Case: Schaefer v. Tannian

2:73-cv-39943 | U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan

Filed Date: April 10, 1973

Closed Date: 1998

Clearinghouse coding complete

Case Summary

On April 10, 1973, female police officers filed a complaint under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, against their superior officers and the Detroit Police Department in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The plaintiffs contended that their separate divisions and unequal pay were illegal under Title VII. Before they brought the suit, female police officers were restricted to working only in the "Women's Division," which was its ow…

On April 10, 1973, female police officers filed a complaint under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, against their superior officers and the Detroit Police Department in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. The plaintiffs contended that their separate divisions and unequal pay were illegal under Title VII.

Before they brought the suit, female police officers were restricted to working only in the "Women's Division," which was its own separate unit of the Police Department. They were able to do investigative work, which was similar to work being done by male detectives, but the women were not given detective rank and were paid less that their male counterparts. Women were also unable to take the detectives' exam.

The PACER docket is incomplete, as it starts in 1989, but it does indicate that a class was certified at some point prior.

On June 7, 1974, the court (Judge D. J. Freeman) granted partial summary judgment in favor of the plaintiffs and ordered that the Detroit Police Department take affirmative action and meet quotas for female officers to eliminate discrimination. Schaefer v. Tannian, 1974 WL 3027 (E.D. Mich. 1974). The court (Judge Freeman) also retroactively awarded seniority to women who would have been qualified for officer rank but were denied it because of their gender. Schaefer v. Tannian, 1978 WL 133 (E.D. Mich. 1978). On June 1, 1992, the court (Judge Paul V. Gadola) awarded back pay to female officers who had been denied promotions or raises. Schaefer v. Tannian, 793 F.Supp. 150 (E.D. Mich. 1992). This case was closed in 1998.

Summary Authors

Julianne Nowicki (7/25/2010)

People


Judge(s)

Freeman, Ralph McKenzie (Michigan)

Gadola, Paul V. (Michigan)

Morgan, Virginia M. (Michigan)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Runyan, John R. Jr. (Michigan)

Simpson, Lucia H. (Michigan)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Feldman, Bernard (Michigan)

Hayles, Terri L. (Michigan)

Moore, James M. (Michigan)

Van Lopik, Nancy J. (Michigan)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Smith, Eleanor C. (Michigan)

Judge(s)

Freeman, Ralph McKenzie (Michigan)

Gadola, Paul V. (Michigan)

Morgan, Virginia M. (Michigan)

Attorneys(s) for Plaintiff

Runyan, John R. Jr. (Michigan)

Simpson, Lucia H. (Michigan)

Attorneys(s) for Defendant

Feldman, Bernard (Michigan)

Hayles, Terri L. (Michigan)

Moore, James M. (Michigan)

Van Lopik, Nancy J. (Michigan)

Expert/Monitor/Master

Smith, Eleanor C. (Michigan)

Documents in the Clearinghouse

Document

Docket (PACER)

April 8, 1998 Docket

Opinion

1974 WL 3027

June 7, 1974 Order/Opinion

Opinion

1976 WL 577

June 21, 1976 Order/Opinion

Opinion

1976 WL 621

Aug. 27, 1976 Order/Opinion

Opinion

1978 WL 125

Aug. 4, 1978 Order/Opinion
602

Opinion

762 F.Supp. 716

May 9, 1991 Order/Opinion
624

Opinion

793 F.Supp. 146

June 2, 1992 Order/Opinion
667

Opinion

1995 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 11816

April 17, 1995 Order/Opinion
672

Opinion

895 F.Supp. 175

Aug. 7, 1995 Order/Opinion
674

Opinion

902 F.Supp. 746

Sept. 26, 1995 Order/Opinion

Docket

Last updated May 12, 2022, 8 p.m.

ECF Number Description Date Link
574

APPLICATION by plaintiff Grace Schaefer, for temporary restraining order , for preliminary injunction with brief, attachments. (CD) (Entered: 02/22/1989)

Feb. 22, 1989
575

ORDER by Judge Ralph M. Freeman granting application for temporary restraining by Grace Schaefer [574-2] (CD) (Entered: 02/23/1989)

Feb. 22, 1989
576

PROOF of mailing of application for temporary restraining order [574-1] (CD) (Entered: 02/24/1989)

Feb. 23, 1989

STATUS conference held - Judge Ralph M. Freeman - Court Reporter: none (jz) (Entered: 03/20/1989)

March 20, 1989
577

MOTION by plaintiff Grace Schaefer for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola , with brief, notice of hearing, proof of mailing. (CD) (Entered: 04/18/1989)

