Case: Minnesota v. Minneapolis Police Department

27-CV-20-8182 | Minnesota state trial court

Filed Date: June 1, 2020

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

After a Minneapolis police officer killed George Floyd on May 25, 2020, the Minnesota Department of Human Rights (MDHR) opened an investigation into whether Minneapolis (the City) and its police department (MPD) violated a Minnesota state human rights statute because of a pattern or practice of race discrimination. On June 1, 2020, the MN Department of Human Rights filed a charge of discrimination against the city. Four days later, the parties requested a temporary court order from the Minnesot…

After a Minneapolis police officer killed George Floyd on May 25, 2020, the Minnesota Department of Human Rights (MDHR) opened an investigation into whether Minneapolis (the City) and its police department (MPD) violated a Minnesota state human rights statute because of a pattern or practice of race discrimination. On June 1, 2020, the MN Department of Human Rights filed a charge of discrimination against the city. Four days later, the parties requested a temporary court order from the Minnesota district court for Hennepin County to immediately implement public safety changes outlined in a joint stipulation. The court approved the order on June 8, 2020.

The Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis (“Federation”) moved to intervene in the case on December 16, 2021. At a subsequent hearing, the Federation clarified that its primary goal was to ensure that it received notice of filings or actions regarding the court’s June 8, 2020, temporary order. Both parties and the Federation represented to the court that they did not intend to seek changes to the temporary order. And the parties agreed to send copies and notices of any future filings to the Federation as a courtesy. Given these facts, the court concluded in an order filed on March 8, 2022, that there was no reason to determine the intervention issue. Instead, it stayed the Federation’s motion to intervene pending a relevant potential change to the June 8, 2020,order and the status of the case.

More information about the changes made and findings from the Minnesota Department of Human Rights investigation can be found in this report (also available as a resource). The MDHR published the findings of its investigation on April 27, 2022. It concluded that there was probable cause to believe that the City and MPD engaged in a pattern or practice of race discrimination in violation of the Minnesota Human Rights Act. The report stated that the pattern or practice of discriminatory, race-based policing was caused primarily by the MPD’s organizational culture, and that reforming MPD’s policies, procedures, and training would be meaningless without fundamental change in MPD’s culture. Likewise, it found that existing accountability and oversight systems were insufficient, and in fact contributed to a pattern of discriminatory policing.

The DHR then explained that it would work with the City to develop a consent decree that identifies specific changes to be made and timelines for those changes to occur. On March 31, 2023, the parties submitted a lengthy settlement agreement to the courtLitigation in this case is therefore ongoing as of January 1, 2023. The settlement requires sweeping organization and cultural change, including: revised use of force, de-escalation, and arrest protocols; establishment of a database to record officer conduct and investigations; partnership with behavioral health and response teams; new oversight; and City funding of an independent monitor. The court retained jurisdiction to enforce the agreement. A termination evaluation hearing must be held no later than four years, but the City may move for termination of the agreement if it can show compliance for at least 24 months. This case is ongoing.

Summary Authors

Hank Minor (1/1/2023)

Robin Peterson (4/15/2023)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

27-CV-20-8182

Stipulation and Order

State of Minnesota v. City of Minneapolis Police Department

June 8, 2020

June 8, 2020

Order/Opinion

27-CV-20-8182

Settlement Agreement and Order

Minnesota v. City of Minneapolis

March 31, 2023

March 31, 2023

Order/Opinion

Resources

Docket

Last updated Aug. 30, 2023, 2:43 p.m.

Docket sheet not available via the Clearinghouse.

Case Details

State / Territory: Minnesota

Case Type(s):

Policing

Special Collection(s):

Police Violence Protests

Key Dates

Filing Date: June 1, 2020

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

The plaintiff was the Minnesota Department of Human Rights and the then-Commissioner of that department, Rebecca Lucero.

Plaintiff Type(s):

State Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

City of Minneapolis (Minneapolis, Hennepin), City

Defendant Type(s):

Law-enforcement

Jurisdiction-wide

Case Details

Causes of Action:

State law

State Anti-Discrimination Law

Available Documents:

Injunctive (or Injunctive-like) Relief

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Content of Injunction:

Preliminary relief granted

Discrimination Prohibition

Retaliation Prohibition

Develop anti-discrimination policy

Provide antidiscrimination training

Implement complaint/dispute resolution process

Reporting

Monitor/Master

Recordkeeping

Auditing

Monitoring

Required disclosure

Training

Order Duration: 2023 - None

Issues

General/Misc.:

Failure to supervise

Failure to train

Pattern or Practice

Racial profiling

Discrimination Basis:

Race discrimination

Affected Race(s):

American Indian/Alaskan Native

Asian/Pacific Islander

Black

Race, unspecified

Policing:

Excessive force