Case: Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center v. Wolf

1:19-cv-03640 | U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia

Filed Date: Oct. 7, 2019

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On October 7, 2019, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security implemented two new asylum processes to expedite applicants’ credible fear interviews: the Prompt Asylum Claim Review program and the Humanitarian Asylum Review Process. Under these programs, asylum seekers subject to credible fear interviews would be kept in U.S. Customs and Border Protection facilities, called “ice boxes” due to their cold temperatures, rather than U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers. On Decem…

On October 7, 2019, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security implemented two new asylum processes to expedite applicants’ credible fear interviews: the Prompt Asylum Claim Review program and the Humanitarian Asylum Review Process. Under these programs, asylum seekers subject to credible fear interviews would be kept in U.S. Customs and Border Protection facilities, called “ice boxes” due to their cold temperatures, rather than U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers.

On December 5, 2019, the Las Americas Advocacy Center filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. The plaintiff sued the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The plaintiff, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, claimed that the new programs for expedited removal violated the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.), the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.), the Convention against Torture, and the Due Process Clause of the Constitution. Specifically, the plaintiff claimed that Customs and Border Protection facilities only allowed them to contact attorneys by phone and otherwise limited their access to legal counsel. The plaintiffs alleged that this deprived them of opportunities to meaningfully participate in credible fear interviews, which determined whether they could pursue a claim for asylum or other protection.

On the same day, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint, adding as plaintiffs asylum seekers who had been sent back to their home countries after receiving a negative evaluation for their credible fear interviews under the new programs. On December 20, 2019, the plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction. The case was assigned to Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on December 20, 2019. The plaintiffs filed a motion for summary judgment on January 27, 2020.

On November 30, 2020, the district court denied the plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment, but granted the defendants' cross-motion for summary judgment. 507 F. Supp. 3d 1. In finding in favor of the defendants, the court reasoned that Congress granted DHS considerable discretion to enact policies for the purpose of efficiently distinguishing meritorious claims for protection from meritless claims. The court further reasoned that the fact that DHS had previously afforded asylum seekers greater access to legal counsel than required by law did not mean that it was unlawful for DHS to scale back such access in light of the congressional determination that expeditious removal of certain noncitizens was warranted.

The plaintiffs filed a motion seeking reconsideration of the court's order on December 28, 2020. Two days later, they appealed the judgment to the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia.

After Judge Jackson was elevated to the D.C. Circuit in mid-2021, the case was reassigned to Judge Jia M. Cobb. As of March 27, 2022, the appeal was being held in abeyance pending a decision by the lower court on the motion for reconsideration.

Summary Authors

Bogyung Lim (2/7/2020)

Jordan Katz (9/28/2021)

Rachel Harrington (3/27/2022)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/16554074/parties/las-americas-immigrant-advocacy-center-v-wolf/


Judge(s)

Jackson, Ketanji Brown (District of Columbia)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Balakrishnan, Anand V. (New York)

Buser-Clancy, Thomas Paul (Texas)

Cruz, Bernardo Rafael (Texas)

Drake, Brantley Shaw (New York)

Huddleston, Kathryn Lynn (Arizona)

Michelman, Scott (District of Columbia)

Segura, Andre (Texas)

Spitzer, Arthur (District of Columbia)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Benach, Ava C (District of Columbia)

Judge(s)

Jackson, Ketanji Brown (District of Columbia)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Balakrishnan, Anand V. (New York)

Buser-Clancy, Thomas Paul (Texas)

Cruz, Bernardo Rafael (Texas)

Drake, Brantley Shaw (New York)

Huddleston, Kathryn Lynn (Arizona)

Michelman, Scott (District of Columbia)

Segura, Andre (Texas)

Spitzer, Arthur (District of Columbia)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Benach, Ava C (District of Columbia)

Moran, Courtney Elizabeth (District of Columbia)

Reuveni, Erez (District of Columbia)

Other Attorney(s)

Manning, Susan Baker (District of Columbia)

Walters, Karolina Joanna (District of Columbia)

Wise, Jane W (District of Columbia)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

PACER [Docket]

