Case: L. W. v. Skrmetti

3:23-cv-00376 | U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee

Filed Date: April 20, 2023

Case Ongoing

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On March 2, 2023, Tennessee Governor Bill Lee signed into law a bill banning gender-affirming care for transgender patients under the age of 18. Specifically, Tennessee Senate Bill 1 (SB1) prohibited any “medical procedure” from being performed “for the purpose of . . .[e]nabling a minor to identify with” a gender identity different from the sex they were designated at birth or “[t]reating purported discomfort or distress from a discordance between the minor’s sex and asserted identity.” SB1 ad…

On March 2, 2023, Tennessee Governor Bill Lee signed into law a bill banning gender-affirming care for transgender patients under the age of 18. Specifically, Tennessee Senate Bill 1 (SB1) prohibited any “medical procedure” from being performed “for the purpose of . . .[e]nabling a minor to identify with” a gender identity different from the sex they were designated at birth or “[t]reating purported discomfort or distress from a discordance between the minor’s sex and asserted identity.” SB1 additionally required transgender youth currently receiving gender-affirming care to end that care by March 31, 2024. Further, SB1 established a private right of action against medical providers providing gender-affirming care to transgender youth.

On April 20, 2023, a 15-year-old and her parents, two other anonymous families, and a physician performing the medical procedures at issue sued several state officials in their official capacities under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee to block SB1. Plaintiffs were represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, the ACLU of Tennessee, Lambda Legal, and Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP.

In their complaint, Plaintiffs brought four claims: First, Plaintiffs argued that SB1 would violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment because it discriminated on the basis of sex and transgender status by prohibiting certain medical treatments only for transgender patients and only when those treatments were performed “for the purpose of . . . [e]nabling a minor to identify with, or live as,” a gender identity other than the sex designated at birth. Second, Plaintiffs claimed that SB1 would infringe on the fundamental rights of parents guaranteed by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment by preventing parents from seeking appropriate medical care for their children. Third, Plaintiffs asserted that SB1 was preempted by the federal Affordable Care Act’s prohibition against sex discrimination by healthcare programs and activities. Fourth, and relatedly, Plaintiffs argued that Defendants would violate the federal Affordable Care Act if they enforced SB1.

Plaintiffs sought declaratory judgment on each of the above claims; preliminary and permanent injunctions enjoining Defendants from enforcing SB1; and costs and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees. The day after the initial complaint was filed, Plaintiffs filed a motion for a preliminary injunction.

On April 26, 2023, the Department of Justice filed a motion to join the lawsuit as a plaintiff. Judge Eli Richardson granted this motion on May 16, 2023.

Then, on June 28, 2023, the district court granted in part Plaintiffs’ motion for a temporary injunction. First, the district court found that Plaintiffs had not established standing to challenge SB1’s ban of surgeries for gender dysphoria. 2023 WL 4232308. However, the district court found that SB1’s ban on other medical procedures likely failed intermediate scrutiny: based on the record, the court held that SB1 was “severely underinclusive” because it banned the allegedly dangerous medical treatments for only the small fraction of minors who identified as transgender while leaving the procedures available for all other minors. As such, the ban was likely not substantially related to the state's asserted interest in generally protecting minors from the risks associated with the banned medical procedures.

Defendants appealed the district court’s order. On July 8, 2023, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit stayed the district court’s preliminary injunction. 73 F.4th 408. In addition, the Sixth Circuit consolidated this appeal with the one of the preliminary injunction in Doe 1 v. Thornbury, a similar case in Kentucky in which seven transgender minors and their parents brought an action against state officials alleging that enacted legislation that prohibited the use of puberty-blockers and hormones for minors violated the Equal Protection Clause and Due Process Clause.

On September 28, 2023, the appellate court reversed the preliminary injunctions in both this case and Doe 1 v. Thornbury. In its opinion, the Sixth Circuit questioned whether treatments for gender dysphoria adopted over the last few decades should be accepted as treatments for minors and argued that judges “should be humble and careful about announcing new substantive due process or equal protection rights that limit accountable elected officials from sorting out these medical, social, and policy challenges.” 83 F.4th 460.

