Case: Wikimedia Foundation v. National Security Agency

1:15-cv-00662 | U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland

Filed Date: March 10, 2015

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On March 10, 2015, a collective of organizations interested in privacy, led by the Wikimedia Foundation, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for District of Maryland. The plaintiffs sued the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Department of Justice under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 701 et seq. The plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from the ACLU and private counsel, asked the court to declare “Upstream Surveillance” by the government to be unconstitutional, and …

On March 10, 2015, a collective of organizations interested in privacy, led by the Wikimedia Foundation, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for District of Maryland. The plaintiffs sued the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Department of Justice under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 701 et seq. The plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from the ACLU and private counsel, asked the court to declare “Upstream Surveillance” by the government to be unconstitutional, and to purge all records on the plaintiffs obtained through this practice. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed that the NSA’s surveillance programs, including “PRISM,” implement the unconstitutional method of upstream surveillance. They claimed that these programs made copies of nearly all digital communications, and that the government made no effort to limit the scope of this surveillance. The plaintiffs alleged these practices violated their First and Fourth Amendment rights.

After the passage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Amendments Act (FAA) in 2008, the NSA was granted authority to conduct warrantless surveillance of all US persons’ international communications. The act included no requirement for justifying the surveillance or for attempting to limit those affected by the surveillance. In 2011 under the FAA, the NSA began its upstream surveillance program, which, the complaint, alleges “involves the surveillance of essentially everyone’s communications." The plaintiffs claim this NSA surveillance program hindered their work, along with violating their constitutional rights.

On October 23rd, 2015, Judge T.S. Ellis granted the defendants’ motion to dismiss because the complaint did not allege a harm directly attributable to the government’s upstream surveillance, so the suit did not have proper standing. 143 F.Supp.3d 344. Underlying this ruling was the relative speculativeness of each plaintiff's claim. Wikimedia asserted that it conducted over a trillion internet communications every year with people in virtually every country on the planet. There were a very limited number of pathways in which an internet communication could exit the United States, and the NSA's upstream monitoring program monitored at least one of these pathways in order to obtain and review communications. The gist of Wikimedia's complaint was that, due to the sheer volume of their communications, and due to the limited number of places in which the government could monitor communications, there was no way that the government had not obtained and reviewed Wikimedia's communications with persons abroad. The government in response had countered that Wikimedia was speculating as to the breadth of the U.S. Upstream monitoring program. However, the court ruled that Wikimedia's assertion was sufficiently plausible at least as to the Motion to Dismiss phase of trial.

The plaintiffs appealed to the Fourth Circuit. Oral argument occurred on December 8th, 2016 and on May 23, 2017, the Fourth Circuit vacated and remanded the lower court's decision as to Wikimedia, the first and largest plaintiff, ruling that it had standing to pursue the injunction. 857 F.3d 193. However, the court affirmed as to all other plaintiffs in the suit and upheld the lower court's judgment, finding that their claims did not rise to the same level of certainty as Wikimedia's. Instead of claiming that it was virtually impossible for the government to use Upstream monitoring and avoid reviewing their internet communications, the other plaintiffs claimed that the government was “intercepting, copying, and reviewing substantially all" text-based communications entering and leaving the United States.

In a dissent, Judge Davis agreed with the court's ruling that Wikimedia had standing to continue the case, but would have held that the other plaintiffs had made plausible allegations and should have had standing as well.

Back in the district court, on September 25, 2017, the Court granted a five-month period for jurisdictional discovery. On March 12, 2018, the parties jointly moved for a continuance of the discovery deadline in order to submit a new proposed schedule for the completion of jurisdictional discovery. The Court denied this motion on March 15, 2018, but granted one additional month of discovery beginning March 17, 2018.

For the next six months, the parties engaged in discovery. The main issue during this time was the plaintiff’s motion to compel discovery responses and deposition testimony, submitted on March 26. The motion to compel was in response to the defendants’ objections to the plaintiff’s 84 discovery requests. The defendants asserted common law state privilege and national security purposes under 50 U.S.C. § 3024(i)(l) as the basis to refuse the discovery requests. The plaintiffs contended that where a party moves to discover material relating to electronic surveillance, the court must follow the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act’s (FISA) procedures and conduct an ex parte and in camera review of materials relating to electronic surveillance.