Aug. 16, 2021 Docket
1

Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

Dec. 5, 2019 Complaint
2

First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

Dec. 5, 2019 Complaint
21

Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction

Dec. 20, 2019 Pleading / Motion / Brief
35

Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment

Jan. 27, 2020 Pleading / Motion / Brief
76

Order

507 F.Supp.3d 1

Nov. 30, 2020 Order/Opinion

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/16554074/las-americas-immigrant-advocacy-center-v-wolf/

Last updated May 13, 2022

ECF Number Description Date Link
1

COMPLAINT against All Defendants ( Filing fee $ 400 receipt number ADCDC−6622552) filed by LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Cover Sheet, # 2 Notice of Related Case, # 3 Corporate Disclosure Certificate, # 4 Wolf summons, # 5 DHS summons, # 6 Cuccinelli summons, # 7 USCIS summons, # 8 Morgan summons, # 9 Owen summons, # 10 Mancha summons, # 11 Chavez summons, # 12 CBP summons, # 13 Barr summons, # 14 DOJ summons, # 15 Attorney General summons, # 16 U.S. Attorney for DC summons)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/05/2019)

Dec. 5, 2019
2

AMENDED COMPLAINT against All Defendants filed by LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, B.G.R., K.M.V., A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R..(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/05/2019)

Dec. 5, 2019
3

SEALED MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE DOCUMENT UNDER SEAL filed by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.G.R., K.M.V., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER (This document is SEALED and only available to authorized persons.) (Attachments: # 1 SEALED Declaration of A.R.R.D., # 2 SEALED Declaration of A.S.C.R., # 3 SEALED Declaration of K.M.V., # 4 SEALED Declaration of B.G.R., # 5 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/05/2019)

Dec. 5, 2019
4

NOTICE OF RELATED CASE by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.G.R., K.M.V., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER. Case related to Case No. 19−2676. (zrdj) (Entered: 12/09/2019)

Dec. 5, 2019

Case Assigned to Judge Randolph D. Moss. (zrdj) (Entered: 12/09/2019)

Dec. 9, 2019
6

SUMMONS (13) Issued Electronically as to WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF, U.S. Attorney and U.S. Attorney General (Attachments: # 1 Notice and Consent)(zrdj) (Entered: 12/09/2019)

Dec. 9, 2019
7

NOTICE of Appearance by Scott Michelman on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Michelman, Scott) (Entered: 12/10/2019)

Dec. 10, 2019
8

STANDING ORDER: The parties are hereby ORDERED to comply with the directives set forth in the attached Standing Order. See document for details. Signed by Judge Randolph D. Moss on 12/10/2019. (lcrdm2, ) (Entered: 12/10/2019)

Dec. 10, 2019
9

RETURN OF SERVICE/AFFIDAVIT of Summons and Complaint Executed as to the United States Attorney. Date of Service Upon United States Attorney on 12/10/2019. Answer due for ALL FEDERAL DEFENDANTS by 2/8/2020. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration of service of process and additional documents)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/11/2019)

Dec. 11, 2019
10

NOTICE of Appearance by Courtney Elizabeth Moran on behalf of All Defendants (Moran, Courtney) (Entered: 12/17/2019)

Dec. 17, 2019
11

RESPONSE re 4 Notice of Related Case (opposition to case relation) filed by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF. (Moran, Courtney) (Entered: 12/17/2019)

Dec. 17, 2019

MINUTE ORDER: Upon consideration of Defendants' Opposition to Plaintiffs' Notice of Related Case ("Opposition"), Dkt. 11, Plaintiffs are hereby ORDERED to file a brief responding to Defendants' Opposition on or before December 20, 2019, at 2:00 p.m. Signed by Judge Randolph D. Moss on 12/17/2019. (lcrdm2, ) (Entered: 12/17/2019)

Dec. 17, 2019

Set/Reset Deadlines: Brief due by 12/20/2019 at 2pm. (kt) (Entered: 12/17/2019)

Dec. 17, 2019
12

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name− Anand Balakrishnan, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC−6659573. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
13

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name− Andre Ivan Segura, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC−6659592. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
14

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name− Bernardo Cruz, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC−6659601. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
15

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name− Brantley Shaw Drake, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC−6659608. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
16

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name− Kathryn Lynn Huddleston, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC−6659614. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
17

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name− Thomas Buser−Clancy, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC−6659625. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
18

