Filed Date: Feb. 18, 1997
Closed Date: Feb. 6, 2007
Clearinghouse coding complete
On February 18, 1997 the United States Department of Justice ("D.O.J.") filed a lawsuit under Title VII, 42 U.S.C. §2000e et seq., in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania against the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. The D.O.J. sought injunctive and compensatory relief, alleging that the defendant had violated Title VII by requiring applicants to complete a fitness test.
The applicants sought positions as officers with the transit authority's police force. As part of the application process, the applicants had to pass a physical endurance test, which required all applicants to run 1.5 miles in 12 minutes. The applicants did not pass this running test and were not permitted to continue with the application process. By requiring such a standard that was more easily achieved by men, the fitness examination was seen as sexual discrimination and having a disparate impact on prospective female employees. The suit was originally filed by the female applicants, and soon after the U.S. government also filed an action against the transit authority. Both suits were combined for trial.
After a bench trial, the Court (Honorable Clarence C. Newcomer) found for the defendant. It found that the run requirement had a severe adverse impact against women, but that the transit authority did establish a job-related and business necessity in the requirement.
On appeal, the United State Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit enunciated a new standard for business necessity, and remanded the case to the court to determine if the defendant had carried its burden of establishing the physical requirements were the minimum aerobic capacity necessary to perform successfully the job of a transit police officer. Based on the evidence presented at both trials, the input of defendant's management, and the comprehensive studies of defendant's experts, the court concluded that meeting defendant's aerobic capacity standard was clearly the minimum required to perform the critical tasks of the job such as pursuits, officer back-ups, officer assists and arrests. The court further found that any lesser requirement simply would not satisfy the minimum qualifications for the job of transit police officer and would endanger the public and undermine deterrence of crime and apprehension of criminals. Judgment was entered again for defendant.
After the Judge Newcomer's ruling was affirmed, the Clerk of Court entered a Taxation of Costs against the plaintiffs, to which they objected. The plaintiffs argued that the Clerk's Taxation of Costs was improper because: (1) the bill of costs expired when the first judgment was vacated by the Court of Appeals, and no bill of costs was filed after a final judgment; (2) the time between the entry of a final judgment and the Clerk's taxation of costs was unreasonable; (3) the petition for costs was effectively abandoned by the Defendant; and (4) expedited deposition transcript fees are not justified. On February 6, 2007 Judge Mary A. McLaughlin found for the defendant and approved the Joint Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal and Release of All Claims. It was ordered that the plaintiffs shall pay defendants court costs in the amount of $45,000.
This case was dismissed on February 6, 2007.
James Floyd (11/11/2007)
For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4696262/parties/united-states-v-southeast-pa-trans/
Blustein, Benjamin Jay (District of Columbia)
Blutter, Sarah C (District of Columbia)
Churchill, Michael (Pennsylvania)
Epstein, Jules (Pennsylvania)
Fenton, William B. (District of Columbia)
Mansmann, Carol Los (Pennsylvania)
McKee, Theodore Alexander (Pennsylvania)
McLaughlin, Mary A. (Pennsylvania)
Newcomer, Clarence Charles (Pennsylvania)
Scuderi, Peter B. (Pennsylvania)
Weis, Joseph Francis Jr. (Pennsylvania)
See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/4696262/united-states-v-southeast-pa-trans/
Last updated July 8, 2023, 3:03 a.m.
State / Territory: Pennsylvania
Filing Date: Feb. 18, 1997
Closing Date: Feb. 6, 2007
Case Ongoing: No
United States on behalf of prospective female transportation officers
Public Interest Lawyer: Yes
Filed Pro Se: No
Class Action Sought: Yes
Class Action Outcome: Granted
Causes of Action:
Prevailing Party: Defendant
Source of Relief:
Form of Settlement:
Affected Sex or Gender: