Case: Whitaker v. Kirby

1:18-cv-00540 | U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio

Filed Date: Aug. 3, 2018

Closed Date: Oct. 30, 2018

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

The parents of transgender minors who sought, are seeking, or intend to legally change their names pursuant to Ohio law brought this suit. The plaintiffs filed a complaint against an Ohio probate judge, in his official capacity, in the Southern District of Ohio on August 3, 2018. The complaint was brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and alleged violations of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The complaint specifically alleged that the defendant treated transgender minors diffe…

The parents of transgender minors who sought, are seeking, or intend to legally change their names pursuant to Ohio law brought this suit. The plaintiffs filed a complaint against an Ohio probate judge, in his official capacity, in the Southern District of Ohio on August 3, 2018. The complaint was brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and alleged violations of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The complaint specifically alleged that the defendant treated transgender minors differently from other applicants who sought name changes in the probate court. They sought declaratory relief and attorney's fees. The case was assigned to Judge William O. Bertselman.

The child of the first named plaintiff petitioned the court for a name change in April, 2018, and both of his parents consented to the name change. The plaintiff desired a name change because his school records and college applications could not be changed to reflect his chosen name until the name change was legal. The complaint alleged that, at his hearing, the judge asked him personal and irrelevant questions, and denied the motion for the name change until the minor became an adult.

The second plaintiff's child had also filed for a name change in front of the same probate judge, which had been scheduled for August 14, 2018. Both of his parents consented, and he wanted his name to be reflected on all legal documents, including his school records, driver's license, and college applications.

The third plaintiff's child had plans to file for a name change application, but had not yet, because he feared unequal and embarrassing treatment by the defendant. The complaint alleged that the defendant had a pattern and practice of treating transgender adolescents differently than other name change applicants. For instance, he made them have a name change hearing, whereas other name change applicants were assigned to a magistrate judge and were not required to have a hearing. The complaint also alleged that the defendant denied every application for a name change by a transgender adolescent, and that his decisions were based on preconceived notions about transgender people.

To legally change one's name in Ohio, one must first petition the probate court, which has jurisdiction over name changes. Parents, legal guardians, and guardians ad litem can petition on the behalf of minors. Ohio law requires the court to consider the best interest of the child in determining whether reasonable and proper cause had been established.

On August 31, 2018, the defendant moved to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a claim, citing judicial immunity and abstention issues. The court granted defendant's motion to dismiss on October 30, 2018. The court found that the defendant had judicial immunity because he had no personal stake in the matter, but was "performing his judicial duty to decide whether the name change was in the best interest of the child." Whitaker v. Kirby, 2018 WL 5622040 at *2. The court determined that, because judicial immunity required the case to be dismissed, it did not need to address the abstention issues, but that there were three that were relevant. First, the Rooker-Feldman Doctrine barred the federal court from reviewing the results of state court judgments. Second, the denial of the name change was still on appeal in state court, which eliminated the need to reach a federal question. Third, the state issues were substantially parallel to the federal issues, that the court had discretion to dismiss. The case is now closed.

Summary Authors

Elizabeth Heise (2/17/2019)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attrorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/7587620/parties/whitaker-v-kirby/


Judge(s)

Bertelsman, William Odis (Kentucky)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Engel, Joshua A. (Ohio)

Langdon, Joshua R. (Ohio)

Orr, Asaf (California)

Stoll, Christopher (California)

Tamashasky, Anne L. (Ohio)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Anderson, Keith Wendell (Ohio)

Glasgow, Aaron Michael (Ohio)

Teetor, John Stephen (Ohio)

Other Attorney(s)

Active

Judge(s)

Bertelsman, William Odis (Kentucky)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Engel, Joshua A. (Ohio)

Langdon, Joshua R. (Ohio)

Orr, Asaf (California)

Stoll, Christopher (California)

Tamashasky, Anne L. (Ohio)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Anderson, Keith Wendell (Ohio)

Glasgow, Aaron Michael (Ohio)

Teetor, John Stephen (Ohio)

Other Attorney(s)

Cox, Brandon D. (Ohio)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

1:18-cv-00540

Docket [PACER]