Plaintiffs filed a petition for certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court on November 1, 2023. This case is currently ongoing.

Summary Authors

Brillian Bao (10/15/2023)

Related Cases

Doe 1 v. Thornbury, Western District of Kentucky (2023)

People

For PACER's information on parties and their attorneys, see: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/67237488/parties/l-w-v-skrmetti/


Judge(s)
Attorney for Plaintiff
Attorney for Defendant

Bates, Tiffany H. (Tennessee)

Expert/Monitor/Master/Other

Arkles, Z. Gabriel (- United States (national) -)

Attorney, Eli Savit, (- United States (national) -)

Backer, Jonathan (- United States (national) -)

Barry, Nicholas R. (Tennessee)

Expert/Monitor/Master/Other

Arkles, Z. Gabriel (- United States (national) -)

Attorney, Eli Savit, (- United States (national) -)

Backer, Jonathan (- United States (national) -)

Barry, Nicholas R. (Tennessee)

Boccuzzi, Carmine D. (- United States (national) -)

Bowdre, Alexander Barrett (- United States (national) -)

Bursch, John J. (- United States (national) -)

Caramico, Allison (- United States (national) -)

Colavecchio, JD (- United States (national) -)

Daniel, Tamica (Tennessee)

Dansky, Kara (- United States (national) -)

Davies, Andrew Rhys (- United States (national) -)

Dean, Rascoe S. (Tennessee)

Duncan, Sydney (- United States (national) -)

Gastel, Benjamin Andrew (- United States (national) -)

Gee, Seran (- United States (national) -)

Hamilton, Gene (- United States (national) -)

Harris, Lindsay (- United States (national) -)

Hartnett, Kathleen R. (- United States (national) -)

Helstrom, Zoe (- United States (national) -)

Herzfeld, Tricia R. (- United States (national) -)

Isasi, William (- United States (national) -)

Kang, Katelyn (- United States (national) -)

LaCour, Edmund Gerard (- United States (national) -)

Lannin, Cortlin Hall (- United States (national) -)

Lareau, Alyssa C. (Tennessee)

Lee, Chasel (- United States (national) -)

McAlister, Mary Elizabeth (- United States (national) -)

McIntyre, Ellen Bowden (Tennessee)

Mills, Christopher Ernest (- United States (national) -)

Mitchell, Jonathan F. (- United States (national) -)

Mondry, Emily (- United States (national) -)

Montag, Coty Rae (Tennessee)

Mor, Yuval (- United States (national) -)

Nussbaum, Andrew M. (- United States (national) -)

Payne, Joshua Kerry (- United States (national) -)

Reinhardt, Elizabeth (- United States (national) -)

Rich, Anna (- United States (national) -)

Robin-Vergeer, Bonnie I. (- United States (national) -)

Schwabauer, Barbara (- United States (national) -)

Sitton, Jocelyn Ann (- United States (national) -)

Unikowsky, Adam G. (- United States (national) -)

Veroff, Julie (- United States (national) -)

Veta, Jean (- United States (national) -)

Warner, Jacob P. (- United States (national) -)

Yi, Gloria (Tennessee)

Zelbo, Howard S. (- United States (national) -)

show all people

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document
1

3:23-cv-00376

Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

April 20, 2023

April 20, 2023

Complaint
168

3:23-cv-00376

Order on Motion for Preliminary Injunction

June 28, 2023

June 28, 2023

Order/Opinion

2023 WL 2023

174

3:23-cv-00376

USCA Order

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

July 8, 2023

July 8, 2023

Order/Opinion

73 F.4th 73

166

23-5600

03-05609

Opinion

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

Sept. 28, 2023

Sept. 28, 2023

Order/Opinion

83 F.4th 83

Resources

Docket

See docket on RECAP: https://www.courtlistener.com/docket/67237488/l-w-v-skrmetti/