RETURN OF SERVICE/AFFIDAVIT of Summons and Complaint Executed. WILLIAM BARR served on 12/18/2019; GLORIA CHAVEZ served on 12/16/2019; KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI served on 12/17/2019; HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR served on 12/16/2019; MARK A. MORGAN served on 12/17/2019; TODD C. OWEN served on 12/17/2019; U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES served on 12/17/2019; U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION served on 12/17/2019; U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY served on 12/17/2019; U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE served on 12/18/2019; CHAD WOLF served on 12/17/2019 (Attachments: # 1 Declaration of Service on all defendants)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
19

RETURN OF SERVICE/AFFIDAVIT of Summons and Complaint Executed on United States Attorney General. Date of Service Upon United States Attorney General 12/18/2019. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration of Service)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/18/2019)

Dec. 18, 2019
20

RESPONSE re Minute Order and 4 , re DEFENDANTS OPPOSITION TO RELATE CASES, filed by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G.. (Spitzer, Arthur) Modified on 12/20/2019 (ztd). (Entered: 12/20/2019)

Dec. 20, 2019
21

MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum in Support, # 2 Ex. A − Declaration of Christopher Clay, # 3 Ex. 1−21 to Clay Declaration, # 4 Ex. 22−33 to Clay Declaration, # 5 Ex. B − Declaration of ARRD, # 6 Ex. C − Declaration of BRG, # 7 Ex. D − Declaration of ASCR, # 8 Ex. E − Declaration of KMV, # 9 Ex. F − Declaration of Linda Corchado, # 10 Ex. G − Declaration of MDCG, # 11 Ex. H − Declaration of Rebecca Sheff, # 12 Ex. I − Declaration of Danielle Escontrias, # 13 Ex. J − Declaration of Allegra Love, # 14 Ex. K. − Declaration of Scott Shuchart, # 15 Ex. L − Declaration of Rebecca Jamil, # 16 Ex. M − Declaration of Douglas Stephens, # 17 Ex. N − Declaration of Aaron Reichlin−Nelnick, # 18 Exhibit O − Declaration of Andrea Meza, # 19 Ex. P − Declaration of Clara Long, # 20 Ex. Q − Declaration of David Jackson, # 21 Ex. R − Declaration of Jodi Goodwin, # 22 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/20/2019)

Dec. 20, 2019
22

SEALED MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE DOCUMENT UNDER SEAL filed by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (This document is SEALED and only available to authorized persons.) (Attachments: # 1 Ex. A − Sealed Declaration of ARRD, # 2 Ex. B − Sealed declaration of BGR, # 3 Ex. C − Sealed Declaration of MDCG, # 4 Proposed order on motion to seal)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/20/2019)

Dec. 20, 2019

MINUTE ORDER: Local Rule 40.5(a)(3) provides that "[c]ivil, including miscellaneous, cases are deemed related when the earliest is still pending on the merits in the District Court and they (i) relate to common property, or (ii) involve common issues of fact, or (iii) grow out of the same event or transaction or (iv) involve the validity or infringement of the same patent." This rule "guarantees fair and equal in assignments, and reduces opportunities for judge−shopping." Tripp v. Executive Office of the President , 196 F.R.D. 201, 202 (D.D.C. 2000) (Calendar Committee three−judge panel). A plaintiff that seeks to depart from that general rule "bears the burden of demonstrating that the case is a related case under an applicable subsection of Rule 40.5." Tripp v. Executive Office of the President , 194 F.R.D. 340, 342 (D.D.C. 2000). The two cases at issue here, Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center V. Wolf et al. , 19−cv−3640, and L.M.−M. et al. v. Cuccinelli et al. , 19−cv−2676, challenge different policies, implemented by different component−agencies, and turn on different legal theories. Moreover, it is not sufficient that the two cases touch on the same general subject matter; that is, that the two cases challenge policies that allegedly restrict asylum seekers' access to counsel during the credible fear process. The Court, accordingly, concludes that Plaintiffs have not satisfied their burden of showing that the cases are related for the purposes of Local Rule 40.5(a)(3). Thus, it is hereby ORDERED that this case shall be randomly reassigned pursuant to Local Rule 40.3(a). Signed by Judge Randolph D. Moss on 12/23/2019. (lcrdm2, ) (Entered: 12/23/2019)