Oct. 30, 2018

Oct. 30, 2018

Docket
1

1:18-cv-00540

Complaint

Aug. 3, 2018

Aug. 3, 2018

Complaint
43

1:18-cv-00540

Order Granting Motion to Dismiss

Oct. 30, 2018

Oct. 30, 2018

Order/Opinion

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/7587620/whitaker-v-kirby/

Last updated Aug. 28, 2022, 3:21 a.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link Date / Link
1

COMPLAINT against Joseph W. Kirby ( Filing fee $ 400 paid - receipt number: 0648-6544720), filed by Stephanie Leigh Whitaker, Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Cover Sheet) (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/03/2018)

1 Civil Cover Sheet

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Aug. 3, 2018

Aug. 3, 2018

PACER
2

MOTION to Expedite AND SPEEDY HEARING OF A DECLARATORY-JUDGMENT ACTION by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order) (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/03/2018)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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Aug. 3, 2018

Aug. 3, 2018

PACER
3

MOTION FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED ANONYMOUSLY by Plaintiff Jane Doe. (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order) (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/03/2018)

1 Text of Proposed Order

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Aug. 3, 2018

Aug. 3, 2018

PACER

If this case is referred, it will be to Magistrate Judge Karen L. Litkovitz. (jlw)

Aug. 6, 2018

Aug. 6, 2018

PACER
4

CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker re 2 MOTION to Expedite AND SPEEDY HEARING OF A DECLARATORY-JUDGMENT ACTION, 1 Complaint, 3 MOTION FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED ANONYMOUSLY (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/06/2018)

Aug. 6, 2018

Aug. 6, 2018

PACER
5

ORDER granting 3 Motion for Leave to Proceed Anonymously signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 08/07/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 08/07/2018)

Aug. 7, 2018

Aug. 7, 2018

RECAP
6

NOTICE OF WITHDRAWAL OF DOCUMENT by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker re 2 MOTION to Expedite AND SPEEDY HEARING OF A DECLARATORY-JUDGMENT ACTION (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/08/2018)

Aug. 8, 2018

Aug. 8, 2018

PACER
7

MOTION to Expedite AND SPEEDY HEARING OF A DECLARATORY-JUDGMENT ACTION by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Attachments: # 1 Affidavit Joshua Langdon, # 2 Text of Proposed Order) (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/08/2018)

1 Affidavit Joshua Langdon

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2 Text of Proposed Order

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Aug. 8, 2018

Aug. 8, 2018

PACER
8

NOTICE of Appearance by John Stephen Teetor for Defendant Joseph W. Kirby (Teetor, John) (Entered: 08/09/2018)

Aug. 9, 2018

Aug. 9, 2018

PACER
9

NOTICE of Appearance by Aaron Michael Glasgow for Defendant Joseph W. Kirby (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 08/09/2018)

Aug. 9, 2018

Aug. 9, 2018

PACER
10

WAIVER OF SERVICE Returned Executed. Waiver sent to Joseph W. Kirby on 8/3/2018, answer due 10/2/2018. (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/10/2018)

Aug. 10, 2018

Aug. 10, 2018

PACER
11

ORDER - IT IS ORDERED that a telephonic status conference be, and hereby is, SET FOR THURSDAY, AUGUST 16, 2018 AT 1:00 P.M. Counsel for the parties shall connect to the conference five minutes before the call is scheduled to begin. To connect to the call, dial 877-336-1280. Then, when prompted to enter the participant access code, enter 4610163. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 08/14/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 08/14/2018)

Aug. 14, 2018

Aug. 14, 2018

PACER

Minute Entry for proceedings held before Judge William O. Bertelsman: Motion Hearing held on 8/16/2018 re 7 MOTION to Expedite AND SPEEDY HEARING OF A DECLARATORY-JUDGMENT ACTION filed by Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. Joshua Engel, Joshua Langdon, and Anne Tamashasky represented the plaintiffs. Stephen Teetor, Aaron Glasgow, and Keith Anderson represented the defendant. Order to follow. (Court Reporter: Joan Averdick) (bjc)

Aug. 16, 2018

Aug. 16, 2018

PACER
12

ORDER - (1) Plaintiffs motion to expedite (Doc. 7) be, and is hereby, GRANTED; (2) Defendant shall file his proposed motion to dismiss on or before August 31, 2018; plaintiff shall respond within the time set by the Local Rules or more quickly if possible; and defendant shall file his reply brief within five (5) days thereafter; and (3) The parties may engage in written discovery only prior to the Courts ruling on the motion to dismiss.. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 08/16/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 08/16/2018)

