit 6

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June 19, 2014 PACER
23

STIPULATION AND ORDER for Extension of Time for Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' 20 MOTION to Stay, (Response due by 6/30/2014). Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (Goltz, D) (Entered: 06/23/2014)

June 23, 2014 PACER
24

RESPONSE to 20 MOTION to Stay Hold Case in Abeyance Pending Appeal in DeBoer filed by All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 06/30/2014)

June 30, 2014 PACER
25

RESPONSE to 21 MOTION to Dismiss filed by All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 06/30/2014)

June 30, 2014 PACER
26

Ex Parte MOTION for Leave to File Excess Pages Response to Motion to Dismiss by All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 06/30/2014)

June 30, 2014 PACER
27

MOTION to Consolidate Cases by All Defendants. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit Blankenship Complaint) (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/01/2014)

1 Exhibit Blankenship Complaint

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July 1, 2014 PACER
28

NOTICE by All Defendants re 27 MOTION to Consolidate Cases (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/01/2014)

July 1, 2014 PACER
29

STIPULATION AND ORDER Extending Time for Defendants to File Reply to Response to 20 MOTION to Stay, (Response due by 7/14/2014). Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (Goltz, D) (Entered: 07/02/2014)

July 2, 2014 PACER
30

REPLY to Response re 17 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction filed by All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 07/07/2014)

July 7, 2014 PACER
31

REPLY to Response re 21 MOTION to Dismiss filed by All Defendants. (Attachments: # 1 case, # 2 case, # 3 case) (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/14/2014)

1 case

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2 case

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3 case

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July 14, 2014 PACER
32

Ex Parte MOTION for Leave to File Excess Pages by All Defendants. (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/14/2014)

July 14, 2014 PACER
33

REPLY to Response re 20 MOTION to Stay filed by All Defendants. (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/14/2014)

July 14, 2014 PACER
34

Ex Parte MOTION for Leave to File Excess Pages by All Defendants. (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/14/2014)

July 14, 2014 PACER
35

NOTICE TO APPEAR: Status Conference set for 7/24/2014 @ 3:00 PM **LOCATION: FLINT, MICHIGAN** before District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith (Goltz, D) (Entered: 07/15/2014)

July 15, 2014 PACER
36

RESPONSE to 27 MOTION to Consolidate Cases filed by All Plaintiffs. (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 07/18/2014)

July 18, 2014 PACER
37

NOTICE OF HEARING on 27 MOTION to Consolidate Cases, 17 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction, 21 MOTION to Dismiss, 20 MOTION to Stay . Motion Hearing set for 8/21/2014 @ 9:30 AM **LOCATION: FLINT, MICHIGAN** before District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith (Goltz, D) (Entered: 07/25/2014)

July 25, 2014 PACER
38

REPLY to Response re 27 MOTION to Consolidate Cases filed by All Defendants. (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 07/25/2014)

July 25, 2014 PACER
39

NOTICE of Appearance by Julian Davis Mortenson on behalf of All Plaintiffs. (Mortenson, Julian) (Entered: 08/05/2014)

Aug. 5, 2014 PACER
40

SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF re 20 MOTION to Stay filed by All Defendants. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit) (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 08/15/2014)

1 Exhibit

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Aug. 15, 2014 PACER
41

NOTICE by Erin Dawn Blankenship, Shayla Blankenship re 27 MOTION to Consolidate Cases, 28 Notice (Other) (Gibbs, Alec) (Entered: 08/21/2014)

Aug. 21, 2014 PACER
42

ORDER FOR SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEFING as to 27 Defendants' MOTION to Consolidate Cases; 17 Plaintiffs' MOTION for Preliminary Injunction; 21 Defendants' MOTION to Dismiss; 20 Defendants' MOTION to Stay: (Defendant's briefs due by 12/14/2014; Plaintiffs' briefs due by 12/21/2014). (Refer to image for additional details). Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (JCur) (Entered: 11/07/2014)

Nov. 7, 2014 PACER
43

SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF re 42 Order, Set Motion and R&R Deadlines/Hearings,, filed by Maura Corrigan, James Haveman, Rick Snyder, Phil Stoddard. (Booth, Joshua) (Entered: 11/14/2014)

Nov. 14, 2014 PACER
44

SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF re 42 Order, Set Motion and R&R Deadlines/Hearings,, filed by All Plaintiffs. (Attachments: # 1 Index of Exhibits, # 2 Exhibit 1 - Snyder issues statement, # 3 Exhibit 2 - Evans v. Utah - Stipulated Dismissal Order) (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 11/19/2014)

1 Index of Exhibits

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2 Exhibit 1 - Snyder issues statement

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3 Exhibit 2 - Evans v. Utah - Stipulated Dismissal Order

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Nov. 19, 2014 PACER
45

NOTICE by All Plaintiffs of Factual Development (Nickelhoff, Andrew) (Entered: 11/19/2014)

Nov. 19, 2014 PACER
46

OPINION and ORDER (1) Granting Plaintiffs' Motion For A Preliminary Injunction 17, And (2) Denying Defendants' Motions For A Stay 20, To Dismiss 21, And To Consolidate Cases 27 . Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (JCur) (Entered: 01/15/2015)

Jan. 15, 2015 RECAP
47

ORDER REGARDING SUBMISSION OF JOINT MEMORANDUM. Joint submissions due on or before 2/20/2015 . Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (JCur) (Entered: 02/09/2015)

Feb. 9, 2015
48

MEMORANDUM re 47 Order by All Defendants (Murphy, Michael) (Entered: 02/20/2015)

Feb. 20, 2015
49

STIPULATION AND ORDER To Extend Time For Plaintiffs To Move For Attorney Fees And Costs. Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (JCur) (Entered: 02/24/2015)

Feb. 24, 2015
50

DECLARATORY JUDGMENT AND PERMANENT INJUNCTION. Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (JCur) (Entered: 02/24/2015)

Feb. 24, 2015
51

STIPULATED ORDER Extending Time For Plaintiffs To Move For Attorneys' Fees And Costs by 6/23/2015. Signed by District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith. (JCur) (Entered: 05/20/2015)

May 20, 2015

State / Territory: Michigan

Case Type(s):

Public Benefits/Government Services

Special Collection(s):

Same-Sex Marriage

Key Dates

Filing Date: April 14, 2014

Closing Date: 2015

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

The plaintiffs are several same-sex couples that were married in Michigan on March 22nd, 2014.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

ACLU Affiliates (any)

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

State of Michigan, State

Department of Community Health, State

Department of Human Services, State

Office of Retirement Services, State

Rick Snyder, State

Defendant Type(s):

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order

Declaratory Judgment

Source of Relief:

Litigation

Order Duration: 2015 - None

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief granted

Discrimination Prohibition

Issues

General:

Gay/lesbian/transgender

Marriage

Discrimination-basis:

Sex discrimination

Sexual orientatation