Dec. 23, 2019
23

Case randomly reassigned to Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson. Judge Randolph D. Moss is no longer assigned to the case as case is not related. (ztnr) (Entered: 12/23/2019)

Dec. 23, 2019
24

Joint MOTION for Briefing Schedule re Preliminary Injunction by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Spitzer, Arthur) (Entered: 12/24/2019)

Dec. 24, 2019

MINUTE ORDER granting 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 Motion for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice. It hereby ORDERED that Anand Balakrishnan, Andre Ivan Segura, Bernardo Cruz, Brantley Shaw Drake, Kathryn Lynn Huddleston, and Thomas Buser−Clancy are admitted pro hac vice in this matter as counsel for Plaintiffs. Counsel should register for e−filing via PACER and file a notice of appearance pursuant to LCvR 83.6(a). Click for instructions . Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 12/31/2019. (jag) (Entered: 12/31/2019)

Dec. 31, 2019

Minute Entry for proceedings held before Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson: Telephone Conference held on 12/31/2019, in Chambers. (Court Reporter: Sara Wick) (zgdf) (Entered: 01/02/2020)

Dec. 31, 2019
25

PROPOSED BRIEFING SCHEDULE (JOINT) by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G.. (Michelman, Scott) (Entered: 01/03/2020)

Jan. 3, 2020
26

NOTICE to correct the record by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Michelman, Scott) (Entered: 01/03/2020)

Jan. 3, 2020
27

NOTICE of Appearance by Thomas Paul Buser−Clancy on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Buser−Clancy, Thomas) (Entered: 01/07/2020)

Jan. 7, 2020
28

NOTICE of Appearance by Kathryn Lynn Huddleston on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Huddleston, Kathryn) (Entered: 01/07/2020)

Jan. 7, 2020
29

NOTICE of Appearance by Andre Ivan Segura on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 01/07/2020)

Jan. 7, 2020

MINUTE ORDER ADOPTING the parties' 25 Proposed Briefing Schedule. It is hereby ORDERED that the following deadlines are set in this matter: Defendants shall produce the complete administrative record on or before 1/17/2020; Plaintiff shall file its motion for summary judgment on or before 1/27/2020; any motions for leave to file amicus briefs in support of Plaintiff, to be accompanied by the proposed amicus brief, shall be filed on or before 1/30/2020; Defendants shall file their consolidated opposition and cross−motion for summary judgment on or before 2/6/2020; any motions for leave to file amicus briefs in support of Defendants, to be accompanied by the proposed amicus brief, shall be filed on or before 2/10/2020; Plaintiff shall file is consolidated reply and cross−motion opposition on or before 2/13/2020. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 1/7/2020. (jag) (Entered: 01/07/2020)

Jan. 7, 2020
31

NOTICE of Appearance by Anand Balakrishnan on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Balakrishnan, Anand) (Entered: 01/10/2020)

Jan. 10, 2020

MINUTE ORDER. Motion Hearing set for 2/18/2020 at 02:00 PM in Courtroom 17 before Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 01/16/2020. (lckbj3) (Entered: 01/16/2020)

Jan. 16, 2020
32

NOTICE OF SERVICE OF CERTIFIED ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF (Moran, Courtney) (Entered: 01/17/2020)

Jan. 17, 2020
33

MOTION to Modify Briefing Schedule by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Moran, Courtney) (Entered: 01/23/2020)

Jan. 23, 2020
34

RESPONSE re 33 MOTION to Modify Briefing Schedule filed by ALL PLAINTIFFS. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 01/23/2020)

Jan. 23, 2020

MINUTE ORDER granting in part and denying in part 33 Motion to Modify Briefing Schedule. It is hereby ORDERED that Defendants may file a reply in support of their cross−motion for summary judgment on or before Saturday, 2/15/2020. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 1/24/2020. (jag) (Entered: 01/24/2020)