Aug. 16, 2018

Aug. 16, 2018

RECAP
13

NOTICE by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker of Withdrawal as Co-Counsel of Joshua Engel and Anne Tamashasky (Engel, Joshua) (Entered: 08/20/2018)

Aug. 20, 2018

Aug. 20, 2018

PACER
14

MOTION to File Document Under Seal /Redacted Documents by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 08/28/2018)

Aug. 28, 2018

Aug. 28, 2018

PACER
15

MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit Exhibit B, # 3 Exhibit Exhibit C, # 4 Exhibit Exhibit D, # 5 Exhibit Exhibit E, # 6 Exhibit Exhibit F, # 7 Filing Fee Receipt Exhibit G, # 8 Exhibit Exhibiit H) (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 08/31/2018)

1 Exhibit Exhibit A

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2 Exhibit Exhibit B

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3 Exhibit Exhibit C

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4 Exhibit Exhibit D

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5 Exhibit Exhibit E

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6 Exhibit Exhibit F

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7 Filing Fee Receipt Exhibit G

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8 Exhibit Exhibiit H

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Aug. 31, 2018

Aug. 31, 2018

RECAP
16

ORDER - IT IS ORDERED that said motion (Doc. 14) be, and hereby is, GRANTED. Defendant shall file the redacted documents in support of his motion to dismiss (Doc. 15) under seal. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 09/07/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 09/07/2018)

Sept. 7, 2018

Sept. 7, 2018

PACER
17

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Filing fee of $200 paid, receipt number 100CIN035002) of Shannon Minter by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Langdon, Joshua) (Additional attachment(s) added on 9/11/2018: # 1 Filing Fee Receipt) (eh). (Entered: 09/10/2018)

1 Filing Fee Receipt

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Sept. 10, 2018

Sept. 10, 2018

RECAP
18

MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Filing fee of $400 paid, receipt number 100CIN035002) of Asaf Orr, Chris Stoll by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Attachments: # 1 Orr - Certificate of Good Standing, # 2 Stoll - Certificate of Good Standing, # 3 Minter - Certificate of Good Standing) (Langdon, Joshua) (Additional attachment(s) added on 9/11/2018: # 4 Filing Fee Receipt) (eh). (Entered: 09/10/2018)

1 Orr - Certificate of Good Standing

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2 Stoll - Certificate of Good Standing

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3 Minter - Certificate of Good Standing

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4 Filing Fee Receipt

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Sept. 10, 2018

Sept. 10, 2018

RECAP
19

RESPONSE in Opposition re 15 MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM filed by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 09/10/2018)

Sept. 10, 2018

Sept. 10, 2018

RECAP
20

MOTION to Expedite Speedy Trial by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Attachments: # 1 Affidavit Linda Hawkins, PhD, MSEd, LPC Declaration, # 2 Exhibit Linda Hawkins, PhD, MSEd, LPC C.V.) (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 09/11/2018)

1 Affidavit Linda Hawkins, PhD, MSEd, LPC Declaration

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2 Exhibit Linda Hawkins, PhD, MSEd, LPC C.V.

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Sept. 11, 2018

Sept. 11, 2018

RECAP
21

Unopposed MOTION for Extension of Time to File Response/Reply as to 19 Response in Opposition to 15 Motion New date requested 9/21/2018. by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Glasgow, Aaron) Modified to create link to motion on 9/12/2018 (eh). (Entered: 09/11/2018)

Sept. 11, 2018

Sept. 11, 2018

PACER

NOTICE by Clerk re 17 & 18 MOTIONS for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice - documents filed without certificates of service as required pursuant to S.D. Ohio Civ. R. 5.2. To correct the filings, please file a one page certificate of service, using the Certificate of Service event found under Civil Events-Initial Pleadings and Service-Service of Process and link the event to docs. 17 & 18 when prompted. (eh)