The defendants responded that FISA did not apply, as the plaintiff had not established themselves as the target of electronic surveillance. The plaintiff’s motion to compel discovery responses and deposition testimony were denied on August 20, 2018, in favor of the defendants. The court decided that the defendants had satisfied procedural requirements to invoke state secrets privilege and that the information sought to be protected fell under the state secrets doctrine. The court also agreed that the plaintiff had not yet established that they were the subject of electronic surveillance. Therefore, FISA did not apply and jurisdictional discovery was limited to information not protected by state secrets privilege. 335 F.Supp.3d 772.

The defendants moved for summary judgment on November 13, 2018, alleging that the plaintiff lacked standing to contest the legality of the NSA’s upstream surveillance program. The defendants also stated there was no issue of material fact, and that the state secrets privilege precluded further litigation. The same day, the defendants also requested to seal their motion on an interim basis, which was granted on December 11.

The plaintiffs submitted a response in opposition to the defendants’ summary judgment motion on December 18, 2018, claiming that it had presented sufficient evidence and that it has third-party standing. In the next months, the parties continued to submit arguments regarding the summary judgment.

The defendants then submitted a motion to stay proceedings due to a funding issues on December 26, 2018, which was granted on January 2, 2019. After the issue was resolved, the defendants filed a restoration of appropriations on January 28, 2019.

On December 16, 2019, the defendants' motion for summary judgment was granted, holding that Wikimedia did not have the standing to proceed with its claims as it had not presented sufficient evidence that the NSA was monitoring Wikimedia communications. The court additionally stated that even if Wikimedia were able to demonstrate such monitoring, the state secrets privilege would require dismissal. 427 F.Supp.3d 582.

The plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal on February 14, 2020, and the case is ongoing.

Summary Authors

Michael Abrams (10/4/2016)

Megan Brown (6/26/2017)

Averyn Lee (5/31/2020)

Related Cases

Schuchardt v. Obama, Western District of Pennsylvania (2014)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4287483/parties/wikimedia-foundation-v-national-security-agencycentral-security-service/


Judge(s)

Davis, Andre Maurice (Maryland)

Diaz, Albert (North Carolina)

Ellis, Thomas Selby III (Virginia)

Motz, Diana Jane Gribbon (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Abdo, Alex (New York)

Browning, John M. (New York)

Cook, Devon (California)

Gorski, Ashley (New York)

Hafetz, Jonathan L. (New York)

Jaffer, Jameel (New York)

Judge(s)

Davis, Andre Maurice (Maryland)

Diaz, Albert (North Carolina)

Ellis, Thomas Selby III (Virginia)

Motz, Diana Jane Gribbon (Maryland)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Abdo, Alex (New York)

Browning, John M. (New York)

Cook, Devon (California)

Gorski, Ashley (New York)

Hafetz, Jonathan L. (New York)

Jaffer, Jameel (New York)

Jeon, Deborah A. (Maryland)

Kleine, Benjamin Hansel (California)

Munkittrick, David A. (New York)

Rocah, David Robert (Maryland)

Sims, Charles S. (New York)

Smolen, Molly (California)

Toomey, Patrick Christopher (New York)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Berman, Julia Alexandra (District of Columbia)

Coppolino, Anthony J. (District of Columbia)

Gilligan, James J (District of Columbia)

Heiman, Julia Alexandra (District of Columbia)

Hunt, Joseph H. (District of Columbia)

Johnson, Timothy Andrew (District of Columbia)

Mizer, Benjamin C. (District of Columbia)

Patton, Rodney (District of Columbia)

Scott, Olivia Hussey (District of Columbia)

Other Attorney(s)

Berlage, Jan Ingham (Maryland)

Crocker, Andrew (California)

Granick, Jennifer Stisa (California)

Kaminski, Margot E (Ohio)

Landis, Jeffrey (District of Columbia)

Levenson, Emily Lange (Maryland)