Jan. 24, 2020
35

MOTION for Summary Judgment by ALL PLAINTIFFS (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum in Support, # 2 Statement of Facts, # 3 Exhibit Administrative Record, # 4 Exhibit Index of Exhibits, # 5 Exhibit Supplemental Declaration of Christopher Clay, # 6 Exhibit Supplemental Declaration of A.S.C.R., # 7 Exhibit Supplemental Declaration of Linda Corchado, # 8 Exhibit Supplemental Declaration of Danielle Escontrias, # 9 Exhibit Supplemental Declaration of Rebecca Sheff, # 10 Text of Proposed Order)(Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 01/27/2020)

Jan. 27, 2020
36

Unopposed MOTION for Leave to File Amicus Brief by INNOVATION LAW LAB (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order Proposed order granting leave to file amicus brief, # 2 Exhibit Proposed amicus brief)(Benach, Ava) (Entered: 01/30/2020)

Jan. 30, 2020
37

Unopposed MOTION for Leave to File Amici Curiae Brief by AMERICAN IMMIGRATION COUNCIL, AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAWYERS ASSOCIATION (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit Proposed Amicus Brief, # 2 Exhibit Certificate of Corporate Disclosure, # 3 Text of Proposed Order)(Walters, Karolina) (Entered: 01/30/2020)

Jan. 30, 2020
38

NOTICE of Appearance by Karolina Joanna Walters on behalf of AMERICAN IMMIGRATION COUNCIL, AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAWYERS ASSOCIATION (Walters, Karolina) Modified on 1/31/2020 to reinstate document (jf). (Entered: 01/30/2020)

Jan. 30, 2020
39

MOTION for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae by RON WYDEN (Attachments: # 1 Amicus Brief, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Wise, Jane) (Entered: 01/30/2020)

Jan. 30, 2020
40

ENTERED IN ERROR.....NOTICE of Appearance by Jane W. Wise on behalf of RON WYDEN (Wise, Jane) Modified on 1/31/2020 (jf). (Entered: 01/30/2020)

Jan. 30, 2020

NOTICE OF ERROR re 38 Notice of Appearance; emailed to kwalters@immcouncil.org, cc'd 13 associated attorneys −− The PDF file you docketed contained errors: 1. Invalid attorney signature, 2. Please refile document, 3. Each attorney must use their individual login/password pursuant to LCvR5.4 (b) for entry of appearance/efiling of any documents bearing their signature (zjf, ) (Entered: 01/31/2020)

Jan. 31, 2020

NOTICE OF CORRECTED DOCKET ENTRY: Document No. re 40 Notice of Appearance was entered in error and counsel was instructed to refile said pleading with a correct signature page. (jf) (Entered: 01/31/2020)

Jan. 31, 2020
41

NOTICE of Appearance by Susan Baker Manning on behalf of RON WYDEN (Manning, Susan) (Entered: 01/31/2020)

Jan. 31, 2020
42

NOTICE of Appearance by Jane W. Wise on behalf of RON WYDEN (Wise, Jane) (Entered: 01/31/2020)

Jan. 31, 2020
43

NOTICE of Appearance by Ava C. Benach on behalf of INNOVATION LAW LAB (Benach, Ava) (Entered: 02/03/2020)

Feb. 3, 2020

MINUTE ORDER granting 36 , 37 , 39 Motion for Leave to File Amicus Curiae Brief. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 2/5/2020. (jag) (Entered: 02/05/2020)

Feb. 5, 2020
45

AMICUS BRIEF by INNOVATION LAW LAB. (jf) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 5, 2020
46

AMICUS BRIEF by AMERICAN IMMIGRATION COUNCIL, AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAWYERS ASSOCIATION. (jf) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 5, 2020
47

LCvR 26.1 CERTIFICATE OF DISCLOSURE of Corporate Affiliations and Financial Interests NONE by AMERICAN IMMIGRATION COUNCIL, AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAWYERS ASSOCIATION (jf) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 5, 2020
48

AMICUS BRIEF by RON WYDEN. (jf) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 5, 2020
44

NOTICE of Appearance by Erez Reuveni on behalf of All Defendants (Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 6, 2020
49

Cross MOTION for Summary Judgment by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum in Support memorandum in support of summary judgment and cross motion for summary judgment, # 2 Statement of Facts Statement of facts and reply to statement of facts, # 3 Text of Proposed Order)(Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 6, 2020
50