Sept. 12, 2018

Sept. 12, 2018

PACER
22

CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker re 18 MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Filing fee of $400 paid, receipt number 100CIN035002) of Asaf Orr, Chris Stoll, 17 MOTION for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Filing fee of $200 paid, receipt number 100CIN035002) of Shannon Minter (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 09/12/2018)

Sept. 12, 2018

Sept. 12, 2018

PACER
23

ORDER granting 21 Motion for Extension of Time to File Response/Reply re 15 MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM Replies due by 9/21/2018.. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 09/12/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 09/12/2018)

Sept. 12, 2018

Sept. 12, 2018

PACER
24

BRIEF by Amicus The Trevor Project. (Cox, Brandon) (Entered: 09/14/2018)

Sept. 14, 2018

Sept. 14, 2018

PACER
25

MOTION to Strike 24 Brief of Non-Party The Trevor Project by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 09/17/2018)

Sept. 17, 2018

Sept. 17, 2018

RECAP
26

[FORMER DOC. 26 - PLEASE DISREGARD. FILED IN ERROR.] MOTION for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae by Amicus The Trevor Project. (Cox, Brandon) Modified docket text and document security on 9/18/2018 (eh). (Entered: 09/18/2018)

Sept. 18, 2018

Sept. 18, 2018

PACER
27

MOTION for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae by Amicus The Trevor Project. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit Memorandum in Support of Motion for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae by The Trevor Project and in Opposition to Defendant's Motion to Strike) (Cox, Brandon) (Entered: 09/18/2018)

1 Exhibit Memorandum in Support of Motion for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae

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Sept. 18, 2018

Sept. 18, 2018

PACER
28

ORDER granting 17 Motion for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice of Shannon Minter; granting 18 Motion for Leave to Appear Pro Hac Vice of Asaf Orr and Chris Stoll. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 09/18/2018. (bjc) Modified Attorney Names on 9/20/2018 (bjc). (Entered: 09/19/2018)

Sept. 19, 2018

Sept. 19, 2018

PACER

Notice of Correction re: 27 MOTION for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae This document is also a Response in Opposition to 25 MOTION to Strike. Counsel will file the same document using Civil Events Motions and Related Filings Responses and RepliesResponse in Opposition to Motion so that both events are captured. (jlw)

Sept. 19, 2018

Sept. 19, 2018

PACER
29

RESPONSE in Opposition re 25 MOTION to Strike 24 Brief of Non-Party The Trevor Project filed by Amicus The Trevor Project. (Cox, Brandon) (Entered: 09/19/2018)

Sept. 19, 2018

Sept. 19, 2018

RECAP
30

REPLY to Response to Motion re 15 MOTION TO DISMISS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM Reply in Support of Defendant's Motion to Dismiss filed by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 09/21/2018)

Sept. 21, 2018

Sept. 21, 2018

RECAP
31

MOTION for Leave to File Surreply by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit Exhibit A - Proposed Surreply, # 2 Exhibit Exhibit B) (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 09/24/2018)

1 Exhibit Exhibit A - Proposed Surreply

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2 Exhibit Exhibit B

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Sept. 24, 2018

Sept. 24, 2018

PACER
32

RESPONSE in Opposition re 27 MOTION for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae filed by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 10/01/2018)

Oct. 1, 2018

Oct. 1, 2018

RECAP
33

RESPONSE in Opposition re 20 MOTION to Expedite Speedy Trial filed by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby. (Glasgow, Aaron) (Entered: 10/01/2018)

Oct. 1, 2018

Oct. 1, 2018

RECAP
34

ORDER - IT IS ORDERED that: (1) The motions for leave to file the amicus brief of The Trevor Project (Docs. 26, 27) be, and are hereby, GRANTED; (2) The motion to strike (Doc. 25) be, and is hereby, DENIED; (3) Plaintiff shall tender to the Court and opposing parties a proposed draft of the exact language of the declaratory judgment it seeks within ten (10) days of the entry of this Order; (4) Formal oral argument on the above matters be, and is hereby, SET FOR WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 24, 2018 AT 1:00 P.M. IN COURTROOM 4, ROOM 842; and (5) The parties shall promptly file in this record copies of their briefs filed in the Ohio Court of Appeals. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 10/02/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 10/02/2018)