Treem, Joshua R (Maryland)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket [PACER]

May 12, 2020 Docket
1

Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

March 10, 2015 Complaint
70-1

First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

June 19, 2015 Complaint
77-1

Memorandum in Support of Defendants' Motion to Dismiss the First Amended Complaint

Wikimedia v. NSA

Aug. 6, 2015 Pleading / Motion / Brief
93

Memorandum Opinion

143 F.Supp.3d 344

Oct. 23, 2015 Order/Opinion
101

Judgment [Appellate]

U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit

857 F.3d 193

May 23, 2017 Order/Opinion
150, 151

Memorandum Opinion

335 F.Supp.3d 772

Aug. 20, 2018 Order/Opinion
161 (incl. 161-1 through 161-8)

Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment

Nov. 13, 2018 Pleading / Motion / Brief
188, 189

Memorandum Opinon

427 F.Supp.3d 582

Dec. 16, 2019 Order/Opinion

Resources

Title Description External URL

Wikimedia v. NSA - Challenge to Upstream Surveillance under the FISA Amendments Act

American Civil Liberties Union

In March 2015, the ACLU filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the NSA’s mass interception and searching of Americans’ international Internet communications. At issue is the NSA’s “Upst… Sept. 6, 2018 https://www.aclu.org/cases/wikimedia-v-nsa-challenge-upstream-surveillance-under-fisa-amendments-act

Wikimedia Foundation v. NSA

Wikimedia Foundation

On March 10, 2015, the Wikimedia Foundation, the nonprofit organization that supports Wikipedia and its sister projects, filed suit against the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and the De… May 30, 2019 https://policy.wikimedia.org/stopsurveillance/

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4287483/wikimedia-foundation-v-national-security-agencycentral-security-service/

Last updated May 11, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief against All Defendants ( Filing fee $ 400 receipt number 0416-5260730.), filed by The Nation Magazine, Human Rights Watch, The Rutherford Institute, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Washington Office on Latin America, Pen American Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Global Fund for Women, Amnesty International USA. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Cover Sheet, # 2 Summonses)(Jeon, Deborah) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

1 Civil Cover Sheet

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2 Summonses

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March 10, 2015 RECAP
2

NOTICE by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation Summons to U.S. Attorney (Jeon, Deborah) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 RECAP
3

Summons Issued 60 days as to James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Eric H. Holder, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers, U.S. Attorney and U.S. Attorney General (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 RECAP
4

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Alex Abdo ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5262165.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 RECAP
5

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Ashley Gorski ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5262203.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 RECAP
6

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Jameel Jaffer ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5262236.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 PACER
7

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Patrick Toomey ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5262246.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 PACER
8

QC NOTICE: 4 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice, filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA needs to be modified. See attachment for details and corrective actions needed regarding the signature(s) on the motion. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 RECAP
9

QC NOTICE: 5 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice, filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA needs to be modified. See attachment for details and corrective actions needed regarding the signature(s) on the motion. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 PACER
10

QC NOTICE: 6 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice, filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA needs to be modified. See attachment for details and corrective actions needed regarding the signature(s) on the motion. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 PACER
11

QC NOTICE: 7 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice, filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA needs to be modified. See attachment for details and corrective actions needed regarding the signature(s) on the motion. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/10/2015)

March 10, 2015 PACER
12

CORRECTED MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Alex Abdo by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page). The fee has already been paid.(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
13

CORRECTED MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Ashley Gorski by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page). The fee has already been paid.(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
14

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 12 Corrected Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Alex Abdo. Directing attorney Alex Abdo to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
15

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 13 Corrected Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Ashley Gorski. Directing attorney Ashley Gorski to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
16

CORRECTED MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Jameel Jaffer by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page). The fee has already been paid.(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
17

CORRECTED MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Patrick Toomey by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page). The fee has already been paid.(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
18

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Charles Sims ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5265356.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page)(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
19

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for David Munkittrick ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5265372.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page)(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
20

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for John Browning ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5265384.) by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation (Attachments: # 1 Signature page)(Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