SEALED MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE DOCUMENT UNDER SEAL filed by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF (This document is SEALED and only available to authorized persons.) (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order, # 2 Exhibit Ex. A to statement of facts, # 3 Exhibit Ex. B to statement of facts, # 4 Exhibit Ex. C to statement of facts, # 5 Exhibit Ex. D to statement of facts)(Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 6, 2020
51

MOTION to Strike 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction , 35 MOTION for Summary Judgment (exhibits and statement of facts) by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD WOLF (Attachments: # 1 Memorandum in Support, # 2 Text of Proposed Order)(Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/06/2020)

Feb. 6, 2020

NOTICE OF ERROR re 49 Motion for Summary Judgment; emailed to erez.r.reuveni@usdoj.gov, cc'd 16 associated attorneys −− The PDF file you docketed contained errors: 1. Two−part docket entry, 2. Please refile document, 3. Same documents using the OPPOSITION event (zjf, ) (Entered: 02/07/2020)

Feb. 7, 2020

MINUTE ORDER. It is hereby ORDERED that Plaintiff's response re 51 Motion to Strike is due on or before 2/15/2020; and Defendants' reply is due on or before 2/15/2020. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 2/7/2020. (jag) (Entered: 02/07/2020)

Feb. 7, 2020

Set/Reset Deadlines: Response due by 2/15/2020 (zgdf) (Entered: 02/10/2020)

Feb. 7, 2020

Order on Motion to Clarify

Feb. 10, 2020 PACER

Set/Reset Deadlines: Response due by 2/13/2020. Reply due by 2/15/2020. (zgdf)

Feb. 10, 2020 PACER

Set/Reset Deadlines

Feb. 10, 2020 PACER

MINUTE ORDER granting 53 Motion to Clarify. It is hereby ORDERED that Plaintiff's response to 51 Motion to Strike is due on or before 2/13/2020; and Defendants' reply is due on or before 2/15/2020. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 02/10/2020. (lckbj3, )

Feb. 10, 2020 PACER
53

Joint MOTION to Clarify re Set/Reset Deadlines, Order, Set Deadlines by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF, RON WYDEN (Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/10/2020)

Feb. 10, 2020 PACER
57

Memorandum in opposition to re 49 Cross MOTION for Summary Judgment filed by ALL PLAINTIFFS. (Attachments: # 1 Statement of Facts Reply In Support of, # 2 Appendix, # 3 Exhibit Suppl. Declaration of Linda Corchado, # 4 Exhibit Declaration of Thelma Garcia, # 5 Text of Proposed Order)(Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 02/13/2020)

1 Statement of Facts Reply In Support of

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2 Appendix

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3 Exhibit Suppl. Declaration of Linda Corchado

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4 Exhibit Declaration of Thelma Garcia

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5 Text of Proposed Order

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Feb. 13, 2020 RECAP

Order on Motion for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice

Feb. 13, 2020 PACER
56

Memorandum in opposition to re 51 MOTION to Strike 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction, 35 MOTION for Summary Judgment (exhibits and statement of facts) filed by ALL PLAINTIFFS. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order)(Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 02/13/2020)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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Feb. 13, 2020 RECAP

MINUTE ORDER granting 54 Motion for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice. It is hereby ORDERED that Stephen W. Manning is admitted pro hac vice in this matter as counsel for Innovation Law Lab. Counsel should register for e-filing via PACER and file a notice of appearance pursuant to LCvR 83.6(a). Click for instructions. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 2/13/2020. (jag)

Feb. 13, 2020 PACER
55

NOTICE of Appearance by Bernardo Rafael Cruz on behalf of All Plaintiffs (Cruz, Bernardo) (Entered: 02/13/2020)

Feb. 13, 2020 PACER
54

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice :Attorney Name- Stephen W. Manning, Filing fee $ 100, receipt number ADCDC-6827533. Fee Status: Fee Paid. by INNOVATION LAW LAB (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order Proposed order, # 2 Affidavit Affidavit of Stephen Manning)(Benach, Ava) (Entered: 02/13/2020)

Feb. 13, 2020 PACER

Notice of QC

Feb. 14, 2020 PACER

event and link to entry 35 (zjf, )