Last updated March 16, 2024, 3:01 a.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link Date / Link
1

COMPLAINT against Robert Ellis, John W. Hale, Logan Grant, Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health (Filing fee $402, Receipt number ATNMDC-3806325), filed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, Robert Ellis, L. W., Jane Doe, John W. Hale, Ryan Doe, Logan Grant, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Doe. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment - Civil Cover Sheet)(ad) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

1 Attachment - Civil Cover Sheet

View on PACER

April 20, 2023

April 20, 2023

Clearinghouse
2

NOTICE of Business Entity Disclosure Statement filing requirement. (ad) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER

Annotation - Bar Status

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
3

NOTICE/INFORMATION regarding Consent of the Parties to the Magistrate Judge. (ad) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER

Annotation - PHV

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
4

NOTICE of Initial Case Management Conference by Telephone set for 6/20/2023 at 10:00 AM before Magistrate Judge Alistair Newbern. (ad) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
5

Summons issued as to Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health. Service copies will be picked up by counsel. (ad) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER

TN State Bar status verified as active for Stella Yarbrough admitted to this court. (ad)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER

NOTICE TO COUNSEL Joshua A. Block, Chase Strangio, Sruti J. Swaminathan, Avatara A. Smith-Carrington, Tara L. Borelli, Joseph L. Sorkin, Dean L. Chapman Jr, Kristen W. Chin, Richard J. DAmato, Elizabeth D. Scott, Christopher J. Gessner, David Bethea, Lucas Cameron-Vaughn, Jeff Preptit: WITHIN 21 DAYS, counsel shall file a Motion to Appear Pro Hac Vice, a Certificate of Good Standing signed by the Clerk of a United States District Court or a U. S. appellate court where admitted, and pay a fee of $150.00 (LR 83.01(b)). PHV due by 5/12/2023. (ad)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
6

MOTION for attorney David Bethea to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807314) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
7

MOTION for attorney Joshua A. Block to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807321) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
8

MOTION for attorney Tara L. Borelli to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807328) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
9

ORDER: This case is REFERRED to the Magistrate Judge for customized case management in accordance with Local Rule 16.01 and 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A). Signed by District Judge Eli J. Richardson on 4/21/2023. (DOCKET TEXT SUMMARY ONLY-ATTORNEYS MUST OPEN THE PDF AND READ THE ORDER.)(ln) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
10

MOTION for attorney Dean L. Chapman to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807340) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
11

MOTION for attorney Kristen W. Chin to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807345) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
12

MOTION for attorney Richard J. D'Amato to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807350) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Main Document 12 replaced on 4/21/2023) (ln). (Attachment 1 replaced on 4/21/2023) (ln). (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
13

MOTION for attorney Christopher J. Gessner to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807363) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
14

MOTION for attorney Elizabeth D. Scott to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807378) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
15

MOTION for attorney Avatara A. Smith-Carrington to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807383) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
16

MOTION for attorney Joseph L. Sorkin to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807389) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
17

MOTION for attorney Chase Strangio to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807406) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
18

MOTION for attorney Sruti J. Swaminathan to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3807415) by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
19

MOTION for Leave to Proceed Pseudonymously by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1 - Proposed Order)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
20

MEMORANDUM in Support of 19 MOTION for Leave to Proceed Pseudonymously filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
21

MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

RECAP
22

DECLARATION of L.W. filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
23

DECLARATION of Samantha Williams filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
24

DECLARATION of John Doe filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
25

DECLARATION of Jane Doe filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
26

DECLARATION of Ryan Roe filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
27

DECLARATION of Rebecca Roe filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
28

DECLARATION of Susan N. Lacy, MD, FACOG filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
29

DECLARATION of Deanna Adkins, MD filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Curriculum Vitae)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
30