1 Signature page

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March 11, 2015 PACER
21

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 16 Corrected Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Jameel Jaffer. Directing attorney Jameel Jaffer to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
22

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 17 Corrected Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Patrick Toomey. Directing attorney Patrick Toomey to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
23

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 18 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Charles Sims. Directing attorney Charles Sims to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
24

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 19 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of David Munkittrick. Directing attorney David Munkittrick to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
25

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 20 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of John Browning. Directing attorney John Browning to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 3/11/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
26

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by Amnesty International USA. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 RECAP
27

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by Global Fund for Women. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
28

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by Human Rights Watch. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
29

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys identifying Other Affiliate Foundation for Criminal Justice for National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys.. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 RECAP
30

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by Pen American Center. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
31

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by The Rutherford Institute. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
32

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by The Nation Magazine. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 RECAP
33

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by Wikimedia Foundation. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 RECAP
34

Local Rule 103.3 Disclosure Statement by Washington Office on Latin America. (Rocah, David) (Entered: 03/11/2015)

March 11, 2015 PACER
35

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on United States Attorney for the District of Maryland on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
36

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Office of the Director of National Intelligence on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
37

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on National Security Agency / Central Security Service on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
38

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Department of Justice on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
39

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Adm. Michael S. Rogers on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
40

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
41

(FILED IN ERROR) AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr. on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) Modified on 3/17/2015 (bmhs, Deputy Clerk). (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
42

QC NOTICE: 35 Affidavit of Service filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA was filed incorrectly. **Incorrect event was selected. Please refile using the event under Service of Process - Summons Returned Executed as to USA AND case caption and case number are missing. It has been noted as FILED IN ERROR, and the document link has been disabled. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
43

QC NOTICE: 36 37 38 39 40 41 Affidavits of Service filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA were filed incorrectly. **Case caption and case number are missing. It has been noted as FILED IN ERROR, and the document link has been disabled. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
44

SUMMONS Returned Executed by The Nation Magazine, Amnesty International USA, Human Rights Watch, The Rutherford Institute, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, Global Fund for Women. James R. Clapper served on 3/10/2015, answer due 5/11/2015; Department of Justice served on 3/10/2015, answer due 5/11/2015; Eric H. Holder served on 3/10/2015, answer due 5/11/2015; National Security Agency/Central Security Service served on 3/10/2015, answer due 5/11/2015; Office of the Director of National Intelligence served on 3/10/2015, answer due 5/11/2015; Michael S. Rogers served on 3/10/2015, answer due 5/11/2015. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 RECAP
45

AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Office of the Director of National Intelligence on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 RECAP
46

AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on National Security Agency / Central Security Service on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 RECAP
47

AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 RECAP
48

AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Department of Justice on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 RECAP
49

AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Adm. Michael S. Rogers on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
50

AFFIDAVIT of Service for Summons served on Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr. on 3/10/2015, filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 03/17/2015)

March 17, 2015 PACER
51

NOTICE of Appearance by James Jordan Gilligan on behalf of All Defendants (Gilligan, James) (Entered: 03/19/2015)

March 19, 2015 RECAP
52

NOTICE of Appearance by Rodney Patton on behalf of James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Eric H. Holder, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers (Patton, Rodney) (Entered: 03/23/2015)

March 23, 2015 RECAP
53

NOTICE of Appearance by Julia Alexandra Berman on behalf of All Defendants (Berman, Julia) (Entered: 03/24/2015)

March 24, 2015 RECAP

Case reassigned to Judge T. S. Ellis. Judge Richard D Bennett no longer assigned to the case. (cags, Deputy Clerk)

March 26, 2015 PACER

Case Assigned/Reassigned

March 26, 2015 PACER
54

MOTION to Set a Status Conference by James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Eric H. Holder, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers Responses due by 5/11/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Berman, Julia) (Entered: 04/24/2015)

1 Exhibit 1

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2 Text of Proposed Order

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April 24, 2015 RECAP
55

RESPONSE to Motion re 54 MOTION to Set a Status Conference filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. Replies due by 5/15/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 04/28/2015)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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April 28, 2015 RECAP
56