April 17, 1989

SCHEDULE: hearing on motion for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola by Grace Schaefer set for 9:00 6/21/89 , deadline for response to motion for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola by Grace Schaefer set for 5/12/89 before Judge Ralph M. Freeman (jz) (Entered: 04/26/1989)

April 26, 1989
578

NOTICE of hearing on motion for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola by Grace Schaefer [577-1] before Judge Freeman and to file response to motion, with proof of mailing. (CD) (Entered: 04/27/1989)

April 26, 1989

SCHEDULE: hearing on motion for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola by Grace Schaefer set for 9:00 7/19/89 before Judge Ralph M. Freeman (jz) (Entered: 06/30/1989)

June 30, 1989
579

NOTICE of hearing on motion for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola by Grace Schaefer [577-1] with proof of mailing. (CD) (Entered: 07/06/1989)

June 30, 1989
580

STIPULATION and order by Judge Ralph M. Freeman granting motion for order determining seniority relief for plaintiff Janice Kay Paavola by Grace Schaefer [577-1] (CD) (Entered: 07/11/1989)

July 10, 1989
581

STIPULATION and order by Judge Ralph M. Freeman awarding interim attorneys' fees. (CD) (Entered: 08/23/1989)

Aug. 22, 1989

SCHEDULE: status conference set for 2:45 12/11/89 before Judge Ralph M. Freeman (jz) (Entered: 11/20/1989)

Nov. 20, 1989
582

NOTICE of status conference before Judge Freeman, with proof of mailing. (CD) (Entered: 11/22/1989)

Nov. 20, 1989

STATUS conference held - Judge Ralph M. Freeman - Court Reporter: none (jz) (Entered: 12/11/1989)

Dec. 11, 1989

SCHEDULE: deadline for filing motions set for 1/31/90 , deadline for response to motion set for 2/28/90 before Judge Ralph M. Freeman (jz) (Entered: 12/11/1989)

Dec. 11, 1989
583

MOTION by plaintiff Grace Schaefer for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement , with exhibits. (ep) (Entered: 03/13/1990)

March 12, 1990
584

AFFIDAVIT of John R. Runyanm Jr. regarding motion for order awarding back pay and retroactive service credit. (ep) (Entered: 03/13/1990)

March 12, 1990
585

MEMORANDUM by plaintiff Grace Schaefer in support of motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement [583-1] (ep) (Entered: 03/13/1990)

March 12, 1990
586

NOTICE by plaintiff Grace Schaefer of hearing on motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] date to be set by court (ep) (Entered: 03/13/1990)

March 12, 1990
587

PROOF of mailing of document #583 (ep) (Entered: 03/14/1990)

March 13, 1990

SCHEDULE: hearing on motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] set for 9:00 5/9/90 , deadline for response to motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] set for 4/6/90 before Judge Ralph M. Freeman (jz) (Entered: 03/19/1990)

March 19, 1990
588

NOTICE of hearing on motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] , set for 5/9/90 at 9:00 a.m.. Response due 4/6/90. (ep) (Entered: 03/21/1990)

March 19, 1990
589

ADMINISTRATIVE order #90x026 by Judge Julian A. Cook Jr., reassigning case from Judge Ralph M. Freeman to Judge Paul V. Gadola (pd) (Entered: 04/04/1990)

March 29, 1990
590

NOTICE of reassignment of pending matters to Judge Gadola with copy of Administrative Order 90x026. (ep) (Entered: 04/04/1990)

April 3, 1990
591

RESPONSE by defendant Det Pol Officers to motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] with brief, and proof of mailing. (pp) (Entered: 04/13/1990)

April 11, 1990
592

NOTICE by the court of status conference (lp) (Entered: 06/20/1990)

June 19, 1990

SCHEDULE: status conference set for 11:00 6/26/90 before Judge Paul V. Gadola (kj) (Entered: 06/21/1990)

June 21, 1990
593

RE-SCHEDULED notice by the court of status conference (lp) (Entered: 07/02/1990)

June 29, 1990

SCHEDULE: status conference set for 2:00 7/12/90 before Judge Paul V. Gadola (kj) (Entered: 07/02/1990)

July 2, 1990
594

ORDER by Judge Paul V. Gadola, setting scheduling deadlines for response to motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] , and setting a deadline for filing a reply to response (lp) (Entered: 07/18/1990)

July 17, 1990
595

RESPONSE in opposition by defendant City of Detroit to motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 08/13/1990)