DECLARATION of Armand H. Matheny Antommaria, MD, PhD, FAAP, HEC-C filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Curriculum Vitae, # 2 Exhibit B - Table 1, # 3 Exhibit C - Table 2)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
31

DECLARATION of Aron Janssen, M.D. filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Curriculum Vitae)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
32

DECLARATION of Jack Turban, M.D. filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams re: 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction . (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Curriculum Vitae)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

PACER
33

MEMORANDUM in Support of 21 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, Rebecca Doe, Ryan Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams . (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Text of the Health Care Ban)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/21/2023)

1 Attachment Text of the Health Care Ban

View on PACER

April 21, 2023

April 21, 2023

RECAP

State Bar status verified as active for Joshua A. Block (NY), Chase Strangio (NY), Sruti J. Swaminathan (NY), Avatara A. Smith-Carrington (MD), Tara L. Borelli (CA), Joseph L. Sorkin (NY), Dean L. Chapman Jr (NY), Kristen W. Chin (NY), Richard J. D'Amato (NY), Elizabeth D. Scott (TX), Christopher J. Gessner (NY), David Bethea (NY) not admitted to this court - Local counsel secured. (ln)

April 24, 2023

April 24, 2023

PACER

Annotation - Bar Status

April 24, 2023

April 24, 2023

PACER
34

CORRECTED Certificate of Service for Docs. 19, 20, 21, and 33 by James Doe, Jane Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Rebecca Roe, Ryan Roe, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Yarbrough, Stella) Modified on 4/25/2023 (ln). (Entered: 04/24/2023)

April 24, 2023

April 24, 2023

PACER
35

ORDER granting 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 : Having satisfied the requirements of Local Rule 83.01(b), the Motions for David Bethea, Joshua A. Block, Tara L. Borelli, Dean L. Chapman, Kristen W. Chin, Richard J. D'Amato, Christopher J. Gessner, Elizabeth D. Scott, Avatara A. Smith-Carrington, Joseph L. Sorkin, Chase Strangio, and Sruti J. Swaminathan to Appear Pro Hac Vice are granted. Signed by Lynda M. Hill, Clerk of Court, on 04/25/2023. (lh) (Entered: 04/25/2023)

April 25, 2023

April 25, 2023

PACER

Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice

April 25, 2023

April 25, 2023

PACER
36

ORDER: In light of the corrected service date for Plaintiffs' motion 21 for a preliminary injunction, Defendants' response is due no later than May 8, 2023. An optional reply is due no later than seven days after service of the response. Signed by District Judge Eli J. Richardson on 4/25/2023. (DOCKET TEXT SUMMARY ONLY-ATTORNEYS MUST OPEN THE PDF AND READ THE ORDER.)(ln) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

RECAP
37

MOTION for attorney Theodore James Salwen to Appear Pro Hac Vice (paid $150 PHV fee; receipt number ATNMDC-3810309) by James Doe, Jane Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Rebecca Roe, Ryan Roe, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
38

MOTION to Intervene by United States of America. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1 Cert from AG, # 2 Exhibit 2 Complaint in Intervention, # 3 Attachment 1 Proposed Order) (McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

1 Exhibit 1 Cert from AG

View on RECAP

2 Exhibit 2 Complaint in Intervention

View on RECAP

3 Attachment 1 Proposed Order

View on PACER

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

RECAP
39

MEMORANDUM in Support of 38 MOTION to Intervene filed by United States of America . (McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
40

MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by United States of America. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Proposed Order)(McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

1 Attachment Proposed Order

View on PACER

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
41

MEMORANDUM in Support of 40 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction filed by United States of America . (McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
42

***DISREGARD THIS ENTRY-FILED IN ERROR-PDF REMOVED***NOTICE by United States of America re 38 MOTION to Intervene (McIntyre, Ellen) Modified on 4/26/2023 (jb). (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
43

MOTION for attorney Coty R. Montag to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Fee not paid-due within 21 days) by United States of America. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
44