ORDER granting 54 Defendants' Motion to set a status conference; and scheduling a status conference for 3:30 p.m. on Wednesday, May 13, 2015. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 4/30/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 04/30/2015)

April 30, 2015 RECAP
57

Correspondence re: Request Pursuant to D. Md. Local Rule 101.1(b)(i) for May 13, 2015 Status Conference (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 05/06/2015)

May 6, 2015 RECAP
58

ORDER granting 57 Plaintiffs' Letter Motion. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 5/11/15. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/11/2015)

May 11, 2015 PACER
59

PAPERLESS ORDER, for good cause, it is hereby ORDERED that the status conference scheduled to be heard at the Greenbelt Courthouse at 3:30 p.m. on Wednesday, May 13, 2015, is CANCELED. Instead, a telephone conference is SCHEDULED for the same date and time (3:30 p.m. on Wednesday, May 13, 2015). In this regard, all participating counsel are DIRECTED first to conference themselves together on one phone line and then to call Chambers at (703) 299-2114 to commence the conference call. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 5/12/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/12/2015)

May 12, 2015 PACER
60

Telephone Conference held on 5/14/2015 before Judge T. S. Ellis. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/15/2015)

May 14, 2015 PACER
61

ORDER directing parties to comply with the briefing and argument schedule. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 5/13/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/15/2015)

May 14, 2015 RECAP
62

MOTION to Set a Date for the Filing of Amicus Briefs by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation Responses due by 6/15/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 05/27/2015)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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May 27, 2015 RECAP
63

ORDER denying 62 Motion to Set a Date for the Filing of Amicus Briefs. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 5/28/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/28/2015)

May 28, 2015 RECAP
64

Joint MOTION to Conduct Hearings in Alexandria, Virginia by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation Responses due by 6/15/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 05/29/2015)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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May 29, 2015 RECAP
65

ORDER granting 64 Joint Motion to Conduct Hearings in Alexandria, Virginia. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 5/29/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 05/29/2015)

May 29, 2015 RECAP
66

MOTION to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction Under Rule 12(b)(1) by James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Eric H. Holder, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers Responses due by 6/15/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss, # 2 Text of Proposed Order, # 3 Exhibit Exhibit List, # 4 Exhibit Exhibit 1, # 5 Exhibit Exhibit 2, # 6 Exhibit Exhibit 3, # 7 Exhibit Exhibit 4A, # 8 Exhibit Exhibit 4B, # 9 Exhibit Exhibit 4C, # 10 Exhibit Exhibit 4D, # 11 Exhibit Exhibit 5, # 12 Exhibit Exhibit 6)(Patton, Rodney) (Entered: 05/29/2015)

1 Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss

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2 Text of Proposed Order

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3 Exhibit Exhibit List

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4 Exhibit Exhibit 1

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5 Exhibit Exhibit 2

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6 Exhibit Exhibit 3

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7 Exhibit Exhibit 4A

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8 Exhibit Exhibit 4B

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9 Exhibit Exhibit 4C

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10 Exhibit Exhibit 4D

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11 Exhibit Exhibit 5

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12 Exhibit Exhibit 6

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May 29, 2015 PACER
67

Joint MOTION to Amend the Briefing Schedule by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation Responses due by 6/29/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 06/12/2015)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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June 12, 2015 RECAP
68

ORDER granting 67 Joint Motion to Amend the Briefing Scheduling governing Defendants' Motion to Dismiss; and postponing the oral argument on Defendants' Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 6/12/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/15/2015)

June 12, 2015 PACER
69

ORDER amending the briefing schedule. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 6/12/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/15/2015)

June 12, 2015 PACER
70

MOTION to Amend/Correct 1 Complaint, by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation Responses due by 7/9/2015 (Attachments: # 1 First Amended Complaint, # 2 First Amended Complaint - Redline, # 3 Text of Proposed Order)(Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 06/19/2015)

1 First Amended Complaint

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2 First Amended Complaint - Redline

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3 Text of Proposed Order

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June 19, 2015 RECAP
71

ORDER granting 70 Plaintiffs' Motion to Amend the Complaint; and denying as moot 66 Defendants' Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 6/22/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/22/2015)