Oct. 2, 2018

Oct. 2, 2018

PACER
35

NOTICE by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker In Response to Court Order on October 2, 2018 (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit CA201807069, Ohio Court of Appeals Brief,) (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 10/05/2018)

1 Exhibit CA201807069, Ohio Court of Appeals Brief,

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Oct. 5, 2018

Oct. 5, 2018

RECAP
36

NOTICE by Defendant Joseph W. Kirby re 34 Order Setting Hearing on Motion,,, Order to Show Cause,,, Terminate Motions,, NOTICE OF DEFENDANT JUDGE KIRBY IN RESPONSE TO COURT ORDER ON OCTOBER 2, 2018 (Teetor, John) (Entered: 10/08/2018)

Oct. 8, 2018

Oct. 8, 2018

RECAP
37

NOTICE of Appearance by Keith Wendell Anderson for Defendant Joseph W. Kirby (Anderson, Keith) (Entered: 10/08/2018)

Oct. 8, 2018

Oct. 8, 2018

PACER
38

NOTICE by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker re 1 Complaint Proposed Declaratory Judgment (Attachments: # 1 Text of Proposed Order Proposed Declaratory Judgment) (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 10/12/2018)

1 Text of Proposed Order Proposed Declaratory Judgment

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Oct. 12, 2018

Oct. 12, 2018

PACER
39

REPLY to Response to Motion re 20 MOTION to Expedite Speedy Trial filed by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker. (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 10/12/2018)

Oct. 12, 2018

Oct. 12, 2018

RECAP
40

ORDER - IT IS ORDERED that the formal oral argument hearing currently set for Wednesday, October 24, 2018 at 1:00 P.M. in Courtroom 4, Room 842, will begin at 2:00 P.M.. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 10/12/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 10/12/2018)

Oct. 12, 2018

Oct. 12, 2018

PACER
41

Minute Order for Proceedings Held before Judge William O. Bertelsman on 10/24/18: Oral Argument regarding various motions. Joshua Langdon and Asaf Orr represented the plaintiffs. Steve Teeter, Aaron Glasgow, and Keith Anderson represented the defendant. IT IS ORDERED that Doc. 15 20 25 26 27 31 be, and are hereby, TAKEN UNDER SUBMISSION. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 10/25/2018. (Court Reporter Joan Averdick, Official (KYED).) (bjc) (Entered: 10/25/2018)

Oct. 25, 2018

Oct. 25, 2018

RECAP
42

NOTICE by Plaintiffs Jane Doe, Jennifer Shaul, Stephanie Leigh Whitaker re Timeline for Resolution of Whitaker Appeal (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit Letter) (Langdon, Joshua) (Entered: 10/26/2018)

1 Exhibit Letter

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Oct. 26, 2018

Oct. 26, 2018

RECAP
43

ORDER - IT IS ORDERED that defendants motion to dismiss (Doc. 15)be, and is hereby, GRANTED; plaintiffs motion to expedite (Doc.20) be, and is hereby, DENIED AS MOOT; and plaintiffs motion forleave to file surreply (31) be, and is hereby, GRANTED NUNC PROTUNC. A separate judgment shall enter concurrently herewith.This 30th day of October, 2018. Signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 10/30/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 10/30/2018)

Oct. 30, 2018

Oct. 30, 2018

RECAP
44

JUDGMENT signed by Judge William O. Bertelsman on 10/30/2018. (bjc) (Entered: 10/30/2018)

Oct. 30, 2018

Oct. 30, 2018

RECAP

Case Details

State / Territory: Ohio

Case Type(s):

Public Benefits/Government Services

Special Collection(s):

Multi-LexSum (in sample)

Key Dates

Filing Date: Aug. 3, 2018

Closing Date: Oct. 30, 2018

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

parents of transgender minors who sought, or hoped to seek, legal name changes in Ohio

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

Ohio probate judge (Lebanon, Warren), Private Entity/Person

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Constitutional Clause(s):

Equal Protection

Availably Documents:

Complaint (any)

Non-settlement Outcome

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Defendant

Nature of Relief:

None

Source of Relief:

None

Issues

General:

Disparate Treatment

Gay/lesbian/transgender

Juveniles

Discrimination-basis:

Age discrimination

Gender identity

Sex discrimination

Affected Gender:

Male