MOTION for attorney Tamica Daniel to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Fee not paid-due within 21 days) by United States of America. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
45

MOTION for attorney Gloria Yi to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Fee not paid-due within 21 days) by United States of America. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
46

MOTION for attorney Alyssa C. Lareau to Appear Pro Hac Vice (Fee not paid-due within 21 days) by United States of America. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Certificate of Good Standing)(McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
47

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Jonathan Skrmetti served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
48

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Keith G. Anderson served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
49

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Melanie Blake served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
50

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Deborah Christiansen served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
51

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Jennifer Claxton served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
52

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. James Diaz-Barriga served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
53

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Robert Ellis served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
54

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. John W. Hale served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
55

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Logan Grant served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
56

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Tennessee Department of Health served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
57

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Ralph Alvarado served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
58

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Randall E. Pearson served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
59

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
60

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Phyllis E. Miller served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
61

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Samantha McLerran served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
62

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. John J. McGraw served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
63

SUMMONS returned executed by Brian Williams, Susan N. Lacy, Samantha Williams, L. W., Ryan Roe, Jane Doe, James Doe, John Doe, Rebecca Roe. Stephen Loyd served on 4/24/2023. (Yarbrough, Stella) (Entered: 04/26/2023)

April 26, 2023

April 26, 2023

PACER
64

ORDER: The United States of America ("United States") has filed a motion to intervene. (Doc. No. 38, "Motion"). Defendants have seven (7) days from the entry of this order to file a response. If the Motion is opposed, the United States will have three (3) days to file a reply from the date of service of the response. The Court will strive to rule as promptly as possible on the Motion once briefing is complete. Signed by District Judge Eli J. Richardson on 4/26/2023. (ln) (Entered: 04/27/2023)

April 27, 2023

April 27, 2023

RECAP
65

NOTICE of Appearance by Steven James Griffin on behalf of All Defendants (Griffin, Steven) (Entered: 04/27/2023)

April 27, 2023

April 27, 2023

RECAP
66

NOTICE of Appearance by Trenton Meriwether on behalf of All Defendants (Meriwether, Trenton) (Entered: 04/27/2023)

April 27, 2023

April 27, 2023

RECAP
67

NOTICE of Appearance by Clark Lassiter Hildabrand on behalf of All Defendants (Hildabrand, Clark) (Entered: 04/27/2023)

April 27, 2023

April 27, 2023

RECAP

NY State Bar status verified as active for Theodore James Salwen not admitted to this court - Local counsel secured. (ln)

April 27, 2023

April 27, 2023

PACER

TN State Bar status verified as active for Ellen Bowden McIntyre admitted to this court. (ln)

April 28, 2023

April 28, 2023

PACER

State Bar status verified as active for Coty Montag (DC), Tamica Daniel (DC), Gloria Yi (NY), Alyssa C. Lareau (NY) not admitted to this court - Local counsel secured. (ln)

April 28, 2023

April 28, 2023

PACER

NOTICE TO FILER re DE# 65, 66, 67: Pursuant to Local Rule 5.01, Certificates of Service shall identify by name the person served, what was served, the method of service, and date of service. Counsel did not include a certificate of service. Please FILE a CONFORMED CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE for each document that includes all Counsel. (ln)

April 28, 2023

April 28, 2023

PACER

NOTICE TO FILER re DE# 65, 66, 67 : Pursuant to Local Rule 5.01, Certificates of Service shall identify by name the person served, what was served, the method of service, and date of service. Counsel did not include a certificate of service. Please FILE a CONFORMED CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE for each document that includes all Counsel. (ln)

April 28, 2023

April 28, 2023

PACER

TN State Bar status verified as active for Steven James Griffin, Clark Lassiter Hildabrand, Trenton Meriwether admitted to this court. (ln)

April 28, 2023

April 28, 2023

PACER
68

NOTICE of Appearance by Ellen Bowden McIntyre on behalf of United States of America (McIntyre, Ellen) (Entered: 05/01/2023)