June 22, 2015 RECAP
72

AMENDED COMPLAINT against James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers, Loretta E. Lynch filed by The Nation Magazine, Amnesty International USA, Human Rights Watch, The Rutherford Institute, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, Global Fund for Women. (Attachments: # 1 Red Line Complaint)(bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/22/2015)

1 Red Line Complaint

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June 22, 2015 RECAP
73

Consent MOTION for Extension of Time by James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Loretta E. Lynch, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers Responses due by 7/16/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Berman, Julia) (Entered: 06/27/2015)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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June 27, 2015 RECAP
74

ORDER granting 73 Consent Motion for Extension of Time. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 6/29/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 06/29/2015)

June 29, 2015 RECAP
75

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Jennifer Stisa Granick ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5525629.) by CloudFlare, The Tor Project, Inc., RiseUp (Landis, Jeffrey) (Entered: 07/31/2015)

July 31, 2015 RECAP
76

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 75 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Jennifer Stisa Granick. Directing attorney Jennifer Stisa Granick to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 8/3/2015. (bu, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 08/03/2015)

Aug. 3, 2015 PACER
77

MOTION to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction by James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Loretta E. Lynch, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers Responses due by 8/24/2015 (Attachments: # 1 (Memorandum in Support), # 2 Affidavit (Salzberg Declaration), # 3 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 1), # 4 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 2), # 5 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 3), # 6 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 4), # 7 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 5), # 8 Exhibit 1, # 9 Exhibit 2, # 10 Exhibit 3, # 11 Exhibit 4, # 12 Exhibit 5, # 13 Exhibit 6, # 14 Exhibit 7, # 15 Exhibit 8, # 16 Exhibit 9, # 17 (Index of Exhibits), # 18 Text of Proposed Order)(Gilligan, James) (Entered: 08/06/2015)

1 (Memorandum in Support)

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2 Affidavit (Salzberg Declaration)

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3 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 1)

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4 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 2)

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5 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 3)

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6 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 4)

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7 Affidavit (Lee Declaration Part 5)

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8 Exhibit 1

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9 Exhibit 2

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10 Exhibit 3

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11 Exhibit 4

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12 Exhibit 5

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13 Exhibit 6

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14 Exhibit 7

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15 Exhibit 8

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16 Exhibit 9

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17 (Index of Exhibits)

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18 Text of Proposed Order

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Aug. 6, 2015 RECAP
78

NOTICE of Appearance by Joshua R Treem on behalf of First Amendment Legal Scholars (Treem, Joshua) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 RECAP
79

NOTICE of Appearance by Emily Lange Levenson on behalf of First Amendment Legal Scholars (Levenson, Emily) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 RECAP
80

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5581832.) by First Amendment Legal Scholars (Treem, Joshua) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 PACER
81

NOTICE of Appearance by Jan Ingham Berlage on behalf of The American Booksellers Association, American Library Association, Association of Research Libraries, Freedom to Read Foundation, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (Berlage, Jan) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 RECAP
82

MOTION for Leave to File to File Brief of Amici Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss by American Library Association, Association of Research Libraries, Freedom to Read Foundation, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The American Booksellers Association Responses due by 9/21/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Brief in Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss)(Berlage, Jan) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

1 Brief in Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss

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Sept. 3, 2015 PACER
83

MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Andrew Crocker ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5582368.) by American Library Association, Association of Research Libraries, Freedom to Read Foundation, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The American Booksellers Association (Berlage, Jan) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 RECAP
84

NOTICE by American Library Association, Association of Research Libraries, Freedom to Read Foundation, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The American Booksellers Association re 81 Notice of Appearance, 82 MOTION for Leave to File to File Brief of Amici Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, 83 MOTION to Appear Pro Hac Vice for Andrew Crocker ( Filing fee $ 50, receipt number 0416-5582368.) of Service (Berlage, Jan) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 RECAP
85

MOTION for Leave to File Brief of Amicus Curiae by First Amendment Legal Scholars Responses due by 9/21/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Brief of Amicus Curiae First Amendment Legal Scholars, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Treem, Joshua) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