Aug. 10, 1990

SCHEDULE: hearing on motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] set for 2:00 10/24/90 before Judge Paul V. Gadola (kj) (Entered: 09/07/1990)

Sept. 6, 1990
596

NOTICE by the court of hearing on motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] set for 10/24/90 at 2:00 pm. (lp) (Entered: 09/20/1990)

Sept. 6, 1990
597

POSITION of Detroit Police Lieutenants & Sergeants Association, intervening defendant, upon plaintiffs motion for back pay and retroactive retirement service credit with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 09/21/1990)

Sept. 10, 1990
598

REPLY BRIEF by plaintiff Grace Schaefer to motion response by Coleman A Young [595-1] with proof of mailing. (lt) (Entered: 09/26/1990)

Sept. 19, 1990
599

OBJECTIONS by Betty Richards Greene and Cecilia Domzalski Eshman to motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of by Grace Schaefer [583-1] (lp) (Entered: 10/29/1990)

Oct. 22, 1990

MOTION hearing held on motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for purposes of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] - disposition: taken under advisement - Judge Paul V. Gadola - Court Reporter: Elnora Williams (kj) (Entered: 10/25/1990)

Oct. 24, 1990
600

APPEARANCE for plaintiff of attorney Lucia H. Simpson (lp) (Entered: 10/29/1990)

Oct. 24, 1990
601

MOTION by plaintiff pursuant to FRCP p.23(d)(2) and (3) with brief and proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 11/08/1990)

Nov. 6, 1990
602

MEMORANDUM opinion and order by Judge Paul V. Gadola that the motion for order awarding back pay is stayed until such time as the court is in a position to dispose of the back payu issue with respect to all members of plaintiff class bringing a claim for back pay and retroative service credit for of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] is granted. (lp) (Entered: 05/13/1991)

May 9, 1991
603

ORDER by Judge Paul V. Gadola granting motion pursuant to FRCP p.23(d)(2) and (3) by Grace Schaefer [601-1] for attorney fees with proof of mailing (dg) (Entered: 08/15/1991)

Aug. 13, 1991
604

MOTION by plaintiff Grace Schaefer for partial summary judgment with brief, exhibits, affidavit and proof of mailing. Hearing to be set by the court. (lp) (Entered: 09/05/1991)

Sept. 3, 1991
605

MOTION and brief by defendants to extend time for filing response to plaintiffs motion for partial summary judgment with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered:

Sept. 10, 1991
607

NOTICE by plaintiff of hearing on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] set for 10/31/91 at 3:00 pm with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 09/25/1991)

Sept. 24, 1991
608

RESPONSE by defendant Det Pol Officers to motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] with brief, attachments and proof of mailing (lB) (Entered: 10/07/1991)

Oct. 1, 1991
609

RE-NOTICE by plaintiff Grace Schaefer of hearing on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 10/16/1991)

Oct. 11, 1991
610

REPLY brief by plaintiff to motion response by Det Pol Officers [608-1] and in support of plaintiffs motion for partial summary judgmente with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 10/17/1991)

Oct. 15, 1991

SCHEDULE: hearing on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] set for 1:30 11/13/91 before Judge Paul V. Gadola (dg) (Entered: 10/17/1991)

Oct. 17, 1991
611

AMENDED notice by plaintiff of hearing on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 10/18/1991)

Oct. 17, 1991
612

MOTION by plaintiff Grace Schaefer pursuant to FRCP P23(d)(2) & (3) with brief, notice of hearing and proof of mailing. (mc) (Entered: 10/29/1991)

Oct. 28, 1991
613

SECOND amended notice by plaintiff of hearing on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] set for 12/12/91 at 1:30 pm with proof of mailing. (lp) (Entered: 11/06/1991)

Oct. 31, 1991
614

NOTICE by the court of hearing on motion pursuant to FRCP P23(d)(2) & (3) by Grace Schaefer [612-1] (lp) (Entered: 11/06/1991)

Nov. 1, 1991

SCHEDULE: hearing on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] set for 1:30 12/12/91, motion pursuant to FRCP P23(d)(2) & (3) by Grace Schaefer [612-1] set for 1:30 12/12/91 before Judge Paul V. Gadola (dg) (Entered: 12/11/1991)

Dec. 11, 1991

MOTION hearing held on motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] - disposition: taken under advisement - Judge Paul V. Gadola - Court Reporter: Williams (dg) (Entered: 02/10/1992)

Dec. 12, 1991
615

MEMORANDUM opinion and order by Judge Paul V. Gadola granting motion for partial summary judgment by Grace Schaefer [604-1] (mc) (Entered: 12/17/1991)