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP
69

NOTICE of Appearance by Ryan Nicole Henry on behalf of All Defendants (Henry, Ryan) (Entered: 05/01/2023)

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP
70

CERTIFICATE Conformed Certificate of Service filed by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health re 65 Notice of Appearance filed by Logan Grant, Ralph Alvarado, Jonathan Skrmetti, Jennifer Claxton, Robert Ellis, John W. Hale, James Diaz-Barriga, Samantha McLerran, Keith G. Anderson, Tennessee Department of Health, John J. McGraw, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Randall E. Pearson, Deborah Christiansen, Phyllis E. Miller, Stephen Loyd, Melanie Blake. (Griffin, Steven) (Entered: 05/01/2023)

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP
71

CERTIFICATE Conformed Certificate of Service filed by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health re 67 Notice of Appearance filed by Logan Grant, Ralph Alvarado, Jonathan Skrmetti, Jennifer Claxton, Robert Ellis, John W. Hale, James Diaz-Barriga, Samantha McLerran, Keith G. Anderson, Tennessee Department of Health, John J. McGraw, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Randall E. Pearson, Deborah Christiansen, Phyllis E. Miller, Stephen Loyd, Melanie Blake. (Hildabrand, Clark) (Entered: 05/01/2023)

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP
72

CERTIFICATE Conformed Certificate of Service filed by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health, United States of America. (Meriwether, Trenton) (Entered: 05/01/2023)

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP
73

NOTICE of Appearance by Cameron Norris on behalf of All Defendants (Norris, Cameron) (Entered: 05/01/2023)

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP
74

MOTION TO RESET BRIEFING SCHEDULE AND CONSOLIDATE PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION HEARING WITH TRIAL ON THE MERITS by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Choices Website)(Griffin, Steven) Modified on 5/2/2023 (ln). (Entered: 05/01/2023)

1 Exhibit Exhibit A - Choices Website

View on RECAP

May 1, 2023

May 1, 2023

RECAP

TN State Bar status verified as active for Ryan Nicole Henry admitted to this court. (ln)

May 2, 2023

May 2, 2023

PACER

TN State Bar status verified as active for Cameron Norris admitted to this court. (ln)

May 2, 2023

May 2, 2023

PACER
75

ORDER: Pending before the Court is Defendants' motion to reset the briefing schedule and consolidate a preliminary injunction hearing with a trial on the merits. (Doc. No. 74, "Motion"). Plaintiffs' response to the Motion must be filed by May 8, 2023. In light of the pending motion, Defendants' response to Plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction (Doc. No. 21 ) is now due May 15, 2023. Signed by District Judge Eli J. Richardson on 5/2/2023. (DOCKET TEXT SUMMARY ONLY-ATTORNEYS MUST OPEN THE PDF AND READ THE ORDER.)(ln) (Main Document 75 replaced on 5/2/2023) (ln). Modified on 5/2/2023 (ln). (Entered: 05/02/2023)

May 2, 2023

May 2, 2023

RECAP
76

RESPONSE to Motion re 19 MOTION for Leave to Proceed Pseudonymously filed by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health. (Meriwether, Trenton) (Entered: 05/02/2023)

May 2, 2023

May 2, 2023

RECAP
77

Return of service for "Injunction" received from USM; served the Office of the Tennessee Attorney General on behalf of Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Department of Health, Ralph Alvarado, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Melanie Blake, Stephen Loyd, and Logan Grant on 04/27/2023. (ln) (Entered: 05/03/2023)

May 2, 2023

May 2, 2023

RECAP
78

ORDER granting 37, 43, 44, 45, and 46 : Having satisfied the requirements of Local Rule 83.01(b), the Motions for Theodore James Salwen, Coty R. Montag, Tamica Daniel, Gloria Yi, andAlyssa C. Lareau to Appear Pro Hac Vice are granted. Signed by Lynda M. Hill, Clerk of Court, on 05/03/2023. (lh) (Entered: 05/03/2023)