1 Brief of Amicus Curiae First Amendment Legal Scholars

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2 Text of Proposed Order

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Sept. 3, 2015 PACER
86

RESPONSE in Opposition re 77 MOTION to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction filed by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. Replies due by 9/21/2015. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 09/03/2015)

Sept. 3, 2015 RECAP
87

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 80 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Margot E Kaminski. Directing attorney Margot E Kaminski to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 9/9/2015. (srd, Intern) (Entered: 09/09/2015)

Sept. 9, 2015 PACER
88

PAPERLESS ORDER granting 83 Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice on behalf of Andrew Crocker. Directing attorney Andrew Crocker to register online for CM/ECF at https://www.mdd.uscourts.gov/attyregB/inputProHac.asp. Signed by Clerk on 9/9/2015. (srd, Intern) (Entered: 09/09/2015)

Sept. 9, 2015 PACER
89

REPLY to Response to Motion re 77 MOTION to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction filed by James R. Clapper, Department of Justice, Eric H. Holder, Loretta E. Lynch, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Michael S. Rogers. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Gilligan, James) (Entered: 09/17/2015)

1 Exhibit 1

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Sept. 17, 2015 RECAP
90

Status Conference held on 9/25/2015 before Judge T. S. Ellis. (Court Reporter: M. Pham) (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/28/2015)

Sept. 25, 2015 PACER
91

ORDER taking under advisment 77 Defendant's MOTION to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 9/25/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 09/28/2015)

Sept. 25, 2015 RECAP
92

MOTION to Withdraw as Attorney by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation Responses due by 11/9/2015 (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Rocah, David) (Entered: 10/22/2015)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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Oct. 22, 2015 PACER
93

MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 10/23/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/23/2015)

Oct. 23, 2015 RECAP
94

ORDER granting 82 85 amici curiae's Motions for Leave to File amicus curiae briefs. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 10/23/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/23/2015)

Oct. 23, 2015 PACER
95

ORDER granting 77 Defendants' Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge T. S. Ellis on 10/23/2015. (bmhs, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 10/23/2015)

Oct. 23, 2015 RECAP
96

NOTICE OF APPEAL as to 95 Order on Motion to Dismiss/Lack of Jurisdiction by Amnesty International USA, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, The Rutherford Institute, Washington Office on Latin America, Wikimedia Foundation. Filing fee $ 505, receipt number 0416-5759619. (Toomey, Patrick) (Entered: 12/15/2015)

Dec. 15, 2015 RECAP
97

Transmission of Notice of Appeal and Docket Sheet to US Court of Appeals re 96 Notice of Appeal. IMPORTANT NOTICE: To access forms which you are required to file with the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit please go to http://www.ca4.uscourts.gov and click on Forms & Notices. (sls, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/17/2015)

Dec. 17, 2015 PACER
98

USCA Case Number 15-2560 for 96 Notice of Appeal, filed by Wikimedia Foundation, Pen American Center, The Nation Magazine, National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys, Global Fund for Women, Human Rights Watch, Washington Office on Latin America, The Rutherford Institute, Amnesty International USA. Case Manager - RJ Warren (ko, Deputy Clerk) (Entered: 12/18/2015)

Dec. 18, 2015 PACER

State / Territory: Maryland

Case Type(s):

National Security

Special Collection(s):

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act -- All Matters

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act—Foreign Targeting (702, 703, 704)

Key Dates

Filing Date: March 10, 2015

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Wikimedia Foundation and eight other educational, legal, human rights, and media organizations

Plaintiff Type(s):

Non-profit NON-religious organization

Attorney Organizations:

ACLU National (all projects)

ACLU Affiliates (any)

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

National Security Agency (Fort Meade, Anne Arundel), Federal

Defendant Type(s):

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.

Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201

Constitutional Clause(s):

Unreasonable search and seizure

Freedom of speech/association

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Non-settlement Outcome

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Defendant

Nature of Relief:

None

Source of Relief:

None

Issues

General:

Confidentiality