Dec. 16, 1991
616

ORDER by Judge Paul V. Gadola - motion pursuant to FRCP P23(d)(2) & (3) by Grace Schaefer dismissed (mc) (Entered: 12/17/1991)

Dec. 16, 1991

SCHEDULE: by Judge Paul V. Gadola status conference set for 2:30 2/24/92 (dg) (Entered: 01/07/1992)

Jan. 7, 1992
618

AFFIDAVIT of Mary C. Forst, plaintiff with attached letter. (mc) (Entered: 02/05/1992)

Feb. 3, 1992

RESOLUTION of motion pursuant to FRCP P23(d)(2) & (3) by Grace Schaefer [612-1] - disposition: moot - date: 12/16/91 - Judge Paul V. Gadola (dg) (Entered: 02/10/1992)

Feb. 10, 1992

STATUS conference held - Judge Paul V. Gadola (dg) (Entered: 02/10/1992)

Feb. 10, 1992
619

ORDER by Judge Paul V. Gadola denying motion for order awarding back pay and retroative service credit for of pension/retirement by Grace Schaefer [583-1] and request for plaintiff to file motion and defendant to respond to motion and to produce documents. (mc) (Entered: 02/19/1992)

Feb. 18, 1992
620

MOTION by plaintiff Grace Schaefer for order awarding back pay with brief and exhibits. (mc) (Entered: 03/17/1992)

March 16, 1992
621

NOTICE of hearing on motion for order awarding back pay by Grace Schaefer [620-1] (mc) (Entered: 03/20/1992)

March 19, 1992
622

RESPONSE by defendant Det Pol Officers to motion for order awarding back pay by Grace Schaefer [620-1] with exhibits and proof of mailing. (mc) (Entered: 04/16/1992)

April 15, 1992

SCHEDULE: by Judge Paul V. Gadola hearing on motion for order awarding back pay by Grace Schaefer [620-1] set for 2:00 5/14/92 (dg) (Entered: 04/22/1992)

April 22, 1992
623

STIPULATION and order by Judge Paul V. Gadola allowing attorney Nancy Jean Van Lopik to withdraw as attorney of record and allow James M. Moore to substitute as attorney of record. (mc) (Entered: 05/04/1992)

April 30, 1992
623

SUBSTITUTION for defendant Det Pol Officers of attorney James M. Moore in place of attorney Nancy J. Van Lopik for Det Pol Officers (mc) (Entered: 05/04/1992)

May 4, 1992

MOTION hearing held on motion for order awarding back pay by Grace Schaefer [620-1] - disposition: taken under advisement - Judge Paul V. Gadola - Court Reporter: Williams (dg) (Entered: 05/13/1992)

May 13, 1992
624

MEMORANDUM opinion and order by Judge Paul V. Gadola granting motion for order awarding back pay by Grace Schaefer [620-1] (mc) (Entered: 06/03/1992)

June 2, 1992
625

REMARK - PLAINTIFFS' LIST of candidates for special master (mc) (Entered: 06/15/1992)

June 15, 1992
626

ORDER by Judge Paul V. Gadola appointing Magistrate Judge Paul Komives as special master. (mc) Modified on 07/14/1992 (Entered: 06/22/1992)

June 18, 1992
627

NOTICE of status conference (mc) (Entered: 06/29/1992)

June 25, 1992

STATUS conference held - Magistrate Virginia M. Morgan - Court Reporter: Tape VMM 503A & B (generic) (Entered: 07/13/1992)

July 6, 1992

SCHEDULE: by Magistrate Virginia M. Morgan deadline for defendant to provide plaintiff with a "List of Fields" by 7/13/92 , b deadline for plaintiff's attorney and plaintiffs' committee to review the list and provide an adjusted list or concurrence by 7/24/92 , b1 deadline for Protective Order to be drafted by plaintiff and approved by defendant to be filed by 7/13/92 -if no protective order is filed, the list shall not be provided , deadline for defendant to provide a list of last known addresses of plaintiff police officers to plaintiffs' counsel set for 8/14/92 , deadline for the parties to file briefs on the issue of the correct determination of interest on any back pay awarded is due 8/14/92 , and oral argument on interest determination is set for 9/15/92 at 10:00am (generic) (Entered: 07/20/1992)

July 10, 1992
628

SCHEDULING order by Magistrate Virginia M. Morgan (LS) (Entered: 07/15/1992)

July 14, 1992
629

PROTECTIVE order by Magistrate Virginia M. Morgan in favor of defendants regarding documents (See order for details) (mc) (Entered: 07/27/1992)