Feb. 14, 2020 PACER

NOTICE OF ERROR re 57 Memorandum in Opposition; emailed to asegura@aclutx.org, cc'd 17 associated attorneys -- The PDF file you docketed contained errors: 1. Two-part docket entry, 2. Please refile document, 3. Same document event and link to entry 35 (zjf, )

Feb. 14, 2020 PACER
59

REPLY to opposition to motion re 49 Cross MOTION for Summary Judgment filed by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, INNOVATION LAW LAB, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF. (Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/15/2020)

Feb. 15, 2020 RECAP
58

REPLY to opposition to motion re 51 MOTION to Strike 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction, 35 MOTION for Summary Judgment (exhibits and statement of facts) filed by WILLIAM BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH T. CUCCINELLI, INNOVATION LAW LAB, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF. (Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 02/15/2020)

Feb. 15, 2020 RECAP

Motion Hearing

Feb. 18, 2020 PACER

Minute Entry for Motion Hearing proceedings held on 2/18/2020 before Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson, re 35 MOTION for Summary Judgment and 49 Cross MOTION for Summary Judgment. Oral arguments heard and motions taken under advisement. (Court Reporter: Sara Wick) (zgdf)

Feb. 18, 2020 PACER
61

REPLY to opposition to motion re 35 MOTION for Summary Judgment filed by ALL PLAINTIFFS. (Attachments: # 1 Statement of Facts Reply In Support Of, # 2 Appendix, # 3 Exhibit Supp. Declaration of Linda Corchado, # 4 Exhibit Declaration of Thelma Garcia)(Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 02/20/2020)

1 Statement of Facts Reply In Support Of

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2 Appendix

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3 Exhibit Supp. Declaration of Linda Corchado

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4 Exhibit Declaration of Thelma Garcia

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Feb. 20, 2020 RECAP
60

NOTICE OF SUBSTITUTION OF COUNSEL by Brian Christopher Ward on behalf of All Defendants Substituting for attorney Courtney E. Moran (Ward, Brian) (Entered: 02/20/2020)

Feb. 20, 2020 PACER

Notice of QC

Feb. 21, 2020 PACER

ENTERED IN ERROR.....NOTICE OF ERROR re 61 Reply to opposition to Motion; emailed to asegura@aclutx.org, cc'd 17 associated attorneys -- The PDF file you docketed contained errors: 1. Two-part docket entry, 2. Please refile document, 3. Same Document using the OPPOSITION event (zjf, ) Modified on 2/24/2020 (jf).

Feb. 21, 2020 PACER
62

TRANSCRIPT OF MOTION HEARING before Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson, held on 02/18/2020; Page Numbers: 1-130. Date of Issuance: 04/13/2020. Court Reporter: Sara Wick, telephone number 202-354-3284. Transcripts may be ordered by submitting the Transcript Order FormFor the first 90 days after this filing date, the transcript may be viewed at the courthouse at a public terminal or purchased from the court reporter referenced abov e. After 90 days, the transcript may be accessed via PACER. Other transcript formats, (multi-page, condensed, CD or ASCII) may be purchased from the court reporter.NOTICE RE REDACTION OF TRANSCRIPTS: The parties have twenty-one days to file with the court and the court reporter any request to redact personal identifiers from this transcript. If no such requests are filed, the transcript will be made available to the public via PACER without redaction after 90 days. The policy, which includes the five personal identifiers specifically covered, is located on our website at www.dcd.uscourts.gov. Redaction Request due 5/4/2020. Redacted Transcript Deadline set for 5/14/2020. Release of Transcript Restriction set for 7/12/2020.(Wick, Sara) (Entered: 04/13/2020)

April 13, 2020 PACER

~Util - Set/Reset Deadlines

April 23, 2020 PACER

.Order

April 23, 2020 PACER

MINUTE ORDER. In L.M.-M. v. Cuccinelli, No. CV 19-2676 (RDM), 2020 WL 985376 (D.D.C. Mar. 1, 2020), Judge Randolph Moss set aside the USCIS directive that instituted a 24-hour consultation window prior to an asylum applicant's credible-fear interview. Given that the complaint in the instant case implicates, among other things, the 24-hour consultation period that has allegedly been implemented by USCIS in the context of the Prompt Asylum Claim Review and Humanitarian Asylum Review Process programs, this Court requires supplemental briefing regarding the relationship between the policy that was vacated in the L.M.-M. case and the one that is at issue here. Therefore, it is hereby ORDERED that, on or before May 4, 2020, Defendants shall file a brief of no more than 10 pages that addresses whether and to what extent the policies that Plaintiffs challenge in the instant case and those addressed in L.M.-M overlap. Any response by Plaintiffs to Defendants' supplemental brief shall be no more than 10 pages, and shall be filed on or before May 13, 2020. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 04/23/2020. (lckbj3, )