May 3, 2023

May 3, 2023

PACER

Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice AND Appear Pro Hac Vice

May 3, 2023

May 3, 2023

PACER
79

RESPONSE in Opposition re 74 MOTION TO RESET BRIEFING SCHEDULE AND CONSOLIDATE PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION HEARING WITH TRIAL ON THE MERITS filed by James Doe, Jane Doe, John Doe, L. W., Susan N. Lacy, Rebecca Roe, Ryan Roe, Brian Williams, Samantha Williams. (Yarbrough, Stella) Modified on 5/5/2023 (ln). (Entered: 05/04/2023)

May 4, 2023

May 4, 2023

RECAP
80

RESPONSE in Opposition re 74 MOTION TO RESET BRIEFING SCHEDULE AND CONSOLIDATE PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION HEARING WITH TRIAL ON THE MERITS filed by United States of America. (McIntyre, Ellen) Modified on 5/5/2023 (ln). (Entered: 05/04/2023)

May 4, 2023

May 4, 2023

RECAP
81

RESPONSE to Motion re 38 MOTION to Intervene filed by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health. (Hildabrand, Clark) (Entered: 05/04/2023)

May 4, 2023

May 4, 2023

RECAP
82

ORDER: Pending before the Court is the United States' motion to intervene. (Doc. No. 38, "Motion"). Defendants filed a response. (Doc. No. 81 ). By May 12, 2023, the United States SHALL file a reply that addresses the issues raised by Defendants in their response. The Court intends to rule on the Motion as promptly as feasible following the filing of the reply. Signed by District Judge Eli J. Richardson on 05/05/23. (ad) (Entered: 05/05/2023)

May 5, 2023

May 5, 2023

RECAP
83

MOTION for Leave to File Excess Pages by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health. (Griffin, Steven) (Entered: 05/05/2023)

May 5, 2023

May 5, 2023

RECAP
84

REPLY to Response to re 74 MOTION for Extension of Time to File Response/Reply MOTION Reset Briefing Schedule and Consolidate Preliminary Injunction Hearing with Trial on the Merits filed by Ralph Alvarado, Keith G. Anderson, Melanie Blake, Deborah Christiansen, Jennifer Claxton, James Diaz-Barriga, Robert Ellis, Logan Grant, John W. Hale, Stephen Loyd, John J. McGraw, Samantha McLerran, Phyllis E. Miller, Randall E. Pearson, Jonathan Skrmetti, Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Department of Health. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Email, # 2 Exhibit B - Email)(Griffin, Steven) (Entered: 05/05/2023)

May 5, 2023

May 5, 2023

RECAP

Case Details

State / Territory: Tennessee

Case Type(s):

Public Benefits/Government Services

Special Collection(s):

Transgender Healthcare Access Cases

Key Dates

Filing Date: April 20, 2023

Case Ongoing: Yes

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Plaintiffs consist of a 15-year-old and her parents, two other plaintiff families filing anonymously, and a physician performing the medical procedures at issue.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Attorney Organizations:

ACLU National (all projects)

ACLU Affiliates (any)

Lambda Legal

Public Interest Lawyer: Yes

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: No

Class Action Outcome: Not sought

Defendants

Tennessee, State

Tennessee Department of Health, State

Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, State

Tennessee Health Facilities Commission, State

Defendant Type(s):

Hospital/Health Department

Case Details

Causes of Action:

42 U.S.C. § 1983

Ex parte Young (federal or state officials)

Constitutional Clause(s):

Due Process

Due Process: Substantive Due Process

Equal Protection

Available Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Complaint (any)

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: None Yet / None

Nature of Relief:

None yet

Source of Relief:

None yet

Order Duration: 2023 - 2023

Issues

Discrimination Basis:

Gender identity

Affected Sex/Gender(s):

Transgender

LGBTQ+:

LGBTQ+