July 20, 1992
630

MEMORANDUM OF LAW of defendant City of Detroit regarding interest on the back pay award with attachments. (mc) (Entered: 08/17/1992)

Aug. 14, 1992
631

MEMORANDUM by plaintiff Grace Schaefer in support of statement [630-1] with proof of mailing. (mc) (Entered: 08/18/1992)

Aug. 17, 1992

Oral argument heard to determine interest start date. Matter taken under advisement. Virginia M. Morgan - Tape #: VM 553 (KG) (Entered: 09/15/1992)

Sept. 15, 1992

TELE-CONFERENCE held - Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan (KG) (Entered: 10/20/1992)

Oct. 20, 1992
632

PRETRIAL scheduling order by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan with memorandum of conference call with special master with proof of mailing. (mc) (Entered: 10/26/1992)

Oct. 23, 1992
633

LETTER from counsel for defendants regarding delay of requested personnel lists (mc) (Entered: 12/07/1992)

Dec. 4, 1992
634

REMARK - LISTS from City of Detroit Corporation Counsel to court regarding master lists. (mc) (Entered: 01/22/1993)

Jan. 21, 1993
635

STIPULATION and order by Judge Paul V. Gadola, awarding interim attorneys' fees (mc) (Entered: 03/11/1993)

March 10, 1993

SCHEDULE: by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan status conference set for 10:00 4/12/93 (KG) (Entered: 03/26/1993)

March 26, 1993
636

NOTICE of status conference (mc) (Entered: 03/29/1993)

March 26, 1993

STATUS conference held - Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan (KG) (Entered: 04/14/1993)

April 9, 1993

SCHEDULE: by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan status conference set for 2:00 5/20/93 (KG) (Entered: 04/14/1993)

April 14, 1993
638

MEMORANDUM by Mag. Judge Morgan in support of status conference [0-0], with proof of mailing. (ep) (Entered: 04/19/1993)

April 14, 1993
639

MEMORANDUM by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan, of status conference with proof of mailing. (cd) (Entered: 06/01/1993)

May 27, 1993
640

NOTICE (letter) from counsel for defendants to court regarding update of subclass mailing list (mc) (Entered: 07/13/1993)

July 13, 1993
641

NOTICE of status conference (mc) (Entered: 09/13/1993)

Sept. 10, 1993

SCHEDULE: by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan status conference set for 2:30 9/23/93 (KG) (Entered: 09/13/1993)

Sept. 10, 1993

STATUS conference held - Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan (KG) (Entered: 09/28/1993)

Sept. 23, 1993
642

NOTICE status conference (mc) (Entered: 12/06/1993)

Dec. 3, 1993

SCHEDULE: by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan status conference set for 11:00 12/22/93 (KG) (Entered: 12/06/1993)

Dec. 3, 1993
643

AMENDED NOTICE of status conference (mc) (Entered: 12/10/1993)

Dec. 9, 1993

STATUS conference held - Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan (KG) (Entered: 01/07/1994)

Jan. 7, 1994
644

ORDER by Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan, of memorandum of status conference with proof of mailing. (mc) (Entered: 01/19/1994)

Jan. 18, 1994

STATUS conference held - Magistrate Judge Virginia M. Morgan - Court Reporter: VM 827 (KG) (Entered: 03/03/1994)

March 2, 1994

State / Territory: Michigan

Case Type(s):

Equal Employment

Special Collection(s):

Private Employment Class Actions

Key Dates

Filing Date: April 10, 1973

Closing Date: 1998

Case Ongoing: No

Plaintiffs

Plaintiff Description:

Female police officers working for the Detroit Police Department.

Plaintiff Type(s):

Private Plaintiff

Public Interest Lawyer: No

Filed Pro Se: No

Class Action Sought: Yes

Class Action Outcome: Granted

Defendants

Detroit Police Department (Detroit), City

Defendant Type(s):

Law-enforcement

Case Details

Causes of Action:

Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e

Availably Documents:

Trial Court Docket

Any published opinion

Outcome

Prevailing Party: Plaintiff

Nature of Relief:

Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement

Damages

Source of Relief:

Settlement

Litigation

Form of Settlement:

Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree

Content of Injunction:

Follow recruitment, hiring, or promotion protocols

Comply with advertising/recruiting requirements

Retroactive Seniority

Issues

General:

Disparate Treatment

Pattern or Practice

Discrimination-area:

Hiring

Pay / Benefits

Promotion

Seniority

Testing

Discrimination-basis:

Sex discrimination

Affected Gender:

Female