April 23, 2020 PACER

Order

April 23, 2020 PACER
63

MEMORANDUM re Order,,,,, Set Deadlines,,,, by WILLIAM P. BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH THOMAS CUCCINELLI, II, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration)(Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 05/04/2020)

1 Declaration

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May 4, 2020 RECAP
64

ERRATA by WILLIAM P. BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH THOMAS CUCCINELLI, II, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF 63 Memorandum, filed by CHAD F. WOLF, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, GLORIA CHAVEZ, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, WILLIAM P. BARR, KENNETH THOMAS CUCCINELLI, II, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES. (Reuveni, Erez) (Entered: 05/07/2020)

May 7, 2020 PACER
65

RESPONSE re 63 Memorandum, filed by ALL PLAINTIFFS. (Segura, Andre ) (Entered: 05/13/2020)

May 13, 2020 PACER
67

SEALED Declarations filed by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., B.C.F.G., K.M.V., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER. (This document is SEALED and only available to authorized persons.)(zjf) (Entered: 07/13/2020)

July 8, 2020 PACER
66

ORDER granting 3 Sealed Motion for Leave to File Document Under Seal. Signed by Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson on 07/08/20. (lckbj3, ) (Entered: 07/08/2020)

July 8, 2020 PACER
68

NOTICE OF SUPPLEMENTAL AUTHORITY by WILLIAM P. BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH THOMAS CUCCINELLI, II, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF (Ward, Brian) (Entered: 08/05/2020)

Aug. 5, 2020 RECAP
69

NOTICE OF SUPPLEMENTAL AUTHORITY by A.R.R.D., A.S.C.R., ALL PLAINTIFFS, B.C.F.G., B.G.R., D.M.F.G., F.B.G.C., J.M.F.G., K.M.V., L.E.R.D., LAS AMERICAS IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY CENTER, S.F.G. (Segura, Andre) (Entered: 08/06/2020)

Aug. 6, 2020 PACER
70

RESPONSE re 69 NOTICE OF SUPPLEMENTAL AUTHORITY filed by WILLIAM P. BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH THOMAS CUCCINELLI, II, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF. (Ward, Brian) (Entered: 08/10/2020)

Aug. 10, 2020 PACER
72

NOTICE OF SUPPLEMENTAL AUTHORITY by WILLIAM P. BARR, GLORIA CHAVEZ, KENNETH THOMAS CUCCINELLI, II, HECTOR A. MANCHA, JR, MARK A. MORGAN, TODD C. OWEN, U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CHAD F. WOLF (Ward, Brian) (Entered: 08/14/2020)

Aug. 14, 2020 RECAP

State / Territory: District of Columbia

Case Type(s):

Immigration and/or the Border

Special Collection(s):

Trump Immigration Enforcement Order Challenges

Key Dates

Filing Date: Oct. 7, 2019

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Asylum seekers subject to expedited credible fear review proceedings and an advocacy organization.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Non-profit NON-religious organization

Attorney Organizations:

ACLU Affiliates (any)

ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (District of Columbia), Federal

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (District of Columbia), Federal

U.S. Department of Justice (District of Columbia), Federal

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (District of Columbia), Federal

Defendant Type(s):

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.

Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Due Process: Procedural Due Process

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Non-settlement Outcome

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: None Yet / None

Nature of Relief:

None yet

Source of Relief:

None yet

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief request withdrawn/mooted

Issues

General:

Access to lawyers or judicial system

Conditions of confinement

Placement in detention facilities

Sanitation / living conditions

Totality of conditions

Type of Facility:

Government-run

Immigration/Border:

Asylum - procedure

Constitutional rights

Convention against Torture

Deportation - judicial review

Deportation - procedure

Detention - conditions

Detention - procedures

Immigration lawyers

Refugees

Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties